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Encyclopedia > Warwick
Warwick

Coordinates: 52.28° N 1.59° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Population 25,434
OS grid reference SP2865
Parish Warwick
District Warwick
Shire county Warwickshire
Region West Midlands
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WARWICK
Postcode district CV34 CV35
Dial code 01926
Police Warwickshire
Fire Warwickshire
Ambulance West Midlands
UK Parliament Warwick and Leamington
European Parliament West Midlands
List of places: UKEnglandWarwickshire

Warwick (pronounced /ˈwɒɹɪk/ or War-ick (silent w in middle)) is the historic county town of Warwickshire in England and has a population of 25,434 (2001 census). The town lies upon the River Avon and is located 18 km (11 miles) south of Coventry and 4 km (2.5 miles) west of Leamington Spa. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 11 KB) Summary Description: A blank map of the United Kingdom, with country outline and coastline; contact the author for help with modifications or add-ons Source: Reference map provided by Demis Mapper 6 Date: 2006-21-06 Author: User... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Warwick is a local government district of central Warwickshire in England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... A detailed map Stratford-upon-Avon Kenilworth Castle Warwickshire (pronounced //, //, or //) is a landlocked non-metropolitan county in central England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The West Midlands is a geographical term describing the western half of central England, known as the Midlands. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The CV postcode area, also known as the Coventry postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Atherstone, Bedworth, Coventry, Kenilworth, Leamington Spa, Nuneaton, Rugby, Shipston-on-Stour, Southam, Stratford-upon-Avon and Warwick in England. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Warwickshire Police is the police force which polices Warwickshire in England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Warwickshire Fire and Rescue Service is the statutary fire and rescue service covering Warwickshire in the West Midlands region of England. ... Crest of NHS ambulance services in England Crest of the Scottish Ambulance Service In the UK, the majority of ambulance services are provided under the National Health Service through local ambulance trusts. Each trust is specific to a county or area, and so the country is divided across a number... The West Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Herefordshire, Shropshire, Telford and Wrekin, Warwickshire, West Midlands, and Worcestershire in the West Midlands region. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Warwick and Leamington is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... West Midlands is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the ceremonial county of Warwickshire, England. ... This chart shows concisely the most common way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is applied to represent the English language. ... A detailed map Stratford-upon-Avon Kenilworth Castle Warwickshire (pronounced //, //, or //) is a landlocked non-metropolitan county in central England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... The River Avon or Avon is a river in or adjoining the counties of Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire and Gloucestershire in the midlands of England. ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre. ... Leamington Spa, properly Royal Leamington Spa but commonly just Leamington, (pronounced Lemmington — IPA: ) is a spa town in central Warwickshire, in England. ...

Contents

Overview

Warwick has many specialist independent shops, restaurants, pubs and accommodation. It is spared the blight of multinational businesses and retains a wonderful individual charm, now sadly lacking in so many other towns and cities. There are internationally renowned annual festivals ranging from the Spoken Word to Classical and Contemporary Music to a Folk Festival and the World Famous Victorian Evening, held in late November or early December. Warwick Chamber of Trade helps to promote the town for visitors, residents and businesses.


The town is also famous for Warwick Castle, the construction of which began in 1068, which attracts huge numbers of tourists from around the world. The town centre is also known for its historic architecture, and contains a mixture of Tudor and 17th-century buildings. The east front of Warwick Castle as painted by Canaletto in 1752. ... The Tudor style, a term applied to the Perpendicular style, was originally that of the English architecture and decorative arts produced under the Tudor dynasty that ruled England from 1485 to 1603, characterized as an amalgam of Late Gothic style formalized by more concern for regularity and symmetry, with round... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


Warwick School is an independent school for boys which claims to be the third-oldest surviving school in England. The actual date of its founding is unknown, although 914 has been quoted in some cases. For some years the school honoured the fact that King Edward the Confessor (c.1004–1066) chartered it, although there is no direct evidence for this, and King Henry VIII re-founded the school in 1545. Whatever the truth of the matter, there is no doubt that there has been a grammar school in the town of Warwick since before the Norman Conquest, and its successor, the present school, has been on its current site south of the River Avon since 1879. Warwick School is part of the Warwick Schools Foundation along with The King's High School For Girls and Warwick Preparatory School. Other secondary schools in Warwick include Myton School and Aylesford school, both state run co-ed. The Myton Road frontage of Warwick School, dating from 1879 Warwick School is an independent school for boys in Warwick, England, and is reputed to be the third-oldest surviving school in the country after Kings School, Canterbury and St. ... An independent school is a school which is not dependent upon national or local government for financing its operation and is instead operated by tuition charges, gifts, and perhaps the investment yield of an endowment. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Henry VIII King of England and Ireland by Hans Holbein the Younger His Grace King Henry VIII (28 June 1491–28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Events February 27 - Battle of Ancrum Moor - Scots victory over superior English forces December 13 - Official opening of the Council of Trent (closed 1563) Battle of Kawagoe - between two branches of Uesugi families and the late Hojo clan in Japan. ... Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ... The River Avon or Avon is a river in or adjoining the counties of Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire and Gloucestershire in the midlands of England. ... The Myton Road frontage of Warwick School, dating from 1879 Warwick School is an independent school for boys in Warwick, England, and is reputed to be the third-oldest surviving school in the country after Kings School, Canterbury and St. ... Myton School is a secondary school located on Myton Road in the town of Warwick in Warwickshire. ... The Aylesford Badge Aylesford School and Language College is a secondary school in Warwick, England, located on Shelley Avenue. ...


The University of Warwick, one of the leading universities in the UK, is somewhat confusingly named after the 'county' of Warwickshire, rather than the town, and is in fact situated several miles north on the southern outskirts of Coventry. The University of Warwick coat of arms The University of Warwick in Coventry is one of the leading universities in the United Kingdom. ... A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre. ...


Warwick is also known for Warwick Racecourse, near the west gate of the medieval town which hosts several televised meets a year. Within the racecourse is a small golfcourse. Warwick Racecourse is a horse racing course in Warwick, England. ...


Warwick is twinned with Saumur in France and Verden in Germany. Warwick was twinned with Saumur in 1976. Verden, already the twin town of Saumur, became Warwick's German partner in 1989. Havelberg, in former East Germany was adopted by Verden on re-unification, and was welcomed as a friendship town by Warwick and Saumur.


History

Lord Leycester hospital by the west gate, Warwick

According to tradition, Warwick was founded on the banks of the River Avon in the year 914 AD, when Ethelfleda, sister of Mercian king Edward the Elder built defences against Danish (Viking) invaders; these were to be the basis of Warwick Castle. The name 'Warwick' means "dwellings by the weir". Download high resolution version (1296x972, 263 KB)Lord Leycester Hospital, Warwick Author: User:Velela. ... Download high resolution version (1296x972, 263 KB)Lord Leycester Hospital, Warwick Author: User:Velela. ... The Lord Leycester hospital, viewed from the east. ... Events Town of Warwick, England founded on the River Avon Vikings conquer much of Ireland Byzantine Empire battles with Bulgaria over city of Adrianople, which changes hands several times Reconstruction of Nanjing after a long dissertation; it marked the beginning of contemporary Nanjing City. ... Ethelfleda (alternative spelling Aethelfled, Æthelfleda or Æthelflæd) (872/879?-918) was the eldest daughter of King Alfred the Great of Wessex and his wife Ealhswith. ... The Kingdom of Mercia at its greatest extent (7th to 9th centuries) is shown in green, with the original core area (6th century) given a darker tint. ... Edward the Elder or Eadweard I (c. ... The east front of Warwick Castle as painted by Canaletto in 1752. ... The bridge and weir mechanism at Sturminster Newton on the River Stour, Dorset. ...


In 1016 the Danes invaded Mercia and burned down much of Warwick, including the nunnery (which stood on the site of the present day St Nicholas Church). George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine-Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... This article is about an abbey as a religious building. ...

Mill Street in Warwick

Its fortifications led Warwick to become an important administrative centre within the Mercian kingdom. In the early 11th century Anglo-Saxon England was divided into administrative areas known as shires, and the shire administered from Warwick became known as Warwickshire. By the time of Domesday Book, Warwick was a royal borough. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A detailed map Stratford-upon-Avon Kenilworth Castle Warwickshire (pronounced //, //, or //) is a landlocked non-metropolitan county in central England. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ...


In medieval times, Warwick remained under the control of various Earls of Warwick, mostly of the Beauchamp family, and became a walled town. Today the only remains of the town walls are the east and west gatehouses. The Eastern gatehouse now serves as part of the King's High School, a sister institution to Warwick School. Warwick was not incorporated as a town until 1545. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... The Earl of Warwick is one of the oldest English earldoms. ... Events February 27 - Battle of Ancrum Moor - Scots victory over superior English forces December 13 - Official opening of the Council of Trent (closed 1563) Battle of Kawagoe - between two branches of Uesugi families and the late Hojo clan in Japan. ...

The Eastgate, Warwick
The Eastgate, Warwick

During the English Civil War the town and castle were garrisoned for Parliament, Sir Edward Peyto withstanding a two week siege by the Royalists. Later musters from 1644 to 1646 record a garrison of up to 350 men under the command of Colonel Purefoy and Major John Bridges. (SP 28/121A-123) In 1694 a great fire destroyed much of the town, and as a result most of the buildings in the town centre are of 17th and 18th century origin, although a number of older medieval buildings survive, especially around the edges of the town centre. Download high resolution version (500x605, 94 KB)The east gatehouse in Warwick, along with the west gatehouse this is the only remaining fragment of the former medieval town walls. ... Download high resolution version (500x605, 94 KB)The east gatehouse in Warwick, along with the west gatehouse this is the only remaining fragment of the former medieval town walls. ... The English Civil War consisted of a series of armed conflicts and political machinations that took place between Parliamentarians (known as Roundheads) and Royalists (known as Cavaliers) between 1642 and 1651. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ...


The fire burnt down much of the medieval church of St Mary; both the chancel and the Beauchamp Chapel, however, survived, the latter having been built between 1443 and 1464 according to the wishes of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick (who had died in Rouen in 1439). A full size reclining copper gilt effigy of the Earl lies upon his Purbeck marble tomb - a fine piece of medieval metalwork cast in 1459. The Collegiate Church of St Mary is the parish church of the town of Warwick, England. ...


Transport

Warwick is near the M40 motorway and the A46 trunk road. The town also has good rail links, with direct services to London, Birmingham and Stratford-upon-Avon provided by Chiltern Railways from Warwick Station in the town and also from Warwick Parkway, a new out-of-town station opened in 2000 a few miles from the town. In addition, a few peak-hour trains to and from Birmingham are operated by Central Trains. The Grand Union Canal and the River Avon also pass through the town. The M40 in Warwickshire The M40 motorway is the second motorway in the British transport network to connect London to Birmingham. ... The A46 is a trunk road in England. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Birmingham (pron. ... Stratford-upon-Avon Stratford-upon-Avon is a town in Warwickshire, England. ... Chiltern Railways is a train operating company in England. ... This article is about the railway station in Warwickshire, England. ... Warwick Parkway railway station serves the outer area of Warwick in Warwickshire, England. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The canal at Braunston The Grand Union Canal is a canal in England and part of the British canal system. ... The River Avon or Avon is a river in or adjoining the counties of Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire and Gloucestershire in the midlands of England. ...


Administration

Population growth has led to Warwick becoming joined to its larger neighbouring town Leamington Spa with which it forms a small conurbation. Both towns are now administered as part of the Warwick District, which has its headquarters in Leamington, although each retains a separate town council. Warwickshire County Council remains based in Warwick itself. Leamington Spa, properly Royal Leamington Spa but commonly just Leamington, (pronounced Lemmington — IPA: ) is a spa town in central Warwickshire, in England. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... Warwick is a local government district of central Warwickshire in England. ... In the United Kingdom, town councils are civil parish councils, where the civil parish is a town. ...


Associations

J. R. R. Tolkien seems to have been very influenced by Warwick (where he was married) and by its Mercian connections: Lynn Forest-Hill, in an article in the Times Literary Supplement (TLS 8 July 2005 pp 12-13) argues cogently that two important settlements in Tolkien's work were modelled on Warwick — Edoras closely on the early town, and Minas Tirith more remotely on the Norman; and that aspects of the plot of the The Lord of the Rings are paralleled in the romance known as Guy of Warwick. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien CBE (January 3, 1892 – September 2, 1973) was an English philologist, writer and university professor who is best known as the author of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. ... The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS) is a weekly literary review published in London by News International, a subsidiary of News Corporation. ... Edoras is the grand mountain top capital city of Rohan. ... Minas Tirith (IPA: ), originally named Minas Anor, is a fictional fortified city in J. R. R. Tolkiens Middle-earth writings, which was the capital of Gondor in the second half of the Third Age. ... The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel written by the English academic J. R. R. Tolkien. ... Guy of Warwick is a legendary English romantic hero popular in England and France from the 13th to the 17th century. ...


Warwick and its historic buildings have featured in a number of television series, including the BBC's drama series Dangerfield, the period dramas Pride and Prejudice and Tom Jones and Granada Television's Moll Flanders. Parts of the town subbed for Elizabethan London in the third-series episode two (The Shakespeare Code) of Doctor Who which ran 7 April 2007. The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion... Dangerfield is a surname and may refer to: Stuart Dangerfield, (1971) a racing cyclist Rodney Dangerfield, (1921 - 2004) a famous comedian George Dangerfield, (1904 – 1986) a journalist Thomas Dangerfield, (1650 - 1685) a 1685 English conspirator Fyfe Dangerfield, of the band mentioned below Dangerfield also refers or referred to: Dangerfield (TV... Pride and Prejudice, see Pride and Prejudice (film). ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders is a 1722 novel by Daniel Defoe. ... The Shakespeare Code is an episode of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... Doctor Who is a long-running British science fiction television programme (and 1996 television movie) produced by the BBC about the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor, who explores time and space with his companions, solving problems and righting wrongs. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...


Warwick has many long established sports clubs including Warwick Hockey Club which was founded in 1920 and Racing Club Warwick F.C. founded a year earlier. Racing Club Warwick Football Club is a football club based in Warwick, Warwickshire, England. ...


Some Warwick lineage still exists in the USA, including Warwicks in Vermont and Georgia[citation needed].


Suburbs

Suburbs of Warwick include Forbes, Emscote, Woodloes Park, The Cape, Packmores, Bridge End and Myton (connecting Leamington Spa and Warwick). This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Landmarks

The east front of Warwick Castle as painted by Canaletto in 1752. ... The Lord Leycester hospital, viewed from the east. ... The Lord Leycester hotel (often known simply as the Lord Leycester) is a hotel in Warwick, United Kingdom, that is located on Jury Street, 400m from Warwick Castle and 800m from Warwick Racecourse. ... The Collegiate Church of St Mary is the parish church of the town of Warwick, England. ...

Town twinning

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Warwick is a city in Kent County, Rhode Island, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Saumur is a small city and commune in the Maine-et-Loire département of France on the Loire River, with an approximate population of 30,000 (in 2001). ... Capital Nantes Land area¹ 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Verden is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Warwick is a village in Orange County, New York, United States. ... NY redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Warwick is a city and Local Government Area of Queensland, Australia lying 130km south-west of Brisbane. ...

External links


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Warwick (pronounced /ˈwɒɹɪk/) is the historic county town of Warwickshire in England and has a population of 25,434 (2001 census).
Warwick is also known for Warwick Racecourse, near the west gate of the medieval town which hosts several televised meets a year.
Warwick is near the M40 motorway and the A46 trunk road.
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