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Encyclopedia > War of the Quadruple Alliance

The War of the Quadruple Alliance was a minor European war fought between 1718 and 1720, mostly in Italy, between Spain on the one side, and the Quadruple Alliance of Austria, France, Great Britain, and the United Provinces. // Events July 21 - Treaty of Passarowitz signed November 22 - Off the coast of Virginia, English pirate Edward Teach (best known as Blackbeard) is killed in battle when a British boarding party cornered and then shot and stabbed him more than 25 times. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... The term Quadruple Alliance refers to several historical military alliances; none of which remain in effect. ... This article is about the Dutch United Provinces. ...


The conflict occurred as a result of the ambitions of King Philip V of Spain, his wife, Isabella Farnese, and his chief minister Giulio Alberoni in Italy, where the Spanish had traditional claims and Isabella several dynastic claims to advance; and for the crown of France, where Philip's infant nephew Louis XV was King, and his cousin the Duc d'OrlĂ©ans was Regent. Opposition to Philip's ambitions led France, Britain, and The Seven United Netherlands, to join together in the Triple Alliance on January 4, 1717, and in November of that year Philip made war on Emperor Charles VI by invading the island of Sardinia, given to Austria by the Treaty of Utrecht ending the War of the Spanish Succession. Shortly thereafter, the Spanish advanced, invading Sicily, which had been awarded to the Duke of Savoy. King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou, grandson of the French monarch Louis XIV, was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... Giulio Alberoni (May 31, 1664 - June 16, 1752), Spanish-Italian cardinal and statesman, was born near Piacenza, probably at the village of Fiorenzuola. ... Louis XV (February 15, 1710 – May 10, 1774), called the Well-Beloved (French: le Bien-Aimé), was King of France from 1715 to 1774. ... Philippe of Orléans Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, Philippe Charles (August 2, 1674 – December 2, 1723) called Duke of Chartres (1674–1701), and then Duke of Orléans (1701–1723) was Regent of France from 1715 to 1723. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Events January 4 — The Netherlands, Britain & France sign Triple Alliance February 26-March 6 What is now the northeastern United States was paralyzed by a series of blizzards that buried the region. ... Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI Charles VI (October 1, 1685 – October 20, 1740) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1711 to 1740 and the second son of Leopold I with his third wife, Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg. ... Sardinia (Sardigna, Sardinna or Sardinnia in the Sardinian language, Sardegna in Italian, Sardenya in Catalan), is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (Sicily is the largest), between Italy, Spain and Tunisia, south of Corsica. ... The Treaty of Utrecht, a series of treaties signed in 1713, helped end the War of the Spanish Succession, or Queen Annes War as it is sometimes called in the United States. ... Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy (a small region between Piedmont, Italy, and France). ...


This led, on August 2, 1718, to the formation of the Quadruple Alliance, with the Emperor now joining the Triple Alliance. The French, Austrians, and British now demanded Spanish withdrawal from Sicily and Sardinia, and a British fleet landed a small Austrian army near Messina, which was besieged by the Austrian forces. On August 11, at the Battle of Cape Passaro, Byng's British fleet destroyed the Spanish fleet, and in December 1718, the French, British, and Austrians declared war on Spain. The Dutch joined them later in August 1719. August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... // Events July 21 - Treaty of Passarowitz signed November 22 - Off the coast of Virginia, English pirate Edward Teach (best known as Blackbeard) is killed in battle when a British boarding party cornered and then shot and stabbed him more than 25 times. ... Messina, Italy Strait of Messina, Italy. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... // Events July 21 - Treaty of Passarowitz signed November 22 - Off the coast of Virginia, English pirate Edward Teach (best known as Blackbeard) is killed in battle when a British boarding party cornered and then shot and stabbed him more than 25 times. ... // Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe June 10 - Battle of Glen Shiel Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) Births November 30 - Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of...


The war did not go very well for the Spanish. A French army under the Duke of Berwick invaded the Basque provinces of Spain almost without resistance in April 1719, before being forced back by disease, British fleets captured Vigo and Pontevedra in October, and that same month, Messina finally surrendered to the Austrians. Seeing the poor showing of Spanish arms, Philip dismissed Alberoni in December of 1719, and made peace with the allies at the Treaty of the Hague on February 17, 1720. The Dukedom of Berwick-upon-Tweed was created in 1687 for James FitzJames, the illegitimate son of King James II of England. ... Basque Country (Basque Euskadi, Spanish Pa s Vasco) is an autonomous community of Spain whose capital is Vitoria (Basque Gasteiz). ... // Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe June 10 - Battle of Glen Shiel Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) Births November 30 - Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of... Situation of Vigo within Galicia Vigo is the largest city of the Galicia region and Pontevedra province in northwestern Spain. ... Pontevedra is a city in northwestern Spain, the capital of the province of Pontevedra in Galicia. ... October is the tenth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Quadruple Alliance (129 words)
Quadruple Alliance means several historical alliances, starting with an alliance between Austria, France, the Netherlands and Britain in 1718, aimed at revising (principally at Spain 's expense) the settlement which ended the War of the Spanish Succession.
A second Quadruple Alliance was that of 1815 between Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia, aimed at upholding the settlement following the Napoleonic Wars : with France's admission in 1818, it became the Quintuple Alliance[?], though British government distaste for the other allies' reactionary policies meant that it lapsed into ineffectiveness after the mid-1820s.
The Quadruple Alliance of 1834 was formed by Britain, France, Spain and Portugal to support queen Isabella II of Spain against her uncle Don Carlos, Count of Molina, who claimed the Spanish throne under the succession law of 1714-1830.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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