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Encyclopedia > Wart
Warts
Classification & external resources
Warts on the big toe
ICD-10 B07.
ICD-9 078.1
DiseasesDB 28410
MedlinePlus 000885
eMedicine emerg/641 
MeSH D014860

A wart is generally a small, rough tumor, typically on hands and feet, that can resemble a cauliflower or a solid blister. Warts are common, and are caused by a viral infection, specifically by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and are contagious when in contact with the skin of another. It is also possible to get warts from using towels or other objects. They typically disappear after a few months but can last for years and can recur. A few papilloma viruses are known to cause cervical cancer. Wart ) is a fictional character most commonly recognized from the Western version of the video game Super Mario Bros. ... The largest parotoid gland can be seen just behind the ear of this Cane Toad, although all warts on the toad are also parotoid glands. ... Image File history File links Dornwarzen. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) is a coding of diseases and signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or diseases, as classified by the World Health Organization (WHO). ... // A00-A79 - Bacterial infections, and other intestinal infectious diseases, and STDs (A00-A09) Intestinal infectious diseases (A00) Cholera (A01) Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers (A010) Typhoid fever (A02) Other Salmonella infections (A03) Shigellosis (A04) Other bacterial intestinal infections (A040) Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli infection (A045) Campylobacter enteritis (A046) Enteritis due to Yersinia... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... The Disease Bold textDatabase is a free website that provides information about the relationships between medical conditions, symptoms, and medications. ... MedlinePlus (medlineplus. ... eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... For malignant tumors specifically, see cancer. ... Cauliflower within Brassica oleracea, in the family Brassicaceae. ... For the packaging type, see Blister pack. ... A common alternate meaning of virus is computer virus. ... HPV redirects here. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ...

Contents

Types of wart

A filiform wart on the eyelid.
A filiform wart on the eyelid.

A range of different types of wart has been identified, varying in shape and site affected, as well as the type of human papillomavirus involved.[1] These include:

  • common wart (Verruca vulgaris): a raised wart with roughened surface, most common on hands and knees
  • flat wart (Verruca plana): a small, smooth flattened wart, tan or flesh coloured, which can occur in large numbers; most common on the face, neck, hands, wrists and knees
  • filiform or digitate wart: a thread- or finger-like wart, most common on the face, especially near the eyelids and lips
  • plantar wart (verruca, Verruca pedis): a hard sometimes painful lump, often with multiple black specks in the center; usually only found on pressure points on the soles of the feet
  • mosaic wart: a group of tightly clustered plantar-type warts, commonly on the hands or soles of the feet
  • genital wart (venereal wart, Condyloma acuminatum, Verruca acuminata):

Verruca plana, also know as a flat wart, is a reddish brown or flesh-colored, slightly raised, flat-surfaced, well-demarcated papule of 2- to 5mm in diameter. ... Verruca plana, also know as a flat wart, is a reddish brown or flesh-colored, slightly raised, flat-surfaced, well-demarcated papule of 2- to 5mm in diameter. ... A plantar wart (verruca plantaris, VP; also commonly called a verruca) is a wart caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). ... Genital warts (or Condyloma, Condylomata acuminata, or venereal warts) is a highly contagious sexually transmitted infection caused by some sub-types of human papillomavirus (HPV). ...

Treatment

Prescription

Two viral warts on a middle finger, being treated with a mixture of acids (like salicylic acid) to remove them. A white precipitation forms on the area where the product was applied.

Treatments that may be prescribed by a medical professional include: Image File history File links Wart_ASA_animated. ... Image File history File links Wart_ASA_animated. ...

  • Keratolysis, removal of dead surface skin cells usually using salicylic acid, blistering agents, immune system modifiers ("immunomodulators"), or formaldehyde.
  • Cryosurgery, which involves freezing the wart (generally with liquid nitrogen), creating a blister between the wart and epidermal layer,after which the wart and surrounding dead skin falls off by itself.
  • Surgical curettage of the wart.
  • Laser treatment.
  • Imiquimod, a topical cream that helps the body's immune system fight the wart virus by encouraging interferon production.
  • Candida injections at the site of the wart, which also stimulate the body's immune system.[2]
  • Cantharidin, a chemical found naturally in many members of the beetle family Meloidae which causes dermal blistering.

The wart often regrows after the skin has healed. Two viral warts on a middle finger, being treated with a mixture of acids (like salicylic acid, brand name Aporil®) to remove them. ... Salicylic acid (from the Latin word for the willow tree, Salix, from whose bark it can be obtained) is a beta hydroxy acid (BHA) with the formula C6H4(OH)CO2H, where the OH group is adjacent to the carboxyl group. ... R-phrases , , , S-phrases , , , , , Flash point -53 °C Related Compounds Related aldehydes acetaldehyde benzaldehyde Related compounds ketones carboxylic acids Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 Â°C, 100 kPa) Infobox disclaimer and references Formaldehyde (methanal) is the chemical compound with the formula... Cryosurgery (cryotherapy) is the application of extreme cold to destroy abnormal or diseased tissue. ... A tank of liquid nitrogen, used to supply a cryogenic freezer (for storing laboratory samples at a temperature of about -150 Celsius). ... In surgery, the use of a curette to remove tissue by scraping or scooping. ... For other uses, see Laser (disambiguation). ... Imiquimod (INN, marketed by 3M under the trade name Aldara) is a prescription medication that acts as an immune response modifier. ... Interferons (IFNs) are natural proteins produced by the cells of the immune system of most vertebrates in response to challenges by foreign agents such as viruses, bacteria, parasites and tumor cells. ... Species C. albicans C. dubliniensis C. glabrata C. guilliermondii C. kefyr C. krusei C. lusitaniae C. milleri C. oleophila C. parapsilosis C. tropicalis C. utilis Candida is a genus of yeasts. ... Cantharidin is a poisonous chemical compound secreted by many species of blister beetle, and most notably by the Spanish fly, Lytta vesicatoria. ... Genera See text. ...


One review of 52 clinical trials of various cutaneous wart treatments concluded that topical treatments containing salicylic acid were the best supported, with an average cure rate of 75% observed with salicylic acid compared with 48% for placebo in six placebo-controlled trials including a total of 376 participants.[3] The reviewers also concluded that there was little evidence of a significant benefit of Cryotherapy over placebo or no treatment.[3] Cryotherapy is used to define several techniques and procedures in the medical community. ... For other uses, see Placebo (disambiguation). ...


Over-the-counter

There are several over-the-counter options. The most common ones involve salicylic acid. These products are readily available at drugstores and supermarkets. There are typically two types of products: adhesive pads treated with salicylic acid or a bottle of concentrated salicylic acid solution. Removing a wart with salicylic acid requires a strict regimen of cleaning the area, applying the acid, and removing the dead skin with a pumice stone or emery board. It may take up to 12 weeks to remove a wart. Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines that may be sold without a prescription, in contrast to prescription drugs. ... Salicylic acid (from the Latin word for the willow tree, Salix, from whose bark it can be obtained) is a beta hydroxy acid (BHA) with the formula C6H4(OH)CO2H, where the OH group is adjacent to the carboxyl group. ... Pharmacy (from the Greek φάρμακον = drug) is the profession of compounding and dispensing medication. ... Packaged food aisles in a Fred Meyer store in Portland, Oregon A supermarket is a departmentalized self-service store offering a wide variety of food and household merchandise. ... Specimen of highly porous pumice from Teide volcano on Tenerife, Canary Islands. ... Emery Board is a type of paper that can be used for sanding down hard and rough surfaces. ...


Another over-the-counter product that can aid in wart removal is silver nitrate in the form of a caustic pencil, which is also available at drug stores. This method generally takes three to six daily treatments to be effective. The instructions must be followed to minimize staining of skin and clothing. R-phrases , S-phrases , , , , Flash point non-flammable Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... A caustic pencil is a short stick of medication usually containing silver nitrate, used to cauterize skin, for instance for the treatment of nosebleeds, removal of warts, or pyogenic granuloma. ...


Over-the-counter cryosurgery kits are also available, however they can often cost three times as much as the previously named products.


Like prescription treatments, over-the-counter treatments usually require multiple applications and are only necessary if the warts are problematic. Additionally, these treatments are capable of destroying healthy skin as well as warts, so caution must be exercised by those attempting them without medical supervision.


Household remedies

Duct tape occlusion therapy involves placing a piece of duct tape (or medical tape) over the affected area for a week at a time. The procedure is otherwise identical to that of using salicylic acid adhesive pads. One study by Focht et al. found that the duct tape method was 85% effective, compared to a 60% success rate in the study's cryotherapy group.[4] Another study by Wenner and coworkers, however, found no statistically significant effect in a double-blind, randomized and controlled clinical trial in 90 adults when duct tape was compared to moleskin.[5] There was no statistically significant difference for resolution of the target wart between patients treated with moleskin versus patients treated with duct tape. Eight of 39 patients [21%] in the treatment group vs 9 of 41 patients in the control group [22%] had complete resolution of the target wart. Fewer of the patients achieving resolution of their wart in the moleskin group had recurrence of their wart. Of the patients who had complete resolution, 6 (75%) in the treatment group and 3 (33%) in the control group had recurrence of the target wart by the sixth month. "Whether or not the standard type of duct tape is effective is up in the air," said co-author Dr. Rachel Wenner of the University of Minnesota, who started the new study as a medical student. "Theoretically, the rubber adhesive could somehow stimulate the immune system or irritate the skin in a different manner."[6] Duct tape occlusion therapy (DTOT): is a controversial method for treating warts by keeping them covered with duct tape for an extended period. ... A roll of silver duct tape. ...


Other household remedies include the application of common household items. These include various fruits and vegetables such as a bruised garlic, banana skin, unskinned potatoes, potato or cauliflower or tomato juice, or other food products like green tea, vinegar,[7][8] salt, or vegemite. Other common household products used include rubbing alcohol, hot water and washing liquid, aerosol sprays or compressed air[9], and tempera paint. Oils and saps from milkweed, dandelion, and poison ivy, tea tree, Thuja occidentalis, and fig trees have also been used. Accounts vary in regards to how long these remedies must be applied with each session and how long they take to work.[10] Vinegar is sometimes infused with spices or herbs—as here, with oregano. ... Vegemite on toast. ... A bottle of isopropyl rubbing alcohol Rubbing alcohol, U.S.P. / B.P. (also known as Isopropyl alcohol) is a liquid prepared for topical application prepared from isopropyl alcohol (or denatured alcohol) and containing 68. ... Botany Asclepias, the milkweeds, is a genus of herbaceous perennial, dicotyledonous plants in the family Asclepiadaceae that contains over 140 known species. ... For other uses, see Dandelion (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze Poison-ivy (Toxicodendron radicans or Rhus toxicodendron), in the family Anacardiaceae, is a woody vine that is well-known for its ability to produce urushiol, a skin irritant which for most people will cause an agonizing, itching rash. ... Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca Oil) Tea tree oil or melaleuca oil is a clear to very pale golden color essential oil with a fresh camphoraceous odour. ... Binomial name Thuja occidentalis L. Uses Eastern Arborvitae is very widely used as an ornamental tree, particularly for screens and hedges. ...


As there have been no controlled studies for most household remedies, it is impossible to know if warts that disappear after such treatments do so because the treatment was effective, or because warts often disappear due to the individual's own immune system regardless of treatment. The evidence that hypnosis may effectively treat warts [11] suggests that the condition may be amenable to the placebo effect, that is, that belief in a remedy rather than any property of the remedy itself is what's effective. For the novel by Lucas Hyde, see Hypnosis (novel). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Placebo. ...


Some household remedies are potentially dangerous. These include attempts to cut or burn away the warts. Incense is sometimes used in Asian countries to burn warts. These methods are very painful, and can lead to infection and/or permanent scarring. Incense is composed of aromatic organic materials. ... Pain redirects here. ... An infection is the detrimental colonization of a host organism by a foreign species. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


References

  1. ^ Mosby's Medical, Nursing, & Allied Health Dictionary (5th edn), Anderson KN, Anderson LE, Glanze WD, eds, Mosby
  2. ^ Horn TD, Johnson SM, Helm RM, Roberson PK (2005) Intralesional immunotherapy of warts with mumps, Candida, and Trichophyton skin test antigens. Arch Dermatol 141: 589–94
  3. ^ a b Gibbs S, Harvey I, Sterling JC, Stark R. (2003) Local treatments for cutaneous warts. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 3
  4. ^ Focht DR III, Spicer C, Fairchok MP (2002) The efficacy of duct tape vs cryotherapy in the treatment of verruca vulgaris (the common wart). Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 156(10): 971-4 (reviewed in Miller KE (2003) Duct tape more effective than cryotherapy for warts. American Family Physician 67(3) & DeMichele J (2003) A new medical breakthrough: wart to do when verruca vulgaris attacks. Journal of Young Investigators 7(5))
  5. ^ Wenner et al. Duct tape for the treatment of common warts in adults: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. Arch Dermatol. 2007 Mar;143(3):309-13.
  6. ^ Study Casts Doubt on Duct Tape Wart Cure. March 21, 2007.
  7. ^ Apple Cider Vinegar for Warts
  8. ^ Bragg, Paul Chappuis [2003]. Apple Cider Vinegar Miracle Health System. USA: Santa Barbara, CA: Health Science Publications, p. 20. ISBN 0877905010. 
  9. ^ Build Your Own Wart Remover
  10. ^ Wart Remedies. Earth Clinic. Retrieved on 2007-12-23.
  11. ^ Alternative & Complementary Therapies: Hypnotherapy & Warts

is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Look up Wart in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Laryngeal papillomatosis, also known as recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, is a rare medical condition, caused by an HPV infection of the throat. ... Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is a viral infection of the skin or occasionally of the mucous membranes. ... Dede is a 35 year old Indonesian man who suffers from an extremely rare condition caused by HPV. The virus has led to warts that grow about 5 millimiters each month. ...

External links

  • Wart photo library - Dermnet

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wart - LoveToKnow 1911 (661 words)
Warts are apt to come out in numbers at a time; a crop of them suddenly appears, to disappear after a time with equal suddenness.
Warts often occur on the wrists and knuckles of slaughter-house men and of those much occupied with anatomical dissection; they are often of tuberculous origin (butchers' warts).
Warts occur singly in later life on the nose or lips or other parts of the face, sometimes on the tongue; they are very apt to become malignant.
Wart - MSN Encarta (109 words)
Warts are flat or elevated from the surrounding skin and are firm.
If the wart recurs, it may be treated by freezing with dry ice, X ray, burning with an electric needle, or surgical removal.
Plantar warts tend to be difficult to treat and remove.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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