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Encyclopedia > Walter Engines

Walter Engines a.s. is a Czech company based in Prague that manufactures aircraft engines. Nickname: Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: , Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ...


The company was founded by Josef Walter in 1911 to produce motorcycles and motor tricycles. They started to manufacture cars in 1913, both their own models, and later the Fiat 508 and Fiat 514 on license. Car production ceased in 1954. The 508 was a car introduced by FIAT in 1932. ... The Fiat 514 was a model of car produced by Italian automotive company, Fiat between 1929 and 1932. ...

From the early 1920's the company manufactured BMW aircraft engines on license, as well as their own family of air-cooled radial piston engines. In the 1930s Walter also produced Bristol Jupiter, Mercury and Pegasus engines on license, before producing their own in-line inverted air-cooled four- and six-cylinder engines, and in 1936 an air-cooled inverted V12. The world-wide recognized term, BMW, abbreviated for Bayerische Motoren Werke or in English Bavarian Motor Works, is an independent German company and manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles. ... Bristol Jupiter engine The Bristol Jupiter was a British 9-cylinder one-row piston radial engine used in the 1930s and 1940s aircraft. ... Bristol Mercury engine Mercury built by NOHAB Bristol Mercury engine The Bristol Mercury was a 9-cylinder one-row piston radial engine used on British aircraft in the 1930s and 1940s. ... Bristol Pegasus piston engine The Pegasus was a 9 cylinder one_row radial aircraft engine designed as the follow-on to the Bristol Aeroplane Companys very successful Bristol Jupiter, following lessons learned in the Mercury effort. ... A V12 is an internal combustion engine with 12 cylinders in V configuration. ...

Walter aircraft engines were used by the Air Forces of thirteen countries before World War II. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

During World War II Walter produced Argus engines under license for Germany. Production of the BMW 003 turbojet was put into preparation, but none were produced. Argus Motoren was a German aircraft engine manufacturing firm, known for their series of small inverted_V engines and the pulsejet used on the V1 flying bomb. ... The BMW 003 was an early turbojet engine produced in Germany during World War II. Work on its design began earlier than the contemporary Junkers Jumo 004 engine, but prolonged developmental problems meant that the BMW 003 entered production much later, and the aircraft projects that had been designed with...

The Walter plant survived the war intact and in 1946 the company was nationalized as Motorlet n.e. They produced Soviet-licensed piston engines, and in 1952 production of the Walter M05 jet engine began - this was the Soviet Klimov VK-1 engine, based on the Rolls-Royce Nene, which powered the MiG 15, and was exported to many countries. The company produced a series of Soviet-designed engines during the 1950s and 1960s, though piston engine production was closed and handed over to Avia in 1964. Nationalization or nationalisation is the act of transferring assets into public ownership. ... Klimov VK-1 was the first Soviet jet engine to see significant production. ... The Nene or RB.41, was Rolls-Royces third jet engine to enter production, designed and built in an astonishingly short five month period in 1944, first running on October 27th, 1944. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fagot) was a jet fighter developed for the USSR by Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich. ... Avia was a Czech aircraft company notable for producing biplane fighters, especially the B-534. ...

In 1995 the company was privatised as Walter a.s., and in 2005 the aviation engine division became Walter Engines a.s.. In March 2007 it was announced that Walter Engines a.s would merge with Avia's aero-engine division.[1] This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Some of the engines:

  • Walter Atlas
  • Walter Atom
  • Walter Bora
  • Walter Castor
  • Walter Gemma
  • Walter Junior
  • Walter M208
  • Walter M332
  • Walter M337
  • Walter Major
  • Walter Mars
  • Walter Mikron
  • Walter Minor
  • Walter NZ 40
  • Walter NZ 60
  • Walter NZ 85
  • Walter NZ 120
  • Walter Pollux
  • Walter Regulus
  • Walter Sagitta
  • Walter Scolar
  • Walter Super Castor
  • Walter Vega
  • Walter Venus

Walter Mikron III The Walter Mikron is a four-cylinder, aircooled, inverted straight engine for powering light aircraft. ... The Walter NZ 60 was a five-cylinder, air-cooled, radial engine for aircraft use built in Czechoslovakia in the 1920s. ... The Walter Vega was a five-cylinder, air-cooled, radial engine for aircraft use built in Czechoslovakia in the 1930s. ... The Walter Venus was a seven-cylinder, air-cooled, radial engine for aircraft use built in Czechoslovakia in the 1930s. ...

External links

  • http://www.walterengines.com
  • http://www.oldengine.org/members/diesel/Duxford/czechaer1.htm



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