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Encyclopedia > Weapon system
The bayonet, still used in war as both knife and spearpoint.
The bayonet, still used in war as both knife and spearpoint.

A weapon is a tool which can be used to kill, injure or incapacitate, to destroy property, or to otherwise render resources non-functional or unavailable. It may be used to attack and defend, and consequently also to threaten or protect. The use of weapons has been depicted in cave paintings, and the process has been formulated resulting in both martial arts and strategic doctrines. Metaphorically, anything used to damage (even psychologically) can be referred to as a weapon. A weapon can be as simple as a club or as complex as an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). Image File history File links Artwork by Rama Prussian bayonet, from a Public Domain photograph of English Wikipedia [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Bayonet ... Image File history File links Artwork by Rama Prussian bayonet, from a Public Domain photograph of English Wikipedia [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Bayonet ... The US Marine Corps OKC-3S bayonet A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife- or dagger-shaped weapon designed to fit on or over the muzzle of a rifle or similar weapon. ... Traditional Finnish puukko knife A knife is a sharp-edged hand tool used for cutting. ... Hunting spear and knife, from Mesa Verde National Park. ... A modern hammer is directly descended from ancient hand tools A tool is a piece of equipment that (most commonly) provides a mechanical advantage in accomplishing a physical task. ... // Use of the term In common usage, property means ones own thing and refers to the relationship between individuals and the objects which they see as being their own to dispense with as they see fit. ... Factors of production are resources used in the production of goods and services in economics. ... In military science, an attack is the aggressive attempt to conquer enemy territory, installations, personnel, or equipment or to deny the enemy the use of territory, installations, personnel, or equipment, for example by destroying the equipment. ... In military science, defense (or defence) is the art of preventing an enemy from conquering territory. ... A threat is an unwanted (deliberate or accidental) event that may result in harm to an asset. ... PROTECT, or The National Association to Protect Children, is an American grassroots political lobby dedicated to the prevention of child abuse and rectification of flawed policies. ... Cave or rock paintings are paintings painted on cave or rock walls and ceilings, usually dating to prehistoric times. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... Psychology is an academic and applied field involving the study of the human mind, brain and behaviour. ... A club, cudgel, truncheon, night stick, or bludgeon is perhaps the simplest of all mêlée weapons. ... A Minuteman III missile after a test launch. ...

Contents


History

Ancient Chinese cannon displayed in the Tower of London.
Ancient Chinese cannon displayed in the Tower of London.

The weapon is any tool or object that is used to increase the destructive range or power of a human. From the earliest traces of mankind up to our modern civilization, weapons have been a facet of human development. Weapons development has accelerated along with other areas of technology in more modern times. In ancient times, from the dawn of humanity through the Classical civilizations of Greece and Rome, weapons were primarily extensions of an individual's strength, essentially making up for the human body's lack of natural weapons such as claws. These weapons allowed the bearer to be substantially more lethal than a similar human without such a weapon. Image File history File linksMetadata Tower_of_London_interior. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tower_of_London_interior. ... A small American Civil War-era cannon on a carriage A caun is any large tubular firearm designed to fire a heavy projectile over a considerable distance. ... For the film with this title, see Tower of London (1939 film). ... The Roman Empire was a phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government. ...


The Medieval period, including the Middle Ages, marked a period of distinct advancement in weaponry. Due to some of the unique influences of the period, weapons revolved around two major areas. First was that of knights. These horsemen required new weapons, as well as promoting development of weapons to defeat them. Second was that of castles. The building of castles on a large scale necessitated new weapons to help defend and attack them. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


The Renaissance marked the beginning of the implementation of combustion based devices in warfare. The most long-lasting effect of this was the introduction of cannon and firearms to the battlefield, where they are still at the core of modern weaponry. However, many other machines of war were experimented with. Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ...


From the American Revolution through the beginning of the 20th Century, human-powered weapons were finally excluded from the battlefield for the most part. Sometimes referred to as the Age of Rifles, this period was characterized by the development of firearms for infantry and cannons for support, as well as the beginnings of mechanized weapons such as the machine gun. The American Revolution was a political movement by 13 American colonies that declared independence and fought off British military efforts to regain control. ...


World War I marked the entry of fully industrialized warfare, and weapons were developed quickly to meet wartime needs. Many new technologies were developed, particularly in the development of military aircraft and vehicles. World War II however, perhaps marked the most frantic period of weapons development in the history of humanity. Massive numbers of new designs and concepts were fielded, and all existing technologies were improved between 1939 and 1945. Ultimately, the most powerful of all invented weapons was the nuclear bomb. Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russian Empire Kingdom of Serbia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria German Empire Ottoman Empire Commanders Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Ferdinand Foch Nikolay II Nikolay Yudenich Radomir Putnik Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Reinhard Scheer Franz Josef I Oskar Potiorek Ä°smail... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the use of images on this page may require cleanup, involving adjustment of image placement, formatting, size, or other adjustments. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945 lifted nuclear fallout some 18 km (60,000 feet) above the epicenter. ...


After World War II, with the onset of the Cold War, the constant technological development of new weapons was institutionalized, as participants engaged in a constant race to develop weapons and counter-weapons. This constant state of weapons development continues into the modern era, and remains a constant draw on the resources of most nations. The Cold War (Russian: Холодная война Kholodnaya Voina) was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their military alliance partners. ...

Ancient weapons

The basic tasks a weapon must perform have not changed since ancient times. All weapons do one or more of the following:

  1. Concentrate pressure: the sharp end of a broken stone or pointed stick will apply more pressure per unit area, and do more harm, than the blunt end. A material's hardness determines its ability to apply or resist pressure.
  2. Store energy: an object accumulates kinetic energy as a person accelerates it, and releases this energy in a much shorter time frame upon impact, thus magnifying a person's power.
  3. Project force: a thrown rock or long stick allows a person to affect an adversary from a distance.

As shown by the preceding examples, even simple items such as rocks and sticks can often serve these functions better than the human body. The usefulness of such tools made their development of paramount importance for a humanity consisting of small, thinly spread, hunter-gatherer communities. The first known traces of weapons are from the stone age with flint knives, handaxes and heads for large darts. There is no evidence for handaxes being thrown, but very good evidence for them having been used to butcher animals. Instead, darts seem to have been a powerful projectile weapon: anthropologists have thrown reconstructed darts through several inches of oak using atlatls. The broad, leaf-shaped heads penetrate deeply, and easily cut arteries. Pressure (symbol: p) is the force per unit area applied on a surface in a direction perpendicular to that surface. ... In materials science, hardness is the characteristic of a solid material expressing its resistance to permanent deformation. ... In physics, power (symbol: P) is the amount of work done per unit of time. ... In physics, force is that which changes or tend to change the state of rest or motion of a body. ... Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ... Stone Age fishing hook. ... Flint tools were made by stone age peoples worldwide. ... Traditional Finnish puukko knife A knife is a sharp-edged hand tool used for cutting. ... The axe or ax is an ancient and ubiquitous tool that has been used for millennia to shape, split and cut wood, harvest timber, as a weapon and a ceremonial or heraldic symbol. ... Darts are missile weapons, designed to fly such that a sharp, often weighted point will strike first. ... A projectile is any object sent through space by the application of a force. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... The atlatl (pronounced ät-lät-ŭl), or spear thrower, is a tool that uses leverage to achieve greater velocity in spear-throwing, and includes a bearing surface which allows the user to temporarily store elastic energy during the throw. ... Section of an artery An arterial road is a class of highway. ...

Bronze age weaponry.
Bronze age weaponry.

Some weapons are probably much older than the dart, although little early evidence for them exists. These include the sling and the spear. Even though these weapons are quite simple, they were a major military weapon at least until Roman times; a unit of fast-moving skirmishers could be equipped with them at very little cost. Lack of early evidence is understandable, as slings are prone to decay, and it would be difficult to prove that a particular stone has been used as ammunition. Similarly, there is less incentive to put a stone point onto a spear than a dart. A weighted spear point is a liability rather than an asset, and the greater momentum imparted by stabbing makes sharpness less critical than toughness, so that points of bone, antler, or even fire-hardened wood can make more effective spear points. Once metal became available, its toughness made spears and pikes the core of most infantry forces. Image File history File links Bronze_age_weapons_Romania. ... Image File history File links Bronze_age_weapons_Romania. ... Home-made sling. ... Hunting spear and knife, from Mesa Verde National Park. ... Skirmishers are infantry soldiers who are stationed ahead or to the sides of a larger body of friendly troops. ... A modern recreation of a company of pikemen. ...


Some of the earliest evidence for arrows are from ca. 20,000 BC in the Levant (the so-called 'Geometric Kebaran' period), made with several very small sharp pieces of stone embedded in an arrowshaft. Here again, far earlier examples may have been subject to decay: for instance, some cultures make weighted arrow points by cutting a hollow reed diagonally and filling the end segment with clay. An arrow is a pointed projectile that is shot with a bow. ... The Levant Levant is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east. ...


Archery and swords have been crucial for warfare. Archery, because of the large amount of energy that can be easily stored and released using a bow, and short swords because of their lethality in close combat. Far greater energy can be stored in a composite bow than a wooden bow of the same weight due to clever mechanical design and choice of materials, but militarily such weapons were mostly limited to use in dry climates. Traditional designs are held together by animal glue (chemically similar to gelatin); moisture would weaken the glue and damage bows of this design. The long bow makes up for less exotic materials with its larger size. In another tradeoff, short swords can be optimized for either stabbing or chopping; the former focuses on pressure, the latter on energy. The gladius hispaniensis could slip through openings in armor, and Roman doctrine held that a stab wound as shallow as one inch could be lethal. The hatchet-like Greek kopis, by contrast, seems built to dismember, but its point-heavy balance might make it clumsy against comprehensive armor. These arrows score as an inner 10 (X), and a 9 Archery is the practice of using a bow to shoot arrows. ... Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century Sword (from Old English sweord, cognate to Old High German Schwert, literally wounding tool from a Proto-Indo-European root *swer- to wound, to hurt) is a term for a long edged weapon, fundamentally consisting of a blade, usually with two edges for striking... A bow is a weapon that shoots arrows powered by the elasticity of the bow. ... A composite bow is made from different materials laminated together, usually applied under tension. ... Gelatin (also gelatine) is a translucent brittle solid substance, colorless or slightly yellow, nearly tasteless and odorless, which is created by prolonged boiling of animal skin, connective tissue or bones. ... The longbow (or English longbow, or Welsh longbow, see below) was a type of bow about 6 feet long used in the Middle Ages both for hunting and as a weapon of war. ... Gladius is Latin for sword (in general). ... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... An illustration showing a kopis with a hook-like hilt. ...


The most effective defense to traditional weapons was a fortress. The doctrines to support fortresses in the age of edged weapons may have greatly influenced medieval and noble history. Medieval siege weapons were used in countervailing doctrines, but the stave-sling and even the bow often had superior range, making them unsafe to use. Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... A siege engine is a device that is designed to break or circumvent city walls and other fortifications in siege warfare. ...


Combustion-powered weapons

Firearms are qualitatively different from earlier weapons because they store energy in a combustible propellant such as gunpowder, rather than in a weight or spring. This energy is released quite rapidly, and can be restored without much effort by the user, so that even early firearms such as the arquebus were much more powerful than human-powered weapons. They became increasingly important and effective during the 16th century to 19th century, with progressive improvements in ignition mechanisms followed by revolutionary changes in ammunition handling and propellant. During the U.S. Civil War various technologies including the machine gun and ironclad warship emerged that would be recognizable and useful military weapons today, particularly in lower-technology conflicts. In the 19th century warship propulsion changed from sail power to fossil fuel-powered steam engines. An assortment of modern handheld firearms using fixed ammunition, including military assault rifles, a sporting shotgun (fourth from bottom), and a tactical shotgun (third from bottom). ... A propellant is a material that is used to move an object by applying a motive force. ... Smokeless powder Gunpowder, whether black powder or smokeless powder, is a substance that burns very rapidly, releasing gases that act as a propellant in firearms. ... Japanese arquebus of the Edo era (teppo) The Arquebus (sometimes spelled harquebus or hackbut) was a primitive firearm used in the 15th to 17th centuries. ... In physics, power (symbol: P) is the amount of work done per unit of time. ... Ignition occurs when the heat produced by a reaction becomes sufficient to sustain the reaction, whether it be a fire, an explosion, or nuclear fusion. ... The lock of a firearm is the system used to ignite the propellant. ... Boxes of ammunition clog a warehouse in Baghdad Ammunition is a generic military term meaning (the assembly of) a projectile and its propellant. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the northern states, popularly referred to as the U.S., the Union, the North, or the Yankees; and the seceding southern states, commonly referred to as the Confederate States of America, the CSA, the Confederacy... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... Ironclad warships, frequently shortened to just ironclads, were wooden ships or ships of composite construction (wooden planking on iron frames) sheathed with thick iron plates for protection against gunfire. ... Diagrams of first and third rate warships, England, 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... A sail is any type of surface intended to generate thrust by being placed in a wind —in essence a vertically-oriented wing. ... Coal rail cars in Ashtabula, Ohio Fossil fuels are hydrocarbons formed from the remains of dead plants and animals. ... A steam engine is an external combustion heat engine that makes use of the thermal energy that exists in steam, converting it to mechanical work. ...

The Maxim gun and its derivative the Vickers (shown here) remained in British military service for 79 consecutive years.
The Maxim gun and its derivative the Vickers (shown here) remained in British military service for 79 consecutive years.

The age of edged weapons ended abruptly just before World War I with rifled artillery, such as howitzers which are able to destroy any masonry fortress. This single invention caused a revolution in military affairs and doctrines that continues to this day. See Technology during World War I for a detailed discussion. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... An early Maxim gun in operation with the Royal Navy A 1895 . ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russian Empire Kingdom of Serbia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria German Empire Ottoman Empire Commanders Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Ferdinand Foch Nikolay II Nikolay Yudenich Radomir Putnik Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Reinhard Scheer Franz Josef I Oskar Potiorek Ä°smail... A 155 mm artillery shell fired by a United States 11th Marine regiment M-198 howitzer Historically, artillery refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. ... Loading a WW1 British 15 in (381 mm) howitzer A howitzer or hauwitzer is a type of field artillery. ... The machine gun was one of the decisive technologies during World War I. Picture: British Vickers machine gun crew on the Western Front. ...


An important feature of industrial age warfare was technological escalation - an innovation could, and would, be rapidly matched by copying it, and often with yet another innovation to counter it. The technological escalation during World War I was profound, producing armed aircraft and tanks. Industrialisation (or industrialization) or an industrial revolution (in general, with lowercase letters) is a process of social and economic change whereby a human society is transformed from a pre-industrial to an industrial state . ... Technological escalation describes the fact that whenever two parties are in competition, each side tends to employ continuing technological improvements to defeat the other. ... The machine gun was one of the decisive technologies during World War I. Picture: British Vickers machine gun crew on the Western Front. ... Airbus A380 An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ...


This continued in the period between the end of that war and the next, with continuous improvements of all weapons by all major powers. Many modern military weapons, particularly ground-based ones, are relatively minor improvements on those of World War II. See military technology during World War II for a detailed discussion. Technological escalation during World War II was more profound than any other period in human history. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the use of images on this page may require cleanup, involving adjustment of image placement, formatting, size, or other adjustments. ... German Enigma encryption machine Military technology during World War II played a crucial role in determining the outcome of the war. ...


Nuclear weapons

The most notable development in weaponry since World War II has been the combination and further development of two weapons first used in it—nuclear weapons and the ballistic missile, leading to its ultimate configuration: the ICBM. The mutual possession of these by the United States and the Soviet Union ensured that either nation could inflict terrible damage on the other; so terrible, in fact, that neither nation was willing to instigate direct, all-out war with the other (a phenomenon known as Mutually Assured Destruction). The indiscriminate nature of the destruction has made nuclear-tipped missiles essentially useless for the smaller wars fought since. However computer-guided weaponry of all kinds, from precision-guided munitions (or "smart bombs") to computer-aimed tank rounds, has greatly increased weaponry's accuracy. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ... Polish missile wz. ... A Minuteman III missile soars after a test launch. ... Mutually assured destruction (MAD) is the doctrine of military strategy in which a full scale use of nuclear weapons by one of two opposing sides would result in the destruction of both the attacker and the defender. ... BOLT-117 laser guided bomb Precision-guided munitions (smart munitions or smart bombs) are self-guiding weapons intended to maximize damage to the target while minimizing collateral damage. Because the damage effects of an explosive weapon scale as a power law with distance, quite modest improvements in accuracy (and hence...


Information warfare

In modern warfare, since all redoubts are traps, maneuver and coordination of forces is decisive, overshadowing particular weapons. The goal of every modern commander is therefore to "operate within the observation-decision-action cycle of the enemy." In this way, the modern commander can bring overwhelming force to bear on isolated groups of the enemy, and "tactically" overwhelm an enemy.


Traditional military maneuvers tried to achieve this coordination with "fronts" made of lines of military assets. These were formerly the only way to prevent harm to friendly forces. Close-order marching and drill (a traditional military skill) was an early method to get relative superiority of coordination. Derivative methods (such as "leapfrogging units to advance a line") survived into combined arms warfare to coordinate aircraft, artillery, armor and infantry.


Computers are changing this. The most extreme example so far (2003) is the use of "swarm" tactics by the U.S. military in Iraq. The U.S. had instantaneous, reliably encrypted communications, perfect navigation using GPS and computer-mediated communications to aim precision weapons. Swarming is a military strategy in which a military force attacks an enemy from several different directions and then regroups. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ...


In swarm tactics, small units pass through possible enemy territory. When attacked they attempt to survive by calling down immediate overwhelming showers of precision-guided air-dropped munitions for armor, and cluster bombs for enemy troops. To consolidate such a region, nearby artillery begin bombardment, and ground units rush in on safe vectors through the bombardments, avoiding them by computer-mediated navigation aids. Honest John missile warhead cutaway, showing M139 Sarin bomblets (photo circa 1960) Cluster munitions are air-dropped or ground launched shells that eject multiple small submunitions (bomblets). ... A 155 mm artillery shell fired by a United States 11th Marine regiment M-198 howitzer Historically, artillery refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. ...


Thus in modern warfare, satellite navigation systems, digital radios and computers give decisive advantages to ordinary military personnel armed with weapons that are otherwise unremarkable. Satellite navigation systems allow small electronic devices to determine their location (Longitude, Latitude, and Altitude) in within a few metres using time signals transmitted along a line of sight by radio from satellites. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A Lego RCX Computer is an example of an embedded computer used to control mechanical devices. ...


Types of weapons

There are essentially three facets to classifying weapon types: who uses it, how it works, and what it targets.


Who uses it essentially determines how it can be employed:

  • Personal weapons (or Small Arms) are designed to be used by an individual person.
  • Crew served weapons are larger than personal weapons, requiring more than one crew member to operate correctly.
  • Fortification weapons are designed to be mounted in a permanent installation, or used primarily within a fortification.
  • Mountain weapons are designed for use by mountain forces or those operating in difficult terrain and harsh climates.
  • Vehicle weapons are designed to be mounted on any type of military vehicle.
  • Railway weapons are designed to be mounted on railway cars, including armored trains.
  • Aircraft weapons are designed to be carried on and used by some type of aircraft, helicopter, or other aerial vehicle.
  • Naval weapons are designed to be mounted on ships and submarines.
  • Space weapons are designed to be used in or launched from space.

How it works refers to the construction of the weapon and how it operates: A personal weapon is a weapon that can be carried and employed by a single person, although their use may be restricted to specialist members of attack or defense teams. ... Small arms captured in Fallujah, Iraq by the US Marine Corps in 2004 The term small arms generally describes any number of smaller infantry weapons, such as firearms that an individual soldier can carry. ... Crew-served weapons are operated by a crew of soldiers. ... A crew comprises a body or a class of people who work at a common activity, generally in a structured or hierarchical organization. ... Mountain guns are artillery pieces designed for use during mountain combat. ... ... A railway gun (also called railroad gun, and formerly called a railgun durring World War I and World War II) is a large artillery piece, designed to be placed on rail tracks. ... This is an incomplete list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Airbus A380 An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... Mil (Russian Federation) Mi-8, by far the most common model of helicopter in the world with more than 12 thousand units built, sixfold quantity comparing to production of the second most common model Sikorsky S-70. ... Italian ship-rigged vessel Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor, 1976 A ship is a large, sea-going watercraft, usually with multiple decks. ... German UC-1 class World War I submarine A model of Gunter Priens Unterseeboot 47 (U-47), German WWII Type VII diesel-electric hunter-killer (SSK) submarine Inside of the Argonaute, showing the typical obstructed, tiny space of a post-WWII diesel attack submarine. ... Space weapons are weapons that are designed to be used in space or be launched from space. ...

  • Antimatter weapons combine's matter and antimatter causing a powerful explosion.
  • Archery related weapons operate by using a tensioned string to launch a projectile at some target.
  • Artillery are large firearms capable of launching heavy projectiles (normally explosive) over long distances.
  • Biological weapons spread biological agents, attacking humans (or livestock) by causing disease and infection.
  • Chemical weapons spread chemical agents, attacking humans by poisoning and causing reactions.
  • Energy weapons rely on concentrating forms of energy to attack, such as lasers, electrical shocks, and thermal or sonic attack.
  • Explosive weapons use a physical explosion to create blast concussion or spread shrapnel.
  • Firearms use a chemical charge to launch one or more projectiles down a rifled or smoothbore barrel.
  • Future weapons make use of futuristic high tech weapon systems and advanced materials.
  • Incendiary weapons rely on combustible materials and an ignition mechanism to cause damage by fire.
  • Non-lethal weapons are used to attack and subdue humans, but are designed to minimize the risk of killing the target.
  • Magnetic weapons is one that uses magnetic fields to accelerate and propel projectiles, or to focus charged particle beams.
  • Mêlée weapons operate as physical extensions of the user's body and directly impact their target.
  • Missiles are rockets which are guided to their target after launch. This is also a general term for projectile weapons.
  • Nuclear weapons use radioactive materials to create nuclear fission and/or nuclear fusion detonations above a target ("air-burst") or at ground-level.
  • Primitive weapons make no use of technological or industrial elements, instead being purely constructed of easily obtainable natural materials.
  • Ranged weapons cause a projectile to leave the user and (ideally) strike a target afterwards.
  • Rockets use chemical propellant to accelerate a projectile (usually with an explosive warhead) towards a target and are typically unguided once fired.
  • Suicide weapons are typically explosive in nature and exploit the willingness of their operator to not survive the attack to reach their target.

What it targets refers to what type of target the weapon is designed to attack: An antimatter weapon is a hypothetical device using antimatter as a power source, a propellant, or an explosive for a weapon. ... These arrows score as an inner 10 (X), and a 9 Archery is the practice of using a bow to shoot arrows. ... A 155 mm artillery shell fired by a United States 11th Marine regiment M-198 howitzer Historically, artillery refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. ... Biological warfare, also known as germ warfare, is the use of any organism (bacteria, virus or other disease_causing organism) or toxin found in nature, as a weapon of war. ... Dressing the wounded during a gas attack by Austin O. Spare, 1918. ... An energy weapon can describe many types of real and fictional weapon which emit energy, rather than a physical projectile, and fire in one direction. ... An incendiary device is a device or weapon designed to create a fire. ... A firearm is a kinetic energy weapon that fires either a single or multiple projectiles propelled at high velocity by the gases produced by action of the rapid confined burning of a propellant. ... An incendiary device is a device or weapon designed to create a fire. ... Non-lethal force is force which is not inherently likely to kill or cause great bodily injury to a living target. ... A magnetic weapon is one that uses magnetic fields to accelerate and propel projectiles, or to focus charged particle beams. ... A mêlée weapon is any weapon that does not involve a projectile — that is, both the user and target of the weapon are in contact with it simultaneously in normal use. ... A missile (CE pronunciation: ; AmE: ) is, in general, a projectile—that is, something thrown or otherwise propelled. ... A projectile is any object sent through space by the application of a force. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ... An induced nuclear fission event. ... The deuterium-tritium (D-T) fusion reaction is considered the most promising for producing fusion power. ... A ranged weapon is any weapon that launches a projectile or that is a projectile itself. ... A projectile is any object sent through space by the application of a force. ... A Redstone rocket, part of the Mercury program The traditional definition of a rocket is a vehicle, missile or aircraft which obtains thrust by the reaction to the ejection of fast moving fluid from within a rocket engine. ... A suicide weapon is a weapon that kills its user in the process of killing its intended target. ...

  • Anti-aircraft weapons target enemy aircraft, helicopters, missiles and any other aerial vehicles in flight.
  • Anti-fortification weapons are designed to target enemy installations, including bunkers and fortifications. The American bunker buster bomb is designed to travel almost 10 metres underground before detonating, toppling underground installations.
  • Anti-personnel weapons are designed to attack people, either individually or in numbers.
  • Anti-radiation weapons target enemy sources of electronic radiation, particularly radar emitters.
  • Anti-ship weapons target enemy ships and vessels on water.
  • Anti-submarine weapons target enemy submarines and other underwater targets.
  • Anti-tank weapons are primarily used to defeat armored targets, but may be targeted against other less well armored targets.
  • Area denial weapons are designed to target territory, making it unsafe or unsuitable for enemy use or travel.
  • Hunting weapons are designed particularly for use against animals for hunting purposes.
  • Infantry support weapons are designed to attack various threats to infantry units, supporting the infantry's operations, including heavy machine guns, mortars and pinpoint airstrikes ordered by the infantry, often to strike heavily defended positions, such as enemy camps or extensively powerful machine-gun nests.

American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... A bunker buster bomb is designed to penetrate hardened targets or targets buried deep underground. ... An anti-personnel weapon is one primarily used to injure or kill people. ... HARM on a US Navy F-18C Three ALARMs on an RAF Tornado GR4 An anti-radiation missile is a missile which is designed to detect and home in on the emissions of an enemy radar installation. ... A Hedgehog depth charge launcher. ... Anti-tank, or simply AT, refers to any method of combating military armored fighting vehicles, notably tanks. ... Area denial weapons are used to prevent an adversary from occupying or traversing an area of land. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ... A military strike is a limited attack on a specified target. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ...

Weapons by era

Ancient weapons Mêlée Club Axe Knife Sword Polearms Spear Javelin Ranged Bow Sling Atlatl Cavalry Siege Ballista Battering ram Catapult Warships Galley Trireme Armor Shield Fortification City wall Gate Culture specific Greek Hoplite Roman Legion Click to see all eras. ... Medieval weapons varied from simple tools to complex engines of emerging medieval warfare technology. ... The machine gun was one of the decisive technologies during World War I. Picture: British Vickers machine gun crew on the Western Front. ... German Enigma encryption machine Military technology during World War II played a crucial role in determining the outcome of the war. ... Note: The following text was moved from Category:Modern weapons and should be improved to meet article standards. ... This article lists military technology items, devices and methods. ...

See also

The arms industry is a massive global industry. ... This is a partial list of martial arts weapons. ... There are a bewildering array of weapons, far more than would be useful in list form. ... A riot control agent is a type of lachrymatory agent (or lacrimatory agent). ... A weapon of mass destruction or (WMD) is a term used to describe munitions with the capacity to indiscriminately kill large numbers of human beings. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Persuasion technology is technology that can be used for presenting or promoting a point of view. ... Propaganda is a specific type of message presentation directly aimed at influencing the opinions or behavior of people, rather than impartially providing information. ... The U.S. Department of Defense defines psychological warfare (PSYWAR) as: The planned use of propaganda and other psychological actions having the primary purpose of influencing the opinions, emotions, attitudes, and behavior of hostile foreign groups in such a way as to support the achievement of national objectives. ... Toy weapons are toys that mimic real weapons, but are designed to be fun for children to play with and less dangerous. ... Fictional technology is proposed or described in many different contexts for many different reasons: Exploratory engineering seeks to identify if a prospective technology can be designed in detail, and simulated, even if it cannot be built yet - this is often a prerequisite to venture capital funding, or investigation in weapons... The following is a list of fictional weapons. ... Technological escalation describes the fact that whenever two parties are in competition, each side tends to employ continuing technological improvements to defeat the other. ... GUN is a video game developed by Neversoft and published by Activision for the Xbox 360, Xbox, GameCube, PC, and PlayStation 2. ... Network-centric warfare (NCW), now commonly called Network-centric operations (NCO), is a new military doctrine or theory of war pioneered by the United States Department of Defense. ... The U.S. Defense Information Systems Agency is one of the key agencies building the Global Information Grid The Global Information Grid (GIG) is defined as the globally interconnected, end-to-end set of information capabilities, associated processes, and personnel for collecting, processing, storing, disseminating, and managing information on demand... A Pirate, depending on the resources available or the materials ready, used many different weapons. ...

External links


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This savage weapon is typically only accessed in beast mode, though there are those robots with nasty canines in their robot modes, as well, who don't fear getting in close and making the chomp.
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