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Encyclopedia > Waste
Waste inside a wheelie bin
Waste inside a wheelie bin
Waste in a bin bag
Waste in a bin bag
Waste bags in Amsterdam
Waste bags in Amsterdam

Waste, rubbish, trash, garbage, or junk is unwanted or undesired material. "Waste" is the general term; though the other terms are used loosely as synonyms, they have more specific meanings: rubbish or trash are mixed household waste and including paper and packaging; food waste or garbage (North America) is kitchen and table waste; and junk or scrap is metallic or industrial material. There are other categories of waste as well: sewage, ash, manure, and plant materials from garden operations, including grass cuttings, fallen leaves, and pruned branches. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Waste can refer to any of the following: Waste, unwanted or undesired material left over after the completion of a process. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 74 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 74 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A wheelie bin is a type of waste container. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 564 KB) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Waste Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 564 KB) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Waste Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... A public waste bag in Paris displaying the inscription Vigilance - Propreté (Vigilance - cleaness) A typical black bin bag from the United Kingdom A bin bag or bin liner (British English) or garbage bag, trash bag, or also can liner (American English) is a bag used to line the insides of... Food waste (also called garbage [1], especially in North American English) is any form of biodegradable waste that was originally intended for consumption. ... A breakers yard in the UK, showing cars stacked on a metal grid to make it easier to find and remove usable parts. ... Sewage is the mainly liquid waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water, faeces, urine, laundry waste and other material which goes down drains and toilets from households and industry. ... Animal manure is often a mixture of animals feces and bedding straw, as in this example from a stable. ... For other uses, see Grass (disambiguation). ...


Though the cleanliness of public streets has long been a public responsibility, it was only towards the end of the 19th century that waste collection and disposal began to be considered part of the public health and sanitation function of municipalities.[citation needed]


Some components of waste can be recycled once recovered from the waste stream, e.g. plastic bottles, metals, glass or paper. The biodegradable component of wastes (e.g. paper & food waste) can be composted or anaerobically digested to produce soil improvers and renewable fuels. If it is not dealt with in a sustainable manner, biodegradable waste can thus contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and by implication climate change.[1] The international symbol for recycling. ... There are many different waste types or waste streams which are produced by a variety of processes. ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ... This article is about metallic materials. ... This article is about the material. ... For other uses, see Paper (disambiguation). ... Biodegradable waste is a type of waste, typically originating from plant or animal sources, which may be broken down by other living organisms. ... Compost is the decomposed remnants of organic materials (those with plant and animal origins). ... Anaerobic digestion (AD) is the harnessed and contained, naturally occurring process of anaerobic decomposition. ... Soil conditioners, also called soil amendments, are materials added to soil to improve plant growth and health. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Top: Increasing atmospheric CO2 levels as measured in the atmosphere and ice cores. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 450,000 years For current global climate change, see Global warming. ...


There are two main definitions of waste. One view comes from the individual or organisation producing the material, the second is the view of government, and is set out in different acts of waste legislation. The two have to combine to ensure the safe and legal disposal of the waste.[2] Depending upon the country different legislation governs the way waste is managed and disposed of. ...

Contents

Waste definitions

Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ...

European definition of waste

The European Union defines waste as an object the holder discards, intends to discard or is required to discard is waste under the Waste Framework Directive (European Directive 75/442/EC as amended).


Once a substance or object has become waste, it will remain waste until it has been fully recovered and no longer poses a potential threat to the environment or to human health."[3]


United Kingdom's definition of waste

The UK's Environmental Protection Act 1990 indicated waste includes any substance which constitutes a scrap material, an effluent or other unwanted surplus arising from the application of any process or any substance or article which requires to be disposed of which has been broken, worn out, contaminated or otherwise spoiled; this is supplemented with anything which is discarded otherwise dealt with as if it were waste shall be presumed to be waste unless the contrary is proved. This definition was amended by the Waste Management Licensing Regulations 1994 defining waste as: A breakers yard in the UK, showing cars stacked on a metal grid to make it easier to find and remove usable parts. ...


"any substance or object which the producer or the person in possession of it, discards or intends or is required to discard but with exception of anything excluded from the scope of the Waste Directive".[4]


South Africa's definition of waste

South Africa defines five categories of "General" waste [5]:

  • Domestic waste
  • Garden refuse
  • Commercial waste
  • Dry industrial waste
  • Construction & demolition waste

Other types of waste include Hazardous waste, Medical waste, and Abattoir waste. For the Batman villain, see Abattoir (comics). ...


Cultural dynamics of waste

In addition to these points above, there is also an important cultural dimension to waste. "Wasting time," "wasting money," "wasting good food" or "being wasteful" in innumerable ways involves moral judgements that carry a great deal of weight in human interaction and that differ in the societies of the world and even within those societies. Image File history File linksMetadata Mixed_municipal_waste. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Mixed_municipal_waste. ... Municipal waste are a loud band from Richmond, VA. They play crossover thrash in the vein of DRI and Sepultura. ... Hiriya (Hebrew: ) is a former waste dump located outside Tel-Aviv in Israel. ... The Hiriya transfer station, largest in the Middle East located at Tel Aviv and mechanical biological treatment facility A transfer station is a building for the temporary deposition of some wastes. ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... A society is a group of people living or working together. ...


For example: chefs from different culinary traditions prize cuts of meat that other countries' chefs will "waste"; parents may view a child's career in a rock band as a "waste" of their education (an opinion not shared by the child, who may feel they have found their calling); and so on. The expenditure of money on matters which attract disapproval may be described as "wasting money" independently of the economic underpinning of the transactions concerned. An example of this in popular culture is the T-shirt and poster slogan "I spent most of my money on beer, women and cigarettes - the rest of it I just wasted."


These varying conceptions of waste frequently impact environmental decision-making in societies different from, those of Europe, North America, Australia, etc., which have a rough consensus on environmentalist values.[6][7][8][9] For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ...


Solid Waste Pollution

Waste illegally dumped at a subdivision construction site
Waste illegally dumped at a subdivision construction site

Solid waste pollution is considered a serious threat by many environmentalists and can broadly be defined as any pollution associated with waste and waste management practices[10]. In a more specific sense however, solid waste can be considered any item which would typically find its way to either a landfill or recycling center, this would include albeit very loosely, various gases and liquids found within solid waste such as CFC propellants from aerosol cans and liquids such as heavy oils and acids which may seep from small motors, batteries and other items. However it should be noted that gases and liquids are only to be associated with solid waste when referring to their point of origin, they themselves are not to be considered solid waste.

Main article: Litter

Littering can be considered the most common form of solid waste pollution[11]. The act of littering for the most part constitutes disposing of waste inappropriately. Littering itself may or may not be an intentional action, often items which are improperly secured to waste transfer vehicles among others may blow off and this results in un-intended littering. The International Tidy Man For other meanings of litter, see Litter (disambiguation). ...

Main article: Solid waste

Other forms of solid waste pollution include illegal dumping and leeching[12]. Illegal dumping often involves hard to dispose of waste which requires special treatment and often occurs on lands which are in the process of development. Road access coupled with limited surveillance often provides the perfect opportunity for this form of dumping which often goes unpunished and leaves others (such as the community or developer) to properly dispose of the waste. Leeching is a process by which contaminants from solid waste enter soil and often ground water systems contaminating them. Mixed municipal waste, Hiriya, Tel Aviv Municipal solid waste (MSW) is a waste type that includes predominantly household waste (domestic waste) with sometimes the addition of commercial wastes collected by a municipality within a given area. ...


See also

A blue bag is a blue colored, semi-transparent bag for waste, mandated for use in some localities for refuse or for certain specific types of refuse: the distinguishing color serves to assist in recycling programs. ... The following page contains a list of different forms of waste treatment Anaerobic digestion ArrowBio Composting Gasification Incineration In-vessel composting Landfill Mechanical biological treatment Mechanical heat treatment Plasma Pyrolysis Recycling Sewage treatment Tunnel composting UASB Windrow composting Categories: | ... Scania front loader WCV A waste collection vehicle (WCV)/ refuse collection vehicle (RCV), garbage truck (in North America), rubbish truck (in Australia), or dustcart, or sometimes dustbin wagon (in Britain and other Commonwealth countries), is a truck specially designed to pick up smaller quantities of waste and haul it to... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Waste For the company, see Waste Management, Inc. ...

References

  1. ^ The Landfill Directive Defra
  2. ^ Torbay Council (2006) Municipal Waste Management Strategy for Torbay, Consultation Draft
  3. ^ The Definition of Waste Waste Definition, Agrarian
  4. ^ Waste explained CIWM
  5. ^ Chapter 3. GUIDELINES ON WASTE COLLECTION IN HIGH DENSITY & UNSERVICED AREAS. South African Government Department of Environmental Affairs & Tourism. Retrieved on 2008-01-04.
  6. ^ Scanlan, John (2005). On Garbage. London: Reaktion Books
  7. ^ Casper, Monica J. (ed) (2003). Synthetic Planet: Chemical Politics and the Hazards of Modern Life. London and New York: Routledge
  8. ^ Carrier, James G. (ed) (2004). Confronting Environments: Local Understanding in a Globalizing World. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira
  9. ^ Douglas, Mary (1966). Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. London and New York: Routledge.
  10. ^ Green Ontario: Solid Waste
  11. ^ http://www.environ.ie/en/Publications/Environment/Waste/LitterPollution/FileDownLoad,1497,en.pdf
  12. ^ Solid Waste

The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for environmental protection, food production and standards, agriculture, fisheries and rural communities. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Waste
Look up waste, wastefulness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Waste For the company, see Waste Management, Inc. ... Anaerobic digestion component of Lübeck mechanical biological treatment plant in Germany, 2007 Anaerobic digestion is a process in which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen. ... An active compost heap, steaming on a cold winter morning. ... An eco-industrial park is a type of industrial park in which businesses cooperate with each other and with the local community in an attempt to reduce waste, efficiently share resources (such as information, materials, water, energy, infrastructure, and natural resources), and produce sustainable development, with the intention of increasing... For other forms of waste plant that produce energy see waste-to-energy. ... Look up landfill in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Anaerobic digestion and air processing components of Lübeck mechanical biological treatment plant in Germany A mechanical biological treatment system is a form of waste processing facility that combines a sorting facility with a form of biological treatment such as composting or anaerobic digestion. ... Radioactive wastes are waste types containing radioactive chemical elements that do not have a practical purpose. ... Reuse is using an item more than once. ... The international recycling symbol. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Reuse. ... The word sewerage means the provision of pipes etc to collect and dispose of sewage. ... For the corporation, see Waste Management Incorporated Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal of waste materials, usually ones produced by human activity, in an effort to reduce their effect on human health or local amenity. ... Waste sorting is the process by which waste is separated into different elements. ... The waste hierarchy The waste hierarchy refers to the 3 Rs reduce, reuse and recycle, which classify waste management strategies according to their desirability. ... The following page contains a list of different waste management related concepts and acronyms: BANANA Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anything Best practicable environmental option (BPEO) Extended producer responsibility Linguistic detoxification NIMBY Not in my back yard Pay as you throw Polluter pays principle Proximity principle Waste strategy Waste hierarchy... Depending upon the country different legislation governs the way waste is managed and disposed of. ... Waste treatment refers to the activities required to ensure that waste has the least practicable impact on the environment. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Paul E. Schroeder - A Life, Wasted - washingtonpost.com (967 words)
They were wasted in a belief that democracy would grow simply by removing a dictator -- a careless misunderstanding of what democracy requires.
They were wasted by not sending enough troops to do the job needed in the resulting occupation -- a careless disregard for professional military counsel.
Until then, the lives of other sons, daughters, husbands, wives, fathers and mothers may be wasted as well.
Wasted vote - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (562 words)
An electoral system which reduces the number of wasted votes is considered desirable by some, on grounds of fairness or on the more pragmatic basis that a voter who feels their vote has made no difference may feel detached from their government or lose confidence in the democratic process.
Their arguments may either suggest that in any voting system each vote is wasted (unless the result is decided by a single vote), or that no vote is wasted as each one sends a political signal which will be taken into account in preparation for the subsequent election.
In a plurality voting system, the term "wasted vote" is not usually applied to votes for the second-placed candidate, but rather to votes for candidates finishing third or lower.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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