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Encyclopedia > Washington National Cathedral
Washington National Cathedral has been the site of three presidential state funerals: for Dwight D. Eisenhower, Ronald W. Reagan, Gerald R. Ford and a presidential burial for Woodrow Wilson and a memorial service for Harry Truman.

The Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in the City and Diocese of Washington, known as the Washington National Cathedral, is an Episcopal cathedral in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. It is a listed monument on the National Register of Historic Places and the designated "National House of Prayer" of the United States. In 2007, it was voted one of the three most beautiful buildings in the United States in a survey by the American Institute of Architects.[1] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1254 KB)I took this myself, it is colorful and I like it a lot. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1254 KB)I took this myself, it is colorful and I like it a lot. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower, born David Dwight Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American General and politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953–1961). ... Order: 40th President Term of Office: January 20, 1981–January 20, 1989 Preceded by: Jimmy Carter Succeeded by: George H.W. Bush Date of birth: February 6, 1911 Place of birth: Tampico, Illinois Date of death: June 5, 2004 Place of death: Los Angeles, California First Lady: Nancy Reagan... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924), was the 28th President of the United States. ... For the victim of Mt. ... The Episcopal Churchs Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Washington, D.C. is often referred to as the National Cathedral. The Episcopal Church in the United States of America is the Province of the Anglican Communion in the United States and several other nations, including dioceses... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... The American Institute of Architects (AIA) is a professional organization for architects in the United States. ...


The cathedral is the official seat of both the Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America (Episcopal Church USA) and the Episcopal Diocese of Washington. It is the mother church of the Episcopal Church in the District of Columbia and in the Maryland counties of Charles, Montgomery, Prince George's, and St. Mary's. The Presiding Bishop is an ecclesiastical position in some denominations of Christianity. ... The Episcopal Churchs Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Washington, D.C. is often referred to as the National Cathedral. The Episcopal Church in the United States of America is the Province of the Anglican Communion in the United States and several other nations, including dioceses... Seal of the Episcopal Diocese of Washington The Episcopal Diocese of Washington is the ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Episcopal Bishop of Washington which is comprised of the United States District of Columbia and Maryland counties of Charles, St. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... Charles County is a county in the south central portion of the U.S. state of Maryland. ... The relevance of particular information in (or previously in) this article or section is disputed. ... Prince Georges County is located in the U.S. state of Maryland immediately north, east, and south of Washington, D.C. It is the wealthiest majority African-American county in the nation. ... Saint Marys County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ...

The East End of the cathedral, with the Ter Sanctus reredos, featuring 110 carved figures surrounding the central figure of Jesus.
The East End of the cathedral, with the Ter Sanctus reredos, featuring 110 carved figures surrounding the central figure of Jesus.

The cathedral was built by the Protestant Episcopal Cathedral Foundation under a charter granted by Congress on January 6, 1893. Construction began in 1907, when the foundation stone was laid in the presence of President Theodore Roosevelt, and lasted for 83 years; the last finial was placed in the presence of President George H. W. Bush in 1990. The Foundation operates and funds the cathedral, which does not receive any federal or local government funding. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... The Protestant Episcopal Cathedral Foundation was chartered by Congress on January 6, 1893 and oversees the Washington National Cathedral and its sister institutions. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The presidential seal is a well-known symbol of the presidency. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... Finial at Aachen town hall Illustration by Viollet-le-Duc, 1856 The finial is an architectural device, typically carved in stone and employed to decoratively emphasise the apex of a gable, or any of various distinctive ornaments at the top, end, or corner of a building or structure. ... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ...


The cathedral is at the intersection of Massachusetts and Wisconsin Avenues in the Northwest quadrant of Washington. It is the sixth-largest cathedral in the world and second-largest in the United States (the largest being St. John's Cathedral in New York).[1] It is, however, not the tallest or longest church in Washington; that distinction belongs to the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, the national patronal Roman Catholic church on the northeast side of the city that is also the largest church in the Western Hemisphere. Massachusetts Avenue, colloquially abbreviated Mass. ... Wisconsin Avenue is a major thoroughfare in Washington, D.C., and its Maryland suburbs. ... Color-enhanced USGS satellite image of Washington, DC, taken April 26, 2002. ... The Western facade, including the Rose Window Western entrance on Amsterdam Avenue The Cathedral of St. ... // View of the east side of the basilica. ...

Contents

Leadership

The west rose window was dedicated in 1976 in the presence of Queen Elizabeth II and President Gerald Ford.

The cathedral is both the episcopal seat of the bishop of Washington (currently the Right Reverend John Bryson Chane) and the primatial seat of the Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America (currently the Most Reverend Katharine Jefferts Schori). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 399 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1365 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 399 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1365 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... John Bryson Chane is the eighth bishop of Washington in the Episcopal Diocese of Washington. ... Catholic Patriarchal (non cardinal) coat of arms Primate (from the Latin Primus, first) is a title or rank bestowed on some bishops in certain Christian churches. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Katharine Jefferts Schori, D.D., Ph. ...


The current dean of the Washington National Cathedral is the Very Reverend Samuel T. Lloyd III, who took office on April 23, 2005. Before becoming dean, Lloyd was the chaplain of the University of the South and later rector of Trinity Church in Boston, Massachusetts. A dean, in a church context, is a cleric holding certain positions of authority within a religious hierarchy. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Samuel T. Lloyd III is the ninth dean of the Washington National Cathedral. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A chaplain in the 45th Infantry Division leads a religious service in an unknown location during World War II. US Navy Chaplain Kenneth Medve conducts Catholic Mass onboard the Ronald Reagan (2006) A chaplain is typically a priest, ordained deacon or other member of the clergy serving a group of... The University of the South The University of the South is located in Sewanee, Tennessee, and is a private, coeducational liberal arts college. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings, but all of them indicate someone who is in charge of something. ... Trinity Church in Boston. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Governor Deval Patrick (D) Area  - City  89. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ...


Former deans:

  • Alfred Harding (1909–1916)
  • George C. F. Bratenahl (1916–1936)
  • Noble C. Powell (1937–1941)
  • Zebarney T. Phillips (1941–1942)
  • John W. Suter (1944–1950)
  • Francis B. Sayre, Jr. (1951–1978)
  • John T. Walker (1978–1989; simultaneously bishop)
  • Nathan D. Baxter (1992–2003)

Prominent leader in the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ... John T. Walker was Bishop of Washington from 1977 to 1989 in the Episcopal Diocese of Washington. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

Establishment

In 1792, Pierre L'Enfant's "Plan of the Federal City" set aside land for a "great church for national purposes." The National Portrait Gallery now occupies that site. In 1891, a meeting was held to renew plans for a national cathedral. In 1893, the Protestant Episcopal Cathedral Foundation of the District of Columbia was granted a charter from Congress to establish the cathedral. The commanding site on Mount Saint Alban was chosen. Henry Yates Satterlee, first Episcopal Bishop of the Diocese of Washington, chose Frederick Bodley, England's leading Anglican church architect, as the head architect. Henry Vaughan was selected supervising architect. Pierre Charles LEnfant ( 2 August 1754 – 14 June 1825) designed the street plan of the Federal City in the United States, now known as Washington, DC. Born in France, he came to the American colonies as a military engineer with General Lafayette and became closely identified with the... The National Portrait Gallery is an art gallery in Washington, DC. It has been part of the Smithsonian Institution since 1968. ... Satterlee established Washington National Cathedral. ... George Frederick Bodley (1827 - 21 October 1907) was an English architect working in the Gothic revival style. ... The Church of England logo since 1998 The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... An architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person who is involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... Henry Vaughan (April 17, 1622 - April 28, 1695) was a Welsh Metaphysical poet and a doctor, the twin brother of the philosopher Thomas Vaughan. ...


Construction started September 29, 1907 with a ceremonial address by President Theodore Roosevelt and the laying of the cornerstone. In 1912, Bethlehem Chapel opened for services in the unfinished cathedral, which have continued daily ever since. When construction of the cathedral resumed after a brief hiatus for World War I, both Bodley and Vaughan had died. Gen. John J. Pershing led fundraising efforts for the church after World War I. American architect Philip Hubert Frohman took over the design of the cathedral and was henceforth designated the principal architect. Funding for the National Cathedral has come entirely from private sources. Maintenance and upkeep continue to rely entirely upon private support. Public funding, if attempted, would likely be challenged as a violation of the First Amendment "Establishment" clause. is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... John Joseph Black Jack Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was an officer in the United States Army. ... Philip H. Frohman (November 16, 1887 – 1972) was an architect who is most widely known for his work on the National Cathedral, named, the Cathedral Church of St. ... The Bill of Rights in the National Archives The First Amendment to the United States Constitution is a part of the United States Bill of Rights. ...


Music

A choir rehearsing in the National Cathedral

The Great Organ was installed by the Ernest M. Skinner & Son Organ Company in 1938. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedalboard. ...


The Washington National Cathedral Choir of Men and Boys, founded in 1909, is one of very few cathedral choirs of men and boys in the United States with an affiliated school, in the English choir tradition. The 18–22 boys singing treble are of ages 8–14 and attend St. Albans School, the Cathedral school for boys, on singing scholarships. For other schools with a similar name, see St. ...


In 1997, the Cathedral Choir of Men and Girls was formed by Bruce Neswick, using the same men as the choir of the men and boys. The two choirs currently share service duties and occasionally collaborate. The girl choristers attend the National Cathedral School on singing scholarships. National Cathedral School (NCS) is an independent Episcopal private school day school for girls located on the grounds of the Washington National Cathedral in Washington, D.C.. Founded by Phoebe Apperson Hearst and Bishop Henry Yates Satterlee in 1900, NCS is the oldest of the institutions constituting the Protestant Episcopal...


Both choirs have recently recorded several CDs, including a Christmas album; a U.S. premiere recording of Ståle Kleiberg's Requiem for the Victims of Nazi Persecution; and a patriotic album, America the Beautiful. A Compact Disc or CD is an optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio. ... Christmas is an annual holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ... StÃ¥le Kleiberg (b. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Defence of the fatherland is a commonplace of patriotism: The statue in the courtyard of École polytechnique, Paris, commemorating the students involvement in defending France against the 1814 invasion of the Coalition. ...


The choirs rehearse separately every weekday morning in a graded class incorporated into their school schedule. The choristers sing Evensong every day (the Boys Choir on Mondays and Wednesdays and the Girls Choir on Tuesdays and Thursdays). The choirs alternate Sunday worship duties, singing both morning Eucharist and afternoon evensong when they are on call. The choirs also sing for numerous state and national events. The choirs are also featured annually on Christmas at Washington National Cathedral, broadcast nationally on Christmas Day. Evening Prayer is a liturgy used in the Anglican Communion (and other churches in the Anglican tradition, such as the Continuing Anglican Movement) used in the late afternoon or evening. ... For other uses, see Eucharist (disambiguation). ...


Michael McCarthy serves as Director of Music, Scott Dettra is Interim Organist and Associate Director of Music, and Christopher Jacobson is Organ Scholar. Former organists and choirmasters include Bruce Neswick, Edgar Priest, Robert George Barrow, Paul Callaway, Richard Wayne Dirksen, Douglas Major, James Litton, and Erik Wm. Suter. Michael McCarthy Michael McCarthy is currently Director of Music at Washington National Cathedral. ... Richard Wayne Dirksen served as Organist & Choirmaster of Washington National Cathedral from 1977 to 1988. ... Douglas Major Douglas Major (born 1953 near Scranton, Pennsylvania) is a prominent American composer of sacred music and concert organist. ... James Litton directed the American Boychoir from 1986 to 2001. ...


The resident symphonic chorus of the Washington National Cathedral is the Cathedral Choral Society. Cathedral Choral Society is a 240-voice concert chorus based at the Washington National Cathedral. ...


Worship

The western end of the cathedral

The worship department, led by the Rev. Canon Carol L. Wade, is, like the cathedral itself, rooted in the doctrine and practice of the Episcopal Church, and based in the Book of Common Prayer. Four (five in the summer) services are held each weekday, including the daily Mass. Sunday through Thursday, the Cathedral Choirs sing Evensong. The forty-minute service is attended by roughly fifty to seventy-five people (more on Sunday). Five services of the Eucharist are also held on Sunday, including the Contemporary Folk Mass, held in the Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea, and a Healing Eucharist, in the late evening. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1728 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1728 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Canons, Bruges A Canon of the Seminary, Sint Niklaas, Flanders. ... The Episcopal Churchs Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Washington, D.C. is often referred to as the National Cathedral. The Episcopal Church in the United States of America is the Province of the Anglican Communion in the United States and several other nations, including dioceses... For the novel by Joan Didion, see A Book of Common Prayer. ... A Medieval Low Mass by a bishop. ... Joseph of Arimathea by Pietro Perugino. ...


The cathedral also has been a temporary home to several congregations, including a Jewish pro-synagogue and an Eastern Orthodox community. It has also been the site for several ecumenical and/or interfaith services. In October 2005, at the cathedral, the Rev. Nancy Wilson was consecrated and installed as Moderator (Denominational Executive) of the Metropolitan Community Church, by its founding Moderator, the Rev. Dr. Troy Perry. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A synagogue (from ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; Hebrew: beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: , shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Ecumenism (also oecumenism, Å“cumenism... Nancy Wilson is the name of two prominent American entertainers: An African-American singer and actress. ... Logo of the Metropolitan Community Churches The Metropolitan Community Church (in full, The Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches or UFMCC, or more commonly MCC) is an international fellowship of Christian congregations. ... Rev Elder Troy D Perry founded the Metropolitan Community Church, a Christian denomination with a special affirming ministry amongst the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender communities, in Los Angeles on October 6, 1968. ...


Each Christmas, the cathedral holds special services, which are broadcast to the world. The service of lessons and carols is distributed live by Public Radio International. Christmas at Washington National Cathedral is a live television broadcast of the 9 a.m. Mass on Christmas Day. It is produced by Albritton Communications and is shown on national affiliates in most cities around the United States. Some affiliates broadcast the service at noon. The Christmas service at the cathedral has been broadcast to the nation on television since 1953. Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ... This page is about carols in general; for the short story by Charles Dickens, see A Christmas Carol. ... Live broadcast is live broadcasting. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization. ...

The flags of all the states of the US are displayed in the cathedral's nave.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 291 KB) Summary Main chapel at The Washington National Cathedral Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 291 KB) Summary Main chapel at The Washington National Cathedral Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

National Cathedral Association

The National Cathedral Association (NCA) seeks to provide funds for and promote the Washington National Cathedral. Across the United States, it has more than 14,000 members, more than 88 percent of whom live outside the Washington area, and who are divided into committees by state. Every year, a state has a state day at the cathedral, on which that state is recognized by name in the prayers. Every four years, a state has a Major State Day, at which time those who live in the state are encouraged to make a pilgrimage to the cathedral and dignitaries from the state are invited to speak. American state flags are always displayed in the nave. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ...


Architecture

Looking east, up the quire of the cathedral

Washington National Cathedral was completed on 29 September 1990 after almost a century of planning and 83 years in construction. Its final design shows a mix of influences from the various Gothic architectural styles of the Middle Ages, identifiable in its pointed arches, flying buttresses, ceiling vaulting, stained-glass windows, carved decorations in stone, and by its three similar towers, two on the west front and one surmounting the crossing. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 2048 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 2048 pixel, file size: 2. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... Section of the dome of Florence Cathedral. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... It has been suggested that Voussoir, Keystone (architecture) be merged into this article or section. ... Flying buttresses at Bath Abbey, Bath, England. ... Cathedral floor plan (crossing is shaded) A crossing, in ecclesiastical architecture, refers to the junction of the four arms of a cruciform (cross-shaped) church. ...


Washington National Cathedral consists of a long, narrow rectangular mass formed by an eight bay nave with wide side aisles and a five-bay chancel, intersected by a six bay transept. Above the crossing, rising 91 m (301 ft) above the ground, is the Gloria in Excelsis Tower. Its top, at 206 m (676 ft) above sea level is the highest point in the District of Columbia; the Pilgrim Observation Gallery - which occupies a space about 3/4ths of the way up in the west-end towers - provides sweeping views of the city. In total, the cathedral is 115 m (375 ft) above sea level. Uniquely, the central tower has two full sets of bells — a 53-bell carillon and a 10-bell peal for change ringing. The cathedral sits on a landscaped 57 acre (230,000 m²) plot on Mount Saint Alban. Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... This article is about an architectural feature; for the astronomical term see apsis. ... Cathedral ground plan. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... ... The Netherlands Carillon in Arlington, Virginia, USA. A carillon is a musical instrument composed of at least 23 cup-shaped bells played from a baton keyboard using fists and feet (such an instrument with fewer than this number of bells is known as a chime). ... Change ringing is the art of ringing a set of tuned bells in a series of mathematical patterns called changes, without attempting to ring a conventional tune. ...


The one story porch projecting from the south transept has a large portal with a carved tympanum. This portal is approached by the Pilgrim Steps, a long flight of steps 12 m (40 ft) wide. The Romanesque tympanum of Vézelay Abbey, Burgundy, France, 1130s. ...

The Space Window.
The Space Window.

Most of the building is constructed using gray Indiana limestone. Modern materials only replace beams and rafters that would have been built of wood with steel in the roof, or the concrete in the support structures for bells and floors in the west towers. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (410x675, 78 KB)The Space Window from Washington National Cathedral, 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (410x675, 78 KB)The Space Window from Washington National Cathedral, 2005. ... Indiana limestone is a common term for Salem limestone, a geological formation primarily found in southern Indiana. ...


The pulpit was carved out of stones from Canterbury Cathedral; Glastonbury Abbey provided stone for the bishop's cathedra, his formal seat. The high altar is made from the ledge of rock in which Christ's sepulchre was hewn. Canterbury Cathedral is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England and forms part of a World Heritage Site. ... View from the former location of the North transept in East direction to the choir. ... The cathedra of the Pope in the apse of St. ... Christ is the English term for the Greek word (Christós), which literally means The Anointed One. ... A sepulcher, or sepulchre, is a type of tomb or burial chamber. ...


There are other works of art including over two hundred stained glass windows, the most familiar of which may be the Space Window, honoring man's landing on the Moon, which includes a fragment of lunar rock at its center. Most of the decorative elements have Christian symbolism, in reference to the church's Episcopalian roots, but the cathedral is filled with memorials to persons or events of national significance: statues of Washington and Lincoln, state seals embedded in the mosaic floor of the narthex, state flags that hang along the nave, stained glass commemorating events like the Lewis and Clark expedition. Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... Project Apollo was a series of human spaceflight missions undertaken by the United States of America (NASA) using the Apollo spacecraft and Saturn launch vehicle, conducted during the years 1961 – 1975. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... The narthex of a church is the entrance or lobby area. ... The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806) was the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back. ...


The cathedral was built with many intentional "flaws" in keeping with an apocryphal medieval custom that sought to illustrate that only God can be perfect. Artistically speaking, these flaws (which often come in the form of intentional asymmetries) draw the observer's focus to the sacred geometry as well as compensating for visual distortions, a practice that has been used since the Pyramids and the Parthenon. Architecturally, it is thought that if the main aisle of the cathedral where it meets the cross section were not tilted slightly off its axis, a person who looked straight down the aisle would have a slight feeling of disorientation, like looking down railroad tracks[citation needed]. The architects designed the crypt chapels in Romanesque styles predating the Gothic, as though the cathedral had been built as a successor to earlier churches, a common occurrence in European cathedrals. The Parthenons facade showing an interpretation of golden rectangles in its proportions. ... All Giza Pyramids Map of Giza pyramid complex. ... The Parthenon seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west. ... Railroad or railway tracks are used on railways, which, together with railroad switches (points), guide trains without the need for steering. ...

Detail of cast bronze front gates made by Ulrich Heim
Detail of cast bronze front gates made by Ulrich Heim

The Cathedral boasts what is probably the world's only sculpture of Darth Vader on a religious building. During construction of the west towers of the Cathedral, developers decided to hold a competition for children to design decorative sculptures for the Cathedral. The image of the villainous Vader, sculpted by Jay Hall Carpenter and carved by Patrick J. Plunkett, was placed high upon the northwest tower of the Cathedral, fulfilling the role of a traditional grotesque. Image File history File links Washington_National_Cathedral_ironwork. ... Image File history File links Washington_National_Cathedral_ironwork. ... Darth Vader is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ... Mother Nature is surrounded by grottesche in this fresco detail from Villa dEste When commonly used in conversation, grotesque means strange, fantastic, ugly or bizarre, and thus is often used to describe weird shapes and distorted forms such as Halloween masks or gargoyles on churches. ...


Architects

The cathedral's master plan was designed by George Frederick Bodley, a prominent British Gothic Revival architect of the time. Famed landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. contributed an integrated cathedral close to the design. After Bodley died in 1907, his apprentice Henry Vaughan made revisions to the original design, which the cathedral chapter viewed as weak and unsatisfactory. When work resumed after World War I, the chapter hired New York architecture firm Frohman, Robb and Little to execute the building. Philip Hubert Frohman and his partners were committed to perfecting Bodley's vision, including addition of the carillon section of the central tower and the enlargement of the west façade, as well as countless smaller changes. Ralph Adams Cram was hired to supervise Frohman, because of his experience with the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City, but Cram insisted on so many major changes to the original design that Frohman convinced the Cathedral Chapter to fire him. Since Frohman's death in 1971, no major changes have been made. George Frederick Bodley (1827 - 21 October 1907) was an English architect working in the Gothic revival style. ... Federick Law Olmsted, Jr. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Philip H. Frohman (November 16, 1887 – 1972) was an architect who is most widely known for his work on the National Cathedral, named, the Cathedral Church of St. ... Ralph Adams Cram, circa 1890 Ralph Adams Cram, (December 16, 1863 - September 22, 1942), was an important American architect of collegiate and ecclesiastical buildings, often in the gothic style. ... The Western facade, including the Rose Window Western entrance on Amsterdam Avenue The Cathedral of St. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


National House of Prayer

Congress has designated the Washington National Cathedral as the "National House of Prayer", and the building has, over the years, played a role in uniting Americans through both religious and secular services hosted in its precincts. During World War II, monthly services “on behalf of a united people in a time of emergency” were held, and other major events, listed below, have further drawn the attention of the entire American people to the church, entrenching its role as a "national house of prayer." Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Major events

The state funeral of Ronald Reagan.
The state funeral of Ronald Reagan.

Washington National Cathedral has played host to many major events, showing the cathedral's proud distinction as being "the national house of prayer for all people." Some of the major events that showed the cathedral's proud distinction include the State funerals of three American Presidents: Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 420 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (514 × 734 pixel, file size: 110 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a White House pic taken from http://www. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 420 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (514 × 734 pixel, file size: 110 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a White House pic taken from http://www. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 - June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The presidential seal is a well-known symbol of the presidency. ...

  • Dwight Eisenhower (1969)
  • Ronald Reagan (2004) [2]
  • Gerald Ford (2007)
  • Funeral for Katharine Graham (2001)
  • Presidential prayer service the day after a presidential inauguration
  • Memorial services. Most notable ones:
    • President Harry Truman (1973)
      • Truman had planned a state funeral and burial at the cathedral. However, due to the advanced age of his wife Bess when he died, all the services were done in Missouri and were private. Foreign dignitaries gathered for a memorial service at the cathedral a week after the funeral.
    • Victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks in 2001 during which George W. Bush declared: "Our responsibility to history is already clear: to answer these attacks and rid the world of evil." He also claimed: "This nation is peaceful" and "our unity is a kinship of grief, and a steadfast resolve to prevail against our enemies. And this unity against terror is now extending across the world." [3] British Prime Minister Tony Blair also attended the memorial service. While the rest of the world heard President Bush, Canada saw the simultaneous service on Parliament Hill, the largest single vigil there, in the nation's capital.

In addition, Washington National Cathedral's pulpit was one of the last pulpits from which Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke prior to his assassination in 1968. Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... Lying in repose is when the remains of a deceased person, often one of some stature, are available for viewing by the public. ... Lying-in-state is the term used during a major funeral procession when the coffin is placed on public view to allow members of the public to pay their respects to the deceased. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 - June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Katharine Meyer Graham (June 16, 1917 – July 17, 2001) was the head of The Washington Post newspaper for more than two decades, overseeing its most famous period, the Watergate coverage that helped bring down President Richard Nixon. ... Inauguration Day is the day on which the President of the United States is sworn in and takes office. ... For the victim of Mt. ... Elizabeth Virginia Wallace Truman (February 13, 1885 – October 18, 1982), often known as Bess Truman, was the wife of Harry S Truman and First Lady of the United States from 1945 to 1953. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and the 43rd and current President of the United States. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency... Centre Block, Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario Parliament Hill (French Colline du Parlement), The Hill to locals, is a scenic location on the southern banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ... Martin Luther King redirects here. ...


Many major events have been interfaith services, showing the cathedral's proud distinction. Services held at the cathedral that fall in this category are the 9/11 memorial service and the Reagan funeral. The first memorials to the victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks began to take shape online, as hundreds of webmasters posted their own thoughts, links to the Red Cross, and other rescue agencies, photos and eyewitness accounts. ... President George W. Bush, his wife, Laura, Vice-President Richard Cheney and his wife, Lynne, and former president Bill Clinton and his wife, Hillary, New York Democratic senator, watch the casket of former president Ronald Reagan carried into the Washington National Cathedral Nancy Reagan was escorted by Army Major General...


References in popular culture

  • As the setting of Margaret Truman's Murder at the National Cathedral.
  • As the location of Mrs. Landingham's funeral and President Bartlet's resulting tirade against God in the second season finale of The West Wing, Two Cathedrals.
  • As the location of Leo McGarry's funeral in the seventh season episode of The West Wing, Requiem.
  • The cathedral close, the area in and around the cathedral, is alluded to often, but rather vaguely, in the movie Along Came a Spider.
  • Tom Clancy's novel Executive Orders included a memorial service for the late president Rodger Durling, his wife, most of the United States Congress, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Supreme Court that takes place at this location. In an infamous scene, a soldier bearing the president's casket slips on some ice on the front steps and suffers crushed legs.The Washington National Cathedral also contains this program called the "Cathedral Scholars Program."If you weould like to learn more visit [4]

Mary Margaret Truman–Daniel (born February 17, 1924 in Independence, Missouri) is an American writer and the author of biographies, books on the White House and several best-selling mystery novels. ... “The West Wing” redirects here. ... “The West Wing” redirects here. ... Note: although these are UK terms, those marked * are also used in the US. For instance there is a Shambles in Chicago. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that may be overly long, confusing, or ambiguous. ... Thomas Leo Clancy Jr. ... Executive Orders is a political and military thriller novel by Tom Clancy. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States of America symbol The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a grouping comprising the Chiefs of service of each major branch of the armed services in the United States armed forces. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest judicial body in the...

Last resting place

Washington National Cathedral and its columbarium are the last resting places of many notable American citizens: Columbarium niches built into the side of St. ...

Woodrow Wilson's Tomb

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Larz Anderson was a U.S. businessman and diplomat, serving as the Ambassador to Japan. ... An ambassador, rarely embassador, is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country. ... George Dewey (December 26, 1837 – January 16, 1917) was an admiral of the United States Navy, best known for his victory (without the loss of a single life of his own forces due to combat; one man died of heatstroke) at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American... USN redirects here. ... Philip H. Frohman (born November 16, 1887) was an architect who is most widely known for his work on the National Cathedral in Washington, D.C. Category: Architect stubs ... Helen Adams Keller (June 27, 1880 – June 1, 1968) was a deafblind American author, activist and lecturer. ... Anne Sullivan in 1887 Anne Sullivan, Annie Sullivan, or Johanna Mansfield Sullivan Macy, (April 14, 1866 – October 20, 1936) was a teacher best known as the tutor of Helen Keller. ... William Stuart Symington William Stuart Symington (June 26, 1901–December 14, 1988) was a businessman and political figure from Missouri. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... Satterlee established Washington National Cathedral. ... Leo Sowerby (May 1, 1895–July 7, 1968), American composer and church musician, was the winner of the Pulitzer Prize for music in 1946, and was often called the “Dean of American church music” in the early to mid 20th century. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924), was the 28th President of the United States. ... The presidential seal is a well-known symbol of the presidency. ... A Secret Service agent placing the seal on the presidents podium. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States of America. ... White House portrait Edith Bolling Galt Wilson (October 15, 1872–December 28, 1961), second wife of Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1915 to 1921. ... This article is about the use of the term first lady internationally. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924), was the 28th President of the United States. ...

Images of architectural details

Bibliography

  1. ^ Jayne Clark, "National Cathedral celebrates its centennial", USA Today, June 21, 2007.
  • Marjorie Hunt, The Stone Carvers: Master Craftsmen of Washington National Cathedral (Smithsonian, 1999).
  • Step by Step and Stone by Stone: The History of the Washington National Cathedral (WNC, 1990).
  • A Guide to the Washington Cathedral (National Cathedral Association, 1945).
  • David Hein, "For God and Country: Two Historic Churches in the Nation's Capital", Anglican and Episcopal History 56 (March 1987): 123-26.
  • David Hein, Noble Powell and the Episcopal Establishment in the Twentieth Century (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001; Eugene, Ore.: Wipf & Stock, 2007). Chapter three covers the deanship of the Very Revd Noble C. Powell, who was also Warden of the College of Preachers.
  • Peter W. Williams, Houses of God: Region, Religion, and Architecture in the United States (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997).
  • Cathedral Age (magazine).

Most of these items should be available in the Cathedral's Museum Shop: see https://commerce.cathedral.org/exec/ms/index.html. is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Prominent leader in the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ...


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