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Encyclopedia > Warrant (law)

In law, a warrant can mean any authorization. Often in statute the warrant of a particular person is required before certain administrative actions can take place. For example, before the United States Secretary of State may affix the Great Seal of the United States to letters patent, the President must give authorization [1]. Warrant officers derive their authority from an authorization given by a defense minister as opposed to actually being an officer of the state. Law (from the Old Norse lagu) in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments of/for those who do... In security engineering and computer security, authorization, is a part of the operating system that protects computer resources by only allowing those resources to be used by resource consumers that have been granted authority to use them. ... A statute is a formal, written law of a country or state, written and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to then be ratified by the highest executive in the government, and finally published. ... Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. ... Obverse The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States government. ... Letters Patent by Queen Victoria creating the office of Governor-General of Australia Letters patent are a type of legal document which is an open letter issued by a monarch or government granting a right, monopoly, title, or status to someone or some entity such as a corporation. ... The presidential seal was first used by president Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... A warrant officer (WO) is a member of a military organization holding one of a specific group of ranks. ... A defence minister (Commonwealth English) or defense minister (American English) is a cabinet portfolio (position) which regulates the armed forces in a sovereign nation. ... A police officer is a person who works for the police force. ... A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, which successfully claims the monopoly of the use of force. ...

Most often, the term warrant refers to a specific type of authorization: a writ issued by a competent officer, usually a judge or magistrate, which commands an otherwise illegal act and affords the person executing the writ protection from damages if the act is performed. In law, a writ is a formal written order issued by a government entity in the name of the sovereign power. ... A judge or justice is an official who presides over a court. ... A magistrate is a judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the law. ...

Warrants are typically issued by courts and are directed to the sheriff or a police officer. The warrants issued by a court normally are search warrants, arrest warrants, and execution warrants. A typical arrest warrant in the USA will take the approximate form of: A court is an official, public forum which a sovereign establishes by lawful authority to adjudicate disputes, and to dispense civil, labour, administrative and criminal justice under the law. ... Sheriff is both a political and a legal office held under English common law, Scots law or U.S. common law, or the person who holds such office. ... A search warrant is a written warrant issued by a judge which authorizes the police to conduct a search of a person or location for evidence of a criminal offense. ... An arrest warrant is a warrant issued by a public officer which authorizes the arrest and detention of an individual. ... An execution warrant is a warrant which authorizes the execution or capital punishment of an individual. ...

"This Court orders the Sheriff to find the named person, wherever he may be found, and deliver said person to the custody of the Court."

Warrants are also issued by other government entities, particularly legislatures, since most have the power to compel the attendance of their members. This is called a call of the house. Sheriff is both a political and a legal office held under English common law, Scots law or U.S. common law, or the person who holds such office. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... Political power is a type of power held by a person or group in a society. ... A call of the house is a motion which can be adopted by a deliberative assembly that has the authority to compel the attendance of its members in the absence of a quorum. ...

In the UK, senior public appointments are made by warrant under sign manual, the personal signature of the monarch, on the recommendations of the government. John Hancocks signature is one of the most prominent on the United States Declaration of Independence. ... This article describes the British monarchy from the perspective of the United Kingdom. ...

See also: Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution Amendment IV (the Fourth Amendment) of the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, guards against unreasonable searches and seizures. ...

External links

  • UK appointments made by warrant under the Royal sign manual] - from the London Gazette

  Results from FactBites:
FindLaw - Warrant to Purchase Preferred Stock - American Express Travel Related Services Co. Inc. and GetThere.com (1421 words)
In case the holder shall exercise this Warrant with respect to less than all of the Shares that may be purchased under this Warrant, the Company shall execute a new warrant in the form of this Warrant for the balance of such Shares and deliver such new warrant to the holder of this Warrant.
Any term of this Warrant may be ---------------------- amended and the observance of any term of this Warrant may be waived (either generally or in a particular instance and either retroactively or prospectively), with the written consent of the Company and the Holder.
This Warrant shall be governed by the laws ------------- of the State of California as applied to agreements among California residents made and to be performed entirely within the State of California.
MLC - Mayo Law Clinic: Warrants (5481 words)
A bench warrant is a formal order of the court to law enforcement officers to arrest and bring to jail a person who has failed to appear in court at a determined time and place.
The warrant is issued upon a sworn declaration by the district attorney, a police officer or an alleged victim that the accused person committed a crime.
Alternatively, in the case of many Bench Warrants, if a person retains an attorney before he or she is picked up or arrested, the defense attorney can usually prevail upon the court to recall the bench warrant and permit the attorney to make an appearance for the defendant.
  More results at FactBites »



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