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Encyclopedia > Weimar, Germany

For the locality in Texas called Weimar see Weimar, Texas, there is also Weimar bei Kassel and Weimar in Marburg-Biedenkopf.


Coat of arms Map
Missing image
Weimar-coat_of_arms.png
Weimar's coat of arms

Germany, with Weimar as a red dot.
Statistics
State: Thuringia
District: Independent city
Area: 84.27 km²
Population: 63,691 (12/31/2002)
Population density: 755.8/km²
Elevation: 208.6 m
Postal code: 99421,
99423-99427
(old: 5300)
Area/distance code: 036-43
Location: 50.8667/50°58' N lat.
11.31667/11°19' W long.
Municipal code: 16055000
Car designation: WE
Address of
the city administration:
17 Schwanseestr.
Weimar 99421
Website: www.weimar.de
Politics
Mayor: -->


Weimar is a city in Germany. It is located at 50° 58 min 6 s north / 11° 18 min 6 s east, in the Bundesland of Thuringia (German: Thüringen), close to the Thüringer Wald to the south, shortly to the northeast of Erfurt, and approximately fifty miles (75 kilometers) southwest of Halle and Leipzig. Its current population is approximately 62,000. The oldest record of the city dates to the year 899.


Weimar is one of the great cultural sites of Europe, since it was the home to such luminaries as Bach, Goethe, Schiller, and Herder. It has been a site of pilgrimage for the German intelligentsia since Goethe first moved to Weimar in the late 18th century. The tombs of Goethe, Schiller, and Nietzsche may be found in the city, as may the archives of Goethe and Schiller.


The period in German history from 1919-1933 is commonly referred to as the Weimar Republic, as the Republic's constitution was drafted here while the capital, Berlin, with its streets rioting after the 1918 revolution, was considered too dangerous for the National Assembly to convene.


Weimar was the center of the Bauhaus movement. The city houses art galleries, museums, the German national theatre, and the Bauhaus University. During World War II, there was a concentration camp near Weimar, at Buchenwald, a little wood that Goethe had loved to frequent.


UNESCO selected the city as cultural capital of Europe ("Kulturstadt Europas") for 1999.


On September 3, 2004, a fire broke out at the Duchess Anna Amalia Library. The library contains a 13,000-volume-strong collection of Goethe's masterpiece Faust, in addition to a music collection of the Duchess. An authentic Lutheran Bible from 1534 was saved from the fire. The damage toll measures into the millions of dollars. The number of books in this historic library exceeded 1,000,000, of which 40,000 to 50,000 were destroyed. The library belongs to the UNESCO world heritage, and is one of the oldest public libraries in Europe. The fire, with its destruction of much historical literature, amounts to a huge cultural loss for Germany, Europe, and indeed the world. A number of books were shock-frozen in the city of Leipzig to save them from rotting.

Contents

Districts:

  • Ehringsdorf
  • Gaberndorf
  • Gelmeroda
  • Holzdorf
  • Kromsdorf
  • Legefeld
  • Niedergrunstedt
  • Oberweimar
  • Possendorf
  • Schöndorf
  • Süßenborn
  • Taubach
  • Tiefurt
  • Tröbsdorf

Twinnings:

Transportation:

It is connectey one freeway anf two routes:

  • Autobahn
    • A4 (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bundesautobahn_4)
  • Routes:
    • 7
    • 85

Sporting clubs

  • TC Weimar 1912 e.V. (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/TC_Weimar_1912_e.V.)

External links

  • Weimar's official website (http://www.weimar.de/en/)
  • Art galleries in Weimar (http://www.augentier.de/kusa/index_en.php)
  • Ginkgo Museum, Weimar (http://www.Mythos-Ginkgo.de)
  • Deutsches Nationaltheater (http://www.nationaltheater-weimar.de)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Choices Program (588 words)
In Weimar Germany and the Rise of Hitler students have an opportunity to ponder the lessons for democracy from one of the 20th century's most troubling political legacies.
Weimar Germany and the Rise of Hitler asks students to see the world through the eyes of Germans in the Weimar era and to contemplate German political choices in 1932.Students examine the foundations of Western democracy and explore the political culture of Weimar Germany.
Part I reviews Germany's emergence as a major power in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and recounts the country's defeat in World War I. Part II examines the forces that contributed to the polarization of German politics in the late 1920s and early 1930s.
Weimar Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5821 words)
The use of the English word empire and its adjective imperial may be confusing because the Weimar Republic was a republic; empire is an imprecise translation of the German word Reich (which does not have a specific monarchic connotation) and is increasingly translated as commonwealth or realm.
Germany was admitted into the League of Nations, made agreements over her western border, signed a neutrality pact with Russia, and disarmament was brought to a halt.
The fall of the Weimar Republic was closely analysed thirteen years later during the Nuremburg Trials when it was decided that in the case of the aristocratic Catholic Franz von Papen, along with the Rhenish-Westphalian Industrial Magnates, conspiracy to assist Adolf Hitler to power was not an indictable offence.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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