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Encyclopedia > Washington State Legislature
Washington State Legislature
Type Bicameral
Houses Senate
House of Representatives
President of the Senate Brad Owen, D
since January 13, 1997
Speaker of the House of Representatives Frank Chopp, D
since January 14, 2001
Members 147
Political groups Democratic Party
Republican Party
Last elections November 7, 2006
Meeting place Washington State Capitol, Olympia, Washington
Web site http://www1.leg.wa.gov/legislature/
The Washington State Legislature meet at the Legislative Building in Olympia.

The Washington State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Washington. It is a bicameral body, composed of the lower Washington House of Representatives, comprised of 98 Representatives, and the upper Washington State Senate, with 49 Senators. Image File history File links Washington_state_seal. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 407 pixelsFull resolution (3936 × 2000 pixel, file size: 3. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... The Washington State Senate passing the 2005 budget. ... The Washington State Legislature meet at the Legislative Building in Olympia. ... The President of the Senate is the title often given to the presiding officer, or chairman, of a senate. ... Brad Owen (born 1950) is an American politician. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... The term Speaker is usually the title given to the presiding officer of a countrys lower house of parliament or congress (ie: the House of Commons or House of Representatives). ... Frank Chopp is the current Speaker of the House of the Washington House of Representatives, which is the lower house of the Washington State Legislature. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Legislative Building The Washington State Capitol in Olympia, Washington is the seat of government of the state of Washington. ... Coordinates: County Thurston County Incorporated January 28, 1859 Government  - Mayor Mark Foutch Area  - City 48. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Legislative Building on the Washington State Capitol campus in Olympia, Washington. ... Legislative Building on the Washington State Capitol campus in Olympia, Washington. ... Legislative Building The Washington State Capitol in Olympia, Washington is the seat of government of the state of Washington. ... State Capitol and waterfront, Olympia, Washington. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      In the United States of America, a state legislature is a generic term referring to the... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... The floor of the Washington House of Representatives in the Legislative Building. ... An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. ... The Washington State Senate passing the 2005 budget. ...


The State Legislature meets at the Legislative Building in Olympia. Legislative Building The Washington State Capitol in Olympia, Washington is the seat of government of the state of Washington. ... State Capitol and waterfront, Olympia, Washington. ...

Contents

History

The Washington State Legislature traces its ancestry to the creation of the Washington Territory in 1853, following successful arguments from settlers north of the Columbia River to the U.S. federal government to legally separate from the Oregon Territory. The Washington Territorial Assembly, as the newly-created area's bicameral legislature, convened the following year. The legislature represented settlers from the Straits of Juan de Fuca to modern Montana. 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... This article describes the government of the United States. ... The Oregon Territory is the name applied both to the unorganized Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and Britain, as well as to the organized U.S. territory formed from it that existed between 1848 and 1859. ... The Strait of Juan de Fuca separates Vancouver Island of British Columbia from the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26N to 49°N  - Longitude 104°2W to 116°2W Population  Ranked...


The Female Voting Franchise

From nearly the start of the territory, arguments over giving women the right to vote dogged legislative proceedings. While some legislators carried genuine concerns over women deserving the right to vote, most legislators pragmatically believed that giving women suffrage would entice more Eastern women to immigrate to the remote and sparsely populated territory. In 1854, only six years after the Seneca Falls Convention, the issue was brought to a vote by the legislature. Women's suffrage was defeated by a single vote. The term womens suffrage refers to an economic and political reform movement aimed at extending suffrage — the right to vote — to women. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Seneca Falls Convention, held in Seneca Falls, New York on July 19 to July 20, 1848, was the first womens rights convention held in the United States, and as a result is often called the birthplace of feminism. ...


A decade later, the Wyoming Legislature would become the first body in the United States to grant women's suffrage in 1869. The Wyoming State Capitol in Cheyenne where the legislature meets. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


The issue over female suffrage did not diminish. In 1883, the issue returned to the floor, this time with the Territorial Assembly successfully passing universal suffrage for women. It quickly became one of the most liberal voting laws in the nation, giving female African-American voters the voting franchise for the first time in the U.S.. However in 1887, the territorial Washington Supreme Court ruled the 1883 universal suffrage act as unconstitutional in Harland v. Washington. Another attempt by the legislature to regrant universal female suffrage was again overturned in 1888. 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... The members of the Washington State Supreme Court are: Chief Justice Gerry Alexander, Justice Bobbe Bridge, Justice Tom Chambers, Justice Mary Fairhurst, Justice Charles Johnson, Justice James Johnson, Justice Barbara Madsen, Justice Susan Owens and Justice Richard Sanders. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


After two failed voter referendums in 1889 and 1898, the now-Washington State Legislature approved full female voting rights in 1910. Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Statehood

With more than two decades of pressure on federal authorities to authorize statehood, on February 22, 1889, the U.S. Congress passed the Enabling Act, signed into law by outgoing President Grover Cleveland, authorizing the territories of Washington, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana to form state governments. The Territorial Assembly set out to convene a constitutional convention to write a state constitution. is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ... The Enabling Act of 1889 is a United States law enabling North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington to form state governments and to gain admission as states of the union. ... Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, and the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms (1885–1889 and 1893–1897). ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,163 sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26N to 49°N  - Longitude 104°2W to 116°2W Population  Ranked... The Washington State Constitution is the document that describes the structure and function of the government of the state of Washington. ...


Following its successful passage by the legislature, Washington voters approved the new document on October 1. On November 11, 1889, President Benjamin Harrison authorized Washington to become the 42nd state of United States. It was the last West Coast state of the Continental U.S. to achieve statehood. The modern Washington State Legislature was created. November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Benjamin Harrison, VI (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was a sex offender from Arkansas, serving one term from 1889 to 1893. ... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... The continental United States refers (except sometimes in U.S. federal law and regulations) to the largest part of the U.S. that is delimited by a continuous border. ...


Meetings

The bicameral body is composed of legislators, beginning the legislative session annually on the second Monday in January. In odd-numbered years, such as when the state budget is debated upon, the State Legislature meets for 105 days, and in even-numbered years for 60 days. The Governor of Washington, if necessary, can call legislators in for a special session for a 30-day period at any period in the year. Legislators also can call themselves into special session by a two-thirds vote by both the House of Representatives and the State Senate. This is a list of governors of the U.S. state of Washington. ...


Television coverage

Debates within both the House and Senate, as well as committee meetings and other special events within or relating to the legislature are broadcast throughout Washington on TVW, the state public affairs network. Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... TVW is Washingtons public affairs network, providing gavel-to-gavel coverage of Washingtons legislative sessions and coverage of the Washington State Supreme Court and public affairs events. ...


See also

Legislative Building The Washington State Capitol in Olympia, Washington is the seat of government of the state of Washington. ... The floor of the Washington House of Representatives in the Legislative Building. ... The Washington State Senate passing the 2005 budget. ...

External links

  • Washington State Legislature

  Results from FactBites:
 
Washington State Legislature - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (114 words)
The Washington State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Washington.
It is bicameral, and is composed of a Senate and House of Representatives.
The legislature is the legislative branch of the government of the State of Washington, and convenes in the Legislative Building at the state capitol in Olympia, Washington.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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