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Encyclopedia > Walla Walla, Washington

Walla Walla is both the county seat of Walla Walla County, Washington, and the county's largest city. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 29,686GR6. Walla Walla is in the southeastern region of Washington, approximately five hours by car from Seattle, Washington and thirteen miles from the Oregon border. A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Walla Walla County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ...


Whitman College, Walla Walla Community College, and the Washington State Penitentiary are located in Walla Walla. This article is about the college in Washington state. ... The Washington State Penitentiary is located at Walla Walla, Washington. ...


Walla Walla is famous for its sweet onions and is considered to have many of the best wineries in the country located in the area and is a popular vacation spot for wine enthusiasts. Sweet onion is a varity of onion that is not pungent. ... A winery is a facility where fruit, usually grapes, is processed into wine. ...

Fort Walla Walla - 1874
Fort Walla Walla - 1874

Contents

Image File history File links Brig. ... Image File history File links Brig. ...

History

On September 1, 1836, Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrived at Walla Walla, along with her husband Marcus Whitman. Here they established the Whitman Mission in an unsuccessful attempt to convert the local Walla Walla tribe to christianity. Both were killed by the Cayuse following a disease epidemic believing that the missionaries were poisoning the Native Peoples. Whitman College was established in their honor. The original Fort Walla Walla, a major stopping point for migrants moving West, has been preserved with many of the original buildings. The current Fort Walla Walla contains these buildings, albeit in a different location from the original, as well as a museum about the early settlers' lives. is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Narcissa Whitman (March 14, 1808 – November 29, 1847), born Narcissa Prentiss in Prattsburgh, New York in the Genesee Valley. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... Marcus Whitman (September 4, 1802–November 29, 1847) was an American physician and missionary in the Oregon Country. ... Walla Walla is a Native American group that lives on the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. ... For other uses, see Cayuse (disambiguation). ... This article is about the college in Washington state. ...


Walla Walla was officially incorporated on January 11, 1862. As a result of a gold rush, during this decade the city became the largest community in the territory of Washington, at one point slated to be the new state's capital. The former Governor's mansion still stands in the southern part of the city. Following this period of rapid growth, agriculture became the city's primary industry. is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A California Gold Rush handbill A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of gold. ...


Further Reading

Agriculture

Though wheat is still a big crop, vineyards and wineries have become economically important over the last two decades. In summer 2006, there were over 100 wineries in the greater Walla Walla area. Following the wine boom, the town has developed many top-tier restaurants and hotels. The Marcus Whitman hotel, one of Washington's finest early 1900s hotels, was recently renovated with its original fixtures and furnitures. It is the tallest building in the city, reaching thirteen stories.

Walla Walla Farmers Market
Walla Walla Farmers Market

The world-famous Walla Walla Sweet Onion is another crop with a rich tradition. Over a century ago on the Island of Corsica, off the west coast of Italy, a French soldier named Peter Pieri found an Italian sweet onion seed and brought it to the Walla Walla Valley. Impressed by the new onion's winter hardiness, Pieri, and the Italian immigrant farmers who comprised much of Walla Walla's gardening industry, harvested the seed. The sweet onion developed over several generations through the process of carefully hand selecting onions from each year's crop, ensuring exceptional sweetness, jumbo size and round shape. The Walla Walla Sweet Onion is also protected by the federal law of a protected agricultural crop in 1996. In 2007, the Walla Walla Sweet Onion became Washington's state vegetable. Image File history File links Walla_walla_farmers_market. ... Sweet onion is a varity of onion that is not pungent. ... “Corsican” redirects here. ...


Walla Walla Sweet Onions get their sweetness from low sulfur content, which is half that of an ordinary yellow onion. Walla Walla Sweets are 90 percent water. That, combined with Walla Walla’s mild climate and rich soil, gives the onion its sweetness. The Walla Walla Sweet Onion Festival is held annually in July. General Name, Symbol, Number sulfur, S, 16 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16, 3, p Appearance lemon yellow Standard atomic weight 32. ...


From asparagus and corn to cherries and strawberries, Walla Walla growers produce produce that’s available to the visitors of the farmer's market throughout the late spring and through the late fall. There is also a selection of bakery treats, flowers and plants, creative arts, and craft items on sale.


Another historic creation that occurred in Walla Walla, specifically at Whitman College, was the birth of the trading card game known as Magic: The Gathering. Dr. Richard Garfield, the creator of the card game, came over to teach at Whitman College in 1993. He worked in his spare time with local volunteer playtesters to help refine the game during the 1993 school year. After releasing the game publicly, he worked with Wizards of the Coast. This article is about the college in Washington state. ... Collectible card games (CCGs), also called customizable card games or trading card games, are played using specially designed sets of cards. ... Magic: The Gathering (colloq. ... Richard Garfield Richard Garfield (born 1966) is the billionaire game designer who created the card games Magic: The Gathering, Netrunner, BattleTech, Vampire: The Eternal Struggle (originally known as Jyhad), The Great Dalmuti, Star Wars Trading Card Game, and the board game RoboRally. ... This article is about the college in Washington state. ... Wizards of the Coast (often referred to as WotC or simply Wizards) is a publisher of games, primarily based on fantasy and science fiction themes. ...


In 1972, Walla Walla established sister city relationships with Sasayama, Japan. This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Sasayama (篠山市; -shi) is a city located in Hyogo, Japan. ...


Wine industry

Walla Walla has experienced an explosion in its wine industry over the last two decades. Producing some of the finest American wines, Walla Walla is quickly becoming a destination for wine connoisseurs the world over. Many of the wineries have received top scores from respected wine publications such as Wine Spectator, Wine Advocate and Wine and Spirits magazines. L'Ecole 41, Woodward Canyon and Leonetti Cellars were the pioneers starting in the 1970s and 1980s. They have been joined by many noteworthy producers like Walla Walla Vintners, Cayuse Vineyards, Spring Valley Vineyards, Waterbrook Winery, Forgeron Cellars, Tamarack Cellars, Seven Hills Winery, and Pepper Bridge Winery as well as dozens more smaller wineries. Although most of the early recognition went to the wines made from Merlot and Cabernet, Syrah is fast becoming a star varietal in this appellation. In the United States wine is produced commercially in all fifty states, although the majority of wine is produced in California. ... Wine Spectator is a lifestyle magazine that focuses on wine that was founded as a newsprint tabloid by Bob Morrisey in 1976. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An American Viticultural Area (AVA) is a delimited grape-growing region distinguishable by geographic features, with boundaries defined by the United States governments Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). ...


Walla Walla Community College capitalizes on the opportunity to market the wine industry. The school offers an associate's degree in winemaking through its 4-year-old Institute of Enology and Viticulture, which operates its own commercial winery.


One challenge to growing grapes in Walla Walla Valley is the risk of a killing freeze during the winter. They average one every six or seven years and the last one, in 2004 , destroyed about 75% of the wine grape crop in the valley.


The wineries generate over $100 million dollars to the valley annually.


Corrections industry

The largest prison in Washington is the maximum-security Washington State Penitentiary located in Walla Walla. It houses about 2000 offenders and there are about 1000 staff members. In 2005, the financial benefit to the local economy was estimated to be about $55 million through salaries, medical services, utilities, and local purchases. Washington is a death penalty state, and the occasional executions take place at the state pen, though the last execution took place in 2001. The Penitentiary is undergoing an extensive expansion project that will increase the prison population to 2,500 violent offenders and double the staff size. The Washington State Penitentiary is located at Walla Walla, Washington. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ...


Transportation

Transportation to Walla Walla includes service by air through Walla Walla Regional Airport and highway access primarily from U.S. Highway 12. Washington State DOT is currently (2004) beginning the long-term process of widening this road into a four-lane divided highway between Pasco, Washington and Walla Walla. The city is also served by a local bus system. Walla Walla Regional Airport (IATA: ALW, ICAO: KALW) is a public airport located a few miles northeast of Walla Walla, Washington. ... U.S. Highway 12 is an east-west United States highway. ... Pasco (IPA: ) is a city located in Franklin County, in the state of Washington, USA. Pasco is the county seat of Franklin CountyGR6. ...


Terminology coined in Walla Walla

Proud residents of the town often brag about it as "the town so nice they named it twice."[1] In fact it was named by the Native Americans that means "Place of Many Waters", the original name of Walla Walla was Steptoeville named after Colonel Steptoe. [2]


Students who attend Whitman College are often referred to as "Whitties" (and the local folks as "Townies," which means locals who attend the college are sometimes called Twitties.). "Whitties" originated as a derogatory term but has evolved into an accepted colloquialism. This article is about the college in Washington state. ...


It was reported in the December 2004 issue of Golf Digest, in May 1956 the head pro, Jim Russell at the Walla Walla Country Club, fired a shotgun to sound the start of play to golfers. This is purportedly the first time a golf tournament used such a starting format, today termed as a "Shotgun Start".


Geography and climate

Location of Walla Walla, Washington

Walla Walla is located at 46°3′54″N, 118°19′49″W (46.065094w, -118.330167e)GR1. Adapted from Wikipedias WA county maps by Bumm13. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.0 km² (10.8 mi²). 28.0 km² (10.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it (0.18%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 67 75 77 87 99 107 112 109 99 87 81 65
Norm High °F 40.6 46.9 56 64.1 72 80.3 89.9 89.1 79.3 65.8 50.1 40.8
Norm Low °F 28.8 32.5 36.9 41.3 47.6 54.3 60.7 61.2 52.9 43.6 36 29.3
Rec Low °F -4 -13 4 29 34 39 46 42 32 15 -11 -14
Precip (in) 2.25 1.97 2.2 1.83 1.95 1.15 0.73 0.84 0.83 1.77 2.85 2.51
Source: USTravelWeather.com [3]

Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000 , there are 29,686 people, 10,596 households, and 6,527 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,059.3/km² (2,744.9/mi²). According to the census there are 11,400 housing units at an average density of 406.8/km² (1,054.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 83.79% White, 2.58% African American, 1.05% Native American, 1.24% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 8.26% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 17.42% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. It is important to note that these are not entirely accurate numbers as the local population has a large number of Hispanic migrant workers and undocumented workers who work on asparagus and onion farms. [citation needed] 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Migrant farm worker, New York 2003 USPS stamp featuring Chávez and the fields that were so important to him A migrant worker is someone working on a regular basis away from their home, if indeed they have a home. ... An illegal immigrant is a person who either enters a country illegally, or who enters legally but subsequently violates the terms of their visa, permanent resident permit or refugee permit. ...


Of the 10,596 counted households, 30.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% are married couples living together, 11.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% are considered non-families by the U.S. government. 31.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 15.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.44 and the average family size is 3.08. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


In the city the population is spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 14.2% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 women there are 108.4 men. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 109.1 males. About 89% of the population is Christian. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      A Christian () is a person who...


The median income for a household in the city is $31,855, and the median income for a family is $40,856. Men have a median income of $31,753 versus $23,889 for women. The per capita income for the city is $15,792. 18.0% of the population and 13.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 22.8% of those under the age of 18 and 10.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Noteworthy residents

Levi Ankeny (August 1, 1844 - March 29, 1921) was a Republican United States Senator from the state of Washington. ... Nesmith Cornett Ankeny (1927, Walla Walla, Washington – 4 August 1993, Seattle) was an American mathematician specialising in number theory. ... The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private, coeducational research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Category: ... Marion Bauer (b. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... Dirk Benedict (born Dirk Niewoehner on March 1, 1945) is an American movie and television actor, perhaps best known for playing the characters Lt. ... Battlestar Galactica is an American science fiction television series, produced in 1978 by Glen Larson and starring Lorne Greene, Richard Hatch and Dirk Benedict. ... For the 2008 movie, see The A-Team (film). ... Mike Philbin (born February 14, 1972) is a former American football quarterback known best for his almost eight years of starting for the New England Patriots. ... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present) American Football... City Orchard Park, New York Team colors Navy blue, light blue, Red, light Red, White, Royal, and Nickel Head Coach Dick Jauron Owner Ralph Wilson General manager Marv Levy Mascot Billy Buffalo League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This entire article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Real World/Road Rules Challenge is a reality television series on MTV, a spin-off of that networks two flagship reality series, The Real World and Road Rules. ... William C. Dement (born 1928), is a pioneering sleep researcher, and founder of the worlds first sleep laboratory at Stanford University. ... William Orville Douglas (October 16, 1898 – January 19, 1980) was a United States Supreme Court Associate Justice. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries  Atlas  Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym... This article is about the college in Washington state. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Gregg Gilmore[1] (born 1965, Walla Walla, Washington}. Producer of Matisyahu Live in Israel DVD 2006, INXS Switch DVD 2006, Chris Botti To Love Again DVD 2006. ... Thomas Hampson is the name of: Thomas Hampson, the British athlete. ... Baritone (French: ; German: ; Italian: ) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... Ben Kerkvliet is a leading expert on comparative politics; Southeast Asia and Asian studies. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Eric OFlaherty (born February 5, 1985 in Walla Walla, Washington) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the Seattle Mariners of the American League. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) West Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Seattle Mariners (1977–present) Other nicknames The Ms Ballpark Safeco Field (1999–present) King County Domed Stadium (Kingdome) (1977-1999) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) None... Charles Potts (August 28th, 1943 - ) is an American, projectivist poet, and was once mentored by Edward Dorn. ... Don Roff (born December 13, 1966, in Walla Walla, Washington) is a writer and filmmaker. ... Peter Sirmon (born February 18, 1977 in Walla Walla, WA) is an american football linebacker for the National Football League Tennessee Titans. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Connor Trinneer (born March 19, 1969) is an American television actor. ... Adam West (born William West Anderson on September 19, 1928) is an American actor who is best known for playing the role of Batman/Bruce Wayne on the TV series Batman (which also had a film adaptation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... // Shaykh Hamza Yusuf Hanson is a traditionalist Islamic scholar and teaches at the Zaytuna Institute in California. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ...

Historical Populations

Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links

Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

References

  1. ^ ANKENY, Levi (English). Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 29 May 2007.
  2. ^ Professor Nesmith Ankeny dies (English). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved on 29 May 2007.
  3. ^ Dirk Benedict Mini Biography (English). DirkBenedictCentral.com. Retrieved on 31 May 2007.
  4. ^ Sirmon, Bledsoe share Walla Walla connection (English). The City Paper. Retrieved on 31 May 2007.
  5. ^ Tonya Cooley (English). Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 31 May 2007.
  6. ^ Sleep Disorders Center (English). St. Mary Medical Center. Retrieved on 31 May 2007.
  7. ^ William O. Douglas (English). Supreme Court Historical Society. Retrieved on 29 May 2007.
  8. ^ Mariners select the contract of LHP Eric O'Flaherty from Triple-A Tacoma (English). Seattle Mariners. Retrieved on 29 May 2007.
  9. ^ Sirmon, Bledsoe share Walla Walla connection (English). The City Paper. Retrieved on 31 May 2007.

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Walla Walla Washington Genealogy (1267 words)
The approach to Walla Walla by rail from either direction, is intended to give the traveler a favorable impression of the country he is passing through.
Walla Walla furnishes its citizens with all the benefits of a free library, an opera house with a seating capacity of 600, a handsome court house, a city hall, and a well appointed and ably conducted hospital.
Walla Walla is reputed to be one of the wealthiest cities in the United States in proportion to population.
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Our valley is nestled in the southeastern corner of Washington State, at the foot of the Blue Mountains and within easy reach of the Snake and Columbia rivers.
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