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Encyclopedia > Water Tower Place
View of the Water Tower Place skyscraper
View showing the Water Tower Place shopping mall at the base of the skyscraper, with Chicago Avenue Pumping Station in foreground

Water Tower Place is a large urban, mixed-use development comprising a 758,000 sq ft shopping mall and 74 story skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. The complex is located at 845 North Michigan Avenue, along the Magnificent Mile. It is named after the nearby Chicago Water Tower. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 395 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Water Tower Place, Chicago, Illinois. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 395 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Water Tower Place, Chicago, Illinois. ... Chicago Water Tower Source:Image taken by Dori License:Dual GFDL CC File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Chicago Water Tower Source:Image taken by Dori License:Dual GFDL CC File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The 1866 pumping station located across Michigan Avenue from the Water Tower. ... Look up urban in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A square foot is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 foot long. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Motto: “Urbs in Horto” (Latin: “City in a Garden”), “I Will” Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country United States State Illinois Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Michigan Avenue is a north-south road in Chicago, Illinois. ... The 1866 pumping station located across Michigan Avenue from the Water Tower. ...

Contents

History

Orignially conceived in the late 1960s by the Mafco Company (the former shopping center development division of Marshall Field & Co.), the skyscraper was eventually built in 1975 by Urban Retail Properties, a company led by Philip Morris Klutznick and his son Thomas J. Klutznick. The project received a J.C. Nichols Prize from the Urban Land Institute in 1986. Marshall Fields State Street Store interior, about 1910 Marshall Fields is a department store chain headquartered in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Philip Morris Klutznick Philip Morris Klutznik (born July 9, 1907 died August 14, 1999) was a U.S. administrator who served as U.S. Secretary of Commerce from January 9, 1980 to January 19, 1981. ... The Urban Land Institute, or ULI, is a non-profit organization with offices in Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, and London. ...


The tower section is a 74-story 859 foot (262 m) reinforced concrete slab, faced with gray marble, and is the eighth tallest building in Chicago and the twenty-sixth tallest in the United States. When built, it was the tallest reinforced concrete building in the world. It contains an award winning Ritz-Carlton hotel, luxury condominiums, and office space and sits atop a block long base containing a highly successful, atrium-style retail mall that fronts on the Magnificent Mile. Ritz-Carlton is a brand of luxury hotel and resort with 63 properties that are located in major cities and exclusive resort destinations of 21 countries worldwide. ... This article refers to a form of housing. ...


Water Tower Place's opening substantially changed the economic dynamics of the Magnificent Mile by bringing middle-class shops to what had been a street dominated by luxury retailers, tony hotels, and expensive apartments. It irreversibly shifted downtown Chicago's retail center of gravity north from State Street to North Michigan Avenue. Thirty years after its construction, its residences and hotel remain among Chicago's most prized addresses, and the mall remains nearly fully leased, drawing large enough crowds that many retailers operate outlets both inside the mall and just outside it. Michigan Avenue is a north-south road in Chicago, Illinois. ...


In 2001, a stylish program of refurbishments was begun, including enclosing the exterior arcade along Michigan and adding a loading dock in the middle of the block for additional retail space. Also included were updates to the famous escalators and fountains leading into the mall from North Michigan Avenue lobby, as well as enhancements to the sidewalk areas, the mall's exterior facades, and department store entrances. Some of the changes included the addition of extensive exterior glass walls and display areas for the department stores, some small specialty retail space in the renovated lobby area, and huge exterior rounded, corner glass bay windows and lighted "fins" on the North Michigan Avenue and side street exterior walls of the mall. These last additions broke up the boxy nature of the original architecture and added some dimension and scale to the expansive, but monolithic marble walls. The interior fountain between the escalators leading from the North Michigan Avenue lobby were also updated with a tiered "pop jet" fountain with cascading waterfalls and balls of water, controlled by computer-based choreography.


The building's most famous full-time resident is Oprah Winfrey [1]. Having bought a $6 million dollar home on November 28, 2006, Oprah says she is planning to eventually sell her residence in Water Tower Place, according to the Chicago Sun Times. Oprah Winfrey, (born January 29, 1954) is a multiple-Emmy Award winning host of The Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest rated talk show in television history. ...


The Shopping Center

Water Tower Place has in recent years grown into one of Chicago's premier shopping destinations due to its easy access (within city limits) and it wide variety of shops. Three of Abercrombie & Fitch's stores (Hollister Co., abercrombie Kids, and Abercrombie & Fitch) occupy the mall, with the fourth RUEHL rumored to open soon. American Eagle Outfitters is due to open in fall 2007. Chocolatiers Godiva, Gloria Jean's, and Ghirardelli have locations in the mall. Other retailers include bebe, bebe sport, Banana Republic, Florsheim, Lacoste, Victoria's Secret, Sharper Image, Movado, Sephora, Ann Taylor, White House Black Market, J. Jill, Finish Line, Aldo, and Wet Seal. Abercrombie & Fitch (NYSE: ANF), is an American lifestyle brand specializing in Casual Luxury apparel for college students ages 18 through 22. ... Hollister Co. ... abercrombie kids, or in the advertised form, abercrombie, is a childrens version of the popular Abercrombie & Fitch Casual Luxury retailer. ... Abercrombie & Fitch (NYSE: ANF), is an American lifestyle brand specializing in Casual Luxury apparel for college students ages 18 through 22. ... A new concept store by New Albany, Ohio headqaurted. ... American Eagle Outfitters is an American clothing retailer that dates back to 1904, but took its current form in 1977 and was reorganized in Pittsburghs north suburbs. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Gloria Jeans Coffees logo Escape the Daily Grind Gloria Jean’s Coffees is one of the worlds largest chains of specialty coffee retailers and one of the fastest growing franchise organisations in Australia. ... The Ghirardelli Chocolate Company is a United States division of Swiss candy-maker Lindt & Sprüngli. ... bebe stores (pronounced bee-bee) is an American clothing retailer founded in 1976 by the Iranian-born Manny Mashouf, who emigrated to the United States in the early 70s and opened the first bebe store in San Francisco. ... bebe stores (pronounced bee-bee) is an American clothing retailer founded in 1976 by the Iranian-born Manny Mashouf, who emigrated to the United States in the early 70s and opened the first bebe store in San Francisco. ... Banana Republic is a chain of clothing stores owned by Gap Inc. ... Founded in 1892 by Milton S. Florsheim and his father Sigmund, Florsheim is one of the best-known shoe brands in the United States. ... Lacoste is a French apparel company founded in 1933 that sells high-end clothing, footwear, perfume, leather goods, watches, eyewear, and most famously, tennis shirts. ... Victorias Secret is a retailer of lingerie and beauty products. ... The Sharper Image is a store and mail-order company that sells high-tech gadgets. ... Movado Vizio Movado is a Swiss watch company, whose name is Esperanto for movement. Founded in 1881 in La Chaux-de-Fonds by Achilles Ditesheim, the company is most renowned for its Museum watches that feature a black clock face with a single point at twelve oclock. ... Sephora Logo Sephora is a chain of stores selling cosmetics and related beauty products, owned by LVMH. // The Sephora chain includes 515 stores in 14 countries. ... Ann Taylor (NYSE: ANN) is an American group of specialty apparel retail chain stores for women, headquartered in New York City, (7 Times Square Tower, New York, NY 10036). ... White House Black Market is a popular American fashion store targeting women from 18-30. ... Company Logo Talbots (NYSE: TLB) is a Massachusetts clothing retailer established in 1947. ... Finish Line is the second largest athletic retailer based in the United States, with headquarters in Indianapolis, Indiana. ... Aldo may refer to: Aldo (shoes), a worldwide chain of shoe stores (heels and boots) founded by Aldo Bensadoun in Montreal, QC in 1972. ... Wet Seal is a young womens clothing retailer headquartered in Foothill Ranch, California. ...


The eight level mall has over 100 shops, including department stores Lord & Taylor (due to close in 2007) and Macy's (formerly a branch of the renowned Marshall Field's), a live theatre, and several restaurants, arranged around a stunning chrome-and-glass atrium with glass elevators. It was the one of the first vertical malls in the world, although along North Michigan Avenue it has been joined by Westfield North Bridge, 900 North Michigan, and Chicago Place, all of which incorporate many features introduced by Water Tower Place. The building's design successfully addresses the challenge of providing separate entries and vertical circulation for, what amounts to a regional mall-scaled retail center, two department stores, the theater, offices, hotel, and residences. Lord & Taylor, based in New York, New York, is the oldest department store chain in the United States. ... Macys is a chain of moderate to upscale American department stores with its flagship store in Herald Square, New York City, which has been billed as the worlds largest store since completion of the Seventh Avenue addition in 1924. ... For other uses, see Marshall Fields (disambiguation). ... Westfield North Bridge, formerly The Shops at North Bridge, is an upscale, urban retail-entertainment district in Chicago, Illinois, located at 520 N. Michigan Avenue. ... 900 North Michigan, Park Tower, the John Hancock Center, and Water Tower Place (L-R) as seen from the Sears Tower in Chicago 900 North Michigan in Chicago is a skyscraper completed in 1989. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ...


Among Chicago urban youth, "Floor Six" is often used as a term for going to Water Tower Place, as (upon American Eagle Outfitters opening in fall 2007) urban lifestyle brands of Hollister Co, American Eagle, abercrombie, and Abercrombie & Fitch will all occupy the sixth floor. there is also a Lacrosste store. American Eagle Outfitters is an American clothing retailer that dates back to 1904, but took its current form in 1977 and was reorganized in Pittsburghs north suburbs. ...


It is rumored that Iowa-based upscale retailer Von Maur will occupy the location of former tenant Lord & Taylor and the fourth introduced Abercrombie and Fitch concept RUEHL will open a location in the mall. Also rumored to have claimed some of the Lord & Taylor space is American Girl Place. The Redstone Building in Davenport, Iowa, was the longtime home of Petersen Harned Von Maurs flagship store Von Maur is a department store chain in the Midwestern United States. ... Lord & Taylor, based in New York, New York, is the oldest department store chain in the United States. ... Abercrombie & Fitch is a clothing company which operates an extensive chain of retail outlets, marketing casual clothing to young adults. ... The American Girls Collection is a brand of dolls and other items of girls interest. ...


Education

Residents of Water Tower Place are zoned to schools in the Chicago Public Schools. Chicago Public Schools, commonly abbreviated as CPS by local residents and politicians, is a school district that controls over 600 public elementary and high schools in Chicago, Illinois. ...

Wells Community Academy High School is a public secondary school located in Chicago, Illinois, United States. ...

See also

Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building since its completion in 2004, is located in Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan). ... Chicago downtown Chicago has the tallest building in the United States, the Sears Tower, and many slightly shorter buildings, almost all in the Loop or along North Michigan Avenue. ... 20 tallest buildings in the United States U.S. Bank Tower Columbia Center Chicago, IL: Sears Tower AT&T Corp. ... For many millennia the record holder for worlds tallest structure was clearly defined (see table below. ...

References

  • Emporis listing

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Water Tower Place - Historic Commercial Construction Company Project (423 words)
Water Tower Place in Chicago was the tallest reinforced concrete building in the world from 1975 to 1990, when it was surpassed in height by 311 South Wacker Drive, also in Chicago.
The commercial construction company who built Water Tower Place was Inland-Robbins Co. A conventional design was used for the bottom 12 floors and a tubular design for the top 64 stories, using lightweight and normal weight concrete, as well as high strength concrete.
Water Tower Place could not have been built before the mid-1970s because concrete made before then would not have supported the massive structure.
Water Tower Place - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (278 words)
Water Tower Place is the name given to an adjoining shopping mall and skyscraper in Chicago.
The tower is a 74-story 859 foot (262 m) concrete slab and is the eighth tallest building in Chicago and the twenty-sixth tallest in the United States.
The others are Westfield North Bridge, 900 North Michigan, and Chicago Place, all of which were developed along the general model introduced with Water Tower Place.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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