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Encyclopedia > Walter Edward Guinness, 1st Baron Moyne

Walter Edward Guinness, 1st Baron Moyne (29 March 1880 - 6 November 1944) was a British politician. March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (89th in Leap years). ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Walter Edward Guinness was born in Dublin, Ireland and was the 3rd son of the 1st Earl of Iveagh. Dublin (Irish: Baile Átha Cliath), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Ireland, located near the midpoint of Irelands east coast, at the mouth of the River Liffey and at the centre of the Dublin Region. ... Edward Cecil Guinness, 1st Earl of Iveagh, KP, GCVO, FRS (November 10, 1847 - October 7, 1927) was an Irish philanthropist and businessman. ...


From Eton he volunteered for service in the South African War, where he was wounded. In 1907 he was elected to Parliament as Conservative member for Bury St Edmunds, which he continued to represent until 1931. During World War I Guinness again served with distinction in the Suffolk Yeomanry in Egypt, and at Gallipoli. In 1922 he was appointed Under Secretary for War, the first of several political appointments which culminated in his term of office as Minister of Agriculture, November 1925 - June 1929. The Kings College of Our Lady of Eton beside Windsor, commonly known as Eton College or just Eton, is an independent school for boys. ... Boer guerrillas during the Second Boer War There were two Boer wars, one in 1880-81 and the second from October 11, 1899-1902 both between the British and the settlers of Dutch origin (called Boere, Afrikaners or Voortrekkers) in South Africa that put an end to the two independent... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, and is now the dominant branch of Parliament. ... The Conservative Party is the largest political party on the right-of-centre in the United Kingdom. ... Map sources for Bury St Edmunds at grid reference TL8564 Bury St Edmunds is a town in the county of Suffolk, England. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas. ... Gallipoli, called Gelibolu in modern Turkish, is a town in northwestern Turkey. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food was a UK cabinet position, responsible for the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After the Conservative defeat in 1929 he retired from office and was created Baron Moyne of Bury St Edmunds. The 1929 UK general election was held on 30th May 1929, and resulted in a hung parliament. ... Baron Moyne is a peerage title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. ...


During World War II he became Secretary of State for the Colonies and Leader of the House of Lords in 1941. In August 1942 he was appointed Deputy Minister of State in Cairo, and in January 1944 Minister Resident in the Middle East. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ... The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet official in charge of managing the various British colonies. ... Leader of the House of Lords is a function in the British government that is always held in combination with a formal Cabinet position, most often Lord President of the Council, Lord Privy Seal or Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... Although technically in Giza, The Great Pyramids have become a symbol of Cairo internationally Cairo (Arabic: القاهرة; transliterated: al-Qāhirah) is the capital city of Egypt (and previously the United Arab Republic) and has a metropolitan area population of approximately 15. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Assassination

On 6 November 1944 Moyne was assassinated in Cairo by two members of the Jewish terrorist group, the Stern Gang, known in Hebrew as Lehi (Fighters for the Freedom of Israel), who were opposed to the League of Nations' British Mandate/rule in Palestine. November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Although technically in Giza, The Great Pyramids have become a symbol of Cairo internationally Cairo (Arabic: القاهرة; transliterated: al-Qāhirah) is the capital city of Egypt (and previously the United Arab Republic) and has a metropolitan area population of approximately 15. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Avraham Stern Lehi (Hebrew acronym for Lohamei Herut Israel, Fighters for the Freedom of Israel) was a radical self-described terrorist group that had as its goal the eviction of the British from Palestine to allow unrestricted immigration of Jews and the formation of a Jewish state. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded after the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. ... Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ...


Although the Stern Gang had targeted British Mandate personnel since its creation in 1940, Lord Moyne was the first high-profile British official to be successfully targeted by them. This was therefore the opening shot in the new Stern Gang campaign. Some wonder if this provocation was anything more than a rash mistake. Lord Moyne was an ally and close personal friend of then-Prime Minister Winston Churchill. But in the end the action hurt the group very little; the Conservatives fell from power that year. This led to increased resistance by the larger group of terrorists, Etzel (National Military Organization) of Menachem Begin, and even the moderate Hagana of David Ben-Gurion over the next four years, though often this was limited to illegal immigration in the latter case. Avraham Stern Lehi (Hebrew acronym for Lohamei Herut Israel, Fighters for the Freedom of Israel) was a radical underground Jewish paramilitary group, a terrorist group according to both its own description and that of its opponents. ... Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, FRS (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was an British statesman, best known as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the Second World War. ... Irgun poster showing their view of the Land of Israel Irgun (ארגון), shorthand for Irgun Tsvai Leumi (ארגון צבאי לאומי, also spelled Irgun Zvai Leumi), Hebrew for National Military Organization, was a militant Zionist group that operated in the British Mandate of Palestine from 1931 to 1948. ... Menachem Begin on the front cover of TIME 1982. ... The Haganah (Hebrew: Defense, הגנה) was a Zionist military organization in Palestine during the British mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948. ... â–¶(?) (October 16, 1886 – December 1, 1973; Hebrew: דָּוִד בֶּן גּוּרִיּוֹן) was the first Prime Minister of Israel. ...


Lord Moyne was chosen because he was the highest ranking British official within reach of the Stern Gang. Various claims have been made after the fact about Lord Moyne to justify his murder, but on examination most are not credible. He has sometimes been blamed for the Struma disaster though he was not stationed in the Middle East at the time. It is often claimed that he is somehow to blame for the 1939 White Paper on Palestine, though he had nothing to do with its creation. He was also in no sense a leader, symbolic or otherwise, of anti-Zionism in British Politics. He had been Minister Resident in Cairo for one month prior to his murder in 1944. Accusations against him have also been made by Joel Brand who was sent by the Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann to the Middle East with a proposal to trade Jewish lives for British Military supplies which it was claimed would only be used against the [Soviet Union]. Brand's associations both with Eichmann and the Stern Gang raise serious doubts about his credibility. Struma was a Greek ship chartered to carry Jewish refugees from Romania to British-controlled Palestine. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nazism. ... Adolf Eichmann, Germany 1940 Photo from United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archives. ...


Moyne's murder was severely condemned by the Jewish establishment in Palestine, who began to co-operate with the British authorities in dealing with the Stern Gang and the Irgun; see The Hunting Season. Irgun poster showing their view of the Land of Israel Irgun (ארגון), shorthand for Irgun Tsvai Leumi (ארגון צבאי לאומי, also spelled Irgun Zvai Leumi), Hebrew for National Military Organization, was a militant Zionist group that operated in the British Mandate of Palestine from 1931 to 1948. ... The “Hunting Season,” or “Season” for short, was the code-name for the Haganahs persecution of the Irgun, aimed at putting an end to its activities. ...

 
Preceded by:
E.F.L. Wood
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries
1925–1929
Followed by:
Noel Buxton
Preceded by:
The Lord Lloyd
Secretary of State for the Colonies
1941–1942
Followed by:
Viscount Cranborne
Preceded by:
The Lord Lloyd
Leader of the House of Lords
1941–1942
Followed by:
Viscount Cranborne
Preceded by:
New Creation
Baron Moyne Succeeded by:
Bryan Guinness

  Results from FactBites:
 
Walter Edward Guinness, 1st Baron Moyne - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (611 words)
Walter Edward Guinness, 1st Baron Moyne (29 March 1880 - 6 November 1944) was a British politician.
Walter Edward Guinness was born in Dublin, Ireland and was the 3rd son of the 1st Earl of Iveagh.
Moyne's murder was severely condemned by the Jewish establishment in Palestine, who began to cooperate with the British authorities in dealing with the Stern Gang and the Irgun; see The Hunting Season.
Bryan Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (385 words)
Bryan Walter Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne (October 27, 1905 - July 6, 1992), was an heir to the Guinness family brewing fortune, lawyer, poet and novelist.
He was born to Walter Edward Guinness (created 1st Baron Moyne in 1934), son of the 1st Earl of Iveagh, and Lady Evelyn Stuart Erskine, daughter of the 14th Earl of Buchan.
In 1944, while serving his country as a liaison officer, Guinness succeeded to the barony when his father, posted abroad as a Minister Resident in the Middle East, was assassinated in Cairo.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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