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Encyclopedia > Walled town
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The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania.

Defensive walls were common from the ancient period into the medieval period. Generally, these are referred to as city walls or town walls, although there were also walls, such as the Great Wall of China and the Atlantic Wall, which extended far beyond the borders of a city and were used to enclose vast regions.


City walls were still occasionally used as late as the 19th century, although by this time they were generally of wood (rather than stone) construction and used only around small frontier settlements. City walls also had towers and were frequently surrounded by trenches.


The practice of building these massive walls had been developed sometime before the rise of the Sumerian Empire and was connected with the rise of city-states.


Often the walls proved impenetrable to attacking armies which then laid siege to the city.


Within walled cities, the poor and "noxious trades" were generally located near or outside the walls.

Contents

Canada

  • Quebec City, Quebec is the only fortified city north of Mexico whose walls still exist.

China

Croatia

  • Dubrovnik has well-preserved city fortifications including towers, gate, rampart walk and two citadels guarding the docks.
  • Stone walls built in 14th-16th century, at the isthmus of the Pelješac peninsula, to the north of Dubrovnik; 890 meters long town wall and 5 km Great Wall outside the town
  • Karlovac city walls, built in 1579 as a six-point star with bastions.

France

Germany

Israel

  • Jerusalem's Old City Walls
  • The walls of Akko (Acre) - 18th century modern Ottoman fortification able to withstand cannons attack. The wall has been restored and now includes rampart for tourists.

Ireland

Middle East

  • Jericho's Ancient City Walls - probably the most ancient stone wall ever discovered.

Morocco and Western Sahara

Philippines

  • Intramuros - partially preserved, partially restored after WWII. Original walls are still on are well preserved.
  • Fort San Pedro - in Cebu
  • Fort San Antonio Abad - in Manila
  • Fort Pillar- a Spanish defence fort in the island of Mindanao

Poland

Spain

Turkey

United Kingdom

United States

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Walled cities (801 words)
Generally, these are referred to as city walls or town walls, although there were also walls, such as the Great Wall of China and the Atlantic Wall, which extended far beyond the borders of a city and were used to enclose vast regions.
City walls were still occasionally used as late as the 19th century, although by this time they were generally of wood (rather than stone) construction and used only around small frontier settlements.
The practice of building these massive walls, though having its origins in prehistory, was refined during the rise of city-states, and energetic wall-building continued into the medieval period and beyond in certain parts of Europe.
Bastides or Planned Towns (947 words)
Conwy's circuit of town walls (above right) is a particularly fine example of this approach, surviving complete for over three-quarters of a mile with 21 towers and three original gateways.
Elsewhere, as at Flint, the constable of the castle often served as the mayor of the town.
Restrictions against the Welsh varied in severity from town to town, but these unequal privileges caused tensions and frustrations that culminated in the Glyn Dwr revolt, a remarkable national uprising during the early years of the 15th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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