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Encyclopedia > Ward's Island
Aerial view of the Triborough Bridge (left) and the Hell Gate Bridge (right) to Ward's Island (top)
Aerial view of the Triborough Bridge (left) and the Hell Gate Bridge (right) to Ward's Island (top)
This article is about Ward's Island in New York State. For Ward's Island in Massachusetts, see Ward's Island (Massachusetts). For Ward's Island in Toronto, see Toronto Islands.

Ward's Island is situated in the East River in New York City. Administratively it is part of the borough of Manhattan. It is bridged by rail to the borough of Queens by the Hell Gate Bridge and it is joined to Randall's Island to the north by landfill. The two Islands together are run by the Randall's Island Sports Foundation under a partnership agreement with the New York City Department of Parks. Together, the two islands form New York County's Census Tract 240, which had a total population of 1,386 living on 2.2 km² of land area, according to the United States Census, 2000. [1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1128x741, 164 KB) Aerial view of the Hell Gate Bridge and one span of the Triborough Bridge, between Astoria Park, Queens and Wards Island, New York City. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1128x741, 164 KB) Aerial view of the Hell Gate Bridge and one span of the Triborough Bridge, between Astoria Park, Queens and Wards Island, New York City. ... The Triborough Bridge is a complex of three bridges connecting the New York City boroughs of the Bronx, Manhattan, and Queens, using what were two islands, Wards Island and Randalls Island as intermediate rights-of-way between the water crossings. ... The Hell Gate Bridge (originally the New York Connecting Railroad Bridge) is a 1,017-foot (310 m) steel arch railroad bridge between Astoria in the borough of Queens and Randalls and Wards Islands (which are now joined into one island and are politically part of Manhattan) in New York... Bumpkin Island, also known as Round Island, Bomkin Island, Bumkin Island or Wards Island, is an island in the Hingham Bay area of the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area. ... Toronto Islands as seen from CN Tower. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Queens is one of the five boroughs of New York City, USA. Geographically the largest borough in the city, Queens is home to many immigrants and the two major airports. ... The Hell Gate Bridge (originally the New York Connecting Railroad Bridge) is a 1,017-foot (310 m) steel arch railroad bridge between Astoria in the borough of Queens and Randalls and Wards Islands (which are now joined into one island and are politically part of Manhattan) in New York... Randalls Island is situated in the East River in New York City. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... A census tract, census area, or census district is a particular community defined for the purpose of taking a census. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


The viaducts leading to the Triborough and Hell Gate bridges pass overhead. Vehicular access is by road from Randall's Island, while a narrow pedestrian bridge, Ward's Island Bridge, links the island to the east side of Manhattan in Harlem. The Triborough Bridge is a complex of three bridges connecting the New York City boroughs of the Bronx, Manhattan, and Queens, using what were two islands, Wards Island and Randalls Island as intermediate rights-of-way between the water crossings. ... The Hell Gate Bridge (originally the New York Connecting Railroad Bridge) is a 1,017-foot (310 m) steel arch railroad bridge between Astoria in the borough of Queens and Randalls and Wards Islands (which are now joined into one island and are politically part of Manhattan) in New York... The Wards Island Bridge is a pedestrian bridge crossing the Harlem River between [[Manhattan, New York and Wards Island. ... The Apollo Theater on 125th Street; the Hotel Theresa is visible in the background. ...


The island is home to several public facilities, including Manhattan Psychiatric Center, Kirby Forensic Psychiatric Center (which serves the criminally insane), and a sewage treatment plant. It is also home to Ward's Island Park which offers stunning views, athletic fields, and picnic grounds.

Contents

History

Colonial period

At the time of its appropriation from New York's native inhabitants to the Dutch settlers in 1637, the island was known as "Tenkenas" which translated to "Wild Lands."


Later, the island's name changed several times. At times it was known as "Buchanan's Island" and "Great Barn Island," both of which were likely corruptions of the surname "Barendt," the name of an early owner.


During the Revolutionary War the island served as a military post for the British military. The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ...


Early America

After the war ended, Jaspar Ward and Bartholomew Ward took ownership of the island that later carried their surname. Although a small population had lived on the island since as early as the 17th century, the Ward brothers developed the island more heavily by building a cotton mill and building the first bridge to cross the East River in 1807, connecting the island with Manhattan at 114th Street. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


The bridge, paid for by Bartholomew Ward and Philip Milledolar, was a wooden drawbridge. The bridge lasted until 1821, when it was destroyed in a storm.


After the bridge was destroyed, the island was largely abandoned until 1840, when the island was transformed into a dumping ground for everything unwanted in New York City. Between 1840 and 1930 the island was used for:

  • Burial of hundreds of thousands of bodies relocated from the Madison Square and Bryant Park graveyards.
  • The State Emigrant Refuge, a hospital for sick and destitute immigrants, opened in 1847, the biggest hospital complex in the world during the 1850s.
  • The New York City Asylum for the Insane, opened around 1863.
  • An immigration station from 1860 until the 1892 opening of Ellis Island.
  • Manhattan State Hospital, operated by the New York State Department of Mental Hygiene when it took over the immigration and asylum buildings in 1899. With 4,400 patients, it was the largest psychiatric institution in the world. It later became the Manhattan Psychiatric Center.

Madison Square, 1908. ... Bryant Park, August 2003 Bryant Park is a 9. ... Ellis Island, at the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor, was at one time the main entry facility for immigrants entering the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... Manhattan State Hospital on Wards Island in New York City was opened in 1899 when The New York State Department of Mental Hygiene took over the immigration and asylum buildings after the opening of Ellis Island. ...

Reconstruction

Ward's Island began to change when the 1930 Metropolitan Conference of Parks recommended transforming Randall’s and Ward’s Islands into recreational parks. Robert Moses (1888-1981), Parks Commissioner in 1934, announced the plans for developing Ward's Island. The city would connect it to Randall's Island just to the north and it would be cleared for playing fields and promenades.


The creation of the park was followed by the development of the Triborough Bridge, starting in 1936 and lasting seven years, and the building of the Ward's Island Water Pollution Control Plant, which was built in 1937 and occupies nearly one quarter of the island. The Triborough Bridge is a complex of three bridges connecting the New York City boroughs of the Bronx, Manhattan, and Queens, using what were two islands, Wards Island and Randalls Island as intermediate rights-of-way between the water crossings. ...


The current pedestrian bridge connecting the island to Manhattan was built in 1951. It was designed to give access to Ward Island Park to East Harlem, which has few public green spaces.


References

  1. ^ [1] United States Census Bureau

See also

Randalls Island is situated in the East River in New York City. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
City of Toronto: Toronto Island Park (1318 words)
High lake levels continually damaged island properties and, on January 1, 1956, the City of Toronto transferred responsibility for the Toronto Islands to The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto (Metro) to be developed as a regional park.
After the islands were transferred from the federal government to the City of Toronto in 1867, Plan D-141 divided the land into lots and allowed cottages, amusement areas and resort hotels to be built.
Ward's Island, actually the east section of the old peninsula, was named after the Ward family who first settled here about 1830.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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