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Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. This is a symbolic place of great significance for Polish people. The Royal Castle and the Cathedral are situated on the Hill. Polish Royalty and many distinguished Poles are interred in the Cathedral and royal coronations took place there. From Polish wiki File links The following pages link to this file: Wawel Hill Smok Wawelski Wawel Cathedral Talk:Wawel Hill Template:Wawel Wawel Castle Royal Coronations in Wawel Cathedral ... Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... The Wawel Castle (Polish: Zamek wawelski) served as a royal residence and the site where the countrys rulers governed Poland for five centuries from 1038 until 1596. ... The Wawel Hill in Kraków Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... Smok Wawelski, also known as The Dragon of Wawel Hill or simply The Wawel Dragon, is a famous dragon in Polish folklore. ... Smocza Jama (dragons den) is a limestone cave in the Wawel Hill in Kraków. ... Sigismund (Polish: Zygmunt), named after his founder, King Sigismund the Old, is a bell cast in 1520 by Hans Beham in Kraków, Poland. ... Royal Coronations in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków. ... Length 1,047 km Elevation of the source 1,106 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 192,000 km² Origin  Barania Góra, Beskidy Mouth  GdaÅ„sk Bay, Baltic Sea Basin countries Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Slovakia The Vistula (Polish: WisÅ‚a) is the longest river in Poland. ... Jump to: navigation, search Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... A hill in Hungary with a hillside vintage garden For the landform that extends less than 600 metres above the surrounding terrain and that is smaller than a mountain, see the mountain article. ... Royal coronations in Poland: This is a list of royal coronations in Poland. ...

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Wawel Hill

Main article: Wawel Hill

There are archaeological remains indicating settlement from the 4th century. Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... (3rd century - 4th century - 5th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ...

Illustration of the Royal Castle on the Wawel Hill (16th century).
Illustration of the Royal Castle on the Wawel Hill (16th century).

The history of the medieval Wawel is deeply intertwined with the history of the Polish lands and Polish royal dynasties during the Middle Ages. The political and dynastic tensions that led to the final ascendence of Kraków as the royal seat are complex, but for most of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, Wawel was the seat of national government. As the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth formed and grew, Wawel became the seat of one of Europe's most important states. This status was only lost when the capital was moved to Warsaw in the 17th century. When Poland lost its political independence during the period of the partitions, Wawel became a symbol of the lost nation; demonstrations and meetings combined contemporary political action with a claim for the significance of the once-powerful state, taking on nationalist overtones. From Polish wiki File links The following pages link to this file: Wawel Hill Smok Wawelski Wawel Cathedral Talk:Wawel Hill Template:Wawel Wawel Castle Royal Coronations in Wawel Cathedral ... From Polish wiki File links The following pages link to this file: Wawel Hill Smok Wawelski Wawel Cathedral Talk:Wawel Hill Template:Wawel Wawel Castle Royal Coronations in Wawel Cathedral ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Jump to: navigation, search Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... Jump to: navigation, search By region Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance French Renaissance German Renaissance English Renaissance The Renaissance, also known as Il Rinascimento (in Italian), was an influential cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Jump to: navigation, search For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski, Lithuanian Padalijimas) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ...

The Wawel Hill in Kraków
The Wawel Hill in Kraków

The significance of the Wawel hill comes in part from its combination of political and religious structures and functions. The cathedral holds the relics of St. Stanisław and stands directly adjacent to the Royal Castle. The hill has long had a religious function; some of the oldest extant architectural remains are those of the Rotunda of the Virgin Mary, which may be visited today in a tour that takes the visitors into the walls and foundations of the present-day buildings. Download high resolution version (1000x467, 85 KB)(With permission, Author: Marek i Ewa Wojciechowscy, http://www. ... Download high resolution version (1000x467, 85 KB)(With permission, Author: Marek i Ewa Wojciechowscy, http://www. ... Jump to: navigation, search StanisÅ‚aw Szczepanowski or Stanislaus of Szczepanów (July 26, 1030 – April 11?, 1079) was a bishop of Kraków known mostly for having been slain by King Boleslaus the Bold. ...


Wawel Cathedral

Main article: Wawel Cathedral
Wawel Cathedral
Wawel Cathedral
The Zygmunt's Chapel, the tomb of the last Jagiellons and a pearl of the renaissance
Enlarge
The Zygmunt's Chapel, the tomb of the last Jagiellons and a pearl of the renaissance

The Wawel Cathedral is Poland's national sanctuary. With a 1000 year history, it was the coronation site of Polish monarchs. The Wawel Hill in Kraków Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... (With permission, Author: Marek i Ewa Wojciechowscy, http://www. ... (With permission, Author: Marek i Ewa Wojciechowscy, http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (553x882, 308 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Wawel Cathedral User:Akumiszcza Wawel ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (553x882, 308 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Wawel Cathedral User:Akumiszcza Wawel ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga... ...


The so-called Sigismund's Chapel (Kaplica Zygmuntowska) is one of the most notable pieces of architecture in Kraków. Built as a tomb chapel of the last Jagiellons, it was hailed by many historians of art as the most beautiful example of Toscan renaissance north of the Alps. Financed by king Sigismund I of Poland, the chapel was built between 1519 and 1533 by Bartolomeo Berrecci. A square-based chapel with a golden dome houses the tombs of its founder king Sigismund, as well as king Sigismund Augustus of Poland and Anna Jagiellonka. The design of the internal sculptures, stuccos and paintings was carried out by some of the most renowned artists of the epoch, including Santi Gucci, Hermann Vischer, and the architect himself, Georg Pencz. ... Jump to: navigation, search By region Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance French Renaissance German Renaissance English Renaissance The Renaissance, also known as Il Rinascimento (in Italian), was an influential cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... Jump to: navigation, search ==Events==nbkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkyrjynmnjh January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... Reign From April 1, 1548 until July 6, 1572 Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Zygmunt I Stary Bona Sforza Consorts Elżbieta Habsburzanka Barbara RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Katarzyna Austriaczka Barbara Giżycka Children with Barbara Giżycka Barbara Date of Birth... Anna the Jagiellonian Anna the Jagiellonian (Polish:Anna Jagiellonka) 1523 - 1596, daughter of Sigismund I of Poland, wife of Stephen Bathory, King of Poland, one of the last members of the Jagiellon dynasty. ... Santi Gucci (ca. ...


Wawel Castle

Main article: Wawel Castle

The Wawel Castle (Zamek wawelski) served as a royal residence and the site where the country's rulers governed Poland for five centuries from 1038 until 1596. The Wawel Castle (Polish: Zamek wawelski) served as a royal residence and the site where the countrys rulers governed Poland for five centuries from 1038 until 1596. ... Events Independent declaration of Western Xia. ... Events February 5 - 26 catholics crucified in Nagasaki, Japan. ...


The Wawel Dragon

Main article: Smok Wawelski

Smok Wawelski, also known as The Dragon of Wawel Hill or simply The Wawel Dragon, is a famous dragon in Polish folklore. He laired in a cave under Wawel Hill on the banks of the Vistula river, although some legends place him in the Wawel mountains. In some stories the dragon lived before the founding of the city, when the area was inhabited by farmers. Smok Wawelski, also known as The Dragon of Wawel Hill or simply The Wawel Dragon, is a famous dragon in Polish folklore. ... Jump to: navigation, search Chinese dragon, colour engraving on wood, Japanese Chinese school, 19th Century A dragon is a mythological creature, typically depicted as a large and powerful serpent or other reptile, with magical or spiritual qualities. ... Slavic mythology and Slavic religion evolved over more than 3,000 years. ... Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... Length 1,047 km Elevation of the source 1,106 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 192,000 km² Origin  Barania Góra, Beskidy Mouth  GdaÅ„sk Bay, Baltic Sea Basin countries Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Slovakia The Vistula (Polish: WisÅ‚a) is the longest river in Poland. ...

The entry to the Wawel Dragon's Den below the Wawel Hill.
The entry to the Wawel Dragon's Den below the Wawel Hill.

The Wawel Cathedral features a statue of Smok Wawelski and a plaque commemorating his defeat by Krakus, a Polish prince who, according to the plaque, founded the city and his palace over the slain dragon's lair. The dragon's cave under the castle is now a popular tourist stop. Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... The Wawel Hill in Kraków Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ...


A popular version of Smok Wawelski's tale takes place in Kraków during the reign of King Krak, the city's legendary founder. Each day the evil dragon would beat a path of destruction across the countryside, killing the civilians, pillaging their homes and devouring their livestock. In many versions of this story, the dragon especially enjoyed eating young girls, and could only be appeased if the townfolk would leave a young girl in front of its cave once a month. The King certainly wanted to put a stop to the dragon, but his bravest knights fell to its fiery breathe. In the versions involving the sacrifice of young girls, every girl in the city was eventually sacrificed except one, the King's daughter Wanda. In desperation, the King promised his beautiful daughter's hand in marriage to anybody who could defeat the dragon. Great warriors from near and far fought for the prize and failed. One day, a poor cobbler's apprentice named Szewczyk Dratewka accepted the challenge. He stuffed a lamb with sulphur and set it outside the dragon's cave. The dragon ate it and soon became incredibly thirsty. No amount of drinking could quell his stomachache, and after swelling up from drinking half of the Vistula river, he exploded. Dratewka married the King's daughter as promised and they lived happily ever after. Jump to: navigation, search The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... Cobbler may mean: a person who makes and repairs shoes and boots for a living. ... If youre looking for the TV show, see The Apprentice. ... For the chemical element see: sulfur. ... Length 1,047 km Elevation of the source 1,106 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 192,000 km² Origin  Barania Góra, Beskidy Mouth  GdaÅ„sk Bay, Baltic Sea Basin countries Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Slovakia The Vistula (Polish: WisÅ‚a) is the longest river in Poland. ...


Royal Coronations in Wawel Cathedral

Main article: Royal Coronations in Wawel Cathedral

The majority of coronations of Polish kings took place in Wawel Cathedral. See Royal Coronations in Wawel Cathedral for complete list. Royal Coronations in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków. ... Royal coronations in Poland: This is a list of royal coronations in Poland. ... Royal Coronations in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków. ...


External links


 
Kraków
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Tourist attractions:
Kazimierz | Jagiellonian University | Sigismund Bell | Smok Wawelski | St. Mary's Church | Wawel

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wawel at AllExperts (856 words)
Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland, at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level.
When Poland lost its political independence during the period of the partitions, Wawel became a symbol of the lost nation; demonstrationsand meetings combined contemporary political action with a claim forthe significance of the once-powerful state, taking on nationalist overtones.
The Wawel Cathedral features a statue of Smok Wawelski and a plaque commemorating his defeat by Krakus, a Polish prince who, according to the plaque, founded the city and his palace over the slain dragon's lair.
Wawel - Sciaga.pl (651 words)
The rooms of the Renaissance Wawel residence had a truly royal decoration, presenting a uniform symbolic programme whose leading idea was the glory and righteousness of the sovereign of Poland - arousing fear in his enemies but benign to his subjects, wise and pious.
During the Second World War Wawel was the seat of the occupation authorities of the Government General and residence of Hans Frank.
The year 1992 marked the commencement of large-scale repairs and conservation work in the Royal Castle and the nearby Cathedral, which are to prepare Wawel for the celebrations of the millennium of the Bishopric of Cracow in 2000.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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