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Encyclopedia > Warthog
Warthog

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Genus: Phacochoerus
Species: P. africanus
Binomial name
Phacochoerus africanus
(Pallas, 1766)
This article is about the animal. See A-10 Thunderbolt II for the aircraft commonly nicknamed "Warthog".

The Warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) ("African Lens-Pig") is a wild member of the pig family that lives in Africa. The common name comes from the four large wart-like tusks found on the head of the warthog, which serve the purpose of defense when males fight. They are the only widely recognised species in their genus, though some authors divide them into two species. On that classification, P. africanus is the Common (or Northern) Warthog and P. aethiopicus is the Desert Warthog, also known as the Cape Warthog or Somali Warthog. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn2. ... Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to extant species or lower taxa which have been evaluated but do not qualify for any other category. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in female mammary glands and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Genera Babirusas, Babyrousa Giant forest hogs, Hylochoerus Warthogs, Phacochoerus Bush pigs, Potamochoerus Pigs, Sus Suidae is the biological family to which pigs and their relatives belong. ... Phacochoerus is a genus of even-toed ungulate in the Suidae family. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Peter Simon Pallas (September 22, 1741 - September 8, 1811) was a German-born Russian zoologist. ... The Fairchild-Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single-seat, twin-engine jet aircraft designed to provide air interdiction and close air support (CAS) of ground forces by attacking tanks, armored vehicles, and other ground targets. ... Genera Babirusas, Babyrousa Giant forest hogs, Hylochoerus Warthogs, Phacochoerus Bush pigs, Potamochoerus Pigs, Sus Suidae is the biological family to which pigs and their relatives belong. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... This article or section is missing needed references or citation of sources. ...

Contents

Description

Warthogs range in size from 0.9 to 1.5 metres (2.9-4.9 feet) in length and 50 to 150 kg (110-330 pounds) in weight. A warthog is identifiable by the two pairs of tusks protruding from the mouth, which are used as weapons against predators. The upper canine teeth can grow to 9 inches (23 cm), and are of a squashed circle shape in cross section, almost rectangular, being about 1¾ in (4.5 cm) deep and 1 in (2.5 cm) wide. The tusk will curve 90 degrees or more from the root,[citation needed] and the tusk will not lie flat on a table, as it curves somewhat backwards as it grows. The tusks are used for digging, for combat with other hogs and in defence against predators -- the lower set can inflict severe wounds. Pacific Walrus at Cape Peirce A tusk is an extremely long tooth of certain mammals that protrudes when the mouth is closed. ... In mammalian oral anatomy, the canine teeth, also called cuspids, dogteeth, fangs, or (in the case of those of the upper jaw) eye teeth, are relatively long, pointed teeth. ... A 3-D view of a beverage-can stove with a cross section in yellow. ...


Warthog ivory is taken from the constantly growing canine teeth. Each warthog has a pair of teeth in each jaw with the lower teeth being far shorter than the upper teeth. Both pairs grow upwards, with the upper teeth being by far the more spectacular in appearance. The lower pair, however, are the more dangerous: the teeth are straight, sharpley pointed, and keep a keen edge by the upper pair rubbing against the lower pair. The tusks, more often the upper set, are worked much in the way of elephant tusks with all designs scaled down. Tusks are carved predominantly for the tourist trade in East and Southern Africa.[citation needed] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


Sociality

A warthog relaxing during a hot day at San Diego Zoo, California, USA
A warthog relaxing during a hot day at San Diego Zoo, California, USA

A grouping of warthogs is called a sounder. Common warthog sounders are usually composed of 3 to 10 animals, although groups as large as 30 have been anecdotally reported.[citation needed] The "core" of the sounder is usually a sow with offspring. A sounder can be composed of multiple males and their respective offspring, and females tend to stay with the family group for several breeding seasons. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixel, file size: 8. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixel, file size: 8. ... An anecdote is a short tale narrating an interesting or amusing biographical incident. ...


Conversely, males tend to live alone or in small groups with individuals that transition in and out of the group, but the males tend to stay within their natal range. Mature males only join female groups when sows are in heat. Males are not territorial, but will fight among themselves for mating opportunities during breeding season, sometimes inflicting significant and serious wounds with tusks. The estrous cycle (also oestrous cycle; originally derived from Latin oestrus) comprises the recurring physiologic changes that are induced by reproductive hormones in most mammalian placental females. ...


Ecology

Warthog digging
Warthog digging

Although warthogs are commonly seen in (and associated with) open grasslands, they will seek shelter and forage in denser vegetation. In fact, warthogs prefer to forage in dense, moist areas when available.[citation needed] The common warthog diet is omnivorous, composed of grasses, roots, berries and other fruits, bark, fungi, eggs, dead animals, and even small mammals, reptiles and birds. The diet is seasonably variable, depending on availability of different food items. Areas with many bulbs, rhizomes and nutritious roots can support large numbers of warthogs. Warthogs are powerful diggers, using both heads and feet. When feeding, they often bend the front legs backwards and move around staying on the knees.[citation needed] Although they can dig their own burrows, they commonly occupy abandoned aardvark burrows. The warthog commonly enters burrows "back-end first", with the head always facing the opening and ready to burst out as needed. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 2. ... In botany, a rhizome is a horizontal, usually underground stem of a plant that often sends out roots and shoots from its nodes. ... Binomial name (Pallas, 1766) Aardvark range map The Aardvark (Orycteropus afer) (Digging foot), sometimes called antbear[1] is a medium-sized mammal native to Africa. ...


Warthogs are fast runners and quite capable jumpers. They will often run with their tails in the air. Despite poor eyesight, warthogs have a good sense of smell, which they use for locating food, detecting predators and recognizing other animals.


Although capable of fighting, and males will aggressively fight each other during mating season, a primary defense is to flee by means of fast sprinting. The main warthog predators are humans, lions, leopards and hyenas. Cheetahs are also capable of catching small warthogs. Binomial name Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) The Lion (Panthera leo) is a mammal of the family Felidae. ... This page is about the animal. ... Genera Crocuta Hyaena Parahyaena Proteles Hyenas (or Hyaenas) are moderately large terrestrial carnivores native to Africa and Asia, and members of the family Hyaenidae. ... Binomial name Acinonyx jubatus (Schreber, 1775) The Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is an atypical member of the cat family (Felidae) that hunts by speed rather than by stealth or pack tactics. ...


Longevity

Wild warthogs can live up to 15 years, and captive warthogs may live as long as 18 years.[citation needed] The typical gestation period is 5 or 6 months and the litter size is 2 to 8 piglets, although 2 to 4 is more typical.[citation needed] Piglets are weaned at 3 or 4 months of age, reaching sexual maturity at 18 to 24 months. Females may give birth twice per year. Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside a female viviparous animal. ... A litter of pigs A litter is a group of newly born, young animals from the same mother and usually from one set of parents. ...


References in pop culture

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Phacochoerus aethiopicus
  • Fictional warthog characters are common in popular culture worldwide, including Pumbaa from The Lion King, Reynold from Jungle Jam and Friends: The Radio Show!, Bebop from Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Herbert from 64 Zoo Lane, Wally in Rampage: Total Destruction, Crabs the warthog doll from Cow and Chicken, the crime-fighting Wonder Wart-Hog, and Ms. Mucus from Camp Lazlo.
  • The Winston-Salem entry in the Carolina League is named the "Warthogs", inspired in the early 1990s by the arrival of warthogs at the North Carolina Zoo. Warthogs are typically considered ugly-looking, and at least one North Carolina newspaper announced their arrival with the ironic headline, "Warthogs to grace state zoo."
  • The presumed ugliness of warthogs is the basis for other references, such as the Foxtrot comic strip from May 7, 2005 Image:Foxtrot wikipedia.jpg and in other cartoons such as The Far Side.
  • The long-lasting Finnish humor magazine Pahkasika ("Warthog" in Finnish).
  • An A-10 Thunderbolt II and a vehicle in the Halo video game series are both named "Warthog"

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Lion King is the 32nd film in the Disney animated feature canon, and it also was the highest-grossing traditionally animated feature film ever released in the United States. ... This article is about Disneys 1994 film. ... Bebop in the TMNT cartoon Rocksteady in the 1987 TMNT cartoon Rocksteady and Bebop in their human forms Bebop and Rocksteady are fictional characters in the 1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon series and the Archie TMNT Adventures comics. ... On December 10, 1987, the first episode of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon, by Murakami-Wolf-Swenson Film Productions Inc. ... 64 Zoo Lane is a childrens television programme created by An Vrombaut. ... Cow and Chicken is an American animated television series, created by David Feiss, first broadcast on the Cartoon Network from 1997 to the year 2000. ... Wonder Wart-Hog (the Hog of Steel) is an underground comic book character created by Gilbert Shelton. ... Camp Lazlo is an Emmy nominated, American animated television series created by Joe Murray, produced by Cartoon Network Studios and currently airs on Cartoon Network. ... League Carolina League Division Southern Division Year founded 1945 Major League affiliation Chicago White Sox Home ballpark Ernie Shore Field Previous home ballparks South Side Park City Winston-Salem, North Carolina Current uniform colors black, red, green Previous uniform colors Logo design A capital W in red outlined in black... The Carolina League is a minor league baseball affiliation which operates in the South Atlantic region of the United States. ... Elephants in the 37 acre (150,000 m²) African plains exhibit exemplify the zoos natural habitat philosophy North Carolina Zoological Park (aka North Carolina Zoo) is located in Asheboro, the geographic center of the state, which is about 75 miles (120 km) west of Raleigh. ... Image File history File links This is supposed to be funny. ... This article is about the comic strip. ... Pahkasika (Finnish for warthog) was a Finnish adult humour magazine, edited by Markku Paretskoi and published from 1975 to 2000. ... The Fairchild-Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single-seat, twin-engine jet aircraft designed to provide air interdiction and close air support (CAS) of ground forces by attacking tanks, armored vehicles, and other ground targets. ... Halo 2 Promo Screen The Halo series is a series of first-person shooter video games developed by Bungie Studios and published by Microsoft. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
informatie warthog (663 words)
The warthog's large tusks are unusual: The two upper ones emerge from the sides of the snout to form a semicircle; the lower tusks at the base of the uppers are worn to a sharp cutting edge.
The warthog is mainly a grazer and has adapted an interesting practice of kneeling on its calloused, hairy, padded knees to eat short grass.
Warthogs protect themselves from predators by fleeing or sliding backwards into a hole, thus being in a position to use their formidable tusks in an attack.
the Living Africa: wildlife - other herbivores - warthog (449 words)
The warthog is generally found in the savanna and has adapted well to living in that climate.
The warthog relies on burrows to escape from predators and prefers a burrow to thick forests or dense cover.
Not only do warthogs dig for their food, they also graze during the rainy season when the grass is green and then feed on tubers, bulbs and rhizomes of grasses during the dry season.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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