These two sets of phenomena are mutually exclusive in classical physics, but nevertheless are both needed in order to describe the possible behaviors of matter and light. Therefore one speaks of the wave-particle duality.
Dual descriptions of a physical system may have overlapping ranges of validity. In such regions of overlap, two dual theories will not give contradictory predictions. The wave-particle duality is only one example where this requirement applies. Other fields where duality is encountered in this sense are statistical mechanics and string theory.
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