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Encyclopedia > Wallace Collection
The Wallace Collection across Manchester Square gardens
The Wallace Collection across Manchester Square gardens

The Wallace Collection is a museum in London. The museum encompasses a range of fine and decorative arts from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries with large holdings of French 18th-century paintings, furniture, arms & armour, porcelain and Old Master paintings arranged into 25 galleries. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixelsFull resolution (3840 × 2160 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixelsFull resolution (3840 × 2160 pixel, file size: 4. ... Manchester Square in the 1790s. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Fine art refers to arts that are concerned with beauty or which appealed to taste (SOED 1991). ... The decorative arts are traditionally defined as ornamental and functional works in ceramic, wood, glass, metal, or textile. ... “Fine China” redirects here. ... An Old Master (or old master) is one of the great European painters who lived 1500 through 1800, or a painting by one of these painters. ...


Established in 1897 from the private collection of Sir Richard Wallace, his widow bequeathed the entire collection to the nation. The museum opened to the public in 1900 in Hertford House, Manchester Square, and remains there, housed in its entirety, to this day. Richard Wallace (1818 - 1890) was an English art collector. ... Manchester Square in the 1790s. ...

Contents

Collections

Velázquez - Lady with a Fan
Velázquez - Lady with a Fan

The museum's collection numbers nearly 5,500 objects and is best known for its quality and breadth of eighteenth-century French paintings, Sèvres porcelain and French furniture. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 429 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2024 × 2828 pixel, file size: 525 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 429 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2024 × 2828 pixel, file size: 525 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (June 6, 1599 – August 6, 1660), commonly referred to as Diego Velázquez, was a Spanish painter, the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV. He was an individualistic artist of the contemporary baroque period, important as a portrait artist. ... A stone grinder for turning quartz, feldspar, kaolin and other stones into fine powder for making ceramic paste Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Manufacture nationale de Sèvres The Manufacture nationale de Sèvres is a porcelain factory located in Sèvres, France. ... “Fine China” redirects here. ...


The Wallace Collection also displays many other treasures, such as two paintings by Titian, four Rembrandts, three Rubenses, four Van Dycks, twenty-two Canalettos, nineteen Bouchers, masterpieces by Hooch, nine Teniers, Frans Hals, nine Murillos, two Velázquezes and paintings by Domenichino, Cima, Daddi, Reni, Rosa, Thomas Gainsborough, Joshua Reynolds, Antoine Watteau, Nicholas Lancret, Jan Steen, Aelbert Cuyp and nine Guardis. The museum also holds a fine collection of princely arms and armour, featuring both European and Oriental objects, as well as displays of gold boxes, miniatures, sculpture and medieval and Renaissance works of art such as maiolica, glass, bronzes and Limoges enamels. Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (c. ... Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15, 1606 – October 4, 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. ... Rubens may be: Look up Rubenesqe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Self Portrait With a Sunflower Sir Anthony (Antoon) van Dyck (*March 22, 1599 - December 9, 1641) was a Flemish painter — mainly of portraits — who became the leading court painter in England. ... The Stonemasons Yard, painted 1726-30. ... The Boucher Manufacturing Company was an American toy company that specialized in toy boats and toy trains. ... David Teniers the Younger (December 15, 1610 - April 25, 1690), Flemish artist was the more celebrated son of David Teniers the Elder, almost ranking in celebrity with Rubens and Van Dyck, was born in Antwerp. ... Frans Hals (c. ... Murillo is a village within the municipality of Oliver Paipoonge in Ontario, Canada. ... Velázquezs 1643 self-portrait This article pertains to the artist. ... Domenico Zampieri (or Domenichino) (October 21, 1581 - April 15, 1641), Italian painter, born at Bologna, was the son of a shoemaker. ... The Presentation of the Virgin Annunciation (1495). ... Crucifixion (1340-1345) Bernardo Daddi (ca. ... Reni is: Alan Wren, drummer for The Stone Roses a city in southern Ukraine, near the confluence of Prut and Danube rivers This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Species About 100, see text References:   U. of Illinois 2002-05-29 A rose is a flowering shrub of the genus Rosa and the flower of this shrub. ... Thomas Gainsborough (14 May 1727 (baptised) – 2 August 1788) was one of the most famous portrait and landscape painters of 18th century Britain. ... Sir Joshua Reynolds in a self-portrait Colonel Acland and Lord Sydney, The Archers, 1769. ... Jean-Antoine Watteau (October 10, 1684 - July 18, 1721) was a French Rococo painter. ... Le jeu des quatre-coins by Nicolas Lancret Nicolas Lancret (January 22, 1690 - September 14, 1743), French painter, was born in Paris, and became a brilliant depicter of light comedy which reflected the tastes and manners of French society under the regent Orleans. ... // Steen was born in Leiden, where his well-to-do, Catholic family had run the tavern The Red Halbert for several generations. ... The Negro Page Aelbert Jacobsz Cuyp (Dordrecht October 20, 1620 - Dordrecht November 15, 1691) was one of the leading Dutch landscape painters of the 17th century. ... The Lagoon Looking toward Murano from the Fondamenta Nuove (1765-70) Oil on canvas, 31,7 x 52,7 cm Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge Francesco Guardi (October 5, 1712- January 1, 1793), Venetian painter, was a pupil of Canaletto, and followed his style so closely that pictures are very frequently attributed... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... Majolica is earthenware with a white tin glaze, decorated by applying colorants on the raw glazed surface. ... The manufactory of hard-paste Limoges porcelain was established by Turgot in 1771 and placed under the patronage of the comte dArtois, brother of Louis XVI. Limoges had been the site of a minor industry producing plain faience earthenwares since the 1730s, but the first identified French source of...


The works of art in the Collection comprise [1]:

  • Paintings,Watercolours and Drawings 775
  • Furniture 528
  • Ceramics 510
  • European and Oriental Arms and Armour 2,370
  • Sculpture 466
  • Miniatures 334
  • Medieval and Renaissance Works of Art 363
  • Goldsmiths' Work 120

Departments

The Wallace Collection is split into six curatorial departments, Pictures & Miniatures, Ceramics, Arms & Armour, Objet d'Art, Furniture and Scultpure.


Pictures & Miniatures

The collection's old master paintings represent some of the finest works of art in the world, executed by most of the leading artists of their period. The displays of paintings span from the fourteenth to the mid-nineteenth century which, among museums in England, is surpassed only by those in the National Gallery. An Old Master (or old master) is one of the great European painters who lived 1500 through 1800, or a painting by one of these painters. ... Londons National Gallery, founded in 1824, houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900 in its home on Trafalgar Square. ...


The collection is particularly strong in Dutch and Flemish paintings of the seventeenth century and in eighteenth and nineteenth-century French paintings, though there are also outstanding works by English, Italian and Spanish artists. Strengths of the collection include examples by Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Canaletto, Gainsborough, François Boucher, Fragonard, Murillo, Titian, Poussin and Velázquez. The Arnolfini portrait by Jan van Eyck. ... Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15, 1606 – October 4, 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. ... Rubens may be: Look up Rubenesqe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Self Portrait With a Sunflower Sir Anthony (Antoon) van Dyck (*March 22, 1599 - December 9, 1641) was a Flemish painter — mainly of portraits — who became the leading court painter in England. ... The Stonemasons Yard, painted 1726-30. ... Gainsborough may refer to: Several places: Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England An area in Ipswich, England Gainsborough Area in Kiama Downs, New South Wales, Australia Aeris Gainsborough, a character from Final Fantasy VII Thomas Gainsborough, a painter (who is often referred to simply as Gainsborough) Humphrey Gainsborough, Thomass brother Gainsborough Pictures... François Boucher The Toilet of Venus (1751) typifies the superficially pleasing elegance of Bouchers mature style. ... The Bathers, 1765 Inspiration, 1769 The Reader, c. ... Murillo is a village within the municipality of Oliver Paipoonge in Ontario, Canada. ... Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (c. ... Et in Arcadia ego by Nicolas Poussin. ... Velázquezs 1643 self-portrait This article pertains to the artist. ...


The inventory of pictures, watercolours and drawings comprises all the major European schools.


Paintings, Drawing & Watercolours from the Wallace Collection

  1. British, German, Spanish & Italian
    151 paintings, 60 drawings*
  2. French Nineteenth Century
    134 paintings, 57 watercolours¹
  3. French before 1815
    144 paintings, 8 drawings and watercolours²
  4. Dutch
    173 paintings, 2 drawings³
  5. Flemish
    48 paintings*³
* The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures I
¹ The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures II
² The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures III
³ The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures IV
*³ The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Pictures IV

Ceramics

SEVRES - Sèvres Porcelain Cabinets
SEVRES - Sèvres Porcelain Cabinets

There are fine examples of porcelain by the greatest of makers, including Meissen and one of the worlds greatest collections of Sèvres. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (2789 × 2084 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (2789 × 2084 pixel, file size: 2. ... A stone grinder for turning quartz, feldspar, kaolin and other stones into fine powder for making ceramic paste Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Manufacture nationale de Sèvres The Manufacture nationale de Sèvres is a porcelain factory located in Sèvres, France. ... “Fine China” redirects here. ... Old town of Meißen. ... Road to Sèvres, Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, 1855-1865. ...


The Wallace Collection contains one of the richest and most distinguished collections of eighteenth-century Sèvres porcelain in the world. It includes 137 vases, 80 tea wares, 67 useful wares, 3 biscuit figures and 130 plaques (mostly on furniture), and was acquired by the Marquesses of Hertford and Sir Richard Wallace between c. 1802 and c. 1875[2].


Furniture

The Wallace Collection holds one of the most important collections of French furniture anywhere in the world.[3] Totalling more than five hundred pieces, the collection consists largely of eighteenth-century French furniture but also includes some significant pieces of nineteenth-century French furniture, as well as interesting Italian furniture and a few English and German pieces. The collection ranges from cabinet furniture, much of which is veneered with brass and turtleshell marquetry (commonly known as 'Boulle' marquetry) or with wood marquetry, to seat furniture, clocks and barometers, gilt-bronze items including mounted porcelain and hardstones, mantelpieces, mirrors, boxes and pedestals. One highlight of the collection is the major collection of furniture attributed to André-Charles Boulle (1642-1732), perhaps the best-known cabinet-maker ever to have lived. Veneer, in woodworking, refers to thin slices of wood, usually thinner than 3 millimetres (1/8 inch). ... The image on the cover of this box was made using the technique of marquetry. ... Andre-Charles Boulle (11 November 1642 - 28 February 1732), was a French cabinetmaker, who is generally considered to be the preeminent artist in the field of Marquetry. ... Ormolu (from French or moulu, signifying gold ground or pounded) is an 18th-century English term for applying finely ground, high-karat gold to an object in bronze. ... Andre-Charles Boulle (11 November 1642 - 28 February 1732), was a French cabinetmaker, who is generally considered to be the preeminent artist in the field of Marquetry. ...


Building

A few years ago the inner courtyard was given a glass roof and now contains a restaurant. Admission is free.


Gallery

References

  1. ^ http://www.official-documents.gov.uk/document/hc0506/hc08/0832/0832.pdf
  2. ^ The Wallace Collection: Catalogue of Sèvres Porcelain - ISBN 0 900785 27 6
  3. ^ The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 139, No. 1136 (Nov., 1997), pp. 792-794

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wallace Collection
  • Wallace Collection official website
  • A Visitor's Experience: The Wallace Collection

Coordinates: 51°31′03″N, 0°09′11″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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