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Encyclopedia > War memorial
This memorial in England lists the names of soldiers who died in the First World War.
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This memorial in England lists the names of soldiers who died in the First World War.
The Canadian National Vimy Memorial in France, commemorating those who died in the Battle of Vimy Ridge during First World War.
The Canadian National Vimy Memorial in France, commemorating those who died in the Battle of Vimy Ridge during First World War.
A German memorial commemorating World War I
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A German memorial commemorating World War I
The American military cemetery in Normandy.
The American military cemetery in Normandy.
Monument to the Heroes of the Warsaw Uprising in Poland
Monument to the Heroes of the Warsaw Uprising in Poland

A war memorial is a building, monument, statue or other edifice to commemorate those who died, or been injured, in war. Download high resolution version (1281x1585, 373 KB)War memorial in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England. ... Download high resolution version (1281x1585, 373 KB)War memorial in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia Serbia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Reinhard... Image File history File links studiedauthenticity. ... Image File history File links studiedauthenticity. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia Serbia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Reinhard... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2528x1636, 637 KB) Copyright © 2003 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: Yasukuni Shrine ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2528x1636, 637 KB) Copyright © 2003 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: Yasukuni Shrine ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1920x2154, 929 KB) Self-made photograph Feb 26 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: War memorial Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1920x2154, 929 KB) Self-made photograph Feb 26 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: War memorial Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 706 KB) Melbourne War Memorial Source: Own Photo File links The following pages link to this file: War memorial ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1067, 706 KB) Melbourne War Memorial Source: Own Photo File links The following pages link to this file: War memorial ... The Shrine of Remembrance, located in St Kilda Road, Melbourne, is one of the largest war memorials in Australia. ... Melbournes Yarra River is popular area for walking, jogging, cycling, rowing and for relaxing on the banks with a picnic Melbourne (pronounced either or [1]) is the second most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 3. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 562 KB) The American military cemetery in Normandy, picture taken in the summer of 2003. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 562 KB) The American military cemetery in Normandy, picture taken in the summer of 2003. ... India Gate. ... India Gate. ... Built in the memory of more than 90,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives during the Afghan Wars and World War 1, the India Gate is one of the most famous monuments in Delhi. ... An Aerial view of New Delhi The Humayuns Tomb, situated in New Delhi, has an architectural design similar to the Taj Mahal. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1534, 338 KB) Tiananmen Square-Monument to the Peoples Heroes. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1534, 338 KB) Tiananmen Square-Monument to the Peoples Heroes. ... Monument to the Peoples Heroes The Monument to the Peoples Heroes (Chinese: 人民英雄纪念碑; Pinyin: ), Beijing, is a ten-story obelisk that was erected as a national monument of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Beijing [English Pronunciation] (Chinese: 北京 [Chinese Pronunciation]; Pinyin: Běijīng; IPA: ), a city in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Image File history File links Description: WWII memory Source: Dhirad 2004 please credit Dhirad if picture is used Description: Monument to the heroes of the Warsaw Uprising in Warsaw, Poland Plac Krasińskich (Krasiński sq. ... Image File history File links Description: WWII memory Source: Dhirad 2004 please credit Dhirad if picture is used Description: Monument to the heroes of the Warsaw Uprising in Warsaw, Poland Plac Krasińskich (Krasiński sq. ... Combatants Poland Germany Commanders Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski, Antoni Chruściel, Tadeusz Pełczyński Erich von dem Bach, Rainer Stahel, Heinz Reinefarth, Bronislav Kaminski Strength 50,000 troops 25,000 troops Casualties 18,000 killed, 12,000 wounded, 15,000 taken prisoner 250,000 civilians killed 10,000 killed... The United States detonated an atomic bomb over Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. ...

Contents

War memorials in earlier times

For most of human history war memorials were erected to commemorate great victories and remembering the dead was a secondary concern. Indeed in Napoleon's day the dead were shoveled into mass, unmarked graves.[citation needed] The Arc de Triomphe or Nelson's Column contain no names of those killed. A memorial is an object served as a memory of something, usually a person (who has died) or an event. ... — Arc de Triomphe by night The Arc de Triomphe is a monument in Paris that stands in the centre of the Place Charles de Gaulle, formerly the Place de lÉtoile, at the western end of the Champs-Élysées. ... Nelson on his column Nelsons Column is a monument in Trafalgar Square, London, England. ...


War memorials in modern times

In modern times the intent of war memorials is not to glorify war, but to honour those who have died.


War memorials in the First World War

This change occurred largely during the First World War which saw massive devastation and loss of life. In response, most cities in the countries involved in the conflict erected memorials, and the memorials in smaller villages and towns often listed the names of each local soldier who had been killed. Massive monuments commemorating thousands of dead with no identified war grave, such as the Menin Gate at Ypres, were also constructed. Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia Serbia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Reinhard... A war grave is a place where war dead are buried. ... The Menin Gate Memorial at the eastern exit of the town of Ieper (usually known in English as Ypres) in Flanders, Belgium, marks the starting point for one of the main roads out of the town that led Allied soldiers to the front line during World War I. Designed by... The Belfry of Ypres Ypres (French, generally used in English;1 Ieper official name in the local Dutch) is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of West Flanders. ...


War memorials in the Second World War and later

In many cases, the World War I memorials were later extended to also show the names of locals who died in the Second World War. Since that time memorials to the dead in other conflicts such as the Second World War and the Vietnam War have also noted individual contributions, at least in the west. In the Soviet Union, China, Japan and other nations, memorials remained communalistic with long lists of names being far rarer. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


Varied types of war memorials

A war memorial can be an entire building, often containing a museum, or just a simple plaque. Many war memorials take the form of a monument or statue, and serve as a meeting place for Memorial Day services. As such, they are often found near the centre of town, or contained in a park or plaza to allow easy public access. The National Gallery in London, a famous museum. ...


Many war memorials bear plaques listing the names of those that died in battle. Sometimes these lists can be very long. Some war memorials are dedicated to a specific battle, while others are more general in nature and bear inscriptions listing various theatres of war.


Many war memorials have epitaphs relating to the unit, battle or war they commemorate. For example an epitaph which adorns numerous memorials in Commonwealth countries is "The Ode" by Laurence Binyon: An epitaph ( literally: on the gravestone in ancient Greek) is text honoring the deceased, most commonly inscribed on a tombstone or plaque. ... Robert Laurence Binyon (August 10, 1869 at Lancaster – March 10, 1943 at Reading, Berkshire) was an English poet, dramatist and art scholar. ...

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old.
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.

The Kohima Epitaph which is on the World War II War Memorial for the Allied fallen at the Battle of Kohima says: Kohima is the hilly capital of Indias north eastern border state of Nagaland which shares its borders with Burma. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... The Battle of Kohima was a battle of the Burma Campaign in World War II, fought around the town of Kohima in northeast India from April 4 to June 22, 1944. ...

When You Go Home, Tell Them Of Us And Say,
For Their Tomorrow, We Gave Our Today

War memorials in cemeteries

Many cemeteries tended by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission have an identical war memorial called the Cross of Sacrifice designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield that vary in height from 4.5m to 9m depending on the size of the cemetery. If there are one thousand or more burials, a Commonwealth cemetery will contain a Stone of Remembrance, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens with words from Ecclesiasticus "THEIR NAME LIVETH FOR EVERMORE"; all the Stones of Remembrance are 3.5m long and 1.5m high with three steps leading up to them. Arlington National Cemetery has a Canadian Cross of Sacrifice with the names of all the citizens of the USA who lost their lives fighting in the Canadian forces during the Korean War and two World Wars. The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as the Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states, the majority of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom. ... The Azmak Cemetery, near Suvla Bay, Turkey, contains the graves of some of the soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign. ... Cross of Sacrifice The Cross of Sacrifice was designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield for the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and is the focal point of the numerous cemetaries honoring the war dead of World War I that dot the countryside of the Western Front, and as far afield as Kranji... Sir Reginald Theodore Blomfield (20 December 1856–27 December 1942) was a British architect, garden designer and author. ... Graves at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. ... Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was arguably the greatest British architect of the 20th century[citation needed]. He designed many English country houses and was instrumental in the design and building of New Delhi. ... [[ Historical Information Arlington National Cemetery Section 27 Facts Pvt. ... Combatants United Nations: Republic of Korea United States United Kingdom Canada Australia The Netherlands France Philippines Turkey Ethiopia Communist states: Democratic People’s Republic of Korea People’s Republic of China Soviet Union Commanders Syngman Rhee Chung Il Kwon Douglas MacArthur Mark W. Clark Matthew Ridgway Kim Il-sung Choi...


Controversy

Unsurprisingly, war memorials can sometimes be politically controversial. A notable example is the Yasukuni Shrine in Japan, where a number of convicted World War II war criminals are interred. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... A war crime is a punishable offense, under international (criminal) law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ...


Famous war memorials

  • Turkey
    • Gelibolu Peninsula (Gallipoli)

The eternal flame at the heart of the Memorial keeps the spirit of the fallen alive The Australian War Memorial The Australian War Memorial is Australias national memorial to the members of all its armed forces and supporting organizations who have died in the wars of the Commonwealth of... ANZAC War Memorial, Hyde Park, Sydney Detail of monumental sculptures and reliefs Rayner Hoffs Sacrifice inside the memorial The ANZAC War Memorial is Sydneys main commemorative military monument. ... The Shrine of Remembrance, located in St Kilda Road, Melbourne, is one of the largest war memorials in Australia. ... Shrine of Remembrance and the Eternal Flame Ann Street façade The Shrine of Remembrance is located in Anzac Square, between Ann Street and Adelaide Street, in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. ... The Menin Gate Memorial at the eastern exit of the town of Ieper (usually known in English as Ypres) in Flanders, Belgium, marks the starting point for one of the main roads out of the town that led Allied soldiers to the front line during World War I. Designed by... The War Memorial of St. ... The National War Memorial Canadas National War Memorial is located in Confederation Square in Ottawa, the nations capital. ... Unveiling the National War Memorial in St. ... The War Memorial at St. ... The Canadian Tomb of The Unknown Soldier is currently located at the National War Memorial in Confederation Square, Ottawa, built in 1939. ... The Canadian National Vimy Memorial Vimy Memorial The mourning mother (Canada) The Canadian National Vimy Memorial is one of Canadas most important overseas war memorials to those who served their country in World War I and risked or gave their lives during the war. ... On July 1, 1916, the first day of the Battle of the Somme in World War I, 801 soldiers of the 1st Newfoundland Regiment rose from the British trenches and went into battle at Beaumont-Hamel, nine kilometres north of Albert in France. ... The Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery and Memorial (French:Le Cemitière de Guerre Canadien Groesbeek) is located about three kilometers north of the village of Groesbeek, Netherlands. ... The Gapyeong Canada Monument The Main Monument The Flags The PPCLI Monument The text of the PPCLI Monument The monument to the Canadian Contribution The Gapyeong Canada Monument is a monument erected to commemorate to sacrifice of Canadian forces during the Korean war, especially at the Battle of Kapyong. ... Monument to the Peoples Heroes The Monument to the Peoples Heroes (Chinese: 人民英雄纪念碑; Pinyin: ), Beijing, is a ten-story obelisk that was erected as a national monument of the Peoples Republic of China. ... On July 1, 1916, the first day of the Battle of the Somme in World War I, 801 soldiers of the 1st Newfoundland Regiment rose from the British trenches and went into battle at Beaumont-Hamel, nine kilometres north of Albert in France. ... Ossuary with Cemetery // History During the 300 days lasting fight for Verdun (21 February 1916 - 19 December 1916) approximately 300. ... Basilica Lighthouse // Location On a 165 meter high ridge where the French fought a long battle with the Germans during the 1st World War, lies one of the major French National Memorials and Cemetries with Basilica and Lighthouse. ... Verdun Memorial The Verdun Memorial is a war memorial situated close to the destroyed village of Fleury-devant-Douaumont in the département of Meuse in north-eastern France. ... The Canadian National Vimy Memorial Vimy Memorial The mourning mother (Canada) The Canadian National Vimy Memorial is one of Canadas most important overseas war memorials to those who served their country in World War I and risked or gave their lives during the war. ... Normandy American Memorial The World War II Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial honors American soldiers who died during operations in Europe during World War II. // History The cemetery is located on the site of the temporary American St. ... The Tannenberg memorial was a German memorial remembering the fallen soldiers from the Battle of Tannenberg in 1914. ... Völkerschlachtdenkmal The Völkerschlachtdenkmal (English: Battle Of The Nations Monument) is a large monument in Leipzig, Germany to the defeat of Napoleon in 1813 at the Battle of Leipzig, also known as the Battle of Nations. ... The Befreiungshalle is a historical, classical monument upon the Mount Michelsberg upove the city of Kelheim in Bavaria, Germany. ... The Hermannsdenkmal The Hermannsdenkmal (German for Hermann monument) is located in North Rhine Westphalia in Germany in the Southern part of the Teutoburg Forest, which is southwest of Detmold in the district of Lippe. ... Built in the memory of more than 90,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives during the Afghan Wars and World War 1, the India Gate is one of the most famous monuments in Delhi. ... The Garden of Remembrance is an Irish memorial garden, created in Dublin to commemorate all those killed in the Anglo-Irish War (also known as the Irish War of Independence) between 1919 and 1922. ... The National War Memorial is a 8 hectare war memorial in the Islandbridge area of Dublin, built to commemerate Irish soldiers who died in World War 1. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Changing Honor Guard at the Tomb of The Unknown Soldier in Alexander Garden. ... Piskarevskoye Cemetery in 1961. ... Night view of the hill from Kutuzov Avenue. ... The 52-meter-tall monument The Motherland Calls! - the tallest statue in the world when erected in 1967 Mamayev Kurgan (Russian: Мама́ев Курга́н) is a dominant height overlooking the city of Volgograd (formerly Stalingrad) in southern Russia. ... The Kanji War Cemetery and Kranji Memorial, located in Kranji (Singapore), commemorates Allied soldiers who perished during the Japanese invasion and occupation of Singapore, 1942-1945, and in other parts of South East Asia during World War II. Before 1939 the Kranji area was a military camp and at the... Korean War Memorial, Seoul Opened in June 1994, the War Memorial in South Korea offers visitors an educational, yet emotional experience of the many wars in which Korea was involved. ... The British tomb of The Unknown Warrior holds an unidentified British soldier killed on a European battlefield during World War I. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, London on November 11, 1920, the earliest such tomb honouring the unknown dead of World War I. Even the battlefield the Warrior came... The Abbeys western façade The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to as Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often considered one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ... The Cenotaph, London A ceremony at the Cenotaph, London, on Sunday 12th June 2005, remembering Irish war dead Memorial Cenotaph, Hiroshima, Japan A cenotaph is a tomb or a monument erected in honor of a person or group of persons whose remains are elsewhere. ... For the boxer, see Mike Tyson. ... The Korean War Veterans Memorial is located in Washington, D.C.s West Potomac Park, southeast of the Lincoln Memorial and just south of the reflecting pool on the National Mall. ... A U.S. National Cemetery is a designation for nationally important cemeteries in the United States. ... The Spirit of the American Doughboy The Spirit of the American Doughboy is a pressed copper sculpture by Ernest Moore Viquesney, designed to honor the veterans and casualties of World War I. Mass produced during the 1920s and 1930s for communities throughout the United States, the statues design was... The Tomb of the Unknowns (also known as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, although it has never been officially named) is a monument in Arlington National Cemetery, United States dedicated to the American soldiers who have died without their remains being identified. ... The Marine Corps War Memorial is a military memorial statue located near the Arlington National Cemetery in Rosslyn, Virginia, United States. ... The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a national war memorial located in Washington , D.C., that honors members of the U.S. armed forces who served in the Vietnam War. ... The Vietnam Womens Memorial, as seen from the footpath The Vietnam Womens Memorial is a memorial dedicated to the women of the United States who served in the Vietnam War, most of whom were nurses. ... Panorama of the Memorial, seen from the east. ...

See also

In many wars, huge numbers of soldiers have died without their remains being identified. ... A war grave is a place where war dead are buried. ...

External links

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Memorials

  Results from FactBites:
 
A War Memorial for all wars: The Polynational War Memorial (523 words)
Welcome to the Polynational War Memorial, a proposal for a war memorial for all wars since World War II, which will include names of 10 million killed soldiers and civilians.
The architect group Servo's Stockholm office was commissioned to design the main memorial for the Polynational War Memorial, and delivered an exciting design proposal in April 2007.
The Polynational War Memorial is a process-based, multidisciplinary and long-term art project with the objective of creating a healing architectural and sculptural object - a war memorial - commemorating fallen soldiers and killed civilians in all wars fought from World War II up to today.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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