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Encyclopedia > Ward Churchill
Ward Churchill

Ward Churchill speaking at the Bay Area Anarchist Book Fair, May 2005.
Born October 2, 1947 (1947-10-02) (age 60)
Flag of the United States Flag of Illinois Elmwood, Illinois, United States
Occupation Political activist

Ward LeRoy Churchill (born October 2, 1947) is an American writer and political activist. He was a professor of ethnic studies at the University of Colorado at Boulder from 1990 to 2007. His work primarily concerns the United States and its historical treatment of political dissenters and of American Indians. In these subject areas, he has made numerous controversial and provocative claims, often in a confrontational style. Image File history File links Ward-churchill. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Illinois. ... Elmwood is a city located in Peoria County, Illinois. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as involvement in action to bring about change, be it social, political, environmental, or other change. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as involvement in action to bring about change, be it social, political, environmental, or other change. ... Ethnic studies is an academic discipline dedicated to the study of ethnic minorities. ... The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ...


In January 2005 Churchill was widely discussed in the mass media for a 2001 essay in which he claimed that people killed in the World Trade Center attacks were involved in provoking the attack.[1] In March 2005 the university began to investigate allegations that Churchill had engaged in research misconduct; it reported in June 2006 that he had done so.[2] The university fired Churchill on July 24, 2007. [3] Book cover On the Justice of Roosting Chickens: reflections on the consequences of U.S. imperial arrogance and criminality (ISBN 1902593790) is a book written by controversial scholar Ward Churchill published in 2003. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Contents

Background

Early life

Churchill was born in Elmwood, Illinois. He attended local schools, including Elmwood High School.[4] Elmwood is a city located in Peoria County, Illinois. ...


Vietnam

In 1966, Churchill was drafted into the United States Army. On his 1980 resume, Churchill said he served as a public-information specialist who "wrote and edited the battalion newsletter and wrote news releases."[5] The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ...


In a 1987 profile on Churchill, the Denver Post reported that Churchill went to paratrooper school, then volunteered for Vietnam, where he served a 10-month tour as Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol (LRRP), one of a six-man team sent out to track down North Vietnamese.[6] The Denver Post reported in 2005 that Churchill's military records show that he was trained as a projectionist and light truck driver, and do not mention paratrooper school or LRRP training.[5][7] The Denver Post is a daily newspaper published in Denver, Colorado. ... Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol, or LRRP (pronounced and sometimes spelled LuRP), were special six-man teams primarily made up of Rangers utilized in the Vietnam War on highly dangerous special operations missions deep into enemy territory. ...


The 1987 Post article also reported that Churchill was politically radicalized as a result of his experiences in Vietnam. Churchill told the Denver Post that he had worked with the Students for a Democratic Society and Weather Underground in the late 1960's. The Post also reported that Churchill taught members of the Weather Underground how to make bombs and fire weapons.[6] SDS logo The Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) was, historically, a student activist movement in the United States that was one of the main iconic representations of the countrys New Left. ... The term Weather Underground may refer to: Weatherman (organization), a radical leftist student activist group in the 1960s The Weather Underground, a film based on the radical left organization of the same name The term can also refer to: Weather Underground, an Ann Arbor, Michigan-based weather service providing domestic...


Education and academic career

Following his military service, Churchill received his B.A. and M.A. in Communication from Sangamon State University, now the University of Illinois at Springfield. Churchill began working as an affirmative action officer at the University of Colorado at Boulder in 1978. In 1990, he was hired as an associate professor, although he did not possess the academic doctorate usually required for such a position. The following year he was granted tenure in the Communications department, without the usual six-year probationary period. He was presented with an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Alfred University after giving a lecture there about American Indian history in 1992. He was promoted to full professor in 1997. He became chairman of the Ethnic Studies department in 2002.[8][9][10] A Bachelor of Arts (B.A. or A.B.) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or program in the arts and/or sciences. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The University of Illinois at Springfield (UIS) is a small, liberal arts university and the third campus of the University of Illinois. ... This box:      Affirmative actionrefers to policies intended to promote access to education or employment aimed at a historically socio-politically non-dominant group (typically, minorities or women). ... The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ... Alfred University (Alfred) is a small, comprehensive university in the Village of Alfred in western New York State, USA, an hour south of Rochester and two hours southeast of Buffalo. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ...


In January 2005, during the controversy over his 9/11 remarks, Churchill resigned as chairman of the Ethnic Studies department at the University of Colorado—his term as chair was scheduled to expire in June of that year.[11] On May 16, 2006, the Investigative Committee of the Standing Committee on Research Misconduct at the University of Colorado concluded that Churchill had committed multiple counts of academic misconduct, specifically plagiarism, fabrication, and falsification.[2] On July 24, 2007, Churchill was fired for academic misconduct in an eight to one vote by the University of Colorado's Board of Regents.[3] The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ... Academic dishonesty or academic misconduct is any type of cheating that occurs in relation to a formal academic exercise, such as on an exam or essay, usually committed by students. ... For other uses, see Plagiarism (disambiguation). ... Fabrication, in the context of scientific inquiry and academic research, refers to the act of intentionally falsifying research results, such as reported in a journal article. ... Forgery is the process of making or adapting objects or documents (see false document), with the intention to deceive. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Ethnic background

Main article: Ward Churchill misconduct issues

Churchill claims ancestry from three Indian tribes, Creek, Cherokee and Métis, and had stated that he was an enrolled member of the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians.[12][13][14] However, the United Keetoowah Band responded to Churchill's claim by clarifying that he was never an enrolled member, but was enrolled as an honorary associate member in 1994, as were Bill Clinton and other honorees. Keetoowah enrollment committee member Ernestine Berry stated that, " [Churchill] could not prove he was an Indian at all."[7][15][16] In late September 2001 Ward Churchill published a controversial essay about the September 11, 2001 attacks, entitled Some People Push Back: On the Justice of Roosting Chickens. In that essay, Churchill argued that American foreign policies provoked the attacks and questioned the innocence of 9/11 victims characterizing some as... The Creek are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... For other uses, see Cherokee (disambiguation). ... The Métis (pronounced MAY tee, IPA: , in French or , in Michif ), also historically known as Bois Brule, mixed-bloods, Countryborn (or Anglo-Métis), are one of three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ... The United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians are a federally recognized Band of Indians headquartered in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. ... The United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians are a federally recognized Band of Indians headquartered in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...


The Rocky Mountain News, in 2005, published a genealogy of Churchill, and reported "no evidence of a single Indian ancestor" [of Churchill's]. The News reports that both of Churchill's birth parents are listed as white on the 1930 census, as are all of his other known ancestors on previous censuses and other official documents.[17] The Denver Post's genealogical investigation resulted in the same conclusion. The Rocky Mountain News is a daily morning tabloid-format newspaper published in Denver, Colorado. ... The Denver Post is a daily newspaper published in Denver, Colorado. ...


Documents in Churchill’s university personnel file show that he was granted tenure in a "special opportunity position."[9] Such positions were later described as a program designed to help "recruit and hire a more diverse faculty."[18] In 1994, then CU-Boulder Chancellor James Corbridge rejected allegations that Churchill was fraudulently claiming to be an Indian, saying "it has always been university policy that a person's race or ethnicity is self-proving."[19] The University of Colorado's Research Misconduct Committee conducted a preliminary investigation into whether Churchill misrepresented his ethnicity in order to "make his scholarship more widely accepted"; they concluded that such issues are not ones of "research misconduct".[2]


Writing

As a scholar, Churchill has written on American Indian history and culture, and is particularly outspoken about what he describes as the genocide inflicted on the indigenous people of North America by European settlers and the repression of native peoples that he claims continues to this day. This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... For other uses, see Genocide (disambiguation). ... Native Americans redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

Churchill has written or coauthored fourteen books and more than 150 published essays. He describes fifty of those essays as "scholarly", of which 27 are refereed.[20] According to the University of Colorado investigation, "His academic publications are nearly all works of synthesis and reinterpretation, drawing upon studies by other scholars, not monographs describing new research based on primary sources." The investigation also noted that "he has decided to publish largely in alternative presses or journals, not in the university presses or mainstream peer-reviewed journals often favored by more conventional academics."[2] In addition to his academic writing, Churchill has written for several general readership magazines of political opinion. Image File history File links FromaNativeSon. ... Image File history File links FromaNativeSon. ... From a Native Son, cover From a Native Son: Selected Essays on Indigenism, 1985-1995 is a 1996 book by Ward Churchill. ...


In 1986 Churchill wrote an essay titled "Pacifism as Pathology: Notes on an American Pseudopraxis" criticizing pacifist politics within the U.S. left as being hypocritical, defacto racist and ineffectual. In 1998 Arbeiter Ring Publishing published the essay in a book entitled Pacifism as Pathology: Reflections on the Role of Armed Struggle in North America and listing Ward Churchill as the author. (ISBN 1-894037-07-3) The book included a preface by Ed Mead, a new introduction to the essay by Churchill and a commentary by Mike Ryan. The book sparked much debate in leftist circles and inspired more aggressive tactics within the anti-globalization movement in the following few years.[21] Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Pacifism is the opposition to war or violence as a means of settling disputes or gaining advantage. ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... This box:      Racism has many definitions, the most common and widely accepted is that members of one race are intrinsically superior or inferior to members of other races. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Agents of Repression (1988), co-authored by Jim Vander Wall, describes what the authors claim was "the secret war" against the Black Panther Party and American Indian Movement carried out during the late 1960s and '70s by the FBI under the COINTELPRO program. The COINTELPRO Papers (1990; reissued 2002), also co-authored with Jim Vander Wall, examines a series of original FBI memos that detail the Bureau's activities against various leftist groups, from the U.S. Communist Party in the 1950s to activists concerned with Central American issues in the 1980s. The Black Panther Party (originally called the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was an African American organization founded to promote civil rights and self-defense. ... AIM logo AIM flag The American Indian Movement (AIM), is a Native American activist organization in the United States. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... COINTELPRO (Counter Intelligence Program) was a program of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation aimed at investigating and disrupting dissident political organizations within the United States. ... The COINTELPRO Papers: Documents from the FBIs Secret War Against Domestic Dissent is a book by Ward Churchill and Jim Vander Wall. ... The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) is a Marxist-Leninist political party in the United States. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ...


In Fantasies of the Master Race (1992), Churchill examines the portrayal of American Indians and the use of American Indian symbols in popular American culture. He focuses on such phenomena as Tony Hillerman's mystery novels, the film Dances with Wolves, and the New Age movement, finding examples of cultural imperialism and exploitation. Churchill calls author Carlos Castaneda's claims of revealing the teachings of a Yaqui Indian shaman, the "greatest hoax since Piltdown Man." Tony Hillerman (born May 27, 1925) is an award-winning American author of detective novels and non-fiction works. ... Dances with Wolves is a 1990 epic film which tells the story of a United States cavalry officer from the Civil War who travels into the Dakota Territory, near a Sioux tribe. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... Cecil Rhodes: Cape-Cairo railway project. ... Carlos Castaneda (December 25, 1925/31? – April 27, 1998) was a Peruvian- or Brazilian-born American author. ... The Yoeme or Yaqui are a border Native American people who live in the Sonoran Desert region, comprising part of the northern Mexican state of Sonora and the southwestern U.S. state of Arizona. ... The shaman is an intellectual and spiritual figure who is regarded as possessing power and influence on other peoples in the tribe and performs several functions, primarily that of a healer ( medicine man). The shaman provides medical care, and serves other community needs during crisis times, via supernatural means (means... The portrait painted by John Cooke in 1915. ...


Struggle for the Land (1993; reissued 2002) is a collection of essays in which Churchill chronicles the U.S. government's systematic exploitation of Native lands and the killing or displacement of American Indians. He details Native American efforts in the 19th and 20th centuries to prevent defoliation and industrial practices such as surface mining. Struggle for the Land, cover to the 2002 edition Struggle for the Land: Native North American Resistance to Genocide, Ecocide and Colonization is a book by Ward Churchill. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Churchill's Indians Are Us? (1994), a sequel to Fantasies of the Master Race, further explores American Indian issues in popular culture and politics. He examines the movie Black Robe, the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation killings, the prosecution of Leonard Peltier, sports mascots, the Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990, and blood quantum laws, calling them tools of genocide. Churchill is particularly outspoken about New Age exploitations of shamanism and American Indian sacred traditions, and the "do-it-yourself Indianism" of certain contemporary authors. John P. LaVelle of the University of New Mexico School of Law published a review of Indians Are Us? in The American Indian Quarterly. Professor LaVelle, who is an enrolled member of the Santee Sioux Nation, states that Indians Are Us? twists historical facts and is hostile toward Indian tribes.[22] This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Black Robe is a 1991 film directed by Bruce Beresford. ... Oglala Sioux tribal flag Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (Oglala Oyanke in Lakota) is an Oglala Sioux Native American reservation located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. ... Leonard Peltier (born September 12, 1944) is a Native American activist and member of the American Indian Movement. ... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ... Blood Quantum Laws is an umbrella term that describes legislation enacted to define membership in Native American groups. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... This article is about the practice of shamanism; for other uses, see Shaman (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


From a Native Son: Selected Essays on Indigenism, 1985-1995 (1996) is a collection of 23 previously published essays on Native American history, culture, and political activism. From a Native Son, cover From a Native Son: Selected Essays on Indigenism, 1985-1995 is a 1996 book by Ward Churchill. ...


Churchill's A Little Matter of Genocide (1997) is a survey of ethnic cleansing from 1492 to the present. He compares the treatment of North American Indians to historical instances of genocide by communists in Cambodia, Turks against Armenians, and Europeans against the Gypsies, as well as Nazis against the Poles and Jews. Ethnic cleansing refers to various policies or practices aimed at the displacement of an ethnic group from a particular territory in order to create a supposedly ethnically pure society. ... Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism, or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the totalitarian ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ...


In Perversions of Justice (2002), Churchill argues that the U.S.'s legal system was adapted to gain control over Native American people. Tracing the evolution of federal Indian law, Churchill argues that the principles set forth were not only applied to non-Indians in the U.S., but later adapted for application abroad. He concludes that this demonstrates the development of the U.S.'s "imperial logic," which depends on a "corrupt form of legalism" to establish colonial control and empire.


Churchill's controversial essay on 9/11 was expanded into a book-length manuscript, published as On the Justice of Roosting Chickens: Reflections on the Consequences of U.S. Imperial Arrogance and Criminality (2003) by AK Press. The book features two other chapters, one listing US military interventions, another listing US violations of international law. The original essay takes the "roosting chickens" of the title from a 1963 Malcolm X speech wherein Malcolm X linked the assassination of the U.S. president John F. Kennedy to the violence that Kennedy perpetuated as "merely a case of chickens coming home to roost." Churchill's essays in this book address the worldwide forms of resistance that he posits were and continue to be provoked by U.S. imperialism of the 20th and 21st centuries. Book cover On the Justice of Roosting Chickens: reflections on the consequences of U.S. imperial arrogance and criminality (ISBN 1902593790) is a book written by controversial scholar Ward Churchill published in 2003. ... AK Press is a collectively owned and operated independent publisher and book distributor that specialises in radical and anarchist literature. ... Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, also known as Detroit Red and Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Omaha, Nebraska, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965 in New York City) was a Muslim Minister and National Spokesman for the Nation of Islam. ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ...


In Kill the Indian, Save the Man: The Genocidal Impact of American Indian Residential Schools (2004), Churchill traces the history of removing American Indian children from their homes to residential schools (in Canada) or Indian boarding schools (in the USA) as part of government policies (1880s-1980s) which he regards as genocidal. Kill the Indian, Save the Man, cover Kill the Indian, Save the Man: The Genocidal Impact of American Indian Residential Schools is a 2004 book by Ward Churchill. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ...


Activism

Churchill has been active since at least 1984 as the co-director of the Denver-based American Indian Movement of Colorado, an autonomous chapter of the American Indian Movement. In 1993, he and other local AIM leaders, including Russell Means, Glen Morris, Bob Robideau, and David Hill, broke with the national AIM leadership, including Dennis Banks and brothers Vernon and Clyde Bellecourt, claiming that all AIM chapters are autonomous. The schism continues, with the national AIM leadership claiming that the local AIM leaders, such as Churchill, are tools of the government which uses them against other American Indians. The leaders of the national AIM organization claim that Churchill has worked in the past as an underground counter-intelligence source for the U.S. government, for example the FBI, and local, non-Indian, police forces, to subvert the national AIM organization. They cite several examples but specifically a 1993 Boulder interview with Jodi Rave, a former columnist for the Denver Post, where Churchill stated that he "was teaching the Rapid City Police Department about the American Indian Movement."[23] This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ... The American Indian Movement of Colorado (Colorado AIM) is a breakaway branch of the American Indian Movement. ... AIM logo AIM flag The American Indian Movement (AIM), is a Native American activist organization in the United States. ... AIM logo AIM flag The American Indian Movement (AIM), is a Native American activist organization in the United States. ... Russell Means (born November 10, 1939) is one of contemporary Americas best-known and prolific activists for the rights of American Indians. ... AIM logo AIM flag The American Indian Movement (AIM), is a Native American activist organization in the United States. ... Dennis Banks (born April 12, 1932), a Native American leader, teacher, lecturer, activist and author, is an Anishinabe born on Leech Lake Indian Reservation in northern Minnesota. ... Vernon Bellecourt, Indian name WaBun-Inini, (October 17, 1931 – October 13, 2007)[1] was a member of the White Earth Band of Ojibwe (located in Minnesota), and a Native American rights activist. ... Clyde H. Bellecourt (born May 8, 1936) is a Native American civil rights organizer noted for co-founding the American Indian Movement (AIM) in 1968 with Dennis Banks, Herb Powless, and Eddie Benton Banai, among others. ... The word schism (IPA: or ), from the Greek σχίσμα, skhísma (from σχίζω, skhízō, to tear, to split), means a division or a split, usually in an organization or a movement. ... Counter Intelligence A uk label started and owned by John Machielsen. ... F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ... The City of Boulder ( , Mountain Time Zone) is a home rule municipality located in Boulder County, Colorado, United States. ... Rapid City is a city located in the western part of South Dakota and is second largest city in the state of South Dakota after Sioux Falls. ...


Churchill has been a leader of Colorado AIM's annual protests in Denver against the Columbus Day holiday and its associated parade. These protests have brought Colorado AIM's leadership into conflict with some leaders in the Denver Italian American community, the main supporters of the parade. Churchill and others have been arrested while protesting for acts such as blocking the parade.[24][25] As early as 2004, Churchill has claimed that the Ninth Amendment rights of native Americans not to be subjected to such displays overrides the First Amendment of non-native Americans and that such parades are unconstitutional. Legal scholars have dismissed this argument as carrying no practical weight in higher U.S. courts.[26][27] Columbus Day is a holiday celebrating the anniversary of the October 12, 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus to the Americas. ... An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent either born in America or someone who has immigrated. ... The Bill of Rights in the National Archives Amendment IX (the Ninth Amendment) to the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, addresses rights of the people that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution. ... “First Amendment” redirects here. ...


In April 1983, Churchill traveled to Tripoli and Benghazi as a representative of AIM and the International Indian Treaty Council to meet Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi of Libya while a U.S. travel ban to that country was in place. The visit was intended to seek support from Gaddafi regarding claims of the U.S. government's violation of AIM treaties. Tripoli (Arabic: طرابلس Tarābulus) is the capital city of Libya. ... Colourful buildings in the city centre. ... Muammar Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi1 (Arabic:   ) (born c. ...


9/11 essay controversy

Churchill wrote an essay in September 2001 entitled "On the Justice of Roosting Chickens" about the September 11, 2001 attacks, in which he argued that U.S. foreign policies provoked the attacks. In particular, he argued that those attacked in the World Trade Center were not innocent civilians, comparing their role in what he described as ongoing genocidal American imperialism to the role played by Adolf Eichmann in organizing the Holocaust. In 2005, this essay was widely publicized when Hamilton College invited him to give a speech.[1] This led to both condemnations of Churchill and counter-accusations of McCarthyism from Churchill and his supporters. Following the controversy, the University of Colorado interim Chancellor Phil DiStefano stated, "While Professor Churchill has the constitutional right to express his political views, his essay on 9/11 has outraged and appalled us and the general public."[11] Churchill book cover Historian and ethnic studies professor Ward Churchill wrote an essay in September 2001 titled Some People Push Back: On the Justice of Roosting Chickens about the September 11, 2001 attacks, in which he argued that American foreign policies provoked the attacks. ... Book cover On the Justice of Roosting Chickens: reflections on the consequences of U.S. imperial arrogance and criminality (ISBN 1902593790) is a book written by controversial scholar Ward Churchill published in 2003. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Otto Adolf Eichmann (known as Adolf Eichmann; March 19, 1906 – June 1, 1962) was a high-ranking Nazi and SS Obersturmbannführer (equivalent to Lieutenant Colonel). ... Hamilton College is a private, independent, highly selective liberal arts college located in Clinton, New York. ... A 1947 comic book published by the Catechetical Guild Educational Society warning of the dangers of a Communist takeover. ... For other uses, see Chancellor (disambiguation). ...


Research misconduct investigation

Main article: Ward Churchill misconduct issues

The controversy attracted increased attention to Churchill's research, which had been criticized by John LaVelle, Guenter Lewy and Thomas Brown, among others.[22][28][29][30] In late September 2001 Ward Churchill published a controversial essay about the September 11, 2001 attacks, entitled Some People Push Back: On the Justice of Roosting Chickens. In that essay, Churchill argued that American foreign policies provoked the attacks and questioned the innocence of 9/11 victims characterizing some as... Guenter Lewy (born 1923, Germany) is an author and historian, and a professor emeritus of political science at the University of Massachusetts. ... There have been several notable individuals named Thomas Brown, including: Thomas Brown (1662 - 1704), English satirist Thomas Brown (1778 - 1820), philosopher Thomas Brown, 18th century North Carolina politician Thomas Brown, 19th century Governor of Florida and inventor of the post office letter box Thomas Brown (1785-1862), English naturalist Thomas...


In 2005, University of Colorado at Boulder administrators ordered an investigation into the allegations of research misconduct. University of Colorado officials pointed out that while accusations against Churchill had been published as early as the 1990s, no one had filed a complaint of research misconduct with the University before 2005. However, they addressed the new charges of research misconduct that came to light during the controversy over Churchill's remarks about the 9/11 victims.[31] The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ... Scientific misconduct is the violation of the standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behavior in professional scientific research. ...


On May 16, 2006 the University released its investigative committee findings. The Investigative Committee, a five-member subcommittee of the Standing Committee on Research Misconduct, agreed unanimously that Churchill had engaged in "serious research misconduct," including four counts of falsifying information, two counts of fabricating information, two counts of plagiarizing the works of others, improperly reporting the results of studies, and failing to "comply with established standards regarding author names on publications." In addition, the committee found him "disrespectful of Indian oral traditions." Two members found that Churchill's actions did not warrant dismissal and that the most appropriate sanction was suspension. While the remaining three found that his conduct was grounds for dismissal, they were split as to what the most appropriate sanction was—two believed suspension was appropriate and one stated dismissal was appropriate.[2] is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Standing Committee on Research Misconduct, after examining the findings of the Investigative Committee, disagreed on what sanctions should be imposed on Churchill. Six members voted for dismissal. Two members voted for a five year suspension without pay, and one voted for a two year suspension without pay.[32]


In its report, the investigative sub-committee "expresses its concern regarding the timing and perhaps the motives for the University's decision to forward charges made in that context."[2] The Standing Committee's final report, however, states that they could not ignore the charges against Churchill given their seriousness.[32]


Churchill has contested the finding of misconduct.[33][34][35][36] Some observers infer that the investigation and these actions were in retaliation for Churchill's controversial statements about the World Trade Center attacks because it began in the midst of national media coverage of his statements, with one stating that Churchill's writing was "subjected to a line-by-line review for evidence of academic malfeasance solely as a punishment for his political statements."[37][38][39] Eleven CU professors have signed a complaint against the investigation and its findings, claiming the Committee's research violates standard scholarly practices by using biased information and suppressing information favorable to Churchill's.[40] CU Professor Margaret LeCompte views the Churchill case as a "key precedent that could lead to curtailing academic freedoms."[41] In addition, scholars and organizations including the ACLU, the National Association of Chicana and Chicano Studies, Noam Chomsky, Howard Zinn, Drucilla Cornell, and Immanuel Wallerstein, have issued statements objecting to the circumstances of Churchill's firing.[42] The American Civil Liberties Union, or ACLU, is a non_governmental organization devoted to defending civil rights and civil liberties in the United States. ... Avram Noam Chomsky (Hebrew: אברם נועם חומסקי Yiddish: אברם נועם כאמסקי) (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, political activist, author, and lecturer. ... Howard Zinn (born August 24, 1922) is an American historian, political scientist, social critic, activist and playwright, best known as author of the bestseller, A Peoples History of the United States. ... Drucilla Cornell is a professor of political science, womens studies, and comparative literature at Rutgers University. ... Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein (born 28 September 1930, New York City) is a U.S. sociologist by credentials, but a historical social scientist, or world-systems analyst by trade. ...


On July 24, 2007, he was fired from his position for academic misconduct including plagiarism, fabrication, and falsification. University president Hank Brown said of the firing, "This case was an example not of mistakes, but an effort to falsify history and fabricate history and in the final analysis, this individual did not express regret or apologize. This is a faculty that has an outstanding reputation and this move today protects that reputation." On the following day, Churchill filed a lawsuit in state court claiming that the firing was retribution for expressing politically unpopular views.[3][43][44][45] The University filed for dismissal on September 4, 2007.[46] is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Academic dishonesty is cheating or plagiarism that occurs within an educational setting. ... For other uses, see Plagiarism (disambiguation). ... George Hanks (Hank) Brown (1940-) was a Republican politician and Senator from Colorado. ...


Artwork

Churchill has exhibited his own lithographs, woodcuts and drawings in galleries of the American Southwest and elsewhere [citation needed]. His subjects are often American Indian figures and other themes associated with Native American Culture, using historical photographs as source material for works.[47] Lithography is a method for printing on a smooth surface, as well as a method of manufacturing semiconductor and MEMS devices. ... The Southwest region of the United States is drier than the adjoining Midwest in weather; the population is less dense and, with strong Spanish-American and Native American components, more ethnically varied than neighboring areas. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


There have been allegations that Churchill’s pieces infringe copyrights. For example, his 1981 serigraph "Winter Attack" was, according to Churchill and others, based on a 1972 drawing by artist Thomas E. Mails. Churchill printed 150 copies of "Winter Attack" and sold at least one of them; other copies have been made available for purchase online. Churchill maintained that at the time he produced "Winter Attack", he publicly acknowledged that it was based on Mails' work.[48] The online journal Artnet mentions Churchill's artwork and the controversy surrounding its originality.[47] Screen-printing, also known as silkscreening or serigraphy, is a printmaking technique that creates a sharp-edged single-color image using a stencil and a porous fabric. ...


Works

Books

  • Churchill, Ward (ed.) (1984). Marxism and Native Americans. Boulder CO: South End Press. ISBN 978-0-89608-177-2 (hardcover: ISBN 978-0-89608-178-9). 
  • Churchill, Ward; Elisabeth Lloyd (1984). Culture versus Economism: Essays on Marxism in the Multicultural Arena. Indigena Press. 
  • Churchill, Ward; Jim Vander Wall (1988). Agents of Repression: The FBI's Secret Wars Against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement. Boulder CO: South End Press. ISBN 978-0-89608-293-9 (hardcover: ISBN 978-0-89608-294-6). 
  • Churchill, Ward; Jim Vander Wall (1990). The COINTELPRO Papers: Documents from the FBI's Secret War Against Domestic Dissent. Boulder CO: South End Press. ISBN 978-0-89608-359-2. 
  • Churchill, Ward (1992). Fantasies of the Master Race: Literature, Cinema, and the Colonization of American Indians. Common Courage Press. ISBN 978-0-87286-348-4. 
  • Churchill, Ward; Jennie and Jim Vander Wall (eds.) (1992). Cages of Steel: The Politics of Imprisonment in America, Activism, Politics, Culture, Theory, Vol. 4, Maisonneuve Press. ISBN 978-0-944624-17-3.  Re-released as Churchill, Ward; Jim Vander Wall (eds.) (2004). Politics of Imprisonment in the United States. AK Press. ISBN 978-1-904859-12-3. 
  • Churchill, Ward (1993). Struggle for the Land: Indigenous Resistance to Genocide, Ecocide and Expropriation in Contemporary North America. Common Courage Press. ISBN 978-1-56751-000-3 (hardcover: ISBN 978-1-56751-001-0).  Released in a revised and expanded edition as Churchill, Ward (2002). Struggle for the Land: Native North American Resistance to Genocide, Ecocide and Colonization. San Francisco CA: City Lights Books. ISBN 978-0-87286-414-6 (hardcover: ISBN 978-0-87286-415-3).  (One essay in this book has been accused of containing a plagiarized paragraph).
  • Churchill, Ward (1994). Indians Are Us?: Culture and Genocide in Native North America. Common Courage Press. ISBN 978-1-56751-020-1 (hardcover: ISBN 978-1-56751-021-8). 
  • Churchill, Ward (1995). Since Predator Came: Notes from the Struggle for American Indian Liberation. Aigis Press. ISBN 978-1-883930-03-5. 
  • Churchill, Ward (1996). From a Native Son: Selected Essays on Indigenism 1985-1995. Boulder CO: South End Press. ISBN 978-0-89608-553-4. 
  • Churchill, Ward; Sharon Venne (eds.) (1997). Islands in Captivity: The International Tribunal on the Rights of Indigenous Hawaiians. Boulder CO: South End Press. ISBN 978-0-89608-567-1 (hardcover: ISBN 978-0-89608-568-8).  Re-released as Churchill, Ward; Sharon Venne (eds.) (2005). Islands in Captivity: The Record of the International Tribunal on the Rights of Indigenous Hawaiians. Boulder CO: South End Press. ISBN 978-0-89608-738-5). 
  • Churchill, Ward; Mike Ryan (introduction by Ed Mead) (1998). Pacifism as Pathology: Reflections on the Role of Armed Struggle in North America. Arbeiter Ring. ISBN 978-1-894037-07-5. 
  • Churchill, Ward (1998). A Little Matter Of Genocide: Holocaust And Denial In The Americas 1492 To The Present. San Francisco CA: City Lights Books. ISBN 978-0-87286-323-1 (hardcover: ISBN 978-0-87286-343-9). 
  • Churchill, Ward (2000). Draconian Measures: The History of FBI Political Repression. Common Courage Press. ISBN 978-1-56751-058-4 (hardcover: ISBN 978-1-56751-059-1). 
  • Churchill, Ward (2002). Acts Of Rebellion: The Ward Churchill Reader. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-93156-4 (library binding: ISBN 978-0-415-93155-7). 
  • Churchill, Ward (2002). Perversions of Justice: Indigenous Peoples and Angloamerican Law. San Francisco CA: City Lights Books. ISBN 978-0-87286-411-5 (hardcover: ISBN 978-0-87286-416-0). 
  • Churchill, Ward (2003). On the Justice of Roosting Chickens: Reflections on the Consequences of U.S. Imperial Arrogance and Criminality. AK Press. ISBN 978-1-902593-79-1. 
  • Churchill, Ward (2004). Kill the Indian, Save the Man: The Genocidal Impact of American Indian Residential Schools. San Francisco CA: City Lights Books. ISBN 978-0-87286-434-4. 
  • Churchill, Ward (2004). Speaking Truth in the Teeth of Power: Lectures on Globalization, Colonialism, and Native North America. AK Press. ISBN 978-1-904859-04-8. 
  • Churchill, Ward (2005). To Disrupt, Discredit And Destroy: The FBI's Secret War Against The Black Panther Party. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-92958-5 (hardcover: ISBN 978-0-415-92957-8). 
  • Churchill, Ward; Natsu Saito (eds.) (2006 (forthcoming)). Confronting The Crime Of Silence: Evidence Of U.S. War Crimes In Indochina. AK Press. ISBN 978-1-904859-21-5. 

South End Press is a non-profit book publisher which is run on a model of participatory economics, and was founded in 1977. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... The Black Panther Party (originally called the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was an African American organization founded to promote civil rights and self-defense. ... AIM logo AIM flag The American Indian Movement (AIM), is a Native American activist organization in the United States. ... South End Press is a non-profit book publisher which is run on a model of participatory economics, and was founded in 1977. ... The COINTELPRO Papers: Documents from the FBIs Secret War Against Domestic Dissent is a book by Ward Churchill and Jim Vander Wall. ... South End Press is a non-profit book publisher which is run on a model of participatory economics, and was founded in 1977. ... AK Press is a collectively owned and operated independent publisher and book distributor that specialises in radical and anarchist literature. ... Struggle for the Land, cover to the 2002 edition Struggle for the Land: Native North American Resistance to Genocide, Ecocide and Colonization is a book by Ward Churchill. ... Struggle for the Land, cover to the 2002 edition Struggle for the Land: Native North American Resistance to Genocide, Ecocide and Colonization is a book by Ward Churchill. ... The City Lights Bookstore, in the North Beach section of San Francisco, is an independent bookstore specializing in poetry. ... From a Native Son, cover From a Native Son: Selected Essays on Indigenism, 1985-1995 is a 1996 book by Ward Churchill. ... South End Press is a non-profit book publisher which is run on a model of participatory economics, and was founded in 1977. ... South End Press is a non-profit book publisher which is run on a model of participatory economics, and was founded in 1977. ... South End Press is a non-profit book publisher which is run on a model of participatory economics, and was founded in 1977. ... The Workmens Circle Logo The Arbeter Ring (אַרבעטער־רינג) (Workmen’s Circle) is a Yiddish language-oriented American Jewish fraternal organization loosely connected to the Humanistic Judaism movement. ... The City Lights Bookstore, in the North Beach section of San Francisco, is an independent bookstore specializing in poetry. ... Routledge is an imprint for books in the humanities part of the Taylor & Francis Group, which also has Brunner-Routledge, RoutledgeCurzon and RoutledgeFalmer divisions. ... The City Lights Bookstore, in the North Beach section of San Francisco, is an independent bookstore specializing in poetry. ... Book cover On the Justice of Roosting Chickens: reflections on the consequences of U.S. imperial arrogance and criminality (ISBN 1902593790) is a book written by controversial scholar Ward Churchill published in 2003. ... AK Press is a collectively owned and operated independent publisher and book distributor that specialises in radical and anarchist literature. ... Kill the Indian, Save the Man, cover Kill the Indian, Save the Man: The Genocidal Impact of American Indian Residential Schools is a 2004 book by Ward Churchill. ... The City Lights Bookstore, in the North Beach section of San Francisco, is an independent bookstore specializing in poetry. ... AK Press is a collectively owned and operated independent publisher and book distributor that specialises in radical and anarchist literature. ... Routledge is an imprint for books in the humanities part of the Taylor & Francis Group, which also has Brunner-Routledge, RoutledgeCurzon and RoutledgeFalmer divisions. ... AK Press is a collectively owned and operated independent publisher and book distributor that specialises in radical and anarchist literature. ...

Articles

LiP: Informed Revolt is an alternative magazine that has taken on various incarnations since it was founded by former Britannica. ...

Audio and video

  • Doing Time: The Politics of Imprisonment, audio CD of a lecture, recorded at the Doing Time Conference at the University of Winnipeg, September 2000 (AK Press, 2001, ISBN 978-1-902593-47-0)
  • Life In Occupied America (AK Press, 2003, ISBN 978-1-902593-72-2)
  • In A Pig's Eye: Reflections on the Police State, Repression, and Native America (AK Press, 2002, ISBN 978-1-902593-50-0)
  • US Off The Planet!: An Evening In Eugene With Ward Churchill And Chellis Glendinning, VHS video recorded July 17, 2001 (Cascadia Media Collective, 2002)
  • Pacifism and Pathology in the American Left, 2003 audio CD recorded at a AK Press warehouse in Oakland (AK Press Audio)
  • Z Mag Ward Churchill Audio August 10, 2003 and earlier
  • Churchill Speaks About Academic Freedom - Free Speech Radio News February 09, 2005 *Ward Churchill Under Fire - Free Speech Radio News, February 03, 2005.
  • The Justice of Roosting Chickens: Ward Churchill Speaks The Pacifica Network Show, Democracy Now! from February 18, 2005 features extended Audio/Video exclusive interview with Churchill.
  • A Little Matter of Genocide: Linking U.S. Aggression Abroad to the Domestic Repression of Indigenous Peoples", recorded in North Battleford, Saskatchewan on March 19, 2005
  • Debate with David Horowitz and Ward Churchill at George Washington University April 6, 2006
    • Full two hour audio of debate with David Horowitz. rightalk.listenz.com. Retrieved on 2006-07-02.
    • David Horowitz vs. Ward Churchill - Round 1. Young Americans Foundation. Retrieved on 2006-07-02. Video and audio (excerpt)
    • David Horowitz vs. Ward Churchill. insidehighered.com. Retrieved on 2006-07-02.

The University of Winnipeg received its charter in 1967 but its roots date back more than 130 years. ... It has been suggested that Track Town, USA be merged into this article or section. ... Location of North Battleford, Saskatchewan North Battleford is a small city in west central Saskatchewan, Canada. ... David Horowitz is an American conservative writer and activist. ... The George Washington University (GW), is a private, coeducational university located in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood of Washington, D.C. The school was founded in 1821 as The Columbian College in the District of Columbia by Baptist ministers using funds bequeathed by George Washington. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Ward Churchill

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Churchill to remain at Colorado, Badger Herald, April 1, 2005.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Wesson, Marianne; Clinton, Robert & Limón, José et al. (2006), Report of the Investigative Committee of the Standing Committee on Research Misconduct at the University of Colorado at Boulder concerning Allegations of Academic Misconduct against Professor Ward Churchill, University of Colorado at Boulder, <http://www.colorado.edu/news/reports/churchill/download/WardChurchillReport.pdf>
  3. ^ a b c Berny Morson. "CU regents fire Ward Churchill", Rocky Mountain News, 2007-07-24. 
  4. ^ Ward Churchill at the Notable Names Database
  5. ^ a b Dave Curtin, Howard Pankratz and Arthur Kane. "Questions stoke Ward Churchill's firebrand past", Denver Post, 2005-02-13. 
  6. ^ a b Denver Post, January 18, 1987. photostat of Denver Post article (the text)
  7. ^ a b Howard Pankratz. "CU prof affirms Indian heritage: Tribe says he's not full member", Denver Post, 2005-02-03. 
  8. ^ Berny Morson, Charlie Brennan. "Churchill tenure questioned: Prof was granted job security without usual review process", Rocky Mountain News, 2005-02-16. 
  9. ^ a b Elizabeth Mattern Clark. "Churchill's file details rise at CU: Professor rewarded after Sept. 11, 2001, essay written", Daily Camera, 2005-02-18. 
  10. ^ Honorary Degrees, 1990-1999. Special Collections & Archives. Herrick Memorial Library, Alfred University.
  11. ^ a b Ward Churchill Resigns Administrative Post, University of Colorado at Boulder, Jan. 31, 2005
  12. ^ University of Colorado Ethnic Studies page.
  13. ^ Ward Churchill (2002). "An American Holocaust? The Structure of Denial". Socialism and Democracy 17 (1). 
  14. ^ North Carolina State Univ., Office of University Relations, posting of Ward Churchill speech. March 28, 2004
  15. ^ Charlie Brennan. "Tribe snubs prof: Cherokee band says Churchill's claim of membership a fraud", Rocky Mountain News, 2005-05-18. 
  16. ^ Charlie Brennan. "Tribe clarifies stance on prof: Milder statement explains Churchill's 'associate' label", Rocky Mountain News, 2005-05-20. 
  17. ^ Flynn, Kevin. "Special report: The Churchill files; The charge: Misrepresentation", Rocky Mountain News, June 9, 2005. Retrieved on 2007-07-25. 
  18. ^ Appendix C - Best Practices. Campus Diversity Plan: A Blueprint for Action. University of Colorado at Boulder (July 1999).
  19. ^ Charlie Brennan, Stuart Steers. "Red-flagged career: Churchill's tenure at CU marked by warnings of trouble", Rocky Mountain News, 2005-02-17. 
  20. ^ Ward Churchill (2007-07-12). Submission of Professor Ward Churchill to the Board of Regents of the University of Colorado (PDF).
  21. ^ L.A. Kauffman (December 10, 1999). "Who were those masked anarchists in Seattle?". Salon.com.
  22. ^ a b LaVelle, John (1999), "Review of "Indians Are Us?: Culture and Genocide in Native North America"", The American Indian Quarterly 20 (1): 109-118, <http://lawschool.unm.edu/faculty/lavelle/american-indian-quarterly.pdf>
  23. ^ Bellecourt, Vernon. United States Government War Against the American Indian Movement, AIM Council on Security and Intelligence, November 3, 1999
  24. ^ "Columbus parade could see less strife: Churchill, conflict having an effect" By Charlie Brennan, Rocky Mountain News, September 24, 2005.
  25. ^ Chronology of Events Concerning (Transform) Columbus Day. Transform Columbus Day Alliance. Retrieved on March 28, 2006.
  26. ^ Ward Churchill: What Did I Really Say? And Why Did I Say It? February 21, 2005 and video of Question#4
  27. ^ Colorado and other legal scholars on 9th vs. 1st issue. February 4, 2005
  28. ^ LaVelle, John (1999), "The General Allotment Act "Eligibility" Hoax: Distortions of Law, Policy, and History in Derogation of Indian Tribes", Wicazo Sa Review, <http://lawschool.unm.edu/faculty/lavelle/allotment-act.pdf>
  29. ^ Lewy, Guenter (2004), "Were American Indians the Victims of Genocide?", History News Network, <http://hnn.us/articles/7302.html>
  30. ^ Brown, Thomas (2006), "Did the U.S. Army Distribute Smallpox Blankets to Indians? Fabrication and Falsification in Ward Churchill’s Genocide Rhetoric", Plagiary: Cross-Disciplinary Studies in Plagiarism, Fabrication, and Falsification 1 (9), <http://www.plagiary.org/smallpox-blankets.pdf>
  31. ^ DiStephano, Philip; Gleeson, Todd & Getches, David (2005), Report on Conclusion of Preliminary Review in the Matter of Professor Ward Churchill, University of Colorado at Boulder, <http://www.colorado.edu/news/reports/churchill/report.html>
  32. ^ a b Rosse, Joseph; Bhagat, Sanjai & Bradburn, Mark et al. (2006), Report and Recommendations of the Standing Committee on Research Misconduct Concerning Allegations of Research Misconduct by Professor Ward Churchill, University of Colorado at Boulder, <http://www.colorado.edu/news/reports/churchill/download/StandingCmteReport.pdf>
  33. ^ Ward Churchill. A Travesty of an "Investigation". Counterpunch. Retrieved on May 16, 2006.
  34. ^ Churchill, Ward (May 20 2006). Summary of Fallacies in the University of Colorado Investigative Committee Report of May 9, 2006 (MSWord document).
  35. ^ Churchill, Ward (July 12 2007). Research Misconduct Complaint against Professor Michael Radelet and Investigative Committee.
  36. ^ Churchill, Ward (July 18 2007). Research Misconduct Complaint against Professor Marjorie McIntosh and Investigative Committee.
  37. ^ Littwin, Mike (May 18 2006). "Witch hunt apparently pays off at CU". Rocky Mountain News: 7A. Retrieved on January 25, 2007. 
  38. ^ Tom Mayer. The Report On Ward Churchill. Swans Commentatary (June 19, 2006). Retrieved on July 13, 2006.
  39. ^ Shapiro, Bruce (2005-03-07). Free Speech Fights. The Nation. Retrieved on 2007-07-31.
  40. ^ Pamela White. "Unfinished Business", Boulder Weekly, 2007-08-09. 
  41. ^ Christopher N. Osher. "Churchill part of bigger fight", Denver Post, 2007-05-30. 
  42. ^ Statements in support of Ward Churchill (2007-10-17).
  43. ^ Jeffrey Wolf; Nicole Vap (2007-07-25). 'I'm going nowhere' says Churchill after firing. 9news.com.
  44. ^ "Colorado Prof Fired After 9-11 Remarks", Forbes, 2007-07-24. 
  45. ^ First amended complaint & jury demand. Ward Churchill v. University of Colorado (2007-07-25).
  46. ^ Arthur Kane (2007-09-05). CU seeks dismissal of Churchill lawsuit. Denver Post.
  47. ^ a b Artnet News: Art Troubles for WTC "Little Eichmanns" Critic (3/15/05). Retrieved on 2007-07-26.
  48. ^ Chohan, Raj (February 24, 2005). 'Original' Churchill Art Piece Creates Controversy (HTML). KCNC-TV (CBS Broadcasting). Retrieved on 2007-07-26.
Persondata
NAME Churchill, Ward
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Political activist
DATE OF BIRTH October 2, 1947
PLACE OF BIRTH Elmwood, Illinois, USA
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Democracy Now! | The Justice of Roosting Chickens: Ward Churchill Speaks (2220 words)
At the center of the controversy is Ward Churchill, a professor in the Ethnic Studies department at the University of Colorado, Boulder.
Churchill is a well-known activist with the American Indian Movement and author of a number of books on genocide against Native Americans and the US government’s COINTELPRO program.
WARD CHURCHILL: Well it goes to Hannah Arendt's notion of Eichmann, the thesis that he embodied the banality of evil.
Ward Churchill - Encyclopedia Dramatica (272 words)
Ward Churchill is famous for writing a Stream of Consciousness livejournal entry in 2001 about 9/11, jews, arabs, and his relationship with Adolf Eichmann (whom he affectionately refered to as "little-Eichmann" after they streaked through a Take Back The Night rally at the University of Colorado at Boulder).
Ward Churchill naturally lives in a Wigwam because he is 72/16ths Native American.
Churchill denied Jews did WTC (like the he denies the Lollercaust) and then wrote LJ Abuse accusing the conservatives of hacking his livejournal and reading his friends only posts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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