FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > War on poverty

first introduced by Lyndon B. Johnson during his State of the Union address on January 8, 1964. Legislation proposed by Johnson was designed in response to the poverty of over 35 million Americans in that year, and followed difficult economic conditions associated with a national poverty rate of around 25%. The War on Poverty speech led Congress to pass the Economic Opportunity Act, a law that established the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) to administrate the local application of Federal funds targeted against poverty.[1] LBJ redirects here. ... Alternative meanings in State of the Union (disambiguation) The State of the Union Address is an annual event in which the President of the United States reports on the status of the country, normally to a joint session of the U.S. Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate). ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... World map showing percentage of people living under national poverty lines. ... Signed by Lyndon B. Johnson on 20 of August 1964, the Economic Opportunity Act (hereafter EOA) was central to Johnsons Great Society campaign and its War on Poverty. ... The Office of Economic Opportunity was the agency responsible for administering most of the War on Poverty programs created during United States President Lyndon B. Johnsons Administration. ...


As a part of the Great Society, Johnson's view of a federally-directed application of resources to expand the government's role in social welfare programs from education to healthcare was a continuation of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal and Four Freedoms speech from the 1930s and 1940s. The Great Society was a set of domestic programs proposed or enacted in the United States on the initiative of President Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969). ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... This article is becoming very long. ... The Four Freedoms are a set of freedoms United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt famously outlined in his State of the Union Address delivered to the 77th Congress on January 6, 1941 (the address is also known as the Four Freedoms speech). ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ...


The concept of a war on poverty waned after the 1960s. Deregulation, growing criticism of the welfare state, and an ideological shift to reducing federal aid to impoverished people in the 1980s and 1990s culminated in the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, in which Democrat Bill Clinton "end[ed] welfare as we know it." Nonetheless, the legacy of the War on Poverty remains in the continued existence of such Federal Programs as Head Start and Job Corps. It has been suggested that Welfare capitalism be merged into this article or section. ... MacGyver - 1980s hero The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... Welfare reform is the name for a political movement in countries with a state-administered social welfare system to institute changes in that system, generally in a more conservative direction. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... William Jefferson Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Head Start is a program of the US governments Department of Health and Human Services which focuses on assisting three- and four-year-old children from low-income families. ... Job Corps is a program in the United States administered by the Employment and Training Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor and run by various agencies for disadvantaged and at-risk youth to give them a job and social skills to succeed in the workforce. ...

Contents


Background

This administration today, here and now, declares unconditional war on poverty in America.

— Lyndon B. Johnson,

Michael Harrington's book The Other America, 1962, is sometimes credited with being a catalyst in this moment. Edward Michael Harrington (February 24, 1928 – July 31, 1989) was an American democratic socialist. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ...


Major initiatives

The Office of Economic Opportunity was the agency responsible for administering most of the War on Poverty programs created during United States President Lyndon B. Johnson's Administration, including VISTA, Job Corps, Community Action and Head Start (though that program was later transferred to the Department of Health Education and Welfare), Legal Services and the Community Action Program. Signed by Lyndon B. Johnson on 20 of August 1964, the Economic Opportunity Act (hereafter EOA) was central to Johnsons Great Society campaign and its War on Poverty. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... The Social Security Act of 1965 established Medicare and Medicaid. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... LBJ redirects here. ... Look up Vista in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Vista or VISTA refers to: Windows Vista, Microsofts upcoming operating system, which was formerly code-named Longhorn. At present, Longhorn is reserved for Server Version since the official launch and rename to Vista. ... Job Corps is a program in the United States administered by the Employment and Training Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor and run by various agencies for disadvantaged and at-risk youth to give them a job and social skills to succeed in the workforce. ... Head Start is a program of the US governments Department of Health and Human Services which focuses on assisting three- and four-year-old children from low-income families. ...


The OEO was established in 1964 and quickly became a target of both left-wing and right-wing critics of the War on Poverty.


The OEO launched Project Head Start as an eight-week summer program in 1965. The project was designed to help end poverty by providing preschool children from low-income families with a program that would meet emotional, social, health, nutritional, and psychological needs. Head Start was then transferred to the Office of Child Development in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (later the Department of Health and Human Services) by the Nixon Administration in 1969. Head Start is a program of the US governments Department of Health and Human Services which focuses on assisting three- and four-year-old children from low-income families. ... Seal The United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare (also known as HEW) was a cabinet level department of the United States government from 1953 until 1979. ... The United States Department of Health and Human Services, often abbreviated HHS, is a Cabinet department of the United States government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ...


The Job Corps trains disadvantaged and at-risk youth and has provided more than 2 million disadvantaged young people with the integrated academic, vocational, and social skills training they need to gain independence and get quality, long-term jobs or further their education. Job Corps continues to help 70,000 youths annually at 122 Job Corps centers throughout the country. Besides vocational training, many Job Corps also offers GED programs as well as high school diplomas and programs to get students into college. Job Corps is a program in the United States administered by the Employment and Training Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor and run by various agencies for disadvantaged and at-risk youth to give them a job and social skills to succeed in the workforce. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Social skills allow a person to interact and communicate in nature with others. ... The GED, or General Educational Development Test, is a test that certifies the taker has attained American or Canadian high school-level academic skills. ... High school - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The term college (Latin collegium) is most often used today to denote an educational institution. ...


Past directors of the OEO included Sargent Shriver, Bertrand Harding, and Donald Rumsfeld. Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr. ... Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is currently serving as the 21st United States Secretary of Defense, since January 20, 2001, under President George W. Bush. ...


Criticisms

However, President Johnson's 'War on Poverty' speech was delivered at a time of recovery (the poverty level had fallen from 22.4% in 1959 to 19% in 1964 when the War on Poverty was announced) and it was viewed by critics as an effort to get the United States Congress to authorize social welfare programs. Recovery is the first e-book and seventh installment of The New Jedi Order series set in the Star Wars galaxy. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... Congress in Joint Session. ... ...


Results and Legacy

In the decade following the 1964 introduction of the war on poverty, poverty rates in the US dropped to a low of 11.1% ([1973]), and has remained between 11 and 15% ever since. Since 1973 poverty has remained well below the historical US averages in the range of 20-25% [2].


Poverty among Americans between ages 18-64 has fallen only marginally since 1966, from 10.5% then to 10.1% today. Poverty has significantly fallen among Americans under 18 years old from 23% in 1964 to 16.3% today. The most dramatic decrease in poverty was among Americans over 65, which fell from 28.5% in 1966 to 10.1% today. 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ...


Today, more than 35.9 million, or 12% of Americans (as of 2004) including 12.1 million children, are considered to live in poverty with an average growth of almost 1 million per year. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... World map showing percentage of people living under national poverty lines. ...


The OEO was dismantled by President Richard Nixon in 1973, though many of the agency's programs were transferred to other government agencies. Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ...


According to the Readers' Companion to U.S. Women's History, "Many observers point out that the War on Poverty's attention to Black America created the grounds for the backlash that began in the 1970s. The perception by the white middle class that it was footing the bill for ever-increasing services to the poor led to diminished support for welfare state programs, especially those that targeted specific groups and neighborhoods. Many whites viewed Great Society programs as supporting the economic and social needs of low-income urban minorities; they lost sympathy, especially as the economy declined during the 1970s."[3]


Historical Notes

The neutrality of this section is disputed.
Please see discussion on the talk page.

The U.S. government continues to use the antiquated Orshansky measure of the poverty line, a measure which is only adjusted for inflation, and not adjusted for the actual cost of living against median income. In the 1960s the average cost of living was a mere 30% of individual income, today the cost of living averages 50% of household income. Because of this skew in measuring the poverty line it is believed that the current U.S. Census statistics published could actually be closer to 50 million Americans. Image File history File links Stop_hand. ... Mollie Orshansky, born in New York City in 1915, is an economist who, in 1963-65, developed the Orshansky Poverty Thresholds, which are used in the United States as a measure of the income that a household must not exceed to be counted as poor. ...


References

The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ...

See also

...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lower East Side Tenement Museum (602 words)
Declaring war on poverty, Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson embarked upon a campaign to make the American dream a realizable goal for the entire nation.
The War on Poverty sought to provide opportunity rather than equality; the chance to compete regardless of birth for the success to which all Americans are entitled.
Despite the limited success of some of the War on Poverty, it nevertheless reshaped the relationship between Americans and their government, partly redefined poverty as a consequence of powerlessness, and empowered community action as a legitimate engine of social change.
Modern History Sourcebook: President Lyndon B. Johnson: The War on Poverty, March 1964 (1113 words)
Because it is right, because it is wise, and because, for the first time in our history, it is possible to conquer poverty, I submit, for the consideration of the Congress and the country, the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964.
We are fully aware that this program will not eliminate all the poverty in America in a few months or a few years.
Poverty is deeply rooted and its causes are many.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m