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Encyclopedia > Waterloo Station
London Waterloo
Waterloo
Location
Place South Bank
Local authority London Borough of Lambeth
Coordinates 51°30′11.8″N, 0°6′48.6″W
Operations
Managed by Network Rail
Platforms in use 19 (no. 1-19)
National Rail
Station code WAT
Annual entry/exit
62.388 million **
Transport for London
Zone 1
History
1848
Opened
Transport for London
List of London stations: Underground | National Rail
** based on sales of tickets in 2004/05 financial year which end or originate at this station. Disclaimer (PDF)
UK Railways Portal

Waterloo Station, official name London Waterloo [1]. is a major railway station forming part of a transport interchange in London, England.
By numbers of passengers for 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 London Waterloo was the busiest station in the UK.
South West Trains operate services to the south-west of England and the south west suburbs. Waterloo station may refer to: Waterloo station, a major transport interchange in London, United Kingdom between national and international rail services and the London Underground. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3648 × 2736 pixels, file size: 4. ... The National Theatre is one of the collection of arts buildings that make up the South Bank Centre. ... The London Borough of Lambeth is a London borough in South London, England and forms part of Inner London. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Network Rail is a British not for dividend company limited by guarantee whose principal asset is Network Rail Infrastructure Limited, a company limited by shares. ... Travelcard Zone 1 is the central zone of Transport for Londons zonal system used for calculating co-ordinated inter-modal Travelcard fares within London. ... Transport For London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for most aspects of the transport system throughout Greater London in England. ... The southbound platform at Angel. ... This is a list of extant mainline railway stations in Greater London, excluding London Underground and Docklands Light Railway. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... South West Trains (SWT) is a train operating company operating in the United Kingdom, providing train services to the south-west of London, chiefly in Greater London and the counties of Surrey, Hampshire, Dorset, Devon, Somerset, Berkshire and Wiltshire (the area largely covered before 1923 by the London and South...

Contents

History

The London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) opened Waterloo Station as 'Waterloo Bridge Station' on 11 July 1848 when its mainline was extended from Nine Elms. The unfulfilled intention was for a through station with services to the City.
As the station grew it became increasingly ramshackle, a little-used railway line even crossed the main concourse on the level and passed through an archway in the station building to connect to the South Eastern Railway's smaller station, now Waterloo East, whose tracks lie perpendicular to those of Waterloo. Passengers were confused by the layout and by the two very close stations called 'Waterloo'. This complexity and confusion became the butt of jokes by writers and music hall comics. In Jerome K. Jerome's book Three Men in a Boat no one at Waterloo knows the wanted train's platform, departure time or destination. Waterloo Station The London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) was a railway company in England from 1840 to 1923. ... Nine Elms is a district of London, situated in the far north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Wandsworth between Battersea and Vauxhall. ... Motto: Domine dirige nos Latin: Lord, guide us Shown within Greater London Sovereign state Constituent country Region Greater London Status City and Ceremonial County Admin HQ Guildhall Government  - Leadership see text  - Mayor John Stuttard  - MP Mark Field  - London Assembly John Biggs Area  - City  1. ... The London and Greenwich Railway (LGR) and the Canterbury and Whitstable Railway (CWR) in East Kent were the earliest railways to serve the then county of Kent: eventually both became parts of the South Eastern Railway (SER). ... Facade of Waterloo Station, London Waterloo is a major train station and transport interchange located in the Waterloo district of London, which was itself named after the Battle of Waterloo in which Napoleon was defeated near Brussels. ... Music Hall is a form of British theatrical entertainment which reached its peak of popularity between 1850 and 1960. ... Jerome Klapka Jerome (May 2, 1859 – June 14, 1927) was an English author, best known for the humorous travelogue Three Men in a Boat. ... Three Men in a Boat (To Say Nothing of the Dog), published 1889, is a humorous account by Jerome K. Jerome of a boating holiday on the Thames between Kingston and Oxford. ...


Complete reconstruction between 1900 and 1922 gave 21 platforms and a concourse nearly 800 feet (244 m) long. The main pedestrian entrance, the Victory Arch, serves as a memorial to company staff who were killed during the two world wars. Damage in World War II required considerable repair but entailed no great changes of layout.
Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Waterloo: The Victory Arch
Waterloo: The Victory Arch

On privatisation of British Rail in the 1990s, ownership and management of Waterloo passed to Railtrack, and subsequently to Network Rail. In 19XX platforms 20 and 21 were lost as part of the site of Waterloo International railway station. London Waterloo Station facade Picture taken by ChrisO, February 8, 2003 Camera: Sony DSC-P72 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... London Waterloo Station facade Picture taken by ChrisO, February 8, 2003 Camera: Sony DSC-P72 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The privatisation of British Rail was the result of the Railways Act 1993 introduced by John Majors Conservative government. ... For the generic term, see rail tracks. ... Network Rail is a British not for dividend company limited by guarantee whose principal asset is Network Rail Infrastructure Limited, a company limited by shares. ...

A 1948 poster showing the main concourse.
A 1948 poster showing the main concourse.

Image File history File links The main concourse of Waterloo station in London in a 1948 promotional poster. ... Image File history File links The main concourse of Waterloo station in London in a 1948 promotional poster. ...

Interchange Facilities

There are three adjacent heavy rail railway stations, London Waterloo, Waterloo East, and Waterloo International (out of use after 13 November 2007), four separate Underground stations, and a bus station. The complex, in the London Borough of Lambeth, near the South Bank, is in Travelcard Zone 1.
The station is linked to the South Bank by elevated walkways which until partial demolition for the reconstruction of the Hungerford Footbridge gave a continuous high-level footpath from the concourse of Waterloo to that of Charing Cross railway station on the north side of the River Thames.
River services operate from nearby Waterloo Pier next to the London Eye. The term heavy rail is often used for regular railways, to distinguish from systems such as trams/light rail and metro. ... Facade of Waterloo Station, London Waterloo is a major train station and transport interchange located in the Waterloo district of London, which was itself named after the Battle of Waterloo in which Napoleon was defeated near Brussels. ... The London Underground is an underground railway system - also known as a rapid transit system - that serves a large part of Greater London, United Kingdom and some neighbouring areas. ... The London Borough of Lambeth is a London borough in South London, England and forms part of Inner London. ... The National Theatre is one of the collection of arts buildings that make up the South Bank Centre. ... Travelcard Zone 1 is the central zone of Transport for Londons zonal system used for calculating co-ordinated inter-modal Travelcard fares within London. ... Hungerford Bridge is a bridge, or triplet of bridges, over the River Thames in London, between Waterloo Bridge and Westminster Bridge. ... Charing Cross Charing Cross railway station is a central London railway terminus. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... Logo of Thames Clipper London River Services is an arm of Transport for London, which manages public transport on the River Thames in London. ... The London Eye, also known as the Millennium Wheel, is an observation wheel that completed construction in 1999 and opened to the public in March, 2000. ...


Minor Details

A past curiosity of Waterloo was that a spur led to the adjoining dedicated station of the London Necropolis Company from which funerary trains, at one time daily, ran to Brookwood Cemetery bearing coffins at 2/6 each. This station was destroyed during World War II.[1] The London Necropolis railway station was a special railway station constructed by the London Necropolis Company for funeral trains, specifically to serve their Brookwood Cemetery. ... The London Necropolis Company, also London Necropolis & National Mausoleum Company, was set up in 1850, and established by Act of Parliament in 1852. ... The Avenue leading from Brookwood Cemetery World War I Brookwood American Cemetery and Memorial, within the grounds of Brookwood Cemetery Brookwood Cemetery is a burial ground in Brookwood, Surrey, England. ... The phrase half a crown was used before currency decimalisation in the United Kingdom to express the value of two shillings and sixpence as in, for example, That will cost you half a crown. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


A large four-faced clock hangs in the middle of the main concourse. Meeting "under the clock at Waterloo" is a traditional rendezvous.[2]


Left luggage services are available between platforms 11 and 12 (charge per item: £6 for 24 hours in early 2007) and in the basement near the entrance to the Waterloo and City line (charge: £12 for up to 30kg per day). Waterloo has an excellent Lost Property [2] service with courteous staff and an efficient online form and contact service, with a minimal charge.

Preceding station National Rail Following station
Terminus   South West Trains
South Western Main Line
  Vauxhall
 

National Rail uses the BR double-arrow logo A typical National Rail station sign showing the double-arrow logo National Rail is a brand name of the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC). ... South West Trains (SWT) is a train operating company operating in the United Kingdom, providing train services to the south-west of London, chiefly in Greater London and the counties of Surrey, Hampshire, Dorset, Devon, Somerset, Berkshire and Wiltshire (the area largely covered before 1923 by the London and South... The South Western Main Line is the railway line from London Waterloo to Weymouth on the Dorset coast. ... Vauxhall railway station platforms from the western end. ...

Waterloo International

Waterloo International station until 14 November 2007 is the London terminus of Eurostar Channel Tunnel passenger trains. A Eurostar on the CTRL going through the Medway Towns Eurostar is a train service connecting the UK with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Brussels South). ... The British terminal at Cheriton in west Folkestone, from the Pilgrims Way. ...

Waterloo station from the London Eye with Waterloo International on its western flank.
Waterloo station from the London Eye with Waterloo International on its western flank.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 484 KB) Credit - Les Chatfield aka Elsie! From http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 484 KB) Credit - Les Chatfield aka Elsie! From http://www. ... The London Eye, also known as the Millennium Wheel, is an observation wheel that completed construction in 1999 and opened to the public in March, 2000. ...

Status

Waterloo International as the terminus for cross-channel Eurostar trains was managed and branded separate from Waterloo which lost platforms 20 and 21 to its site. International's platforms are numbered 20 to 25. A Eurostar on the CTRL going through the Medway Towns Eurostar is a train service connecting the UK with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Brussels South). ...


Change Imminent

From 14 November 2007 Eurostar trains are scheduled to terminate at St Pancras station not at Waterloo International which will revert to the ownership of the Department for Transport. Its future is unclear, but it might be used for domestic services. [3] The Gothic Revival facade and clock tower of the disused Midland Hotel are the most visible part of St Pancras station. ... In the United Kingdom, the Department for Transport is the government department responsible for the transport network. ...


Waterloo Underground stations

The four London Underground stations at Waterloo are on the Bakerloo, Jubilee, Charing Cross branch of the Northern, and Waterloo & City lines. The London Underground is an underground railway system - also known as a rapid transit system - that serves a large part of Greater London, United Kingdom and some neighbouring areas. ... The Bakerloo Line is a line of the London Underground and coloured brown on the Tube map. ... London Transport Portal The Jubilee Line is a line on the London Underground (the Tube), in England. ... For other uses, see Northern Line (disambiguation). ... The Waterloo & City Line is a short underground metro line in London, formally opened on 11 July 1898. ...


Cultural references

  • Waterloo station and the Waterloo Underground station are the setting for the Kinks song "Waterloo Sunset", written by Ray Davies and recorded in 1967. Its lyrics describe two people meeting at Waterloo Station and crossing over the river (via Waterloo Bridge, as Davies has confirmed[citation needed]). The song has been recorded by Cathy Dennis and Def Leppard, whilst other acts (like David Bowie and Elliott Smith) have covered the song in live performances.
  • The station is also the subject of John Schlesinger's documentary film Terminus.
  • Adrian Evans wrote the song "London Waterloo", which is dedicated wholly to the station.
  • The Bourne Ultimatum, starring Matt Damon, was filmed at Waterloo Station during mid-April 2007
  • The lyrics in the 1979 song "Rendezvous 6:02" by British progressive band U.K. describe a meeting at Waterloo Station.
  • The lyrics to "Torn On The Platform" by Jack Penate refer to the station ("train leaves at two, platform 3, Waterloo").
  • Carl Barat's band Dirty Pretty Things' debut album is called Waterloo to Anywhere.

The Kinks were an English rock group formed in 1963 by lead singer-songwriter Ray Davies, his brother, lead guitarist and vocalist Dave Davies, and bassist Pete Quaife. ... Waterloo Sunset is a song released as a single by The Kinks in 1967, and featured on their album Something Else by the Kinks. ... Raymond Douglas Davies, CBE (born June 21, 1944 at Fortis Green, London) is an influential English rock musician, best known as lead singer-songwriter for The Kinks - one of the most influential, prolific and long-lived British Invasion bands - which he led with his younger brother, Dave. ... Cathy Dennis (born March 25, 1969 in Norwich, England) is a Grammy Award winning dance-oriented pop singer-songwriter, record producer and actress. ... Def Leppard are a British hard rock band from Sheffield who formed in 1977 as part of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal. ... David Bowie (IPA: []) (born David Robert Jones on 1947 January 8) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger and audio engineer. ... For the self-titled album, see Elliott Smith (album). ... John Richard Schlesinger CBE (February 16, 1926 – July 25, 2003) was an English film director. ... Terminus (1961) was a fly-on-the-wall documentary directed by John Schlesinger about an ordinary day at Waterloo Station in London. ... The Bourne Ultimatum is a 2007 film based on the Robert Ludlum novel of the same name. ... Matthew Paige Matt Damon (born October 8, 1970) is an American screenwriter and actor. ... Carl Ashley Raphael Barât (born June 6, 1978) is the frontman and lead guitarist in the band Dirty Pretty Things. ... Dirty Pretty Things are a band fronted by Carl Barât, a former member of The Libertines. ... Waterloo to Anywhere is the debut album from former Libertine, Carl Barats band Dirty Pretty Things. ...

References

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