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Encyclopedia > Wallonia
Wallonie (French)
Wallonien (German)
Official languages French, German
Capital Namur
Minister-President Elio Di Rupo
Area
 – Total

16,844 km²
Population
 – Total (2002)
 – Density

3,358,560 inhabitants
199.39/km²
Regional anthem Li Tchant des Walons
Regional motto Walon todi! (Walloon forever!)

Wallonia (French: Wallonie, German: Wallonien, Walloon: Walonreye, Dutch: Wallonië) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne, Dutch: Waals Gewest) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. Its official languages are French and German. Flag of Wallonia. ... Wallonia highlighted against map of Belgium. ... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Namur, the Meuse, the Walloon parliament and the citadel. ... This is a list of Minister-Presidents (prime ministers) of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... Elio Di Rupo (born July 18, 1951) is the leader of the French-speaking Belgian Socialist Party, i. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Li Tchant des Walons (the Walloons song) is the national anthem of Wallonia. ... This page lists state and national mottos for the worlds independent states and if applicable, their component states. ... Walloon (Walon) is a regional Romance language spoken as a second language by some in Belgium. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... Belgium is a federal state and is composed of three communities, three regions, and four linguistic regions. ... Namur, the Meuse, the Walloon parliament and the citadel. ...

Contents


Demographics and language

The Walloon Region occupies the southern part of Belgium. It has an area of 16844 km² (55.18% of Belgium) and comprises the following provinces: Belgium is a federal state and is composed of three communities, three regions, and four linguistic regions. ...

Its major cities and towns include Liège, Namur, Charleroi, Mons, Tournai, Arlon, Bastogne, Wavre, Verviers, Dinant and Eupen. Hainaut (French; English traditionally Hainault, Dutch: Henegouwen, German: Hennegau, Walloon: Hinnot) is the westernmost province of Wallonia, in Belgium. ... Liège is the easternmost province of Wallonia and of Belgium. ... Namur (Dutch: Namen) is a province of Wallonia and of Belgium. ... Walloon Brabant is a province of Wallonia and of Belgium. ... Night view of Taipei City. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... The city of Liège (Dutch: Luik, German: Lüttich) on the Meuse River is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège, of which it is the capital. ... Namur, the Meuse, the Walloon parliament and the citadel. ... Charleroi (Walloon: TchÃ¥lerwè) is the first city and municipality of Wallonia in population. ... The central square and town hall of Mons Mons (Dutch: Bergen) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut, of which it is the capital. ... The cathedral of Notre Dame de Tournai Tournai (in Dutch: Doornik) is located 85 kilometers southwest of Brussels on the river Scheldt in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... St Martin church, Arlon Arlon (Dutch: Aarlen, German: Arel) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Luxembourg, of which it is the capital. ... Bastogne (Dutch: Bastenaken, German: Bastenach, Luxembourgish: Baaschtnech) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Luxembourg in the Ardennes. ... Wavre is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant, of which it is the capital. ... Center of Verviers Verviers is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège. ... The tower of Notre-Dame, seen from the citadel Dinant is a municipality located on the River Meuse in the Belgian province of Namur, Wallonia. ... St Nikolaus church in Eupen Eupen (French: Néau) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège, 10 miles from the German border (Aachen), from the Dutch border (Maastricht) and from the nature reservation Hohes Venn (Ardennes). ...


French is the official language in most municipalities. German (with French facilities) is the official language in nine eastern municipalities which belonged to Germany until 1918 and now form the German-speaking Community of Belgium. Several French-speaking municipalities have facilities in Dutch or German (or both). The municipalities with linguistic facilities or municipalities with facilities (Dutch: faciliteitengemeenten, French: communes à facilités) are Belgian municipalities with special law provisions to protect rights of their (historic) linguistic minorities. ... Council of the German Speaking Community in Belgium (Eupen) Flag of the German-speaking community in Belgium The German-Speaking Community of Belgium (Deutschsprachige Gemeinschaft Belgiens in German, short DGB) is one of the three federal communities in Belgium. ... The municipalities with linguistic facilities or municipalities with facilities (Dutch: faciliteitengemeenten, French: communes à facilités) are Belgian municipalities with special law provisions to protect rights of their (historic) linguistic minorities. ...


The variety of French spoken in Wallonia is Belgian French, which differs from the standard French of France to various degrees depending on the speaker. The French language used in the administration and in the media is very similar in Belgium and in France. One notable difference is the use of the words septante (70) and nonante (90) in Belgium, as opposed to soixante-dix and quatre-vingt-dix in France. Belgian French is primarily spoken in the French Community of Belgium, highlighted in red. ...


In 1990, Belgium also officially recognised Champenois, Gaumais, Picard, and Walloon as regional languages. Walloon and Picard dialects used to be the predominant languages of the Walloon people until the beginning of the 20th century; French was the language of the upper class. With the development of education in French, these dialects have been in constant regression. There is currently an effort to revive Walloon dialects: some schools offer language courses in Walloon, which is also spoken in some radio programmes, but this effort remains very limited. This article is about the year. ... Champenois is a language spoken by a minority of people in France and in Belgium. ... With Lorrain you may mean: Lorrain language Claude Lorrain, (Claude Gelee, ca. ... Picard is a language closely related to French, and as such is one of the larger group of Romance languages. ... Walloon (Walon) is a regional Romance language spoken as a second language by some in Belgium. ...


Some 70,000 people live in the German-speaking community of Belgium, which has been presented as the best-protected minority in Europe. Nevertheless, there is a drive in the German-speaking community towards gaining more autonomy from the Walloon Region. The current president of the executive of the German-speaking community, Karl-Heinz Lambertz, wants his community to obtain regional autonomy, thus cutting it completely off from Wallonia. Council of the German Speaking Community in Belgium (Eupen) Flag of the German-speaking community in Belgium The German-Speaking Community of Belgium (Deutschsprachige Gemeinschaft Belgiens in German, short DGB) is one of the three federal communities in Belgium. ...


Economy

The Walloon economy experienced a strong development in the 19th century, essentially in the regions of Liege and Charleroi. Belgium was then the first country in continental Europe to undergo an industrial revolution in the early 1800s, mainly based on iron and coal industries. The profitability of these types of heavy industries started declining in the first half of the 20th century, which saw the center of industrial activity shift to the northern part of Belgium. The crisis in the steel industry led to a painful economic restructuration in Wallonia. Liège (Dutch: Luik, German: Lüttich; before 1946, the citys name was written Liége, with the acute accent) is a major city located in the Belgian province of Liège, of which it is the capital. ... Charleroi (Walloon: Tchålerwè) is the first city and municipality of Wallonia in population. ... A Watt steam engine in Madrid. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ... Coal (previously referred to as pitcoal or seacoal) is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (surface mining). ...


The current Walloon economy is relatively diversified, although certain areas -- especially around Charleroi and Liège -- are still suffering from the steel industry crisis, with a high unemployment rate. The Ardennes area south of the Meuse River is a popular tourist destination, with places such as Bastogne, Dinant, Durbuy, and the famous watering place of Spa. The Ardennes is a region of extensive forests and rolling hill country, primarily in Belgium and Luxembourg, but stretching into France (lending its name to the Ardennes département and the Champagne-Ardenne région). ... Meuse near Grave The Meuse (Dutch Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea. ... Bastogne (Dutch: Bastenaken, German: Bastenach, Luxembourgish: Baaschtnech) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Luxembourg in the Ardennes. ... The tower of Notre-Dame, seen from the citadel Dinant is a municipality located on the River Meuse in the Belgian province of Namur, Wallonia. ... Durbuy is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Luxembourg. ...


Politics

Main article: Politics of Wallonia This article is about politics in Wallonia, with a focus on political parties and political life. ...


Since 23 April 1993, Belgium is a federal state, geographically split into three Regions and linguistically split into three Communities. The Walloon Region is one of the three regions (southern region, mainly French-speaking, with a population of 3,360,000), the two other regions being the Flemish Region (northern region, mainly Dutch-speaking, with a population of 5,900,000) and the Brussels-Capital Region (officially bilingual French/Dutch but mainly French-speaking, with a population of 980,000). April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ... The Brussels-Capital Region (French: R gion de Bruxelles-Capitale, Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, German: Region Br ssel-Hauptstadt) or Brussels Region (French: R gion Bruxelloise, Dutch: Brusselse Gewest) is one of the three regions of Belgium. ...


The Walloon region has a parliament (one chamber with 75 members elected for five years) and a government responsible in front of the parliament.


The composition of the parliament for the 2004-2009 legislature is as follows:

  • Parti Socialiste (socialist party) : 34
  • Mouvement réformateur (liberal democrats, center right) : 20
  • Centre démocrate humaniste (former Christian party) : 14
  • Front national ("nationalist" party) : 4
  • Ecolo (green party) : 3

The head of the government, called Ministre-Président, was Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe until 2005, when Elio Di Rupo took his place. Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe (born April 28, 1944), sometimes nicknamed as Van Cau, is a French-speaking Belgian politician. ... Elio Di Rupo (born July 18, 1951) is the leader of the French-speaking Belgian Socialist Party, i. ...


Etymology

There are theories about the derivation of the name 'Wallonia'. It may have come from the Gaulish vellaunos meaning "valorous". Its root vella gave the Cymric wallon as in the famous hero's name Caswallon.


It is also one of many Germanic placenames containing the root Gal or Wal which means 'foreigner'. Wal/Gal Many region names (and some place names) in Europe derive from the original Germanic word for stranger or foreigner, rendered as wal or gal (and variations). ...


The term Walloon' was also used in the late 18th and the 19th century to refer to French-speakers who migrated to the Netherlands, e.g. 'Walloon parishes' in Dutch province of Nederlands-Limburg. Capital Maastricht Queens Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen Religion (1999) Protestant 3% Catholic 80% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2. ...


See also

This is the list of Minister-Presidents (prime ministers) of Wallonia, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... The Walloon Parliament, or Walloon Regional Parliament (French: Parlement wallon or Parlement régional wallon; formerly Walloon Regional Council or Conseil régional wallon), is the parliament of Wallonia, the southern region of Belgium. ... Walloon (Walon) is a regional Romance language spoken as a second language by some in Belgium. ...

External links

  • Official gateway to the Walloon Region
Communities, regions and provinces of Belgium Flag of Belgium
Communities: French Community of Belgium | Flemish Community in Belgium | German-speaking Community of Belgium
Regions and provinces: Flanders: Antwerp | East Flanders | Flemish Brabant | Limburg | West Flanders
Wallonia: Hainaut | Liège | Luxembourg | Namur | Walloon Brabant
Brussels-Capital Region

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wallonia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (721 words)
Wallonia (French: Wallonie, Walloon: Walonreye) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur.
The variety of French spoken in Wallonia is Belgian French, which differs from the standard French of France to various degrees depending on the speaker.
The crisis in the steel industry led to a painful economic restructuration in Wallonia.
Wallonia - definition of Wallonia in Encyclopedia (654 words)
Wallonia (French: Wallonie) or Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur.
The Walloon economy was once -since the 18th century- dominated by the extensive iron and coal industries, as Wallonia was one of the first regions of continental Europe to see industrialisation.
Walloon politics is similar to the politics of the French-speaking community in Belgium: the French-speaking socialist party PS is viewed as dominating both.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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