FACTOID # 30: If Alaska were its own country, it would be the 26th largest in total area, slightly larger than Iran.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Washington" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Washington
State of Washington
Flag of Washington State seal of Washington
Flag of Washington Seal
Nickname(s): The Evergreen State
Motto(s): Alki (Chinook Wawa: "Eventually", or "By and by"[1])
Capital Olympia
Largest city Seattle
Area  Ranked 18th
 - Total 71,342 sq mi
(184,827 km²)
 - Width 240 miles (400 km)
 - Length 360 miles (580 km)
 - % water 6.6
 - Latitude 45° 33′ N to 49° N
 - Longitude 116° 55′ W to 124° 46′ W
Population  Ranked 14th
 - Total (2000) 5,894,121
 - Density 88.6/sq mi 
34.20/km² (25th)
 - Median income  $48,688 (14th)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Mount Rainier[2]
14,410 ft  (4,395 m)
 - Mean 1,700 ft  (520 m)
 - Lowest point Pacific Ocean[2]
0 ft  (0 m)
Admission to Union  November 11, 1889 (42nd)
Governor Christine Gregoire (D)
U.S. Senators Patty Murray (D)
Maria Cantwell (D)
Congressional Delegation List
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Abbreviations WA US-WA
Web site www.access.wa.gov

Washington (IPA: /ˈwɑ.ʃɪŋ.tən/) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. The state is named after George Washington, the first President of the United States. It is the only U.S. state named after a president. For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Look up Washington in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Washington. ... Image File history File links Washington_state_seal. ... Categories: Stub | U.S. state flags ... The Washington State Seal contains a portrait of George Washington, painted by Gilbert Stuart. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold). ... Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... Chinook Jargon was a trade language (or pidgin) of the Pacific Northwest, which spread quickly up the West Coast from Oregon, through Washington, British Columbia, and as far as Alaska. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_WA.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Washington ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Coordinates: , County Incorporated January 28, 1859 Government  - Mayor Mark Foutch Area  - City 48. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... This is a complete list of the states of the United States ordered by total area, land area, and water area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side. ... Map of states populations (2006) This is a list of states of the United States by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of July 1, 2006, according to the 2005 estimates of the United States Census Bureau. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Map of states showing population density This is a list of the 50 U.S. states, ordered by population density. ... For information on the income of individuals, see Personal income in the United States. ... This is a list of United States states by elevation. ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Christine OGrady Chris Gregoire (born March 24, 1947) is the Democratic governor of the U.S. state of Washington. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Patricia Lynn Murray (known as Patty Murray) (born October 11, 1950) is a Democratic United States Senator from Washington. ... Maria E. Cantwell (born October 13, 1958) is the junior United States Senator from Washington state and is a member of the Democratic Party. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... These are tables of congressional delegations from Washington to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Map of U.S. time zones with new CST and EST areas displayed This is a list of United States of America States by time zone. ... PST is UTC-8 The Pacific Standard Time Zone (PST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) resulting in UTC-8. ... ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The following is a list of abbreviations used by the United States Postal Service. ... U.S. states This is a list of traditional abbreviations for U.S. states and territorries, which were in wide use prior to the U.S. postal abbreviations. ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... This chart shows concisely the most common way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is applied to represent the English language. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of...


Washington was carved out of the western part of Washington Territory and admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889. In 2006, the Census Bureau estimated the state's population at 6,395,798. Residents are called "Washingtonians" (emphasis on the third syllable, pronounced as tone). Washington is sometimes called Washington state or The state of Washington to distinguish it from Washington, D.C., the U.S. capital. Categories: Historical stubs | Washington history | U.S. historical regions and territories ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Geography

Washington is the northwestern-most state of the contiguous United States. Its northern border lies mainly along the 49th parallel, with the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north. Washington borders Oregon to the south, with the Columbia River forming most of the boundary and the 46th parallel forming the eastern part of the southern boundary. To the east Washington borders Idaho, bounded mostly by the meridian running north from the confluence of the Snake River and Clearwater River (about 116°57' west), except for the southernmost section where the border follows the Snake River. To the west of Washington lies the Pacific Ocean.[3] The continental United States is a term referring to the United States situated on the North American continent. ... “49th parallel” redirects here. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... For other uses, see Snake River (disambiguation). ... The Clearwater River is a river in northern Idaho, the North Fork of which flows from the Idaho-Montana border westward to join the Snake River at Lewiston. ...


Washington is in the region known as the Pacific Northwest, a term which often includes part or all of British Columbia in Canada and part of Alaska. Sometimes it refers only to lands within the northwestern United States, including Oregon. The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... Official language(s) None[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ...

Digitally colored elevation map of Washington.
A photo from a satellite, showing Washington.

The high mountains of the Cascade Range run north-south, bisecting the state. Western Washington, west of the Cascades, has a mostly marine west coast climate with relatively mild temperatures, wet winters, and dry summers. Western Washington also supports dense forests of conifers and areas of temperate rain forest. In contrast, Eastern Washington, east of the Cascades, has a relatively dry climate with large areas of semiarid steppe and a few truly arid deserts lying in the rainshadow of the Cascades; the Hanford reservation receives an average annual precipitation of between six and seven inches. Farther east, the climate becomes less arid. The Palouse region of southeast Washington was grassland that has been mostly converted into farmland. Other parts of eastern Washington are forested and mountainous. Download high resolution version (1335x1032, 415 KB) SOURCE: http://wwwflag. ... Download high resolution version (1335x1032, 415 KB) SOURCE: http://wwwflag. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “Cascades” redirects here. ... Western Washington is a region of the United States defined as that part of Washington west of the Cascade Mountains. ... World map showing the oceanic climate zones. ... A map showing the areas where temperate rainforest can be found Temperate rain forest in the Mount Hood Wilderness, Oregon, United States. ... For the university, see Eastern Washington University. ... A steppe in Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, a steppe (Russian: - , Ukrainian: - , Kazakh: - ), pronounced in English as , is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses... This article is about arid terrain. ... A Rainshadow is an area which is unusally dry due to nearby geographic features. ... The Palouse is a region of hi peopleEastern Washington, North Central Idaho, and, in some definitions, extending south into northeast Oregon. ...


The Cascade Range contains several volcanoes, which reach altitudes significantly higher than the rest of the mountains. From the north to the south these volcanoes are Mount Baker, Glacier Peak, Mount Rainier, Mount St. Helens, and Mount Adams. Mount St. Helens is currently the only Washington volcano that is actively erupting; however, all of them are considered active volcanoes. Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ... Glacier Peak is the most remote of the five active volcanoes in Washington. ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... For the mountain in California, see Mount Saint Helena. ... Mt. ... For the mountain in California, see Mount Saint Helena. ...


Washington's position on the Pacific Ocean and the harbors of Puget Sound give the state a leading role in maritime trade with Alaska, Canada, and the Pacific Rim. Puget Sound's many islands are served by the largest ferry fleet in the United States. Puget Sound For the university in this region, see University of Puget Sound. ... Official language(s) None[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... The USS Abraham Lincoln Battle Group along with ships from Australia, Chile, Japan, Canada, and Korea speed towards Honolulu in RIMPAC 2000. ... Washington state maintains the largest fleet of passenger and auto ferries in the United States and the third largest in the world. ...


Washington is a land of contrasts. The deep forests of the Olympic Peninsula, such as the Hoh Rain Forest, are among the only temperate rainforests in the continental United States, but the semi-desert east of the Cascade Range has few trees. Mount Rainier, the highest mountain in the state,[2] is covered with more glacial ice than any other peak in the lower 48 states. The Olympic Peninsula is the large arm of land in western Washington state that lies across Puget Sound from Seattle. ... Moss draped Bigleaf Maple near the Hoh River. ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... This article is about the geological formation. ...


Federal land and reservations

There are three national parks in Washington, Mount Rainier National Park, North Cascades National Park, and Olympic National Park. The parks of the United States National Park system are one type of protected area in the United States and are operated by the U.S. National Park Service. ... Mount Rainier National Park is a United States National Park located in southeast Pierce County, Washington. ... Mount Despair, North Cascades National Park North Unit, 1967 map of the North Cascades National Park complex Lower Curtis Glacier in 2003 compared with 1985 Looking toward Magic Mountain from Sahale Arm north of Cascade Pass. ... Olympic National Park is located in the U.S. state of Washington, in the far northwestern part of the state known as the Olympic Peninsula. ...


National forests in the state include Colville National Forest, Gifford Pinchot National Forest, Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest, Okanogan National Forest, Olympic National Forest, and Wenatchee National Forest, among others. U.S. National Forests are protected forests and woodland areas in the United States. ... The Colville National Forest is a U.S. National Forest located in north eastern Washington state. ... Gifford Pinchot National Forest is a national forest located in southwestern Washington. ... The Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest in Washington State extends more than 140 miles along the western slopes of the Cascade Range from the Canadian border to the northern boundary of Mount Rainier National Park. ... The Okanogan National Forest is a national forest in the North-East corner of Washington. ... The Olympic National Forest is a national forest located in Washingtons Olympic Peninsula. ... Subalpine Larch fall foliage near Sprite Lake Wenatchee National Forest is a U.S. National Forest located in Washington. ...


Other protected lands of note include Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, Lake Chelan National Recreation Area, Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument, Ross Lake National Recreation Area, Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area, Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, among others administered by the National Park Service. The Columbia River Gorge is a spectacular canyon of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... Lake Chelan National Recreation Area is a U.S. National Recreation Area located near the Canadian border in Chelan County, Washington. ... Mount St. ... Ross Lake from Desolation Peak Ross Lake National Recreation Area is the most accessible part of the North Cascades National Park Service Complex. ... Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake is the lake created by the Grand Coulee Dam. ... Fort Vancouver Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in the Oregon Country. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ...


There are many wilderness designated areas in Washington, including Alpine Lakes Wilderness, Glacier Peak Wilderness, Goat Rocks Wilderness, Henry M. Jackson Wilderness, Norse Peak Wilderness, Mount Baker Wilderness, Pasayten Wilderness, Olympic Wilderness, and many others. The National Wilderness Preservation System protects federally managed land areas that are of a pristine condition. ... The Alpine Lakes Wilderness is a large, mountainous wilderness area in Washington, United States. ... The Glacier Peak Wilderness, created by Congress in the original 1964 wilderness legislation, is located within portions of Chelan, Washington, and Skagit Counties in the North Cascades of Washington State, USA. The area, 572,000 acres (2315 km²) in size, 35 miles (56 kilometers) long and 20 miles (32 kilometers... Goat Rocks Wilderness is a U.S. Wilderness Area in Washington, United States. ... US Forest Service sign along the North Fork Skykomish Trail at the edge of the Henry M. Jackson Wilderness Area. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Mount Baker Wilderness in northern Washington, USA, contains 117,500 acres (475 km²). Its eastern border is shared with the boundary of the North Cascades National Park for a distance of 40 miles (65 kilometers). ... Pasayten Wilderness is a 2143 square km protected area located within Okanogan National Forest in Washington State. ... Olympic Wilderness is a 3548 square km protected area comprising over 95% of Olympic National Park in Washington State. ...


There are several large military-related reservations, including Fort Lewis, McChord Air Force Base, Naval Base Kitsap, the Hanford Site, and the Yakima Training Center. Fort Lewis is a census-designated place and U.S. Army post located in Pierce County, Washington. ... McChord Air Force Base (IATA: TCM, ICAO: KTCM) is a United States Air Force base in Pierce County, Washington. ... NB Kitsap logo Naval Base Kitsap, is a US Navy base located on the Kitsap Peninsula in Washington state. ... Hanford Site plutonium production reactors along the Columbia River during the Manhattan Project. ...


There are many Indian reservations in Washington. The largest include the Colville Indian Reservation, Spokane Indian Reservation, Yakama Indian Reservation, and the Quinault Indian Reservation. This article is about Native Americans. ... The Colville Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation in eastern Washington State, inhabited and managed by Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, which is recognized by the United States of America as an American Indian Tribe. ... Spokane flag The Spokane (or Spokan) are a Native American people in the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of Washington. ... The Yakama Indian Reservation is a United States Indian reservation located on the east side of the Cascade Mountains of the state of Washington. ... Quinault (tribe) is a group of Native American peoples from western Washington state in the United States. ...


Climate

Washington's climate varies greatly from west to east. An oceanic climate (also called "marine west coast climate") predominates in western Washington, and a much drier climate prevails east of the Cascade Range. World map showing the oceanic climate zones. ...

November 2006 Pineapple Express flood, Granite Falls on the Stillaguamish River
November 2006 Pineapple Express flood, Granite Falls on the Stillaguamish River

Major factors determining Washington's climate include the large semi-permanent high pressure and low pressure systems of the north Pacific Ocean, the continental air masses of North America, and the Olympic and Cascade mountains. In the spring and summer, a high pressure anticyclone system dominates the north Pacific Ocean, causing air to spiral out in a clockwise fashion. For Washington this means prevailing winds from the northwest bringing relatively cool air and a predictably dry season. In the autumn and winter, a low pressure cyclone system takes over in the north Pacific Ocean, with air spiraling inward in a counter-clockwise fashion. This causes Washington's prevailing winds to come from the southwest, bringing relatively warm and moist air masses and a predictably wet season. The term Pineapple Express is used to describe the extreme form of this wet season pattern.[4] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1985 KB) Stillaguamish River Viewpoint location: Granite Falls Fish Ladder, Granite Falls, Washington Geographic coordinates: 48. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1985 KB) Stillaguamish River Viewpoint location: Granite Falls Fish Ladder, Granite Falls, Washington Geographic coordinates: 48. ... The Stillaguamish River is a river in northwest Washington in the United States, approximately 20 mi (32 km) long. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Anticyclone. ... A large low-pressure system swirls off the southwestern coast of Iceland, illustrating the maxim that nature abhors a vacuum. ... In meteorology, an anticyclone (that is, opposite to a cyclone) is a weather phenomenon in which there is a descending movement of the air and a high pressure area over the part of the planets surface affected by it. ... The prevailing winds are the trends in speed and direction of wind over a particular point on the earths surface. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the meteorological phenomenon. ... A wet season or rainy season is a season in which the average rainfall in a region is significantly increased. ... This article is about the tropical jet stream. ...

Washington enjoys extensive variation in rainfall
Washington enjoys extensive variation in rainfall

The coastal mountains and Cascades compound this climatic pattern by causing orographic lift of the air masses blown inland from the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the windward side of the mountains receiving high levels of precipitation and the leeward side receiving low levels. This occurs most dramatically around the Olympic Mountains and the Cascade Range. In both cases the windward slopes facing southwest receive high precipitation and mild, cool temperatures. In contrast, the leeward slopes facing northeast experience a rain shadow effect, with low precipitation and warmer temperatures. As a result, there are temperate rain forests on the southwest side of the Olympic Mountains while the northeast side has a drier climate sometimes called sub-mediterranean climate.[5] The San Juan Islands and the city of Sequim are known for their dry climate compared to the rest of the coastal region. The Olympic rain shadow extends into Canada. Terms like "Mediterranean", "sub-Mediterranean", and "modified Mediterranean" are sometimes used to describe the Olympic rainshadow region even though it is quite different from the standard "Mediterranean" climate. The terms are mainly used to indicate a climate with wet winters and dry summers with regular drought conditions. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 352 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (387 × 659 pixel, file size: 47 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) created myself out of larger USA map I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 352 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (387 × 659 pixel, file size: 47 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) created myself out of larger USA map I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This wave cloud pattern formed off of the ÃŽle Amsterdam in the far southern Indian Ocean, due to orographic lift of an airmass by the island, producing alternating bands of condensed and invisible humidity downwind of the island as the moist air moves in vertical waves and the moisture successively... For the television series see Rain Shadow. ... A map showing the areas where temperate rainforest can be found Temperate rain forest in the Mount Hood Wilderness, Oregon, United States. ...  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ... One of the San Juan islands The San Juan Islands are a part of the San Juan Archipelago in the northwest corner of the continental United States. ... Sequim is a city in Clallam County, Washington, United States. ...


The Cascade Range forms a larger barrier than the Olympics and has a correspondingly stronger orographic effect. While the Puget Sound lowlands are known for clouds and rain in the winter, the western slopes of the Cascades receive larger amounts of precipitation, often falling as snow at higher elevations. East of the Cascades, a large region experiences strong rain shadow effects. Semi-arid conditions occur in much of eastern Washington with the strongest rain shadow effects at the relatively low elevations of the central Columbia River Plateau — especially the region just east of the Columbia River from about the Snake River to the Okanagan Highland. Thus instead of rain forests much of eastern Washington is covered with grassland and shrub-steppe. Orography is the average height of land, measured in geopotential meters, over a certain domain. ... For the television series see Rain Shadow. ... Semi-arid generally describes regions that receive low annual rainfall (25 to 50 cm /10 to 20 in) and generally have scrub or grass vegetation. ... The Columbia River Plateau is shown in green on this map. ... Location map of the Okanagan Highland The Okanagan Highland, also known as the Okanogan Highland in the United States, is a plateau-like hilly area in British Columbia, Canada. ... The Konza tallgrass prairie in the Flint Hills of northeastern Kansas. ... Shrub-steppe is low rainfall natural grassland ecoregion extending from southeastern Washington and eastern Oregon, through Idaho, Nevada, and Utah, and into western Wyoming and Colorado. ...


The average annual temperature ranges from 51 °F (10.6 °C) on the Pacific coast to 40 °F (4.4 °C) in the northeast. The recorded temperature in the state has ranged from -48 °F (-44.4 °C) to 118 °F (47.8 °C) with both records set east of the Cascades. Western Washington is known for its mild climate, considerable fog, frequent cloud cover and long-lasting drizzles in the winter, and sunny and dry summers. The western region occasionally experiences extreme climate. Arctic cold fronts in the winter and heat waves in the summer are not uncommon. The western side of the Olympic Peninsula receives as much as 160 inches (4064 mm) of precipitation annually, making it the wettest area of the 48 conterminous states. Weeks or even months may pass without a clear day. The western slopes of the Cascade Range receive some of the heaviest annual snowfall (in some places more than 200 inches/5080 mm) in the country. In the rain shadow area east of the Cascades, the annual precipitation is only 6 inches (152 mm). Precipitation increases eastward toward the Rocky Mountains.

History

Mt. Rainier reflected in Reflection lake.
Mount Rainier with Tacoma in foreground
Mount Rainier with Tacoma in foreground
For more details on this topic, see History of Washington.

Prior to the arrival of explorers from Europe, this region of the Pacific Coast had many established tribes of Native Americans, each with its own unique culture. Today, they are most notable for their totem poles and their ornately carved canoes and masks. Prominent among their industries were salmon fishing and whale hunting. In the east, nomadic tribes traveled the land and missionaries such as the Whitmans settled there. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3072x2048, 3522 KB) Summary Kelvin Kay user:Kkmd Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3072x2048, 3522 KB) Summary Kelvin Kay user:Kkmd Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... source: http://vulcan. ... source: http://vulcan. ... Categories: Stub | Dams ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... source http://vulcan. ... source http://vulcan. ... For other uses, see Mount Rainier (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: , Country United States of America State Washington County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (D) Area  - City 62. ... Washingtons current flag. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... A Gitxsan pole (left) and Kwakwakawakw pole (right) at Thunderbird Park in Victoria, British Columbia. ... For other uses, see Salmon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the animal. ... Marcus Whitman (September 4, 1802–November 29, 1847) was an American physician and missionary in the Oregon Country. ...


The first European record of a landing on the Washington coast was by Spanish Captain Don Bruno de Heceta in 1775, on board the Santiago, part of a two-ship flotilla with the Sonora. They claimed all the coastal lands up to the Russian possessions in the north for Spain. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Bruno de Heceta (Hezeta) y Dudagoitia (1744-1807) was a Spanish explorer of the Pacific Northwest. ... A flotilla (from Spanish, meaning a flota of small ships, and this from French flotte), or naval flotilla, is a formation of small warships that may be part of a larger fleet. ...


In 1778, British explorer Captain James Cook sighted Cape Flattery, at the entrance to the Strait of Juan de Fuca, but the straits would not be explored until 1789, by Captain Charles W. Barkley. Further explorations of the straits were performed by Spanish explorers Manuel Quimper in 1790 and Francisco de Eliza in 1791, then by British Captain George Vancouver in 1792. This article is about the British explorer. ... Cape Flattery is the furthest northwest point of the contiguous United States. ... The Strait of Juan de Fuca separates Vancouver Island of British Columbia from the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state. ... Motto (Latin) Further Beyond Anthem  1(Spanish) Royal March Spain() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() Capital (and largest city) Madrid Official languages Spanish2 Demonym Spanish, Spaniard Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Head of State King Juan Carlos I  -  President of the Government Formation 15th century   -  Dynastic union 1516   -  Unification... Manuel Quimper del Pino was a Spanish explorer of French paternity who participated in exploration and settlement expeditions for Spain along the Pacific Coast of North America. ... A life sized statue covered in gold of George Vancouver on top of the British Columbia Parliament Buildings Captain George Vancouver RN (June 22, 1757 – May 12, 1798) was an officer of the Royal Navy, best known for his exploration of North America, including the Pacific coast along the modern...


The Spanish Nootka Convention of 1790 opened the northwest territory to explorers and trappers from other nations, most notably Britain and then the United States. Captain Robert Gray (for whom Grays Harbor County is named) then discovered the mouth of the Columbia River. He named the river after his ship, the Columbia. Beginning in 1792, Gray established trade in sea otter pelts. The Lewis and Clark Expedition entered the state on October 10, 1805. The Nootka Convention was a treaty between Spain and Great Britain in 1790 that averted a war between the two countries over overlapping claims to portions of the northwestern coast of North America. ... Robert Gray (May 10, 1755 – July, 1806) was an American merchant sea-captain and explorer. ... Grays Harbor County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... Seven United States Navy ships have been named USS Columbia, after the personification of the United States, also after the city of Columbia, South Carolina. ... Binomial name Enhydra lutris (Linnaeus, 1758) The Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris) is a large otter native to the North Pacific, from northern Japan and Kamchatka west across the Aleutian Islands south to California. ... “Lewis and Clark” redirects here. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1819, Spain ceded their original claims to this territory to the United States. This began a period of disputed joint-occupancy by Britain and the U.S. that lasted until June 15, 1846, when Britain ceded their claims to this land with the Treaty of Oregon. The Oregon Country/Columbia District Disputed Area is the main area of dispute, although the whole region was disputed The Oregon boundary dispute (often called the Oregon question) arose as a result of competing British and American claims to the Oregon Country, a region of northwestern North America known also... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The 1846 Oregon Treaty, formally titled Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, established the border between the British and American sections of the Oregon Country. ...


What was to become Washington state's first family was that of Washington's founder, the black pioneer George Washington Bush and his caucasian wife, Isabella James Bush, from Missouri and Tennessee, respectively. They led four white families into the territory and settled what is now Tumwater, Washington. They settled in Washington to avoid Oregon's racist settlement laws.[6] George Washington Bush (1779-1863) was one of the first American settlers and the first black settler in what would later become the State of Washington. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St Louis[1] Area  Ranked 21st  - Total 69,709 sq mi (180,693 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 300 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Tumwater Falls of the Deschutes River, Tumwater, Washington. ...


Because of the overland migration along the Oregon Trail, many settlers wandered north to what is now Washington and settled the Puget Sound area. The first settlement was New Market (now known as Tumwater) in 1846. In 1853, Washington Territory was formed from part of Oregon Territory. The Ox Team or the Old Oregon Trail 1852-1906 by Ezra Meeker. ... Puget Sound For the university in this region, see University of Puget Sound. ... Tumwater Falls of the Deschutes River, Tumwater, Washington. ... Categories: Historical stubs | Washington history | U.S. historical regions and territories ... The Oregon Territory is the name applied both to the unorganized Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and Britain, as well as to the organized U.S. territory formed from it that existed between 1848 and 1859. ...


Washington became the 42nd state in the United States on November 11, 1889. The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Early prominent industries in the state included agriculture and lumber. In eastern Washington, the Yakima Valley became known for its apple orchards, while the growth of wheat using dry-farming techniques became particularly productive. The heavy rainfall to the west of the Cascade Range produced dense forests, and the ports along Puget Sound prospered from the manufacturing and shipping of lumber products, particularly the Douglas fir. Other industries that developed in the state include fishing, salmon canning and mining. This irrigation ditch receives its water from the Yakima River. ... This article is about the fruit. ... “Cascades” redirects here. ... Species See text Douglas-fir is the common name applied to coniferous trees of the genus Pseudotsuga in the family Pinaceae. ...


For a long period, Tacoma was noted for its large smelters where gold, silver, copper and lead ores were treated. Seattle was the primary port for trade with Alaska and the rest of the country, and for a time it possessed a large shipbuilding industry. The region around eastern Puget Sound developed heavy industry during the period including World War I and World War II, and the Boeing company became an established icon in the area. Nickname: Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: , Country United States of America State Washington County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (D) Area  - City 62. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... Official language(s) None[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ...


During the Great Depression, a series of hydroelectric dams were constructed along the Columbia river as part of a project to increase the production of electricity. This culminated in 1941 with the completion of the Grand Coulee Dam, the largest concrete structure in the United States. For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... Electric redirects here. ... For the town, see Coulee Dam, Washington. ...


During World War II, the state became a focus for war industries, with the Boeing Company producing many of the nation's heavy bombers and ports in Seattle, Bremerton, Vancouver, and Tacoma were available for the manufacture of warships. Seattle was the point of departure for many soldiers in the Pacific, a number of which were quartered at Golden Gardens Park. In eastern Washington, the Hanford Works atomic energy plant was opened in 1943 and played a major role in the construction of the nation's atomic bombs. The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... The B-52 Stratofortress, a heavy bomber. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... Sinclair Inlet and Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (left), Dyes Inlet (middle distance) and Manette and Warren Avenue Bridges (left to right) across Port Washington Narrows Bremerton is a city in Kitsap County, Washington, USA. The population was 37,259 at the 2000 census. ... Nickname: Motto: A colorful past, a bright future Location in Washington Coordinates: , Country State County Clark County Founded 1825 Incorporated 1857 Government  - Mayor Royce Pollard Area  - City  46. ... Nickname: Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: , Country United States of America State Washington County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (D) Area  - City 62. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... Golden Gardens Park Wetlands in 2005 Golden Gardens Park is a park located in the north part of the Ballard neighborhood of Seattle, Washington. ... For the university, see Eastern Washington University. ... Hanford Site plutonium production reactors along the Columbia River during the Manhattan Project. ... Nuclear energy is energy released from the atomic nucleus. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ...


On May 18, 1980, following a period of heavy tremors and eruptions, the northeast face of Mount St. Helens exploded outward, destroying a large part of the top of the volcano. This eruption flattened the forests, killed 57 people, flooded the Columbia River and its tributaries with ash and mud, and blanketed large parts of Washington in ash, making day look like night. is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... For the mountain in California, see Mount Saint Helena. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 1,201
1860 11,594 865.4%
1870 23,955 106.6%
1880 75,116 213.6%
1890 357,232 375.6%
1900 518,103 45.0%
1910 1,141,990 120.4%
1920 1,356,621 18.8%
1930 1,563,396 15.2%
1940 1,736,191 11.1%
1950 2,378,963 37.0%
1960 2,853,214 19.9%
1970 3,409,169 19.5%
1980 4,132,156 21.2%
1990 4,866,692 17.8%
2000 5,894,121 21.1%
Washington Population Density Map

The center of population of Washington in the year 2000 was located in an unpopulated part of rural eastern King County, southeast of North Bend and northeast of Enumclaw.[7] The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twetieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,542,199, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Image File history File links Washington_population_map. ... Image File history File links Washington_population_map. ... Center of population is a subject of study in the field of demographics. ... King County redirects here; you may be looking for King County, Texas. ... North Bend is a city in King County, Washington, United States. ... Enumclaw is a city located in King County, Washington. ...


According to the U.S. Census, as of 2006, Washington has an estimated population of 6,395,798, which is an increase of 501,658, or 8.5%, since the year 2000.[8] This includes a natural increase of 221,958 people (that is, 503,819 births minus 281,861 deaths) and an increase from net migration of 287,759 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 157,950 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 129,809 people. The U.S. Census is mandated by the United States Constitution. ...


As of the Census 2000, the Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue Metropolitan Area's population was 3,043,878, about half the state's total population.[9]


As of 2004, Washington's population included 631,500 foreign-born (10.3% of the state population), and an estimated 100,000 illegal aliens (1.6% of state population).[10]

Demographics of Washington (csv)
By race White Black AIAN Asian NHPI
AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native   -   NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
2000 (total population) 88.64% 4.12% 2.73% 6.75% 0.74%
2000 (Hispanic only) 7.00% 0.23% 0.28% 0.15% 0.06%
2005 (total population) 87.65% 4.45% 2.65% 7.69% 0.78%
2005 (Hispanic only) 8.16% 0.33% 0.30% 0.20% 0.07%
Growth 2000-2005 (total population) 5.49% 15.37% 3.54% 21.57% 12.25%
Growth 2000-2005 (non-Hispanic only) 3.88% 13.41% 2.18% 21.11% 11.20%
Growth 2000-2005 (Hispanic only) 24.32% 47.88% 15.40% 41.33% 24.11%

The six largest reported ancestries in Washington are: German (18.7%), English (12%), Irish (11.4%), Norwegian (6.2%), Mexican (5.6%) and Filipino (3.7%). It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ...


There are many migrant Mexican farm workers living in the southeast-central part of the state, though the population is also increasing as laborers in Western Washington. Wahkiakum County, as well as most counties in the state, has many residents of Scandinavian origin Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Wahkiakum County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ...


Washington has the fifth largest Asian population of any state. The Filipino community is the largest Asian American subgroup in the state. Gary Locke was elected as the first Asian American governor at the end of the 20th century. An Asian American is generally defined as a person of Asian ancestry and American citizenship,[2][3][4] although may also be extended to include non-citizen resident Asians as well. ... Former Governor Gary Locke Gary F. Locke (born January 21, 1950 in Seattle, Washington) was the Democratic governor of Washington (1997-2005), and the first Chinese-American governor in United States history. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ...


African Americans are less numerous than Asians or Hispanics in many communities, but have been elected as mayor of Seattle, Spokane and Lakewood and as King County Executive. In Seattle, minorities are moving into the southern part of the city as well as many suburban areas such as South King County. Tacoma also has a rising African-American population. The term Asian can refer to something or someone from Asia. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... Tacoma, with Mount Rainier in background You may be looking for Takoma or Tacoma class frigate. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ...


Washington is the location of many Indian reservations, with some placing prominent casinos next to major interstate highways. Residents have adopted many of the artwork themes of the northwest coast Indians who were noted for totem poles, longhouses, dugout canoes and pictures of animals. Many cities have traditional names created by Native Americans such as Yakima, Seattle, Spokane, Puyallup, and Walla Walla. A Gitxsan pole (left) and Kwakwakawakw pole (right) at Thunderbird Park in Victoria, British Columbia. ... In archaeology and anthropology, a long house or longhouse is a type of long, narrow single room building built by peoples in various parts of the world including Asia, Europe and North America. ... A dugout is a boat which is basically a hollowed tree trunk. ... Yakima is a the county seat of Yakima County located in central Washington. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Nickname: Location of Spokane in Spokane County and Washington Coordinates: , Country United States State Washington County Spokane Government  - Mayor Dennis P. Hession Area  - City  58. ... Puyallup, Washington (pronounced ) is a city in Pierce County, Washington about five miles east of Tacoma. ... Walla Walla is both the county seat of Walla Walla County, Washington, and the countys largest city. ...


6.7% of Washington's population was reported as under 5, 25.7% under 18, and 11.2% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.2% of the population.


Religion

The religious affiliations of Washington's population are:[11]

As with many other Western states, the percentage of Washington's population identifying themselves as "non-religious" is higher than the national average. The percentage of non-religious people in Washington is the highest of any state, and its Christian population is the lowest of any state.[12] Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      For school of ancient Greek medicine... Presbyterianism is a tradition shared by a number of Christian denominations which is most prevalent within the Reformed branch of Protestant Western Christianity. ... For other uses, see Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (disambiguation). ... The Western United States, also referred to as the American West or simply The West, traditionally refers to the region constituting the westernmost states of the United States (see geographical terminology section for further discussion of these terms). ... Irreligion or irreligiousness is the absence of religious belief. ...


Economy

Reverse side of the Washington quarter

The 2005 total gross state product for Washington was $268.5 billion, placing it 14th in the nation.[13] The per capita income was $42,702, 17th in the nation. Significant business within the state include the design and manufacture of jet aircraft (Boeing), computer software development (Microsoft, Amazon.com, Nintendo of America), electronics, biotechnology, aluminum production, lumber and wood products (Weyerhaeuser), mining, and tourism. The state has significant amounts of hydroelectric power generation. Significant amounts of trade with Asia pass through the ports of the Puget Sound. See list of United States companies by state. Fortune magazine survey of the top 20 Most Admired Companies in the US has 4 Washington based companies in it, Starbucks, Microsoft, Costco and Nordstrom.[14] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 597 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 825 pixel, file size: 457 KB, MIME type: image/png) US Mint File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 597 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 825 pixel, file size: 457 KB, MIME type: image/png) US Mint File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... “Flying Machine” redirects here. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Amazon. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... This article is about the engineering discipline. ... The structure of insulin Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... “Aluminum” redirects here. ... Weyerhaeuser is one of the largest pulp and paper companies in the world; the worlds largest private owner of softwood timberland; and the second largest owner in the United States, behind International Paper. ... Chuquicamata, the second largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... This is a list of United States companies by state: // Main article: List of Alabama companies Main article: List of Alaska companies Main article: List of Arizona companies Main article: List of Arkansas companies Main article: List of California companies Main article: List of Colorado companies Main article: List of... Fortune magazine is Americas second longest-running business magazine after Forbes magazine. ... For other meanings of the name Starbuck, see Starbuck. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Costco Wholesale Corporation (NASDAQ: COST) is the largest membership warehouse club chain in the world based on sales volume, headquartered in Issaquah, Washington, United States,[1] with its flagship warehouse in nearby Seattle. ... This is the page for the department store. ...


The state of Washington has the most regressive tax structure in the U.S. It is one of only seven states that does not levy a personal income tax. The wealthiest one percent of Washington taxpayers pay 3.2% of their income in taxes. The poorest fifth of Washington taxpayers pay 17.6% of their income in taxes.[15] The state also does not collect a corporate income tax. However, Washington businesses are responsible for various other state levies. Washington's state sales tax is 6.5 percent, and it applies to services as well as products.[16] Most foods are exempt from sales tax; however, prepared foods, dietary supplements and soft drinks remain taxable. The combined state and local retail sales tax rates increase the taxes paid by consumers, depending on the variable local sales tax rates, generally between 8 and 9 percent.[17] An excise tax applies to certain select products such as gasoline, cigarettes, and alcoholic beverages. Property tax was the first tax levied in the state of Washington and its collection accounts for about 30 percent of Washington's total state and local revenue. It continues to be the most important revenue source for public schools, fire protection, libraries, parks and recreation, and other special purpose districts. Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        A regressive tax is a tax imposed so that the tax... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income... A sales tax is a consumption tax charged at the point of purchase for certain goods and services. ... In the United States, a dietary supplement is defined under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 as a product taken by the mouth that contains a dietary ingredient that is intended as a supplement to the diet. ... A soft drink is a drink that contains no alcohol. ... An excise is an indirect tax or duty levied on items within a country. ... “Petrol” redirects here. ... A cigarette will burn to ash on one end. ... Alcoholic beverages are drinks containing ethanol, popularly called alcohol. ... Property tax, millage tax is an ad valorem tax that an owner of real estate or other property pays on the value of the property being taxed. ... The term public school has two contrary meanings: In England, one of a small number of prestigious historic schools open to the public which normally charge fees and are financed by bodies other than the state, commonly as private charitable trusts; here the word public is used much as in... Alternative meanings: Library (computer science), Library (biology) Modern-style library In its traditional sense, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


All real property and personal property is subject to tax unless specifically exempted by law. Personal property also is taxed, although most personal property owned by individuals is exempt. Personal property tax applies to personal property used when conducting business or to other personal property not exempt by law. All property taxes are paid to the county treasurer's office where the property is located. Washington does not impose a tax on intangible assets such as bank accounts, stocks or bonds. Neither does the state assess any tax on retirement income earned and received from another state. Washington does not collect inheritance taxes; however, the estate tax is decoupled from the federal estate tax laws, and therefore the state imposes its own estate tax. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Personal property is a type of property. ... A bank account is a monetary account with a banking institution recording the balance of money for a customer. ... For other uses, see Stock (disambiguation). ... For alternative meanings, see bond (a disambiguation page). ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Inheritance tax, also known in some countries outside the United States as a death duty and referred to as an estate tax within the U.S, is a form of tax levied upon the bequest that a person may make in their will to a living person or organisation. ...


Washington is one of eighteen states which has a government monopoly on sales of alcoholic beverages, although beer and wine with less than 20 percent alcohol by volume can be purchased in convenience stores and supermarkets. Liqueurs (even if under 20 percent alcohol by volume) and spirits can only be purchased in state-run or privately-owned-state-contracted liquor stores.[18] scheiiiißßßßßee!!!!!!!!!!!!!regional, local; for levels below the national, it is a local monopoly. ... For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Packaged food aisles in a Fred Meyer store in Portland, Oregon A supermarket is a departmentalized self-service store offering a wide variety of food and household merchandise. ... Bottles of strawberry liqueur A liqueur is a sweet alcoholic beverage, often flavoured with fruits, herbs, spices, flowers, seeds, roots, plants, barks, and sometimes cream. ... A liquor store in Decatur, Georgia. ...


Bill Gates (worth $59.2 billion), the second wealthiest man in the world, is the best known billionaire from the state.[19] Other Washington state billionaires include Paul Allen (Microsoft), Steve Ballmer (Microsoft), Jeffrey Bezos (Amazon), Craig McCaw (McCaw Cellular), James Jannard (Oakley), Howard Schultz (Starbucks), and Charles Simonyi (Microsoft).[20] For other persons named Bill Gates, see Bill Gates (disambiguation). ... A billionaire is a person who has a net worth of at least one billion units of currency, such as United States Dollars (USD), Pounds or Euros. ... For other persons named Paul Allen, see Paul Allen (disambiguation). ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American businessman and has been the chief executive officer of Microsoft Corporation since January 2000. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Jeffrey Preston Bezos (born January 12, 1964) is the president, chief executive officer, and chairman of the board of Amazon. ... Amazon. ... Craig McCaw at NSTAC meeting, June 2001 Craig McCaw (b. ... McCaw Cellular is based in Redmond, WA Categories: Substubs ... Jim Jannard is the founder of Oakley and its Chairman and a director since the companys inception in 1975. ... Oakley is an eyewear company known mostly for their high end sunglasses and ski goggles. ... Howard Schultz (b. ... For other meanings of the name Starbuck, see Starbuck. ... Charles Simonyi (Hungarian: Simonyi Károly; born September 10, 1948, Budapest) is a computer software executive who, as head of Microsofts application software group, oversaw the creation of Microsofts flagship office applications. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ...


Agriculture

Washington is a leading agricultural state. (The following figures are from the Washington State Office of Financial Management and the Washington Agricultural Statistics Service].) A farm in Whitman County, Washington From http://www. ... A farm in Whitman County, Washington From http://www. ... Whitman County is a county located in the state of Washington. ...


For 2003, the total value of Washington's agricultural products was $5.79 billion, the 11th highest in the country. The total value of its crops was $3.8 billion, the 7th highest. The total value of its livestock and specialty products was $1.5 billion, the 26th highest.


In 2004, Washington ranked first in the nation in production of red raspberries (90.0% of total U.S. production), wrinkled seed peas (80.6%), hops (75.0%), spearmint oil (73.6%), apples (58.1%), sweet cherries (47.3%), pears (42.6%), peppermint oil (40.3%), Concord grapes (39.3%), carrots for processing (36.8%), and Niagara grapes (31.6%). Washington also ranked second in the nation in production of lentils, fall potatoes, dry edible peas, apricots, grapes (all varieties taken together), asparagus (over a third of the nation's production), sweet corn for processing, and green peas for processing; third in tart cherries, prunes and plums, and dry summer onions; fourth in barley and trout; and fifth in wheat, cranberries, and strawberries. Cultivated raspberries The raspberry (plural, raspberries) is the edible fruit of a number of species of the genus Rubus. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Binomial name L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Species Humulus lupulus L. Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc. ... Binomial name Mentha spicata Crantz Spearmint (Mentha spicata, syn ) is a species of mint native to central and southern Europe, where it grows in wet soils. ... This article is about the fruit. ... For other uses, see Cherry (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Mentha × piperita L. Peppermint (Mentha × piperita) is a (usually) sterile hybrid mint, a cross between watermint (Mentha aquatica) and spearmint (Mentha spicata). ... Concord grapes are a variety of grape used as both a table grapes and wine grapes. ... This article is about the cultivated vegetable. ... Niagara grapes are a variety of the North American grape species Vitis labrusca and are used as table grapes and for wines, as well as jams and juice. ... Lens culinaris. ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ... This article is about the fruits of the genus Vitis. ... For the botanical genus, see Asparagus (genus). ... Sweetcorn (or sweet corn, also known as sugar corn), is a hybridized variety of maize (Zea mays), specifically bred to increase the sugar content. ... A cherry is both a tree and its fleshy fruit, a type known as a drupe with a single hard pit enclosing the seed. ... Prune refers to any of more than 125 varieties of fruit, most grown for drying. ... Species See text. ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is an annual cereal grain, which serves as a major animal feed crop, with smaller amounts used for malting and in health food. ... Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss Biwa trout (or Biwa salmon), Oncorhynchus masou rhodurus Trout is the common name given to a number of species of freshwater fish belonging to the salmon family, Salmonidae. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... Species Vaccinium erythrocarpum Vaccinium macrocarpon Vaccinium microcarpum Vaccinium oxycoccus Approximate ranges of the cranberries in sect. ... Strawberries Promo Strawberries is an album by The Damned released October 1982 on Bronze Records (catalogue #BRON 542). ...


Transportation

Washington has a system of state highways, called State Routes, as well as an extensive ferry system which is the largest in the nation[21] as well as the third largest in the world. There are 140 public airfields in Washington, including 16 state airports owned by the Washington State Department of Transportation. Boeing Field in Seattle is one of the busiest primary non-hub airports in the US.[22] The unique geography of Washington presents exceptional transportation needs. This article is about the idea of state highways State Highway, and is more formally known as Route 139 State highway, and state route are terms that usually apply to numbered highways that are primarily administered and financed by a state government in countries that are divided into states. ... Example signage of a Washington State Route The Washington State Route system is the official name given to the highway system in Washington owned, maintained, and managed by the Washington State Department of Transportation. ... Washington state maintains the largest fleet of passenger and auto ferries in the United States and the third largest in the world. ... Public Use Airports American Lake Seaplane Base Anacortes Airport Anderson Field Arlington Municipal Airport Auburn Municipal Airport Avey Field State Airport Bandera State Airport Bellingham International Airport Blaine Municipal Airport Boeing Field/King County International Airport Bowerman Field Airport Bowers Field Airport Bremerton National Airport Camano Island Airfield Cashmere Dryden... The following airports are public use airports owned by Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT). ... The Washington State Department of Transportation, or WSDOT, led by a Secretary and overseen by the Governor, is a Washington governmental agency that constructs, maintains, and regulates the use of the states transportation infrastructure. ... Boeing Field, officially King County International Airport (IATA: BFI, ICAO: KBFI) is a two-runway airport owned and run by King County, Washington. ...


There are extensive waterways in the midst of Washington's largest cites, including Seattle, Bellevue, Tacoma and Olympia. The state highways incorporate an extensive network of bridges and the largest ferry system in the United States to serve transportation needs in the Puget Sound area. Washington's marine highway constitutes a fleet of twenty-eight ferries that navigate Puget Sound and its inland waterways to 20 different ports of call. Washington is home of four of the five longest floating bridges in the world: the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge, Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge and Homer M. Hadley Bridge over Lake Washington, and the Hood Canal Bridge which connects the Olympic Peninsula and Kitsap Peninsula. City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... A pontoon bridge Pontoon bridges are floating bridges supported by floating pontoons with sufficient buoyancy to support the bridge and dynamic loads. ... The Evergreen Point Floating Bridge, officially the Governor Albert D. Rosellini Bridge—Evergreen Point, is the longest floating bridge in the world at 7,578 feet (2,310 meters). ... Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge (right), looking east toward Mercer Island The Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge is the second longest floating bridge in the world, at 6,620 feet (2,019 meters). ... External Links Bridge Camera, includes some weather information Categories: Stub | Bridges in Washington | Pontoon bridges | King County, Washington ... Lake Washington is the second largest natural lake in Washington State, USA, after Lake Chelan, and the largest lake in King County. ... The Hood Canal Bridge is located in Washington state in the USA on Washington State Route 104 and connects the Olympic Peninsula and the Kitsap Peninsula across the Hood Canal. ... The Olympic Peninsula is the large arm of land in western Washington state that lies across Puget Sound from Seattle. ... The Kitsap Peninsula, at times called the Indian Peninsula or the Great Peninsula, is the arm of land in Washington state (USA) that lies west of Seattle across Puget Sound and east of the Olympic Peninsula across Hood Canal. ...


The Cascade Mountain Range also provides unique transportation challenges. Washington operates and maintains roads over 7 major mountain passes and 8 minor passes. During winter months some of these passes are plowed, sanded, and kept safe with avalanche control. Not all are able to stay open through the winter. The North Cascades Highway on State Route 20 closes every year. This is because of the extraordinary amount of snowfall and frequency of avalanches, leading to it not being safe in the winter months. In a range of hills, or especially of mountains, a pass (also gap, notch, col, saddle, bwlch or bealach) is a lower point that allows easier access through the range. ... Legend Washington State Routes < Route 19 Route 20_Business > Washington State Route 20, Highway 20, SR-20, or The North Cascades Highway is a State Highway (Route) in Washington. ... Legend Washington State Routes < Route 19 Route 20_Business > Washington State Route 20, Highway 20, SR-20, or The North Cascades Highway is a State Highway (Route) in Washington. ...


Environment

In 2007, Washington became the first state in the nation to target all forms of highly toxic brominated flame retardants known as PBDEs for elimination from the many common household products in which they are used. A 2004 study of 40 mothers from Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and Montana found PBDEs in the breast milk of every woman tested. PDBE, or polybrominated diphenyl ether is a flame-retardant of the brominated flame-retardant group rated as a Persistent Organic Pollutant. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour Without Sunset (diminishment)) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th - Total 944,735... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26N to 49°N  - Longitude 104°2W to 116°2W Population  Ranked...


Three recent studies by the Washington Department of Ecology showed that toxic chemicals banned decades ago continue to linger in the environment and concentrate in the food chain. In one of the studies, state government scientists found unacceptable levels of toxic substances in 93 samples of freshwater fish collected from 45 sites. The toxic substances included PCBs; dioxins, two chlorinated pesticides, DDE and dieldrin, and PBDEs. As a result of the study, the department will investigate the sources of PCBs in the Wenatchee River, where unhealthy levels of PCBs were found in mountain whitefish. Based on the 2007 information and a previous 2004 Ecology study, the Washington Department of Health is advising the public not to eat mountain whitefish from the Wenatchee River from Leavenworth downstream to where the river joins the Columbia, due to unhealthy levels of PCBs. Study results also indicated high levels of contaminants in fish tissue that scientists collected from Lake Washington and the Spokane River, where fish consumption advisories are already in effect[2]. The Washington Department of Ecology (Ecology) is a environmental regulatory agency for the State of Washington. ... “PCB” redirects here. ... Dioxin is the common name for the group of compounds classified as polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs). ... Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene is the full name of DDE which is a breakdown product of DDT. The full name of this compound is 1,1-bis-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2-dichloroethene, and this compound is formed by the loss of hydrogen chloride (dehydrohalogenation) of DDT 1,1-bis-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2... Dieldrin is a chlorinated hydrocarbon originally produced by Bayer AG as an insecticide. ... Binomial name Prosopium williamsoni (Girard, 1856) The mountain whitefish Prosopium williamsoni is one of the mostly widely distributed salmonid fish of western North America. ... The Wenatchee River is a river in Washington State beginning at Lake Wenatchee and flowing southeast until it meets the Columbia River immediately north of Wenatchee, Washington. ... For the city in the state of Washington, see Leavenworth, Washington. ...


Law and government

The bicameral Washington State Legislature is the state's legislative branch. The state legislature is composed of a lower House of Representatives and an upper State Senate, with 49 legislative districts apiece. Districts for the House are multi-member constituencies, electing two members per district, while a single member represents the district in the Senate. Currently for both houses of the legislature, the Democratic Party holds a majority in government. Both State Senators and House Representatives are elected for four year and two year terms, respectively. There are no term limits. Map of all the counties in Washington State File links The following pages link to this file: Washington Washington gubernatorial election, 2004 Categories: GFDL images ... Map of all the counties in Washington State File links The following pages link to this file: Washington Washington gubernatorial election, 2004 Categories: GFDL images ... Washington counties This is a list of counties in Washington. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate Brad Owen, D since January 13, 1997 Speaker of the House of Representatives Frank Chopp, D since January 14, 2001 Members 147 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Washington State Capitol, Olympia... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      In the United States of America, a state legislature is a generic term referring to the... A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... The floor of the Washington House of Representatives in the Legislative Building. ... For the demesne in The Keys to the Kingdom series, see The House An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. ... The Washington State Senate passing the 2005 budget. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... A term limit is a provision of a constitution, statute, or bylaw which limits the number of terms a person may serve in a particular elected office. ...


Washington's executive branch is headed by a governor elected for a four-year term. The current governor of Washington is Christine Gregoire, a Democrat. She has been governor since 2005. The executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. ... Christine OGrady Chris Gregoire (born March 24, 1947) is the Democratic governor of the U.S. state of Washington. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ...


The Washington Supreme Court is the highest court in the judiciary of the state of Washington. Nine justices serve on the bench, and are elected at large. The members of the Washington State Supreme Court are: Chief Justice Gerry Alexander, Justice Bobbe Bridge, Justice Tom Chambers, Justice Mary Fairhurst, Justice Charles Johnson, Justice James Johnson, Justice Barbara Madsen, Justice Susan Owens and Justice Richard Sanders. ...


The U.S. Congress

See also: United States Congressional Delegations from Washington

The two U.S. Senators from Washington are Senator Patty Murray (D) and Senator Maria Cantwell (D). These are tables of congressional delegations from Washington to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... Patricia Lynn Murray (known as Patty Murray) (born October 11, 1950) is a Democratic United States Senator from Washington. ... Maria E. Cantwell (born October 13, 1958) is the junior United States Senator from Washington state and is a member of the Democratic Party. ...


Washington representatives in the United States House of Representatives are Jay Inslee (D-1), Richard Ray (Rick) Larsen (D-2), Brian Baird (D-3), Richard Norman "Doc" Hastings (R-4), Cathy McMorris (R-5), Norm Dicks (D-6), Jim McDermott (D-7), David Reichert (R-8), and Adam Smith (D-9). First Congressional District of Washington Jay Robert Inslee (born February 9, 1951) is an American politician, currently serving as U.S. Representative from Washingtons First Congressional District (north of Seattle, including parts of King, Snohomish, and Kitsap counties). ... Second Congressional District of Washington Richard Ray Rick Larsen (born June 15, 1965), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 2001, representing the Second Congressional District of Washington. ... Third Congressional District of Washington Brian Lenis Baird (born December 19, 1984 in Denver, Colorado) is an American politician. ... This article is about the U.S. Representative from Washington. ... Fifth Congressional District of Washington Cathy Anne McMorris is a Republican politician. ... Sixth Congressional District of Washington Norman DeValois Dicks (born December 16, 1940), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1977, representing the Sixth Congressional District of Washington. ... James Adelbert Bagdhad Jim McDermott (born December 28, 1936 in Chicago, Illinois) is the current U.S. Representative for Washingtons 7th congressional district. ... David Reichert is the United States House Representative for the 8th Congressional District of Washington State. ... David Adam Smith (born June 15, 1965), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1997, representing the Ninth Congressional District of Washington. ...

The Washington State Capitol in Olympia.
The Washington State Capitol in Olympia.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

State elected officials

Executive

Christine OGrady Chris Gregoire (born March 24, 1947) is the Democratic governor of the U.S. state of Washington. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Brad Owen (born 1950) is an American politician. ... A Lieutenant Governor is a government official who is the subordinate or deputy of a Governor or Governor-General. ... Sam Reed is an American politician. ... In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ... Robert Rob McKenna, a Republican from Bellevue, Washington, USA, was elected Washington State Attorney General in November 2004. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... For other people with the same name, see Michael Murphy Michael J. Mike Murphy, an American politician, is the State Treasurer of Washington. ... Look up Treasurer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Brian Sonntag, an American politician, is currently serving as the State Auditor for Washington. ... Audit can refer to: Telecommunication audit Financial audit Performance audit Completion of a course of study for which no assessment is completed or grade awarded; especially audit is awarded to those who have elected not to receive a letter grade for a course in which letter grades typically awarded. ... Teresa Terry Bergeson is an American politician currently acting as the Superintendent of Public Instruction of Washington state. ... Doug Sutherland, an American politician, currently serves as the Commissioner of Public Lands for the state of Washington. ... Myron Bradford Mike Kreidler (born 28 September 1943, an American politician, currently serves as the Washington Insurance Commissioner. ... Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent loss. ...

Politics

The state has been thought of as politically divided by the Cascade Mountains, with Western Washington being liberal (particularly the I-5 Corridor) and Eastern Washington being conservative. Lately however, Spokane, the state's second largest city and located in Eastern Washington, has been leaning more liberal in recent elections, with one example being Democrat Maria Cantwell winning by a wide margin in the 2006 senate race against Republican Mike McGavick. Since the population is larger in the west, the Democrats usually fare better statewide. More specifically, the Seattle metro area (especially King County) generally delivers strong Democratic margins, while the outlying areas of Western Washington were nearly tied in both 2000 and 2004. Washington has voted for the Democratic candidate in presidential elections recently in 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000 and 2004. It was considered a key swing state in 1968. In 1968, it was the only Western state to give its electoral votes to Hubert Humphrey. However, this state did participate in the 1994 Republican Revolution, and had the biggest pickup in the house for Republicans at six, making seven of the nine house members Republicans for the state of Washington.[23] However, this dominance held for only four years as the Democrats picked up one seat in the 1996 election[24] and two more in 1998, giving the Democrats a 5-4 majority.[25] Mount Adams in Washington state The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanos called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ... Western Washington is a region of the United States defined as that part of Washington west of the Cascade Mountains. ... For the university, see Eastern Washington University. ... Nickname: Location of Spokane in Spokane County and Washington Coordinates: , Country United States State Washington County Spokane Government  - Mayor Dennis P. Hession Area  - City  58. ... Maria E. Cantwell (born October 13, 1958) is the junior United States Senator from Washington state and is a member of the Democratic Party. ... Mike McGavick Michael S. Mike McGavick (born February 7, 1958 in Seattle, Washington) is a former American business executive and a graduate of the University of Washington. ... For other uses, see Hubert Humphrey (disambiguation). ... The Republican Revolution refers to the success of Republican Party in the 1994 U.S. midterm elections, which resulted in a net gain of 54 seats in the House of Representatives, and a pickup of eight seats in the Senate. ...


While the Democratic Party has long dominated Washington, the 2004 Washington gubernatorial election was among the closest races in United States election history. The initial count gave Republican candidate Dino Rossi a lead of 261 votes out of a total vote count of 2,805,913, or 0.0093%.[26] Washington law calls for a mandatory machine recount if the difference between the candidates is less than 0.5% and 2,000 votes.[27] The mandatory recount again had Rossi in the lead, but it was now by 42 votes, or 0.0015% of the total 2,808,341 votes included in the first recount.[28] A second recount was done by hand, at the request of the Democratic party as allowed by law. This final recount overturned the initial results and resulted in a lead for Christine Gregoire, the Democratic candidate, of 129 votes, or 0.0045% of the 2,810,058 votes cast.[29] As this second recount was the last allowed for by Washington election law, Gregoire was inaugurated on January 12, 2005. The subsequent court battles raged for months after the election. A judge identified 1,678 illegal votes: 745 felons from a Republican list, 647 felons from a Democratic list, 175 mishandled provisional ballots in King County and 77 in Pierce County, six double votes and 19 ballots cast in the name of dead people. These votes were subtracted from the total number of votes, but only five were deducted from individual totals: four from Rossi and one from Libertarian Ruth Bennett. The final official count left Gregoire holding her office by 133 votes.[30] The Washington State Democratic Party works to elect Democrats to office in Washington State. ... 2004 Gubernatorial Election County Map of Washington. ... Dino Rossi (born October 15, 1959 in Seattle, Washington, USA) is a former Washington State Senator and Republican Governor of Washington in the 2004 election, one of the closest elections in state history. ... Christine OGrady Chris Gregoire (born March 24, 1947) is the Democratic governor of the U.S. state of Washington. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Libertarian Party is an American political party founded on Dec. ... Categories: People stubs | Libertarians ...


Washington holds the distinction of being the first and only state in the country to have elected women to all three major statewide offices (governor Chris Gregoire and U.S. Senators Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell) at the same time.


See also List of Washington Governors This is a list of governors of the U.S. state of Washington. ...


Education

Colleges and universities

State universities quagmire:For alternate meanings see state university (disambiguation). ...

Private universities Central Washington University, or CWU, is an accredited four-year educational institution located in Ellensburg, Washington in the United States. ... Eastern Washington University is a public comprehensive state university located in Cheney and Spokane, Washington. ... The Evergreen signature clock tower The Evergreen State College is an accredited public liberal arts college and is a member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges. ... The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a public research university in Seattle, Washington. ... Washington State University (WSU) is a major public research university in Pullman, Washington. ... Western Washington University (also referred to as WWU or Western) is one of six state-funded, four-year universities of higher education in the U.S. state of Washington. ... A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity. ...

Antioch University is a six-campus American university with campuses in four states. ... Argosy University/Seattle is one of 14 nationwide campuses of Argosy University, which was formed in 2001 through the merger of the American Schools of Professional Psychology, the Medical Institute of Minnesota, and the University of Sarasota. ... The Art Institute of Seattle awards the Associate of Applied Arts degree in the fields of Animation Art & Design, Audio Production, Culinary Arts, Fashion Design, Fashion Marketing, Graphic Design, Industrial Design Technology, Interior Design, Multimedia & Web Design, Photography, Video Production, and Visual Merchandising, as well as diploma programs in Baking... Bastyr University was established as the John Bastyr College of Naturopathic Medicine in 1978 in Seattle, Washington (USA) by Sheila Quinn, Joseph Pizzorno ND, LM, William Mitchell ND, and Les Griffith ND, LM. It is named for the late John Bastyr, ND, DC (1912-1995), a pioneering naturopathic physician and... City University is an institution of higher learning based in Bellevue, Washington. ... Cornish College of the Arts is a fully accredited institution in Seattle, Washington that offers the Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in Dance, Theater, Performance Production, Design, and Fine Art, as well as the Bachelor of Music degree. ... DeVry University and DeVry Institute of Technology are divisions of Devry Inc. ... DigiPen Institute of Technology is a college located in Redmond, Washington which has a focus on art, computer science, and computer engineering with emphasis in creating video games. ... Gonzaga University is a private Catholic university located in Spokane, Washington. ... Henry Cogswell College is an institution of higher learning (for the artistically challenged ) located in Everett, Washington that offers bachelors degrees in business administration, computer science, digital arts, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and professional management. ... Heritage College, located in Toppenish, Washington on the Yakama Indian Reservation, offers associates, bachelors, and masters degrees in a number of academic disciplines, including English, business administration, mathematics, computer science, chemistry, biology, social work, and education. ... Northwest University is a Christian institution of higher learning located in Kirkland, Washington. ... The university is located near Tacoma, Washington Pacific Lutheran University is located in the Parkland suburb of Tacoma, Washington. ... St. ... The School of Visual Concepts in Seattle, Washington, offers classes for creative professionals and aspiring creative professionals. ... The Seattle Institute of Oriental Medicine (SIOM) is a post-graduate college located in Seattle, Washingtons Roosevelt neigborhood. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Centennial Fountain, designed by George Tsutakawa. ... Washington Image:Tlc logo. ... The University of Puget Sound (often called UPS or just Puget Sound) is a private liberal arts college located in the North End of Tacoma, Washington, in the United States. ... Walla Walla University, known as Walla Walla College prior to September 2007, is a college offering liberal arts, professional, and technical programs. ... This article is about the college in Washington state. ... Since 1890, Whitworth University has held fast to its founding mission of providing an education of mind and heart through rigorous intellectual inquiry guided by dedicated Christian scholars. ...

Community colleges

Bates Technical College is an accredited, publicly-supported college that is a part of Washington States 34-member community and technical college college system. ... Bellevue Community College (BCC) is a community college located in Bellevue, Washington. ... Big Bend Community College is a college in Moses Lake, Washington. ... Cascadia Community College is a community college located in the city of Bothell, Washington. ... Chime Tower at Clark College, with the Cannell Library behind. ... Clover Park Technical College (CPTC) is located in Lakewood, Washington, 42 miles south of Seattle. ... Columbia Basin College is a two-year community college in Pasco, Washington. ... More than 10,000 students, including international students from 45 countries, enroll every year for credit toward a certificate or degree at Edmonds Community College in Snohomish County, Washington. ... Everett Community College (EvCC) is a 2-year college for some people, and is sometimes called a junior college. ... Grays Harbor College is a community college located in Aberdeen, Washington. ... GRCC logo Green River Community College (GRCC) is a community college located in Auburn, Washington, USA. It has a student body of around 10,000. ... Category: ... Lake Washington Technical College is a community college located in Kirkland, Washington. ... Lower Columbia College is a community college located in Longview, WA. Established in 1934, it serves the area around Cowlitz County. ... Olympic College is a community college with its main campus in Bremerton, Washington, United States. ... Peninsula College is a community college located in Port Angeles, Washington with satellite operation in Forks and Port Townsend. ... For the college of the same name in Los Angeles, California, see Los Angeles Pierce College. ... The Seattle Community College District is a group of community colleges located in Seattle, Washington. ... Shoreline Community College is a community college north of Seattle, Washington, USA, in the city of Shoreline. ... Skagit Valley College is a Washington State Community College. ... South Puget Sound Community College is a community college located in southwest Olympia, Washington, USA. It is located in a residential area east of the large Shoreview Park. ... Spokane Falls Community College is located in Spokane, WA an is part of the Community Colleges of Spokane. ... // Education Established in 1965, Tacoma Community College (TCC) has won national recognition for its outstanding academic Information Technology Building on TCCs main campus programs. ... Wenatchee Valley College (WVC) is a community college located in Washington. ...

Educational Cooperatives

  • Washington School Information Processing Cooperative (WSIPC)

Educational Service Districts

  • ESD 101
  • ESD 105
  • ESD 112
  • ESD 113
  • ESD 114
  • ESD 121
  • ESD 123
  • ESD 171
  • ESD 189

Professional sports

Club Sport League City & Stadium
Seattle Seahawks Football National Football League; NFC Seattle, Qwest Field
Seattle Mariners Baseball Major League Baseball; AL Seattle, Safeco Field
Seattle SuperSonics Basketball National Basketball Association Seattle, KeyArena
Seattle Thunderbirds Ice Hockey Western Hockey League Seattle, KeyArena
Seattle Storm Basketball Women's National Basketball Association Seattle, KeyArena
Seattle Sounders Soccer USL First Division (men's)
W-League (women's)
Seattle, Qwest Field
Bellingham Slam Basketball American Basketball Association Bellingham, Whatcom Community College
Bellevue Blackhawks Basketball American Basketball Association Bellevue, Meydenbauer Center
Everett Silvertips Ice Hockey Western Hockey League Everett, Everett Events Center
Spokane Chiefs Ice Hockey Western Hockey League Spokane, Spokane Arena
Tri-City Americans Ice Hockey Western Hockey League Kennewick, Toyota Center
Tri-City Fever Arena Football af2 Kennewick, Toyota Center
Tri-City Dust Devils Baseball Northwest League; A Pasco, Tri-City Stadium
Tacoma Rainiers Baseball Pacific Coast League; AAA Tacoma, Cheney Stadium
Spokane Indians Baseball Northwest League; A Spokane, Avista Stadium
Everett AquaSox Baseball Northwest League; A Everett, Everett Memorial Stadium
Yakima Bears Baseball Northwest League; A Yakima, Yakima County Stadium
Everett Hawks Arena Football af2 Everett, Everett Events Center
Spokane Shock Arena Football af2 Spokane, Spokane Arena
Yakama Sun Kings Basketball Continental Basketball Association Yakima, Yakima Valley SunDome

Miscellaneous topics

Three ships of the United States Navy, including two battleships, have been named USS Washington in honor of the state. Previous ships had held that name in honor of George Washington. Educational Service Districts (ESD) are unique to Washington State. ... City Seattle, Washington Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz, and Taima the hawk League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1977-2001) AFC West (1977-2001) National Football Conference (1976... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... NFL redirects here. ... National Football Conference logo. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... Qwest Field is a football stadium in Seattle, Washington. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) West Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Seattle Mariners (1977–present) Other nicknames The Ms Ballpark Safeco Field (1999–present) King County Domed Stadium (Kingdome) (1977-1999) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) None... This article is about the sport. ... MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... Safeco Field, sometimes simply referred to as Safeco, is the home of the Seattle Mariners baseball club. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the sport. ... “NBA” redirects here. ... KeyArena at Seattle Center is located north of downtown Seattle, USA on the grounds of Seattle Center (the site of 1962s Century 21 Exposition, a Worlds Fair). ... The Seattle Thunderbirds are an ice hockey team in Seattle, Washington that belongs to the Western Hockey League. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The Western Hockey League is one of the three hockey Major Junior Tier I leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. ... KeyArena at Seattle Center is located north of downtown Seattle, USA on the grounds of Seattle Center (the site of 1962s Century 21 Exposition, a Worlds Fair). ... The Seattle Storm is a Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) team based in Seattle, Washington. ... The Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) is an organization governing a professional basketball league for women in the United States. ... KeyArena at Seattle Center is located north of downtown Seattle, USA on the grounds of Seattle Center (the site of 1962s Century 21 Exposition, a Worlds Fair). ... The Seattle Sounders are a U.S. professional soccer team based in Seattle, Washington. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... The United Soccer Leagues First Division (often referred to as simply, USL-1) is a professional mens soccer league in North America. ... The W-League is the first modern womens soccer league in the United States pyramid. ... Qwest Field is a football stadium in Seattle, Washington. ... The Bellingham SLAM are a 2005 expansion team in the Ron Boone Division of the American Basketball Association. ... The American Basketball Association (ABA) is a mens basketball league founded in 1999. ... The Bellevue Blackhawks is an American Basketball Association (ABA) team based in Bellevue, Washington USA. The team began play in the fall of 2004. ... The American Basketball Association (ABA) is a mens basketball league founded in 1999. ... The Meydenbauer Center is a convention center in Bellevue, Washington. ... The Everett Silvertips are a major junior hockey team in the Western Hockey League that plays in Everett, Washington. ... County Snohomish Government  - Mayor Ray Stephanson Area  - City 123. ... The Everett Events Center is an 8,250-seat multi-purpose arena in Everett, Washington. ... The Spokane Chiefs are a major junior hockey team that plays in the Western Hockey League based out of Spokane, Washington. ... The Spokane Veterans Memorial Arena is a 10,455-seat multi-purpose arena in Spokane, Washington. ... The Tri-City Americans are a major junior hockey team of the Western Hockey League, based in Kennewick, Washington. ... The view from Badger Mountain Centennial Preserve in Richland looking toward south Richland (foreground), Kennewick (upper right) and Pasco (across the Columbia River). ... The Toyota Center is a 5,780-seat multi-purpose arena in Kennewick, Washington. ... The Tri-Cities Fever is a professional arena football team in the National Indoor Football League. ... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... af2 (short for arenafootball2) is the name of the Arena Football Leagues minor league, which started play in 2000. ... The Tri-City Dust Devils are a minor league baseball team in Pasco, Washington, USA. They are a Class A team in the Northwest League and have been a farm team of the Colorado Rockies since 2001. ... The Northwest League is a class A minor league. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... Pasco (IPA: ) is a city located in Franklin County, in the state of Washington, USA. Pasco is the county seat of Franklin CountyGR6. ... Tri-City Stadium is a stadium in Pasco, Washington. ... Class-Level Triple-A Minor League affiliations Pacific Coast League Pacific Conference - Northern Division Major League affiliation Seattle Mariners (1995-Present) Oakland Athletics (1980-1994) New York Yankees (1978-1979) Minnesota Twins (1972-1977) Chicago Cubs (1966-1971) San Francisco Giants (1960-1965) Current uniform Name Tacoma Rainiers (1995-Present... The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a minor league baseball league operating in the West and Midwest of the United States. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... Cheney Stadium, in Tacoma, Washington, is the home field for the Tacoma Rainiers minor-league baseball team of the AAA Pacific Coast League. ... Texas Rangers American League AAA Oklahoma RedHawks AA Frisco RoughRiders A Bakersfield Blaze Clinton LumberKings Spokane Indians R Arizona Rangers The Spokane Indians are a minor league baseball team in Spokane, Washington, USA. They are a Class A team in the Northwest League, and have been a farm team of... The Northwest League is a class A minor league. ... Avista Stadium is a stadium in Spokane, Washington. ... The Everett AquaSox are a minor league baseball team in Everett, Washington, USA. They are a Class A team in the Northwest League, and have been a farm team of the Seattle Mariners since 1995. ... The Northwest League is a class A minor league. ... Everett Memorial Stadium is a stadium in Everett, Washington. ... League Northwest League Division Eastern Year founded 1990 Major League affiliation Arizona Diamondbacks Home ballpark Yakima County Stadium Previous home ballparks Parker Field City Yakima, Washington Current uniform colors black, white, red, blue Previous uniform colors dark blue and gold Logo design Bear wearing a Y ballcap holding a baseball... The Northwest League is a class A minor league. ... Yakima County Stadium is a stadium in Yakima, Washington. ... The Everett Hawks are a professional arena football team. ... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... af2 (short for arenafootball2) is the name of the Arena Football Leagues minor league, which started play in 2000. ... County Snohomish Government  - Mayor Ray Stephanson Area  - City 123. ... The Everett Events Center is an 8,250-seat multi-purpose arena in Everett, Washington. ... The Spokane Shock are a professional arena football team in the af2 (a farm league to the Arena Football League). ... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... af2 (short for arenafootball2) is the name of the Arena Football Leagues minor league, which started play in 2000. ... The Spokane Veterans Memorial Arena is a 10,455-seat multi-purpose arena in Spokane, Washington. ... The Yakama Sun Kings are a Continental Basketball Association franchise located in Yakima, Washington, covering the Central Washington sports market of Yakima, Tri-Cities, and Ellensburg. ... The Continental Basketball Association (CBA) is a professional mens basketball league in the United States. ... The Yakima SunDome is a 6,195 seat multi-purpose arena in Yakima, Washington. ... USN redirects here. ... Ten ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Washington, originally in honor of George Washington, and later (20th century) for the 42nd state. ...

State symbols

For more details on this topic, see List of Washington state symbols.

The State song is "Washington My Home", the State bird is the American Goldfinch, the State fruit is the Apple, and the State vegetable is the Walla Walla Sweet Onion[31] The State dance, adopted in 1979, is the Square Dance. The State Tree is the Western Hemlock. The State Flower is the Coast Rhododendron. The State Fish is the Steelhead Trout. The State Folk Song is "Roll On, Columbia, Roll On" by Woody Guthrie. The State Grass is Bluebunch Wheatgrass. The State Insect is the Green Darner Dragonfly. The State Gem is Petrified Wood. The State Fossil is the Columbian Mammoth. The State Marine Mammal is the Orca Whale.[32] The State Seal (featured in the state flag as well) was inspired by the unfinished portrait by Gilbert Stuart.[33] Official state symbols of the U.S. state of Washington: State motto: Al-ki or Alki (bye and bye) State song: Washington, My Home, adopted 1959 State flower: Coast Rhododendron, adopted 1892 State bird: American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis), adopted 1951 State tree: Western hemlock, adopted 1947 State fish: Steelhead trout... Each state in the United States (except New Jersey) has a state song, selected by the state legislature as a symbol of the state. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Carduelis tristis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Eastern or American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis) is a typical North American seed-eating member of the finch (Fringillidae) family, averaging 11 cm in length. ... This article is about the fruit. ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... Square dance is often used as a general term for modern Western square dance. ... This List of U.S. state trees includes official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia National Grove of State Trees External link USDA list of state trees and flowers Categories: U.S. state insignia | Lists of plants | Trees ... Binomial name Tsuga heterophylla (Raf. ... ca ca hi hi ... Subgenera Azaleastrum Candidastrum Hymenanthes Mumeazalea Pentanthera (Azaleas) Rhododendron Therorhodion Tsutsusi (Azaleas) Vireya Source: RBG, Edinburgh Rhododendron po(from the Greek: rhodos, rose, and dendron, tree) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. ... This is a list of official U.S. state fish: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: U.S. state insignia ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792 The Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), also called steelhead trout, is a single species of trout native to the Pacific Ocean and in North American rivers and lakes west of the Rocky Mountains. ... Woodrow Wilson Guthrie (July 14, 1912–October 3, 1967) was a prolific American songwriter and folk musician. ... This is a list of U.S. state insects: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: U.S. state insignia ... This article is about the insect. ... It has been suggested that List of U.S. state dinosaurs be merged into this article or section. ... Binomial name Mammuthus columbi The Columbian Mammoth (Mammuthus columbi) is an extinct species of elephant that inhabited North America between 100,000 and 9,000 years ago. ... A state mammal is the official or representative animal of a U.S. state. ... See also Flags of the U.S. states Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: U.S. state insignia | U.S. state seals ... Self portrait, 1778 Gilbert Charles Stuart (né Stewart) (December 3, 1755 - July 9, 1828) was an American painter. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www1.leg.wa.gov/Legislature/StateSymbols/
  2. ^ a b c Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 9, 2006.
  3. ^ Washington State Constitution, Arcticle XXIV Boundaries
  4. ^ Kruckeberg, Arthur R. (1991). The Natural History of Puget Sound Country. University of Washington Press, 42-43. ISBN 0-295-97477-X. 
  5. ^ Kruckeberg, Arthur R. (1991). The Natural History of Puget Sound Country. University of Washington Press, 42-46. ISBN 0-295-97477-X. 
  6. ^ Articles on George Washington Bush. City of Tumwater, WA. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  7. ^ Population and Population Centers by State: 2001. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  8. ^ Table 4: Cumulative Estimates of the Components of Population Change for the United States, Regions and States: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2006-12-22.
  9. ^ Population in Metropolitan Statistical Areas Ranked by 2000 Census (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2006-12-17.
  10. ^ Immigration Impact: Washington. Federation for American Immigration Reform (2007). Retrieved on 2007-10-07.
  11. ^ American Religious Identification Survey 2001. The Graduate Center of the City University of New York. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  12. ^ Religion and Public Life in the Pacific Northwest: The None Zone
  13. ^ Gross Domestic Product by State, 2005. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  14. ^ Top 20 Most Admired Companies. Fortune Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  15. ^ Washington’s Tax System is the Most Regressive in the Nation. Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  16. ^ Collection of Retail Sales Tax. Washington State Department of Revenue. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.
  17. ^ http://dor.wa.gov/content/home/TaxTopics/FederalDeductionLSTaxTable.aspx
  18. ^ Washington State Liquor Control Board. Washington State Liquor Control Board. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  19. ^ Paul McDougall. "Bill Gates Passed By Mexican Telecom Tycoon As World's Richest Man", Information Week, 2007-07-05. Retrieved on 2007-07-05. 
  20. ^ [1] Seattle Times September 22, 2006 "No news here ... Gates still richest"
  21. ^ http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/ferries/pdf/WSFLargest.pdf
  22. ^ King County International Airport/Boeing Field
  23. ^ November 1994 General
  24. ^ November 1996 General
  25. ^ November 1998 General
  26. ^ 2004 Washington State Initial Gubernatorial Election results
  27. ^ November 5, 2004 Rules for Mandatory Recount
  28. ^ 2004 Washington State Gubernatorial Election 1st Recount Results
  29. ^ 2004 Washington State Gubernatorial Election 2nd Recount Results
  30. ^ Roberts, Gregory, Judge upholds Gregoire's election; Rossi won't appeal Seattle Post Intelligencer, June 6, 2005.
  31. ^ Senate passes measure designating Walla Walla onion state veggie. Komo 4 Television. April 5, 2007. Retrieved on April 5, 2007.
  32. ^ State Symbols. Washington State Legislature. Retrieved on April 5, 2007
  33. ^ History of the State Seal. Washington Secretary of State. Retrieved on April 5, 2007

External links

Find more information on Washington by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Quotations from Wikiquote
Source texts from Wikisource
Images and media from Commons
News stories from Wikinews
Learning resources from Wikiversity


is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

Coordinates: 47.5° N 120.5° W Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Largest metro area Little Rock Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[2] Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St Louis[1] Area  Ranked 21st  - Total 69,709 sq mi (180,693 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 300 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26N to 49°N  - Longitude 104°2W to 116°2W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,350 sq mi (24,217 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 4. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Greater Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Largest metro area Oklahoma City metro area Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,898 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to 92° 53′ W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Federal districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... Motto Samoa, Muamua Le Atua(Samoan) Samoa, Let God Be First Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner, Amerika Samoa Capital Pago Pago; Fagatogo (seat of government) Official languages English, Samoan Government  -  Governor Togiola Tulafono United States unincorporated territory  -  Treaty of Berlin 1899   -  Deed of Cession of Tutuila 1900   -  Deed of Cession... Anthem Gi Talo Gi Halom Tase(Chamorro) Satil Matawal Pacifico(Carolinian) Capital Saipan Official languages English, Chamorro, Carolinian Government Presidential representative democracy  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor Benigno R. Fitial  -  Lt. ... For the board game, see Puerto Rico (board game). ... Motto United in Pride and Hope Anthem Virgin Islands March Capital (and largest city) Charlotte Amalie Official languages English Government  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor John de Jongh Organized, unincorporated territory  -  Revised Organic Act 22 July 1954  Area  -  Total 346. ... The flag of the United States is used for all of the United States Minor Outlying Islands The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1, consists of nine insular United States possessions: All of these islands are in the Pacific Ocean except Navassa Island... Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°13′N 176°31′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Howland Island Howland Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°48′N 176°38′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Jarvis Island (formerly also known as Bunker Island[1]) is an uninhabited 4. ... Johnston Atoll is a 130 km² atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at 16°45′N 169°30′W, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands. ... The flag of the US is used for Kingman Reef Kingman Reef Kingman Reef—NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kingman Reef is a one-square-kilometer tropical coral reef located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly half way between Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at 6°24... Orthographic projection centred over Midway. ... Navassa Island map from The World Factbook Navassa Island - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Navassa Island (La Navase in French, Lanavaz in Haitian Kreyòl) is a small, uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea. ... Palmyra Atoll - Landsat Image N-03-05_2000 (1:50,000) Palmyra Atoll - Marplot Map (1:50,000) Orthographic projection over Palmyra Atoll Palmyra Atoll, is an incorporated atoll administered by the United States government. ... USGS Landsat 7 ETM+ satellite image of Wake Island. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



  Results from FactBites:
 
Biography of George Washington (627 words)
On April 30, 1789, George Washington, standing on the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York, took his oath of office as the first President of the United States.
When the French Revolution led to a major war between France and England, Washington refused to accept entirely the recommendations of either his Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, who was pro-French, or his Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, who was pro-British.
Washington enjoyed less than three years of retirement at Mount Vernon, for he died of a throat infection December 14, 1799.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Washington, D.C. (1926 words)
The population, according to census of 1910, was 331,069, and was classified as wholly urban: the county organization (Washington County, D.C.) was abolished in 1874, and the city of Washington is now coextensive with the District of Columbia.
The first local authorities of Washington were the president, three commissioners appointed by him, and the Levy Court; the city was incorporated in 1802, with a city council elected by the people, and a mayor appointed by the president.
In 1817 the charters of the corporations of Washington and Georgetown were abolished by Act of Congress; for a brief time the District was assimilated to a territorial form of government, with a board of public works as the most important administrative factor.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m