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Encyclopedia > Weekend

The weekend is a part of the week lasting one or two days in which most paid workers do not work. This is a time for leisure and recreation, and/or for religious activities. In historically Christian countries the weekend typically covers Saturday and Sunday, for Muslims and while in Muslim countries it is Friday and Saturday, or Thursday and Friday. In Israel the weekend is Friday and Saturday. Sometimes the end of the preceeding work day is considered part of the weekend. Le weekend is a 1967 black comedy movie written and directed by Jean-Luc Godard, and shot in full color by Raoul Coutard. ... A week is a unit of time longer than a day and shorter than a month. ... An example of leisure, someone falling asleep whilst bathing in the sun. ... People participating in summer luge as a form of recreation, in the Vosges. ... Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... The god Saturn, after whom Saturday is named. ... Sunday is the first day of the week – between Saturday and Monday, and the second day of the weekend in some cultures. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... The goddess Freyja, after whom Friday is named. ... The god Thor, after whom Thursday is named. ...

Contents

History

The notion of a weekly rest is ancient. The Jewish Sabbath, known as Shabbat, is from sunset Friday to nighttime on Saturday. The Christian Sabbath has been Sunday traditionally. The weekend as a time of leisure is a rather modern invention. Before the industrial revolution the wage labour force was a minuscule fraction of the population. The day of the Sabbath was viewed as one dedicated to God, not one of relaxation, and strict prohibitions on permissible activities were enacted. Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. ... The Shabbat table is set: two covered challahs, a kiddush cup, two candles, and flowers. ... The goddess Freyja, after whom Friday is named. ... The god Saturn, after whom Saturday is named. ... A Watt steam engine. ...


The French Revolutionary Calendar allowed decadi, one out of ten days, as a leisure day. The French Revolutionary Calendar or French Republican Calendar is a calendar proposed during the French Revolution, and in use by the French government for 13 years from 1793. ...


The early industrial period in Europe saw a six-day work week with only Sunday off, but some workers had no days off at all. Only the labour and workers rights movements and campaigns by trade unionists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century saw a five day work week introduced as Saturday became a day of rest and relaxation. This movement began in England. In several languages, the word for weekend is an adaptation of weekend or the term "English week" is used for the five-days work week. Working time refers to the period of time that an individual spends at paid occupational labor. ... The labour movement (or labor movement) is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better treatment from their employers and political governments, in particular through the implementation of specific laws governing labor relations. ... A Trade Union (Labour union) ... is a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... The workweek, literally, refers to the period of time that an individual spends at paid occupational labor. ...


Economic impact

In many ways this has been a great boon to the economy as it led to a great increase in consumer spending on Saturdays as a restaurant visit, motorcar journeys, or a trip to the movies became standard Saturday fare. Many jurisdictions continued to enforce strict blue laws on Sunday which meant that most recreations, such as stores and theatres, were forced to close on that day. These regulations began to weaken in the years after the Second World War and Sunday also became a day of recreation for many. A blue law, in the United States and Canada, is a type of law designed to enforce moral standards, particularly the observance of the Sabbath. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


In recent years the weekend has begun to fade in importance. While most people work a five day work week, when the hardware costs outweigh human costs, the competitiveness of the modern economy means that leaving a factory idle or an office unmanned for two days is of too great expense. Thus many workers regularly work on weekends. Since this is seen as a greater burden most employers pay extra for weekend work, either by agreement or by legislation, or else give time off midweek. A factory worker in 1940s Fort Worth, Texas. ...


There is still great variability in many areas between the workweek and weekend. Stores that are reliant on office workers will see far less business on a weekend, while those in the suburbs or in residential areas will see far more. Since weekends are days where people can safely sleep in and also not have to worry as much about the ill effects of a hangover, Friday and Saturday nights are the busiest for bars, restaurants, clubs, and cinemas. There is substantially less activity on many websites on weekends.[citation needed] Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... A hangover (veisalgia) describes the sum of unpleasant physiological effects following heavy consumption of alcoholic beverages. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet. ...


Weekends for students

For most students, the weekend means that they are free for two days, as schools usually do not have classes on the weekend. However, some boarding school students are required to attend classes for at least a half day on Saturdays. Some colleges also offer courses that meet on Saturday and Sunday. While many students choose to use their weekends as leisure time, others do work they would otherwise be forced to do during the week, so that their workload during the week becomes lighter. A boarding school is an educational institution where some or all pupils not only study, but also live, amongst their peers. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Weekend - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (589 words)
The weekend is a part of the week lasting one or two days in which most paid workers do not work.
In Christian countries the weekend typically covers Saturday and Sunday, while in Muslim countries it is Friday and Saturday, or Thursday and Friday.
In Israel the weekend is typically Friday afternoon and Saturday.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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