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Encyclopedia > Wandering Albatross
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Wandering Albatross
Conservation status: Vulnerable

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Procellariiformes
Family: Diomedeidae
Genus: Diomedea
Species: D. exulans
Diomedea exulans
Linnaeus, 1758

The Wandering Albatross (Diomedea exulans), is a large seabird from the family Diomedeidae which has a circumpolar range in the Southern Ocean. It was the first species of albatross to be described, and was long considered conspecific (the same species as) the Tristan Albatross and the Antipodean Albatross (though a few authours still consider them all subspecies of the same species). Together with the Amsterdam Albatross it forms the Wandering Albtaross species complex. The Wandering is a member of the genus Diomedea (the great albatrosses), and is one of the best known and studied species of bird in the world. Wandering Albatross User licence provided to wikipedia by photographer:Eric van Poppel don. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Binomial name Aptenodytes forsteri Gray, 1844 For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicatas Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders Many - see section below. ... Families Procellariidae Diomedeidae Hydrobatidae Pelecanoididae Procellariiformes (from the Latin procella, a storm) is an order of birds formerly called Tubinares and still called tubenoses in English. ... Genera Diomedea Thallasarche Phoebastria Phoebetria The albatrosses (from Portuguese Alcatraz, a pelican) are seabirds in the family Diomedeidae, which is closely allied to the petrels. ... Species (Linnaeus, 1758) (Robertson & Warham, 1992) (Roux et al, 1983) (Mathews, 1929) (Murphy, 1917) (Lesson, 1785) The great albatrosses are seabirds in the genus Diomedea in the albatross family. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as (help· info), and in English usually under the Latinized name Carolus Linnaeus (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), the name with which his publications were signed, was a Swedish botanist and physician who laid the foundations for the modern scheme... Seabirds are birds that spend much of their lives, outside the breeding season at least, at sea. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Genera Diomedea Thallasarche Phoebastria Phoebetria The albatrosses (from Portuguese Alcatraz, a pelican) are seabirds in the family Diomedeidae, which is closely allied to the petrels. ... Binomial name Diomedea dabbenena Mathews, 1929 Synonyms Diomedea exulans dabbenena The Tristan Albatross (Diomedea dabbenena) is a large seabird from the albatross family. ... Binomial name Diomedea antipodensis Roberston and Warham, 1992 Synonyms Diomedea exulans antipodensis The Antipodean Albatross (Diomedea antipodensis) is a large seabird from the albatross family. ... Binomial name Diomedea amsterdamensis Roux et al. ... Headline text iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiInsert non-formatted text herehvgcyvIn biology, a cryptic species complex is a group of species that satisfy the scientific definition of species — that is, they are reproductively isolated from each other — but which are anatomically indistinguishable. ... In biology, a genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic grouping. ... Species (Linnaeus, 1758) (Robertson & Warham, 1992) (Roux et al, 1983) (Mathews, 1929) (Murphy, 1917) (Lesson, 1785) The great albatrosses are seabirds in the genus Diomedea in the albatross family. ...


Like the rest of the genus, the Wandering Albatross have the largest wingspans of any birds, between 2.5 to 3.2m. The length of the body is between 110-135m, and the weight is from 6 to 11 kg. The plumage of the bird varies with age, but is white overall on breeding adults except for the tips and trailing edges of the wings. The Wandering Albatross is the whitest of the Wandering Alabtross species complex; the other species have a greate deal more brown and black on the wings and body as breeding adults. The large bill is pink, as are its feet. Closeup on a single white feather A feather is one of the epidermal growths that forms the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on a bird. ...


It feeds on squid, small fish and on animal refuse that floats on the sea, eating to such excess at times that it is unable to fly and rests helplessly on the water. Suborders Myopsina Oegopsina Squids are the large, diverse group of marine cephalopods popular as food in cuisines as widely separated as Korean and Italian. ...


The albatross lays one egg: it is white, with a few spots, and is about 4 inches long. At breeding time the bird in lose colonies on isolated island groups in the Southern Ocean; Crozet Islands, South Geogria, Marion Island, Prince Edward Island, Kerguelen and Macquarie Island. It builds large nests, large cones built of vegetation that are 1 metre wide at the base and half a metre wide at the cone. When nesting, it is obvious how far their adaptation to flying has gone. Their landings are often better described as semi-controlled crashes. A seabird colony is a site which seabirds visit to breed. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Motto: Leo Terram Propriam Protegat (Latin: The Lion shall protect his own land) Official language English Capital Grytviken Commissioner Howard Pearce Area  - Total  - % water not ranked 3,093 km² - Population  - Total (2006 E)  - Density not ranked ~20 n/a; Currency GBP Time zone UTC/GMT -2 National anthem God Save... This article is about a small sub-antarctic island. ... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (Latin: The small under the protection of the great) Official languages None Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor J. Léonce Bernard Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 13th 5,660 km... The Kerguelen Archipelago is in the southern Indian Ocean at 49°20 S, 70°20 E. The main island Kerguelen, originally called Desolation Island, is 6,675 km2 and it is surrounded by another 300 smaller outcrops, forming an archipelago of 7,215 km². The climate is cold, very windy... Orthographic projection over Macquarie Island Macquarie Island lies in the Southern Ocean, about half-way between Australia and Antarctica. ...


Sailors used to capture the bird for its long wing-bones, which they manufactured into tobacco-pipe stems. The early explorers of the great Southern Sea cheered themselves with the companionship of the albatross in their dreary solitudes; and the evil fate of him who shot with his cross-bow the "bird of good omen" is familiar to readers of Coleridge's Rime of the Ancient Mariner. The metaphor of "an albatross around his neck" also comes from the poem and indicates an unwanted burden causing anxiety or hindrance. In the days of sail it often accompanied a ship for days, not merely following it, but wheeling in wide circles around it without ever being observed to land on the water. It continued its flight, apparently untired, in tempestuous as well as moderate weather. This page is about the nineteenth century English poet. ... Illustration by Gustav Dore. ...


References

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) is a partnership designed to provide consistent and reliable information on the taxonomy of biological species. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

  • ARKive - images and movies of the wandering albatross (Diomedea exulans)
  • Wandering Albatross videos on the Internet Bird Collection

  Results from FactBites:
 
Australian Antarctic Division - Wandering albatross (283 words)
Wandering albatross (Diomedea exulans) have a white head, neck and body, a wedge-shaped tail, and a large pink beak.
Wandering albatross breed on subantarctic and Antarctic islands between 46° and 56°S such as Iles Kerguelen, South Georgia and Macquarie Island.
Wandering albatross breed only once every two years, and the task of incubating the half-kilogram egg and rearing the chick is shared by both parents.
Encyclopedia: Wandering Albatross (1065 words)
The early explorers of the great Southern Sea cheered themselves with the companionship of the albatross in their dreary solitudes; and the evil fate of him who shot with his cross-bow the "bird of good omen" is familiar to readers of Coleridge 's Rime of the Ancient Mariner.
The wanderer is the stellar flying bird of the Southern Ocean and much of the marine folklore and poetry about albatrosses that developed in the era of sailing ships can be attributed to the wandering albatross.
The life history of the wandering albatross is similar to our own: birds mature at about 12 years of age, spend many adolescent years socialising and courting, mate for life, breed infrequently and might live for more than 60 years.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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