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Encyclopedia > Warsaw
Warsaw
Warszawa
Skyline of Warsaw
Flag of Warsaw
Flag
Coat of arms of Warsaw
Coat of arms
Motto: Semper invicta (Always invincible)
Warsaw (Poland)
Warsaw
Coordinates: 52°13′N 21°0′E / 52.217, 21
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Masovian
County city county
City rights turn of the 13th century
Boroughs
Government
 - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO)
Area
 - City 517 km² (199.6 sq mi)
 - Metro 6,100.43 km² (2,355.4 sq mi)
Elevation 100 m (328 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 1,700,536
 - Density 3,289.2/km² (8,519.1/sq mi)
 - Metro 3,350,000
 - Metro Density 3,258/km² (8,438.2/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00-001 to 04-999
Area code(s) +48 22
Car plates WA, WB, WD, WE, WF, WH, WI, WJ, WK, WN, WT, WU, WW, WX, WY
Website: http://www.um.warszawa.pl/

Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa [varˈʂava] ( Image:Ltspkr.png listen); also known by other names) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. It is located on the Vistula River roughly 370 kilometers (230 mi) from both the Baltic Sea coast and the Carpathian Mountains. Its population as of 2006 was estimated at 1,700,536, with a metropolitan area of approximately 3,350,000. The city area is 516.9 square kilometers (199.6 sq mi), with an agglomeration of 6,100.43 square kilometers (2,355.4 sq mi) (Warsaw Metro Area — Obszar Metropolitalny Warszawy). Warsaw is the 8th largest city in the European Union. There are many places that bear the name of Warsaw. ... Warszawa can refer to: Warsaw, capital city of Poland Warszawa, a song written by David Bowie and Brian Eno off the album Low. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Warsaw. ... The flag of Warsaw The Flag of Warsaw is formed by two horizontal bands of equal width — Or (gold) on the top and Gules (red) on the bottom. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x770, 363 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Warsaw Coat of Arms of Warsaw ... Grand Coat of Arms of Warsaw Coat of Arms of Warsaw The Coat of Arms of Warsaw consists of a syrenka in a red field. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... It has been suggested that Polish Voivodeships and Counties 1919-1939 - trivia be merged into this article or section. ... Geographical characteristics Area 35,579 km² Land km² Water km² Population Total (2003) 5,136,000 Density 144. ... A county (Polish: powiat, pronounced povyat; plural, powiaty) is the Polish third-level unit of administration, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (NUTS-4 or rather LAU-1) in other countries. ... Local Authorities The Council of the Bemowo District of the City of Warsaw (PL: District Mayor WÅ‚odzimierz CaÅ‚ka Area 24,95 sq. ... Area 74 km² Population 64 010 (2003) Population density 865/km² Mayor Jerzy SmoczyÅ„ski Notable landmarks BiaÅ‚oÅ‚Ä™ka Website BiaÅ‚oÅ‚Ä™ka is a district in Warsaw located in the northern part of the city. ... Area 32,3 km² Population 136 485 (2003) Population density 4225,5/km² Mayor Cezary PomaraÅ„ski Notable landmarks Bielany Website This article is about district in Warsaw. ... Area 35,42 km² Population (2003) 221 000 Population density 6239,4 Mayor Ewa WÄ™gÅ‚owska Notable landmarks Polish Radio and Television, Pole Mokotowskie, School of Economics, Rakowiecka Street Prison Website Mokotow (pol. ... Area 9,7 km² Population 93 192 (2003) Population density 9 607/km² Mayor Maurycy Wojciech Komorowski Notable landmarks Ochota Website Ochota is a district in Warsaw located in the central part of the city. ... Area 11,4 km² Population 93 192 (2003) Population density 6 518/km² Mayor Robert Sosnowski Notable landmarks Praga Północ Website Praga Północ (English: ) is a district in Warsaw located in the central part of the city. ... Area 22,4 km² Population (2003) 180 000 Population density Mayor Tomasz KoziÅ„ski Notable landmarks Saska KÄ™pa architecture, Park Skaryszewski, Battle of Olszynka Grochowska battlefield Praga PoÅ‚udnie Website Praga PoÅ‚udnie is one of the boroughs of Warsaw located on the east bank of the Vistula River. ... Area 19,30 km² Population 21,893 Population density /km² Mayor Notable landmarks Rembertów Website Image:Warszawa Rembertów. ... Area 15. ... Area 24,37 km² Population 124 316 (2003) Population density 5 101/km² Mayor Romuald Gronkiewicz Notable landmarks Targówek Website Targówek is a district in Warsaw located in the northern part of the city. ... Area 9,35 km² Population 44 12 (2003) Population density 4 739/km² Mayor Maria Łukaszewicz Notable landmarks Ursus Website Ursus is one of the Warsawian districts. ... Area 44,6 km² Population 137 716 (2003) Population density 2726/km² Mayor Tomasz Mecina Notable landmarks J. Ursyn Niemcewicz park, 19th century SÅ‚użew fort, PAN botanical garden, SÅ‚użewiec horseracing track, Natolin palace, Kabaty Forest Ursynów Website Ursynów (pronounce: ) is the southernmost district of... Area 79,71 km² Population 62 656 (2003) Population density 786/km² Mayor Dariusz Godlewski Notable landmarks Wawer Website Wawer is one of the Warsawian districts, located in southern-eastern part of city. ... Area 22,6 km² Population 18 482 (2003) Population density 818/km² Mayor Jacek Wojciechowicz Notable landmarks WesoÅ‚a Website WesoÅ‚a is one of the Varsovian districts, and has been since October 27, 2002. ... Area 36,73 km² Population 14 032 (2003) Population density 355/km² Mayor Lech Skowron Notable landmarks Wilanów Palace, Poster Museum, palace park Wilanów Website Wilanów is a borough of the city of Warsaw, Poland. ... Area 28,63 km² Population 36 276 (2003) Population density 1 267/km² Mayor Dariusz Szeliga Notable landmarks Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport WÅ‚ochy Website WÅ‚ochy is one of the Warsawian districts, located in south-western part of city. ... Area 19,26 km² Population 143 996 (2003) Population density 7476/km² Mayor ZdzisÅ‚aw Sipiera Notable landmarks PowÄ…zki Cemetery Wola Website For other meanings of the word, see WOLA. Wola is a district in western Warsaw, Poland, formerly the village of Wielka Wola, incorporated into Warsaw in 1916. ... Area km² Population (2003) Population density Mayor Notable landmarks Website Warsaw Citadel and the Hibner park in Å»oliborz Å»oliborz is one of the northern boroughs of the city of Warsaw. ... Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (born November 4, 1952 in Warsaw) is a Polish politician and since December 2, 2006 the President of Warsaw. ... Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO), is a Christian-democratic and liberal-conservative Polish political party. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... // Introduction to this topic - includes background information for people living outside Poland Common to many countries - in fact there is a growing tendency to do so since the UK also began regionalising plates in 2002 - Poland has the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate. ... The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Vistula (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Baltic (disambiguation). ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This list includes the most up-to-date official census figures or census estimates with regards to the population of the largest cities in the European Union. ...


Warsaw gave its name to the Warsaw Pact, Warsaw Convention, Treaty of Warsaw and the Warsaw Uprising. Not to be confused with the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about airlines financial liability and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... The Warsaw Convention is an international convention which regulates liability for international carriage of persons, luggage or goods performed by aircraft for reward. ... The Treaty of Warsaw is a treaty between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... For other uses, see Warsaw Uprising (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Etymology

An older spelling of Warsaw in Polish is Warszewa or Warszowa, meaning "owned by Warsz". Folk etymology attributes the city name to a fisherman Wars and his wife Sawa.[1] Actually, Warsz was a nobleman (12th/13th century) who owned a village located at the site of today's Mariensztat neighbourhood.[2] Folk etymology is a term used in two distinct ways: A commonly held misunderstanding of the origin of a particular word, a false etymology. ...


The official city name in full is The Capital City of Warsaw (Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa). Warsaw has been known in Latin as Varsovia. A native or resident of Warsaw is called Varsovian. See wiktionary:Warsaw for the name in other languages. For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ...


Geography

Location

Warsaw straddles the Vistula River. It is located in the heartland of the Masovian Plain, and its average altitude is 100 metres (330 ft) above sea level, although there are some hills (mostly artificial) located within the confines of the city. In finance, a straddle is an investment strategy involving the purchase or sale of particular derivatives. ... For other uses, see Vistula (disambiguation). ... Masovian Plain (Polish: ) is a large geographical region in central Poland, roughly covering the historical region of Masovia. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ...


Climate

Warsaw's climate is continental humid. The average temperature is −2 °C (28 °F) in January and 18 °C (64 °F) in July. Temperatures may often reach 30 °C (86 °F) in the summer. Yearly rainfall averages 680 millimeters (26.8 in), the most rainy month being July. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Weather averages for Warsaw
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2 (33) 5 (34) 11 (44) 12 (54) 18 (65) 24 (70) 30 (73) 31 (73) 28 (64) 15 (54) 10 (42) 5 (36) 12 (53)
Average low °C (°F) -12 (24) -15 (24) -1 (31) 3 (37) 9 (47) 15 (52) 16 (55) 18 (54) 9 (47) 2 (40) 0 (33) -15 (27) 4 (39)
Precipitation cm (inches) 2.8 (1.1) 2.6 (1) 3 (1.2) 3.8 (1.5) 5 (2) 6.6 (2.6) 7.6 (3) 7.1 (2.8) 4.6 (1.8) 4 (1.6) 3.8 (1.5) 3.6 (1.4) 54.9 (21.6)
Source: Weatherbase[3] 11 February, 2008

Districts

Warsaw is a powiat (county), and is further divided into 18 boroughs, each one known as a dzielnica (map), each one with its own administrative body. Each of the boroughs includes several neighbourhoods which have no legal or administrative status. The best known neighbourhoods are the Old Town (Stare Miasto) and New Town (Nowe Miasto) in the borough of Śródmieście.[citation needed] A county (Polish: powiat, pronounced povyat; plural, powiaty) is the Polish third-level unit of administration, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (NUTS-4 or rather LAU-1) in other countries. ... Panorama: Old Town Market Place, Warsaw (Rynek Starego Miasta). ... The New Town in 1784 The New Town Market Square Warsaws New Town is a neighbourhood dating from the 15th century. ... Area 15. ...

Districts of Warsaw (since 2002)
Districts of Warsaw (since 2002)
District Population Area
Mokotów 226,911 35.4 km² (13.7 sq mi)
Praga Południe 185,077 22.4 km² (8.6 sq mi)
Ursynów 143,935 44.6 km² (17.2 sq mi)
Wola 142,025 19.26 km² (7.4 sq mi)
Bielany 135,307 32.3 km² (12.5 sq mi)
Śródmieście 134,306 15.6 km² (6 sq mi)
Targówek 122,872 24.37 km² (9.4 sq mi)
Bemowo 107,197 24.95 km² (9.6 sq mi)
Ochota 91,643 9.7 km² (3.7 sq mi)
Białołęka 76,999 74 km² (28.6 sq mi)
Praga Północ 73,207 11.4 km² (4.4 sq mi)
Wawer 66,094 79.71 km² (30.8 sq mi)
Żoliborz 49,275 8.5 km² (3.3 sq mi)
Ursus 47,285 9.35 km² (3.6 sq mi)
Włochy 39,778 28.63 km² (11.1 sq mi)
Rembertów 22,688 19.30 km² (7.5 sq mi)
Wesoła 20,749 22.6 km² (8.7 sq mi)
Wilanów 15,188 36.73 km² (14.2 sq mi)
Total 1,700,536 517.90 km² (200 sq mi)

Image File history File links Warszawa_podzial_administracyjny_2002. ... Image File history File links Warszawa_podzial_administracyjny_2002. ... Image File history File links 4_Warszawa_23. ... Image File history File links 4_Warszawa_23. ... Panorama: Old Town Market Place, Warsaw (Rynek Starego Miasta). ... Area 35,42 km² Population (2003) 221 000 Population density 6239,4 Mayor Ewa WÄ™gÅ‚owska Notable landmarks Polish Radio and Television, Pole Mokotowskie, School of Economics, Rakowiecka Street Prison Website Mokotow (pol. ... Area 22,4 km² Population (2003) 180 000 Population density Mayor Tomasz KoziÅ„ski Notable landmarks Saska KÄ™pa architecture, Park Skaryszewski, Battle of Olszynka Grochowska battlefield Praga PoÅ‚udnie Website Praga PoÅ‚udnie is one of the boroughs of Warsaw located on the east bank of the Vistula River. ... Area 44,6 km² Population 137 716 (2003) Population density 2726/km² Mayor Tomasz Mecina Notable landmarks J. Ursyn Niemcewicz park, 19th century SÅ‚użew fort, PAN botanical garden, SÅ‚użewiec horseracing track, Natolin palace, Kabaty Forest Ursynów Website Ursynów (pronounce: ) is the southernmost district of... Area 19,26 km² Population 143 996 (2003) Population density 7476/km² Mayor ZdzisÅ‚aw Sipiera Notable landmarks PowÄ…zki Cemetery Wola Website For other meanings of the word, see WOLA. Wola is a district in western Warsaw, Poland, formerly the village of Wielka Wola, incorporated into Warsaw in 1916. ... Area 32,3 km² Population 136 485 (2003) Population density 4225,5/km² Mayor Cezary PomaraÅ„ski Notable landmarks Bielany Website This article is about district in Warsaw. ... Area 15. ... Area 24,37 km² Population 124 316 (2003) Population density 5 101/km² Mayor Romuald Gronkiewicz Notable landmarks Targówek Website Targówek is a district in Warsaw located in the northern part of the city. ... Local Authorities The Council of the Bemowo District of the City of Warsaw (PL: District Mayor WÅ‚odzimierz CaÅ‚ka Area 24,95 sq. ... Area 9,7 km² Population 93 192 (2003) Population density 9 607/km² Mayor Maurycy Wojciech Komorowski Notable landmarks Ochota Website Ochota is a district in Warsaw located in the central part of the city. ... Area 74 km² Population 64 010 (2003) Population density 865/km² Mayor Jerzy SmoczyÅ„ski Notable landmarks BiaÅ‚oÅ‚Ä™ka Website BiaÅ‚oÅ‚Ä™ka is a district in Warsaw located in the northern part of the city. ... Area 11,4 km² Population 93 192 (2003) Population density 6 518/km² Mayor Robert Sosnowski Notable landmarks Praga Północ Website Praga Północ (English: ) is a district in Warsaw located in the central part of the city. ... Area 79,71 km² Population 62 656 (2003) Population density 786/km² Mayor Dariusz Godlewski Notable landmarks Wawer Website Wawer is one of the Warsawian districts, located in southern-eastern part of city. ... Area km² Population (2003) Population density Mayor Notable landmarks Website Warsaw Citadel and the Hibner park in Å»oliborz Å»oliborz is one of the northern boroughs of the city of Warsaw. ... Area 9,35 km² Population 44 12 (2003) Population density 4 739/km² Mayor Maria Łukaszewicz Notable landmarks Ursus Website Ursus is one of the Warsawian districts. ... Area 28,63 km² Population 36 276 (2003) Population density 1 267/km² Mayor Dariusz Szeliga Notable landmarks Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport WÅ‚ochy Website WÅ‚ochy is one of the Warsawian districts, located in south-western part of city. ... Area 19,30 km² Population 21,893 Population density /km² Mayor Notable landmarks Rembertów Website Image:Warszawa Rembertów. ... Area 22,6 km² Population 18 482 (2003) Population density 818/km² Mayor Jacek Wojciechowicz Notable landmarks WesoÅ‚a Website WesoÅ‚a is one of the Varsovian districts, and has been since October 27, 2002. ... Area 36,73 km² Population 14 032 (2003) Population density 355/km² Mayor Lech Skowron Notable landmarks Wilanów Palace, Poster Museum, palace park Wilanów Website Wilanów is a borough of the city of Warsaw, Poland. ...

History

Main article: History of Warsaw
Adam Mickiewicz monument, about 1900
Adam Mickiewicz monument, about 1900
City Hall, about 1900
St. Alexander's Church, about 1900

The first fortified settlements on the site of today's Warsaw were Bródno (9th/10th century) and Jazdów (12th/13th century). After Jazdów was raided, a new similar settlement was established on the site of a small fishing village called Warszowa. In the beginning of the 14th century it became one of the seats of the Dukes of Masovia, becoming the capital of Masovia in 1413. Upon the extinction of the local ducal line, the duchy was reincorporated into the Polish Crown in 1526. In 1529 Warsaw for the first time became the seat of the General Sejm, permanent since 1569. In 1573 Warsaw gave its name to the Warsaw Confederation, formally establishing religious freedom in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Adam Mickiewicz. ... Bródno is a neighbourhood in the Warsaws borough of Targówek, located on the eastern side of the Vistula. ... The castle as seen from the Royal Canal below. ... Seal of the Duchy of Masovia. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... The Warsaw Confederation (January 28, 1573), an important development in the history of Poland and Lithuania, is considered the formal beginning of religious freedom in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ...


Due to its central location between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's capitals of Kraków and Vilnius, Warsaw became the capital of the Commonwealth and at the same time of the Polish Crown in 1596, when King Sigismund III Vasa moved the court from Kraków. Warsaw remained the capital of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until 1795, when it was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia to become the capital of the province of South Prussia. Liberated by Napoleon's army in 1807, Warsaw was made the capital of the newly created Duchy of Warsaw. Following the Congress of Vienna of 1815, Warsaw became the centre of the Congress Poland, a constitutional monarchy under a personal union with Imperial Russia. The Royal University of Warsaw was established in 1816. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Vilnius city municipality. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... Sigismund III Vasa (Polish: ) (20 June 1566 – 30 April 1632 N.S.) was King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1587 to 1632, and King of Sweden (where he was known simply as Sigismund) from 1592 until he was deposed in 1599. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... South Prussia (1793-1806) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia, created in Greater Poland after the second partition of Poland (1793). ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms Map of the Duchy of Warsaw after 1809. ... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... Map of Congress Poland. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start...


Following the repeated violations of the Polish constitution by the Russians, the 1830 November Uprising broke out. However, the Polish-Russian war of 1831 ended in the uprising's defeat and in the curtailment of the Kingdom's autonomy. On 27 February 1861 a Warsaw crowd protesting the Russian rule over Poland was fired upon by the Russian troops. Five people were killed. The Underground Polish National Government resided in Warsaw during January Uprising in 1863–4. Coat-of-arms of the November Uprising. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Polish National Government 1863-1864- underground Polish supreme authority during January Uprising against Russian occupation of Poland. ... Polonia (Poland), 1863, by Jan Matejko, 1864, oil on canvas, 156 × 232 cm, National Museum, Kraków. ...


Warsaw flourished in the late nineteenth century under Mayor Sokrates Starynkiewicz (1875–92), a Russian-born general appointed by Tsar Alexander III. Under Starynkiewicz Warsaw saw its first water and sewer systems designed and built by the English engineer William Lindley and his son, William Heerlein Lindley, as well as the expansion and modernization of trams, street lighting and gas works. Sokrates Starynkiewicz Sokrates Starynkiewicz (1820-1902) was a Russian general and the President of Warsaw between 1875 and 1892. ... Alexander III Alexandrovich (10 March 1845 – 1 November 1894) (Russian: Александр III Александрович) reigned as Emperor of Russia from 13 March 1881 until his death in 1894. ... William Lindley (September 7, 1808 - May 22, 1900), was a famous British engineer who together with his sons designed water and sewerage systems for over 30 cities across Europe. ... William Heerlein Lindley (1853 - 1917). ... A modern tram in the Töölö district of Helsinki, Finland A tram (or tramway, trolley, streetcar, tramcar, Straßenbahn) is a railborne vehicle (lighter than a train) for transport of passengers (or, occasionally, freight). ... A streetlight in front of a red sky at night A street light, also known as a light standard, is a raised light on the edge of a road, turned on or lit at a certain time every night. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


Warsaw became the capital of the newly independent Poland in 1918. In the course of the Polish-Bolshevik War of 1920, the huge Battle of Warsaw was fought on the Eastern outskirts of the city in which the capital was successfully defended and the Red Army defeated. Polish-Bolshevik War Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date 1919–1921 Place Central and Eastern Europe Result Polish victory The Polish-Soviet War (also known as the Polish-Bolshevik War or the Polish-Russian War) was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between the Russian Soviet Federated... The Battle of Warsaw (sometimes referred to as the Miracle at the Vistula, Polish Cud nad WisÅ‚Ä…) was the decisive battle of the Polish-Soviet War, the war that began soon after the end of World War I in 1918 and lasted until the Treaty of Riga in 1921. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ...

During the Second World War central Poland, including Warsaw, came under the rule of the General Government, a Nazi colonial administration. All higher education institutions were immediately closed and Warsaw's entire Jewish population — several hundred thousand, some 30% of the city — herded into the Warsaw Ghetto. When the order came to annihilate the Ghetto as part of Hitler's "final solution" on April 19, 1943, Jewish fighters launched the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Despite being heavily outgunned and outnumbered, the Ghetto held out for almost a month. When the fighting ended, almost all survivors were massacred, only few managed to escape or hide. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 728 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 824 pixel, file size: 710 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 728 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 824 pixel, file size: 710 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The failure of the Warsaw Uprising and subsequent Capitulation agreement left Warsaw almost uninhabited. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The General Government (in full General government for the occupied Polish areas, in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) was the name given by Germany to the governing authority in Poland after its occupation by the Wehrmacht in September and October 1939. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... Monument to the Ghetto Heroes in Warsaw The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest of the Jewish ghettos established by Nazi Germany in Warsaw, former capital of Poland in the General Government during the Holocaust in World War II. Between 1941 and 1943, starvation, disease and deportations to concentration camps and... Hitler redirects here. ... This article is about the term with respect to the Jewish Question in World War II. For other uses, see Final Solution (disambiguation). ... Belligerents Germany (Waffen-SS, SD, OrPo, Gestapo, Wehrmacht) Collaborators (Arajs Kommando, Blue Police, Jewish Police, Lithuanian Police) Jewish resistance (Å»OB, Å»ZW) Polish resistance (AK, GL) Commanders Franz Bürkl Ludwig Hahn Odilo Globocnik Friedrich Krüger Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg Jürgen Stroop Mordechaj Anielewicz† Dawid Apfelbaum† Icchak Cukierman Marek...

Historical buildings reconstructed after WW II, 2006
Historical buildings reconstructed after WW II, 2006

By July 1944 the Red Army was deep into Polish territory pursuing the Germans toward Warsaw. Knowing that Stalin was hostile to the idea of an independent Poland, the Polish government-in-exile based in London gave orders to the underground Home Army (AK) to try to seize the control of Warsaw from the Nazis just before the Red Army's arrival. Thus, on 1 August 1944, as the Soviet army was nearing the city very fast, the Home Army and the civilian population started the Warsaw Uprising. The armed struggle, planned to last 48 hours, went on for 63 days, and eventually the Home Army fighters were forced to capitulate. They were transported to the POW camps in Germany, while the entire civilian population was expelled. Hitler, ignoring the agreed terms of the capitulation, ordered the entire city to be razed to the ground, and the library and museum collections taken to Germany or burned. About 85% of the city had been destroyed, including the historic Old Town and the Royal Castle. After the war, large prefabricated housing projects were erected in Warsaw to address the housing shortage. The city resumed its role as the capital of Poland and the country's centre of political and economic life. Many of the historic streets, buildings, and churches were restored to their original form. In 1980 Warsaw's historic Old Town was inscribed onto UNESCO's World Heritage list. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... The Government of the Polish Republic in exile maintained a continuous existence in exile from the time of the German occupation of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the Communist rule in Poland in 1990. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Armia Krajowa (the Home Army), abbreviated AK, was the dominant Polish resistance movement in World War II German-occupied Poland. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other meanings of Home Army see: Home Army (disambiguation) The Armia Krajowa or AK (Home Army) functioned as the pre-eminent underground military organization in German-occupied Poland, which functioned in all areas of the country from September 1939 until its disbanding in January 1945. ... For other uses, see Warsaw Uprising (disambiguation). ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Prefabrication is the practice of manufacturing the parts of an assembly in one location, ready for them to be assembled in another place. ... Public housing describes a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...


In 1995 the Warsaw Metro opened, and with the entry of Poland into the European Union in 2004, Warsaw is currently experiencing the biggest economic boom of its history. The opening match of the UEFA Euro 2012 is scheduled to take place in Warsaw. Warsaw Metro logo The Warsaw Metro map, showing the plans for the completion of the north-south Line 1, as well as the future Lines 2 and 3 One of the variants of the 2nd and 3rd lines from the mid-1980s The Warsaw Metro (Polish: Metro Warszawskie) is one... The UEFA Euro 2012, commonly referred to as Euro 2012, will be the 14th European Championship for national football teams sanctioned by UEFA. Poland and Ukraine will be the host nations of the final tournament, scheduled for the summer of 2012, following the election of their joint-bid by UEFA...

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 341 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 512 pixel, file size: 281 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Warsaw in 1656 from Kujawska dlibra-no copyright Faithful reproductions of two-dimensional original works cannot attract copyright in the U.S. according to the rule... Image File history File links Warszawa5. ...

Demographics

Warsaw has historically been a destination of internal and foreign immigration, especially from Eastern Europe. For nearly 300 years it was known as the Paris of Eastern Europe. Demographically it was the most diverse city in Poland, with as much as 20% of its population being either Jewish Poles or foreign born. World War II changed all of this, and to this day there is much less ethnic diversity than in the previous 300 years of the city's history. Most of the modern day population growth is based on internal migration and urbanization.

Population 1880–2006
Population 1880–2006
Comparison of modern city's boundaries with those of 1939
Comparison of modern city's boundaries with those of 1939
  • 1700: 30,000 (est.)
  • 1792: 120,000
  • 1800: 63,400
  • 1830: 139,700
  • 1850: 163,600
  • 1882: 383,000
  • 1900: 686,000
  • 1925: 1,003,000
  • 1939: 1,300,000
  • 1945: 422,000 (September)
  • 1950: 803,800
  • 1960: 1,136,000
  • 1970: 1,315,600
  • 1980: 1,596,100
  • 1990: 1,655,700
  • 2000: 1,672,400
  • 2002: 1,688,200
  • 2006: 1,702,100

Image File history File links Poland_Warsaw_boundaries_1939_and_2005. ... Image File history File links Poland_Warsaw_boundaries_1939_and_2005. ...

Municipal government

Rococo Branicki Palace houses city government.
Rococo Branicki Palace houses city government.

Image File history File links 5_Warszawa_083. ... Image File history File links 5_Warszawa_083. ... Belweder Palace (view from the street). ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2616 × 1960 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2616 × 1960 pixel, file size: 3. ... A style of 18th century French art and interior design, Rococo style rooms were designed as total works of art with elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings. ... Branicki Palace in Warsaw - courtyard Wing of Branicki Palace facing the Miodowa Street, with profuse rococo decorations The Branicki Palace (Polish: Pałac Branickich) is a notable 18th-century magnates mansion in Warsaw, Poland. ...

The mayor (the President of Warsaw)

Main article: President of Warsaw

According to the Warsaw Act (Ustawa warszawska) of October 27, 2002, the President of Warsaw carries out the executive duties in the city. The president's prerogative is, among others, governing the city-owned property that constitutes a major part of the city. The current President of Warsaw is Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz. President of Warsaw is the head of the capital of Poland and counterpart of a mayor in smaller Polish and foreign cities. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (born November 4, 1952 in Warsaw) is a Polish politician and since December 2, 2006 the President of Warsaw. ...


Municipal government

The Warsaw Act abolished all the former counties around Warsaw and formed one city powiat with a unified municipal government. A county (Polish: powiat, pronounced povyat; plural, powiaty) is the Polish third-level unit of administration, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (NUTS-4 or rather LAU-1) in other countries. ...


Legislative power in Warsaw is vested in a unicameral Warsaw City Council (Rada Miasta), which comprises 60 members. Council members are elected directly every four years. Like most legislative bodies, the City Council divides itself into committees which have the oversight of various functions of the city government. Bills passed by a simple majority are sent to the mayor (the President of Warsaw), who may sign them into law. If the mayor vetoes a bill, the Council has 30 days to override the veto by a two-thirds majority vote. Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... Warsaw City Council (Polish: ) is a unicameral governing body of the city of Warsaw, the capital of Poland. ...


Each of the 18 separate city districts has its own council (Rada dzielnicy). Their duties are focused on aiding the President and the City Council, as well as supervising various municipal companies, city-owned property and schools. The head of each of the District Councils is named the Mayor (Burmistrz) and is elected by the local council from the candidates proposed by the President of Warsaw.


Politics

The Sejm building
The Sejm building

As the capital of Poland, Warsaw is the political centre of the country. All state agencies are located there, including the Polish Parliament, the Presidential Office and the Supreme Court. In the Polish parliament the city and the area are represented by 31 MPs (out of 460). Additionally, Warsaw elects two MEPs. As the capital of Poland, Warsaw is the political centre of the country. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 345 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 345 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP)[1] is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ...


Transport

Although many streets were widened, and new ones created, during rebuilding of Warsaw in 1950s, the city is currently plagued with traffic problems.[citation needed]. Public transport in Warsaw is ubiquitous, serving the city with buses, tramways, and metro. For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... Autobus redirects here. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... Warsaw Metro logo The Warsaw Metro map, showing the plans for the completion of the north-south Line 1, as well as the future Lines 2 and 3 One of the variants of the 2nd and 3rd lines from the mid-1980s The Warsaw Metro (Polish: Metro Warszawskie) is one...


Roads and highways

Warsaw Centrum

Warsaw lacks a good circular road system and most traffic goes directly through the city centre. Currently two circular roads are under consideration. The first (called OEW, or Obwodnica Etapowa Warszawy) is planned to run approximately 10 kilometers (6 mi) from the city centre through the city streets and across two new bridges. The other is planned to become a part of both the A-2 motorway (itself a part of the European route E30 from Berlin to Moscow) and the S-7 (GdańskKraków) express road, and will run through a tunnel under the southern area of Ursynów. It is to be completed between 2010 and 2012. Planned route of A2 motorway Route of A2 motorway in relation to other motorways The A2 highway in Poland is a motorway which, when completed, will run from west to east through central Poland, from the Polish-German border in Åšwiecko/Frankfurt (Oder) (connecting to the German A12 autobahn), through... Motorway symbol in UK, Australia, Spain, France and Ireland. ... European route E30 extends from the southern Irish port of Cork in the west to the Russian city of Samara in the east. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... For alternative meanings of GdaÅ„sk and Danzig, see GdaÅ„sk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... Area 44,6 km² Population 137 716 (2003) Population density 2726/km² Mayor Tomasz Mecina Notable landmarks J. Ursyn Niemcewicz park, 19th century SÅ‚użew fort, PAN botanical garden, SÅ‚użewiec horseracing track, Natolin palace, Kabaty Forest Ursynów Website Ursynów (pronounce: ) is the southernmost district of...


Airports

Terminal 2 façade
Terminal 2 façade

Warsaw has one airport, Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport (usually referred to as Okęcie airport), located just 10 kilometers (6 mi) from the city centre. With over 70 international and domestic flights a day and with over 8,270,000 passengers served in 2006, it is by far the biggest airport in Poland. Immediately adjacent to the main terminal complex Terminal 1, is the Etiuda terminal, serving routes flown by low-cost carriers. Domestic flights operate from a domestic terminal, adjoining Terminal 1. A new Terminal 2 has been opened in March 2008 in order to alleviate current overcrowding, and to extend the airport's capacity by another 6 million passengers. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1300 × 975 pixel, file size: 257 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1300 × 975 pixel, file size: 257 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Airport maintenance facilities seen from the runway Departure hall of Terminal 1 Sculptured head of Frédéric Chopin installed on a monument base in front of Terminal 1. ...


There are plans to convert disused military Modlin Airport, 35 kilometers (22 mi) north of the city centre, into the second Warsaw airport, mainly for low-cost carriers. It will not be ready for use before 2010 at the earliest.


There also are long-term plans to build an entirely new international airport. Its location has not yet been decided.


Public transport

Świętokrzyski Bridge
Świętokrzyski Bridge

Public transport in Warsaw includes, buses, trams (streetcars), metro and regional rail. The first three are operated by the ZTM (Zarząd Transportu Miejskiego, the Warsaw Transport Authority). There are also some suburban bus lines run by private operators. Mass transit redirects here. ... Autobus redirects here. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Warsaw Metro logo The Warsaw Metro map, showing the plans for the completion of the north-south Line 1, as well as the future Lines 2 and 3 One of the variants of the 2nd and 3rd lines from the mid-1980s The Warsaw Metro (Polish: Metro Warszawskie) is one... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... ZarzÄ…d Transportu Miejskiego (lit. ...


There are three tourist routes: "T", a vintage tram running in July and August; bus "100" which runs on weekends and which operates the only double-decker bus owned by the city; and the "180" bus, a regular scheduled service that follows the "Royal Route" from the War Cemetery in the North, near the Old Town and down city's most prestigious thoroughfares – Krakowskie Przedmiescie, Nowy Swiat and Aleje Ujazdowskie – and terminating at Wilanów Palace. Area 36,73 km² Population 14 032 (2003) Population density 355/km² Mayor Lech Skowron Notable landmarks Wilanów Palace, Poster Museum, palace park Wilanów Website Wilanów is a borough of the city of Warsaw, Poland. ...


Buses

Bus service covers the entire city, with approx. 170 routes totalling about 2,603 kilometers (1,617 mi) in length, and with some 1,600 vehicles. Between midnight and 5 am the city and suburbs are served by night lines.


Trams

A modern tram in Warsaw
A modern tram in Warsaw
Plac Wilsona metro station
Plac Wilsona metro station

The first tram (streetcar) line in Warsaw was opened on 11 December 1866. The last horse-drawn tram run on 26 March 1908. In the period between the world wars, the tram network was nationalized and extended significantly. After the German invasion of September 1939 the service was halted for approximately three months due to war damage, but the trams were back in service by 1940. In 1941 the present colours of the cars were introduced (yellow and red, in the colours of the Flag of Warsaw. Previously, trams were painted either white and red, or entirely red). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 213 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Warsaw Metro Plac Wilsona (Warsaw Metro) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 213 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Warsaw Metro Plac Wilsona (Warsaw Metro) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Plac Wilsona Station Metro Plac Wilsona (Wilson Square) is one of the Warsaw Metro stations. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For the Soviet Unions military action against Poland under the same alliance, see Soviet invasion of Poland (1939). ... The flag of Warsaw The Flag of Warsaw is formed by two horizontal bands of equal width — Or (gold) on the top and Gules (red) on the bottom. ...


During the Warsaw Uprising the tram system was destroyed. The first tram line was reopened on 20 June 1945. Following the Second World War the tram network in Warsaw underwent fast development. The tracks reached all the principal parts of the city. However, in the sixties the official policy of both Polish and Soviet authorities promoted the use of Soviet oil, hence more buses were purchased and the tram network was shortened. For other uses, see Warsaw Uprising (disambiguation). ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969. ... CCCP redirects here. ...


Currently the Tramwaje Warszawskie company runs 863 cars on almost 470 kilometers (292 mi) of track. Twenty-odd lines run across the city with additional lines opened on special occasions (such as All-Saints Day). is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Metro

Main article: Warsaw Metro

See also Warsaw Trolleybuses for the history of this type of transport. Trolleybuses no longer operate in Warsaw. Warsaw Metro logo The Warsaw Metro map, showing the plans for the completion of the north-south Line 1, as well as the future Lines 2 and 3 One of the variants of the 2nd and 3rd lines from the mid-1980s The Warsaw Metro (Polish: Metro Warszawskie) is one... After World War II most of the communication network in Warsaw was destroyed. ...


Railway

The first railway opened in Warsaw in 1845 (the Warsaw-Vienna Railway). Nowadays Warsaw is one of the main railway hubs in Poland. The Vienna Station in Warsaw, the starting point of the Warsaw-Vienna Railway Train timetable from 1850 The Warsaw-Vienna Railway (Polish: ) was a historic railway system which operated in Congress Poland, a part of the Russian Empire, from 1845 until 1912, when it was nationalized by the Russian government. ...


The main railway station is Warszawa Centralna serving both domestic traffic to almost every major city in Poland, and international connections mainly to Germany, Czech Republic and former Soviet Union countries. There are also 5 other major railway stations and a number of smaller suburban stations. Warsaw Central station on the map of Warsaws rail network Exterior of the station Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Warsaw Central station Warszawa Centralna station or Warsaw Central station is the largest and most important railway station in Warsaw, Poland. ...


The main railway line crosses the city in a tunnel (tunel średnicowy) approximately 2.2 kilometers (1.4 mi) long and running directly under the city centre. It is part of an east-west line connecting the Warszawa Zachodnia, Warszawa Centralna and Warszawa Wschodnia stations through the tunnel and a railway bridge over the Vistula River. Warsaw cross-city line (Polish: ) is a railway line crossing downtown Warsaw in the East-West direction. ... Warsaw Central station on the map of Warsaws rail network Warsaw Central station (Polish: ) is the largest and most important railway station in Warsaw, Poland. ... Vistula river basin Vistula (Polish Wisła), is the longest river in Poland. ...


The principal railway stations are:

  • Warszawa Centralna and Warszawa Śródmieście
  • Warszawa Gdańska
  • Warszawa Wileńska
  • Warszawa Zachodnia
  • Warszawa Wschodnia

Warsaw Central station on the map of Warsaws rail network Exterior of the station Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Warsaw Central station Warszawa Centralna station or Warsaw Central station is the largest and most important railway station in Warsaw, Poland. ... Location of Warszawa Śródmieście PKP Warszawa Śródmieście PKP station (English: ) is a railway station on the Warsaw Cross-City Line, used mainly by suburban trains. ... Warsaw Gdańska station (Warszawa Gdańska or Dworzec Gdański in Polish) is a railway station in the northern part of the city of Warsaw. ...

Sports

Main article: Sports in Warsaw

Warsaw is home to 2 major professional football clubs and a number of smaller clubs. ...

Football

Legia Warszawa — men's football team (est. 1916), (Polish Champion: 1955, 1956, 1969, 1970, 1993,1994, 1995, 2002, 2006; Polish Cup winner: 1955, 1956, 1964, 1966, 1973, 1980, 1981, 1989, 1990, 1995, 1995, 1997; Polish SuperCup winner: 1989, 1994, 1997; 1st league in 2006/2007 season)
Polonia Warszawa — men's football team (est. 1911), (Polish Champion: 1946, 2000; Polish Cup winner: 1952, 2001; Polish SuperCup winner: 2000; 2nd league in 2006/2007 season) Legia Warszawa is a Polish football club based in Warsaw, Poland. ... Polish Football Association Football (soccer) is one of the most popular sports in Poland. ... Polish Cup The Polish Cup in football (official Polish title: Puchar Polski) is an annually held elimination tournament for Polish football clubs and is the second most important national title in Polish football after the 1st league (or Ekstraklasa) title. ... The Polish Super Cup in football (official Polish title: Superpuchar Polski) is an annually held match between the Polish Champion (Polish 1st league winner) and Polish Cup winner. ... Polonia Stadium - Main stand as viewed from the Kamienna stand Polonia Stadium - Kamienna stand - view from the south gates Polonia Warszawa is a Polish, the oldest Warsaw, sports club with football and basketball teams, founded in 1911 and based in Warsaw, Poland. ... Polish Football Association Football (soccer) is one of the most popular sports in Poland. ... Polish Cup The Polish Cup in football (official Polish title: Puchar Polski) is an annually held elimination tournament for Polish football clubs and is the second most important national title in Polish football after the 1st league (or Ekstraklasa) title. ... The Polish Super Cup in football (official Polish title: Superpuchar Polski) is an annually held match between the Polish Champion (Polish 1st league winner) and Polish Cup winner. ...


Basketball

Polonia Warbud Warszawa - men's basketball team, 3rd in Era Basket Liga in 2003/2004 season. Polonia Warbud Warszawa is a Polish basketball team, based in Warsaw, playing in Era Basket Liga. ...


Legia Warszawa (basketball) - basketball team


Volleyball

Handball

Warszawianka - handball


AZS AWF Warszawa - handball


Culture

Theatre in the past

Teatr Wielki, home of National Theatre and Opera
Teatr Wielki, home of National Theatre and Opera

From 1833 to the outbreak of World War II, Plac Teatralny (Theatre Square) was the country's cultural hub and home to the various theatres. Image File history File links Warszawa_Teatr_Wielki. ... Image File history File links Warszawa_Teatr_Wielki. ... The restored Teatr Wielki The Teatr Wielki (now known as Teatr Wielki - Polish National Opera) is an opera company and theatre complex located on historic Teatralny (Theatre) Square in Warsaw, Poland. ...


The main building housed the Teatr Wielki from 1833–4, the Rozmaitości Theatre from 1836 to 1924 and then the National Theatre, the Reduta Theatre from 1919 to 1924, and from 1928 to 1939 — the Nowy Theatre, which staged productions of contemporary poetical drama, including those directed by Leon Schiller. The restored Teatr Wielki The Teatr Wielki (now known as Teatr Wielki - Polish National Opera) is an opera company and theatre complex located on historic Teatralny (Theatre) Square in Warsaw, Poland. ...


Nearby, in Ogród Saski (Saxon Garden), the Summer Theatre was in operation from 1870 to 1939, and in the inter-war period, the theatre complex also included Momus, Warsaw's first literary cabaret, and Leon Schiller's musical theatre Melodram. The Wojciech Bogusławski Theatre (1922–6), was the best example of "Polish monumental theatre". From the mid-1930s, the Teatr Wielki building housed the State Institute of Dramatic Arts — the first state-run academy of dramatic art, with an Acting Department and a Stage Directing Department. In mid-17th century Swedish invasion rolled through the country in the turbulent time known as The Deluge (potop). ... Leon Schiller de Schildenfeld (1887 - 1954) was the Polish stage director. ... Wojciech BogusÅ‚awski (9 April 1757 in Glinno near PoznaÅ„ - 23 July 1829 in Warsaw) was a Polish actor, director of theater, writer of dramas, father of Polish theater during the times of Polish Enlightenment. ... The restored Teatr Wielki The Teatr Wielki (now known as Teatr Wielki - Polish National Opera) is an opera company and theatre complex located on historic Teatralny (Theatre) Square in Warsaw, Poland. ...


Plac Teatralny and its environs was the venue for numerous parades, celebrations of state holidays, carnival balls, and concerts.


Theatre

Warsaw is home to over 30 major theatres spread throughout the city, including the National Theatre (founded in 1765) and the Grand Theatre in Warsaw (established 1778).[4] Teatr Narodowy (National Theater) was founded in Poland by its last monarch, Stanisław August Poniatowski in Warsaw, 1765, during the Polish Enlightenment. ... The restored Teatr Wielki The Teatr Wielki (now known as Teatr Wielki - Polish National Opera) is an opera company and theatre complex located on historic Teatralny (Theatre) Square in Warsaw, Poland. ...

Warsaw also attracts many young and off-stream directors and performers who add to the city's theatre culture. Their productions may be viewed mostly in smaller theatres and Houses of Culture (Domy Kultury), mostly outside Śródmieście (downtown Warsaw). Warsaw hosts the International Theatrical Meetings. Palace of Culture and Science The Palace of Culture and Science (Pałac Kultury i Nauki, PKiN) in Warsaw is a controversial gift from the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to the people of Warsaw in Poland, which, at the time (the 1950s), was a satellite state of the USSR. It is... Buskers perform in San Francisco A performance, in performing arts, generally comprises an event in which one group of people (the performer or performers) behave in a particular way for another group of people (the audience). ... Area 15. ...

Stanisław Kostka Potocki mausoleum
Stanisław Kostka Potocki mausoleum

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The façade of the palace. ... Noble Family Potocki Coat of Arms Piława Parents Eustachy Potocki Anna Kątska Consorts Aleksandra Lubomirska Children with Aleksandra Lubomirska Aleksander Stanisław Potocki Date of Birth November, 1755 Place of Birth Lublin Date of Death September 14, 1821 Place of Death Wilanów Count Stanisław Kostka Potocki...

Music

Thanks to numerous musical venues, including the Teatr Wielki, the Polish National Opera, the Chamber Opera, the National Philharmonic Hall and the National Theatre, as well as the Roma and Buffo music theatres and the Congress Hall in the Palace of Culture and Science, Warsaw hosts many events and festivals. Among the events worth particular attention are: the International Frederick Chopin Piano Competition, the International Contemporary Music Festival Warsaw Autumn, the Jazz Jamboree, Warsaw Summer Jazz Days, the International Stanisław Moniuszko Vocal Competition, the Mozart Festival, and the Festival of Old Music. The restored Teatr Wielki The Teatr Wielki (now known as Teatr Wielki - Polish National Opera) is an opera company and theatre complex located on historic Teatralny (Theatre) Square in Warsaw, Poland. ... The Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra (Polish: Orkiestra Filharmonii Narodowej w Warszawie), one of Polands premier musical institutions, was established in 1901 on the initiative of an assembly of Polish aristocrats and financiers, not to mention musicians. ... Teatr Narodowy (National Theater) was founded in Poland by its last monarch, StanisÅ‚aw August Poniatowski in Warsaw, 1765, during the Polish Enlightenment. ... Palace of Culture and Science The Palace of Culture and Science (Pałac Kultury i Nauki, PKiN) in Warsaw is a controversial gift from the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to the people of Warsaw in Poland, which, at the time (the 1950s), was a satellite state of the USSR. It is... The International Frederick Chopin Piano Competition is one of the oldest and the most prestigious piano competition in the world, organized in Warsaw since 1927 and held every 5 years since 1955. ... Cover for the CD of the 2001 Warsaw Autumn festival. ...


Museums and art galleries

There are many museums and art galleries in Warsaw, the most notable are:

// The National Museum, Warsaw, in Poland, was established May 20, 1862, as the Museum of Fine Arts, Warsaw, and in 1916 renamed National Museum, Warsaw (with the inclusion of collections from museums and cultural institutions such as the Society of Care for Relics of the Past, the Museum of Antiquity... Zachęta (lit. ... M-3 Halftrack in front of the museum Polish Army Museum (Polish: ) is a museum in Warsaw documenting the military history of the world, as well as the military aspects of the history of Poland. ... you such ass Royal Castle, Warsaw. ... Kotwica The Warsaw Uprising Museum, located in Warsaw, Poland, is a Museum dedicated to the Warsaw Uprising. ... The façade of the palace. ...

Film

Palace on the Water in Łazienki Park
Palace on the Water in Łazienki Park

Since World War II Warsaw has been the second most important centre of film production in Poland. It has also been featured in numerous movies, both Polish and foreign, for example Since World War II Warsaw has been the second most important centre of film production in Poland. ... Image File history File links 5_Warszawa_126. ... Image File history File links 5_Warszawa_126. ... The southern façade of the palace Łazienki Palace (Polish: ) also called Palace on the Water (Polish: ) or Palace on the Isle (Polish: ) is a Neoclassical palace in Łazienki Park in Warsaw. ... The castle in Łazienki Park Łazienki Park (Polish Park Łazienkowski or simply Łazienki) is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful urban public parks in Warsaw with many classical monuments. ...

KanaÅ‚ is a Polish film released in 1956, directed by Andrzej Wajda for P.P. Film Polski at its production unit, Zespol Filmowy Kadr. “Watch them closely, for these are the last hours of their lives,” announces the disembodied voice of a narrator, foreshadowing the tragedy that unravels as Wajda... Korczak is a Polish noble family name, related to Korczak Coat of Arms. ... Andrzej Wajda (born March 6, 1926 in SuwaÅ‚ki) is a Polish film director. ... Heroism (Original title Eroica) is a 1958 film by Andrzej Munk. ... Andrzej Munk (October 16, 1921–September 20, Polish film director, screenplay writer and camera operator and was one of the most influential artists of the Polish Film School. ... Dekalog (The Decalogue) (1988) is a Polish film series, originally made as a television miniseries, directed by Krzysztof KieÅ›lowski and co-written by KieÅ›lowski with Krzysztof Piesiewicz, with music by Zbigniew Preisner. ... Krzysztof KieÅ›lowski   (June 27, 1941 Warsaw, Poland – March 13, 1996 Warsaw, Poland) was an influential Oscar-nominated Polish film director and screenwriter, known internationally for his film cycles Three Colors and The Decalogue. ... Teddy Bear is the English title of MiÅ›, a 1980 Polish film directed by StanisÅ‚aw Bareja. ... StanisÅ‚aw Bareja (5 December 1929 in Warsaw - 14 June 1987 in Essen) was a Polish comedy film director. ... The Pianist is a 2002 film directed by Roman Polanski and starring Adrien Brody. ... Roman Raymond PolaÅ„ski (born August 18, 1933) is an Academy Award-winning Polish–French film director and actor. ...

Education

Main gate of Warsaw University
Main gate of Warsaw University
Warsaw University old library building
Warsaw University old library building
For a full list of Warsaw-based institutions of higher education see: Education in Warsaw

Warsaw is one of the most important education centres of Poland. It is home to four major universities and over 62 smaller schools of higher education. The most important are: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1136 × 852 pixel, file size: 817 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1136 × 852 pixel, file size: 817 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Warsaw University (Polish: ) is one of the largest universities in Poland. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Warszawacd0. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Warszawacd0. ... Warsaw University (Polish: ) is one of the largest universities in Poland. ... Warsaw is one of the most important education centres of Poland. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ...

  • University of Warsaw (Uniwersytet Warszawski)
  • Warsaw University of Technology (Politechnika Warszawska)
  • Warsaw School of Economics (Szkoła Główna Handlowa)
  • Warsaw University of Life Science (Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego)
  • Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University (Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego)
  • Medical University of Warsaw (Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny)
  • Military University of Technology (Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna)
  • Academy of National Defence (Akademia Obrony Narodowej)
  • Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw (Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego w Warszawie)
  • Fryderyk Chopin Academy of Music (Akademia Muzyczna im. Fryderyka Chopina)
  • The Aleksander Zelwerowicz State Theatre Academy (Akademia Teatralna im. Aleksandra Zelwerowicza)
See also: List of universities in Poland

The overall number of students of all grades of education in Warsaw is almost 500,000 (29% of the city population; 2002). The number of university students is over 255,000. University of Warsaw (Polish: ) is the largest university in Poland. ... Warsaw University of Technology is the largest academic school of technology in Poland, and one of the largest in East Europe, employing 2,000 professors. ... Warsaw School of Economics (WSE) is the oldest and most prestigious economic university in Poland. ... A second state university in Warsaw. ... Coat of Arms of Medical University of Warsaw The Medical University of Warsaw was founded in January 1950 on the basis of the former Faculty of Medicine of the University of Warsaw, which was established in the begining of the ninetheen century. ... The Academy of National Defence (AON, Akademia Obrony Narodowej) is the highest military university of Poland, located in Warsaw and Rembertów. ... This is a list of state run universities in Poland. ...


Economy

In 2007 Warsaw was ranked[5] the 67th world's most expensive city to live in. It was classified as a gamma world city (also known as a 'minor world city') on par with cities such as Rome and Beijing by Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Study Group and Network from Loughborough University.[6] “World city” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... Loughborough University is located in the market town of Loughborough, Leicestershire in the East Midlands of England. ...


Business and commerce

Downtown in Warsaw
Downtown in Warsaw
Złote Tarasy shopping centre
Złote Tarasy shopping centre

Warsaw, especially its city centre (Śródmieście), is home not only to many national institutions and government agencies, but also to many domestic and international companies. In 2003, 268,307 companies were registered in the city. Foreign investors' financial participation in the city's development was estimated in 2002 at over 650 million euro. Warsaw produces 13.3% of Poland's national income which per capita is estimated at around 290 % of Polish average. The nominal GDP (PPP) per capita in Warsaw was about $28,000 in 2005 and $ 38,000 in 2007. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 305 KB) Warsaw in Poland File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Warsaw ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 305 KB) Warsaw in Poland File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Warsaw ... Area 15. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ...


At the same time the unemployment rate is one of the lowest in Poland, not exceeding 3%, according to the official figures.


The city itself collects around 8,740,882,000 złotys in taxes and direct government grants. ZÅ‚oty (literally meaning golden, plural: zÅ‚ote or zÅ‚otych, depending on the number) is the Polish currency unit. ...


It has been said that Warsaw, together with Frankfurt, London and Paris, is one of the tallest cities in Europe. 11 of the tallest skyscrapers in Poland, 9 of which are office buildings, are located in Warsaw. The tallest structure, the centrally located Palace of Culture and Science, is the 4th tallest building in the European Union. For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Palace of Culture and Science A statue holding a book of Marx, Engels, and Lenin, with the name Stalin plastered over The Palace of Culture and Science (Polish: , also abbreviated PKiN) in Warsaw is the tallest building in Poland and the worlds 164th tallest building. ...


Warsaw hosts the headquarters of Frontex, the EU's border control agency. Location: Warsaw, Poland Formation: - Signed - Established October 26, 2004 May 1, 2005 Superseding pillar: European Communities Director: Ilkka Laitinen Official website: http://www. ...


Warsaw Stock Exchange

Although Warsaw was home to a stock exchange from 1817, because of political changes after World War II, it could not be reopened after 1945. The WSE only started operating again in April 1991, after the reintroduction of the free-market economy. It is now the biggest stock exchange in the country, with more than 300 companies listed. Ironically enough, from 1991 until 2000 the stock exchange was located in the building previously used as the headquarters of the PZPR (Polish Communist Party). The capitalization of the exchange was US$440.92 billion (as at 28 December 2007). Exchange Center, home of the WSE since 2000 Exchange Center entrance on Książęca Street Center of Banking and Finance, home of the WSE from 1991 to 2000. ... The Polish United Workers Party (PUWP; in Polish, Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, PZPR), was the governing political party in communist-ruled Poland from its creation (through a fusion of the communist Polish Workers Party and the left wing of the Polish Socialist Party) in December 1948 until the regimes...


Industry

During Warsaw's reconstruction after World War II, the communist authorities decided that the city would become a major industrial centre. Numerous large factories were built in the city or just outside it. The largest were the Huta Warszawa Steel Works and two car factories. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


As the communist economy deteriorated, these factories lost significance and most went bankrupt after 1989. Today, the Arcelor Warszawa Steel Mill (formerly Huta Warszawa) is the only major factory remaining. The FSO car factory produces cars mostly for export. Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych (FSO) (literally translated as Factory of Passenger Cars) is a Polish automobile manufacturer, located in Warsaw. ...


Tourist attractions

Plac Zamkowy - Castle Square
Historic Centre of Warsaw*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

State Party  Poland
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, vi
Reference 30
Region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1981  (4th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
Region as classified by UNESCO.
  • Although today's Warsaw is a fairly young city, it has a lot of tourist attractions. Apart from the Warsaw Old Town quarter, carefully reconstructed after World War II, each borough has something to offer. Among the most notable landmarks of the Old Town are the Royal Castle, King Sigismund's Column, Market Square, and the Barbican.
  • Warsaw's oldest public park, the Ogród Saski, is located within 10 minutes' walk from the old town.
  • Warsaw's biggest public park and said to be the most beautiful is the Łazienki Park. It is also very old — established in the 17th century and given its current classical shape in late 18th century — is located further south, on the Royal Route, about 3 km from the Warsaw Old Town
  • The Powązki Cemetery is one of the oldest cemeteries in Europe,[7] full of sculptures, some of them by the most renowned Polish artists of the 19th and 20th centuries. Since it serves the religious communities of Warsaw, be it Catholics, Jews, Muslims or Protestants, it is often called a necropolis. Nearby is the Okopowa Street Jewish Cemetery, one of the largest Jewish cemeteries in Europe.
  • To the north of the city centre is the site of the former Warsaw Ghetto.
  • The borough of Żoliborz is famous for its architecture from the 1920s and 1930s. Between Żoliborz and the Vistula is the Warsaw Citadel, a monument of 19th century military architecture.
  • Former royal residence of king Jan III Sobieski — Wilanów Palace is notable for their baroque architecture and beautiful parks.
  • Notable examples of contemporary architecture include the Palace of Culture and Science, a Soc-realist skyscraper located in the city centre, the Stadion Dziesięciolecia which used to be the biggest open-air market in Europe and the Plac Konstytucji with its monumental Social realism architecture. The central part of the right-bank (east) Praga borough it is a place where very run-down houses stand right next to modern apartment buildings and shopping malls.
  • Ulica Kubusia Puchatka, probably the only street in the world named after Winnie-the-Pooh and located in the very centre of a metropolis.
  • The modern architecture in Warsaw is represented by:
    • Metropolitan Office Building at Plac Piłsudskiego (Pilsudski Square) by Sir Norman Foster
    • Warsaw University Library (BUW) by Marek Budzyński and Zbigniew Badowski with a garden on the roof and beautiful view on the Vistula river
    • Rondo 1 office building by SOM
    • Zlote Tarasy retail and business centre
  • Planned:
    • Museum of the History of Polish Jews
    • Museum of Modern Art
    • "Kopernik" Science Centre (Copernicus)
    • Złota 44 — Apartment tower of unique shape by Daniel Libeskind
    • Lilium Tower - Apartment tower by Zaha Hadid

Warsaw in rankings

This is a list of the worlds most expensive cities, according to the Mercer Human Resource Consulting Cost of Living Surveys. ... This is a list of the worlds cities by quality of living, according to the Mercer Human Resource Consulting 2007 cities by quality of living survey. ...

Sister Cities

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Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Albania Founded 1614 Elevation 295 ft (90 m) Population (2005 est)[1]  - City 585,756  - Metro 700,000 Tirana (Albanian: Tiranë or Tirana) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... 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County District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2007) Gunnar Bakke (Frp) Official language form Neutral[1] Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... This article is about the capital of Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and one of the economic and cultural centres of Germany and western Europe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... The ODESSA, which stands for the German phrase Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, which phrase in turn translates as “Organization of Former Members of the SS,” is the name commonly given to an international Nazi network alleged to have been set up towards the end of World War II... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... 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Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Country Province Established 1855 Area  - Total 1,644 km² (634. ... In cryptography, RSA is an algorithm for public-key cryptography. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Pag (Latin Pagus, village, Italian Pago) is an island in northern Adriatic Sea, off the coast of Croatia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... 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Famous people

Maria Skłodowska-Curie, was born in Warsaw
Further information: Category:People from Warsaw

This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Marie Curie, one of the few people to win two Nobel Prizes in different fields, was one of the most significant researchers of radiation and its effects as a pioneer of radiology. ...

Miscellanea

The Queens Royal Hussars (The Queens Own and Royal Irish), (QRH), is the senior United Kingdom light cavalry regiment. ... Not to be confused with Golgotha, which was called Calvary. ... The Army Air Corps is a component of the British Army. ... In biology, a superfamily is a taxonomic grade intermediate between suborder and family. ... Q-Tip redirects here. ... The 56th Miss World pageant took place in Warsaw, Poland on Saturday, September 30th at Sala Kongresowa, the main 2,897-seat auditorium at the Palace of Culture and Science. ... Palace of Culture and Science The Palace of Culture and Science (Pałac Kultury i Nauki, PKiN) in Warsaw is a controversial gift from the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to the people of Warsaw in Poland, which, at the time (the 1950s), was a satellite state of the USSR. It is... Grand Coat of Arms of Warsaw Coat of Arms of Warsaw The Coat of Arms of Warsaw consists of a syrenka in a red field. ...

See also

Find more about Warsaw on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
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Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Battle of Warsaw Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date 8 to September 28, 1939 Place Warsaw, Poland Result Polish defeat The 1939 Battle of Warsaw was fought between the Polish Warsaw Army (Armia Warszawa) garrisoned and entrenched in the capital of Poland (Warsaw) and the German Army. ... For other uses, see Warsaw Uprising (disambiguation). ... The Warsaw dialect (język warsiaski, Polish: ) is a regional dialect of the Polish language spoken in Warsaw. ... Stefan Starzyński (January 19, 1893 - c. ... Warsaw concentration camp (German: , short KL Warschau) was the German concentration and extermination camp in Warsaw, in the ruins of the Warsaw Ghetto and in other parts of the city. ... Not to be confused with the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about airlines financial liability and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Humans have lived on the lands of todays Poland for the past half a million years or more, highly developed agricultural people for the last 7500 years, the Slavic people have settled in this territory for over 1500 years. ... Royal coronations in Poland: This is a list of royal coronations in Poland. ... The Soviet Military Cemetery in Warsaw is the burial place of over 20,000 Soviet soldiers who died in the fight against Nazi Germany. ... Seal of the Duchy of Masovia. ... Since World War II Warsaw has been the second most important centre of film production in Poland. ...

References

Notes

  1. ^ The Warsaw Mermaid (English). Retrieved on February 11, 2008.
  2. ^ Historia Warszawy (Polish). Retrieved on February 11, 2008.
  3. ^ Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Warsaw, Poland (English). Retrieved on February 11, 2008.
  4. ^ Teatr Wielki-Polish National Opera (English). Retrieved on February 11, 2008.
  5. ^ Economist Intelligence Unit report (English). Retrieved on June 15, 2007.
  6. ^ Inventory of World Cities (English). Retrieved on February 11, 2008.
  7. ^ Short and long history of the Powiązki Cemetery (Polish). Retrieved on February 11, 2008.
  8. ^ The Mermaid (English). Retrieved on February 11, 2008.

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Coordinates: 52°13′48″N, 21°00′39″E Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The official website of the City of Warsaw (310 words)
Warsaw is an extraordinary city, in which historic buildings, palaces, churches and architectural complexes, destroyed during the IIWW, have been reconstructed with great care.
It was possible to hear sirens in the capital city, promptly at 5 p.m., during the anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising.
Warsaw, the capital of the biggest country in the Central Europe, where 40 million people live, is an investor-friendly city.
Warsaw. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (620 words)
Among Warsaw’s most notable buildings are the Holy Cross Church, the 15th-century St. Carmelite Church, several fine palaces, and the monuments to Copernicus and Adam Mickiewicz.
Liberated by Napoleon I in 1806, it became (1807) the capital of the grand duchy of Warsaw (see Poland) and was the scene in 1812 of a diet that proclaimed the reestablishment of Poland.
Warsaw was the principal center of unsuccessful Polish uprisings against Russian domination in 1830 and 1863.
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