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Encyclopedia > Walkman
Sony Walkman Official Logo (2000 — present)
Various products of the Walkman line
Various products of the Walkman line

Walkman is a popular Sony brand used to market its portable audio and video players. The original Walkman introduced a change in music listening habits, allowing people to carry their own choice of music with them. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 393 KB) Members of the Sony Walkman line of products; photo by Marc Zimmermann I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 393 KB) Members of the Sony Walkman line of products; photo by Marc Zimmermann I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... For other uses, see Brand (disambiguation). ... Audio can mean: Sounding that can be heard. ... For other uses, see Video (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ...


The original Walkman was released in 1979 as the Walkman in Japan, the Soundabout in many other countries including the US, and the Stowaway in the UK. The device was created by audio division engineer Nobutoshi Kihara for Sony co-chairman Morita, who wanted to be able to listen to operas during his frequent transpacific plane trips.[1] Morita hated the name "Walkman" and asked it to be changed, but relented after being told by junior executives that a promotion campaign had already begun using the 'Walkman' name and would be too expensive to change.[1] Nobutoshi Kihara (born 1926) was an engineer at Sony, best known for his work on the original Walkman cassette-tape player in the 1970s. ... Akio Morita on the cover of his autobiography Made in Japan Akio Morita (盛田昭夫 Morita Akio, January 26, 1921 in Nagoya, Japan – October 3, 1999 in Tokyo) was a co-founder of Sony Corporation. ...


However, the first portable personal stereo audio cassette player, called Stereobelt, had been invented earlier by the German-Brazilian Andreas Pavel in 1972,[2] and patented in the U.S. in 1978.[3] After lengthy legal battles, Andreas Pavel was finally recognized by Sony in 2003 as the original inventor of the Walkman.[2] An ancestor of modern-day personal audio devices such as the iPod, the Stereobelt was a portable stereo audiocassette player invented in the year 1972 by the German Andreas Pavel. ... Andreas Pavel (born in 1945) is a German inventor who is the father of the portable personal stereo cassette player, better known as the Walkman [1]. Pavel invented his device, the stereobelt, in 1972, and over the next few years, tried to interest companies like Grundig, Philips, and Yamaha in...


The names "Walkman", "Pressman", "Watchman", "Scoopman", "Discman", and "Talkman" are trademarks of Sony, and have been applied to a wide range of portable entertainment devices manufactured by the company. Sony continues to use the "Walkman" brand name for most of their portable audio devices, after the "Discman" name for CD players was dropped in the late 1990s. According to Sony, the plural form is "Walkman Personal Stereos", rather than "Walkmans" or "Walkmen" (presumably to preserve their trademark on "Walkman").[4] The Watchman (also Sony Watchman) is the brand name (and trademark) given by Sony to its portable pocket television devices. ... NT was a digital memo recording system introduced by Sony in 1992, sometimes marketed under the name Scoopman. ... É Discman was the nickname given to Sonys first portable CD player, the D-50, which was the first on the market, and adopted for Sonys entire portable CD player line. ... Talkman (PSP-240) is a program developed by Sony Computer Entertainment for the Sony PlayStation Portable video game console. ... “(TM)” redirects here. ...


In March 2007, Sony extended the Video Walkman brand by launching its first digital, flash-based video Walkman, the NW-A800.[5]

Contents

History and design

Cassette-based Walkman

Walkman TPS-L2 (1979)
Walkman TPS-L2 (1979)

The original blue-and-silver Walkman model TPS-L2 went on sale in Japan on July 1, 1979. In the UK, it came with stereo playback and two mini headphone jacks, permitting two people to listen at the same time (though it came with only one pair of MDR-1 headphones). Where the Pressman had the recording button, the Walkman had a "hotline" button which activated a small built-in microphone (the Pressman), partially overriding the sound from the cassette, and allowing one user to talk to the other over the music. The dual jacks and "hotline" button were phased out in the follow-up Walkman II model. Image File history File links WalkmanTPS-L2. ... Image File history File links WalkmanTPS-L2. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... In telecommunication, a hotline (also called an automatic signaling service or off-hook service) is a point-to-point communications link in which a call is automatically directed to the preselected destination without any additional action by the user when the end instrument goes off-hook. ...

Walkman WM-D6C Pro (1995)
Walkman WM-D6C Pro (1995)

Some devices were also capable of recording. The highest quality Sony Walkman recording cassette deck was the Walkman Professional WM-D6C. It was introduced in 1984, and was comparable in audio quality with many of the best non-portable cassette decks. Unusual for a portable device, the Walkman Professional had bright LED recording level meters and manual control of recording levels. It was equipped with quartz direct drive capstan, and amorphous head. Powered by local AC mains or by 4 AA batteries (compared with 2 for most Walkman models), it was widely used by journalists and developed a following among hi-fi enthusiasts; unusual for a consumer-electronics product, it was in production, unchanged, for almost 20 years. One of Henry Rollins' early spoken word CDs was recorded with a Walkman Pro. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 1072 KB) Thebiggestmac 07:48, 29 September 2006 (UTC),SONY WM-D6C Walkman Professional,made the photo myself I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 1072 KB) Thebiggestmac 07:48, 29 September 2006 (UTC),SONY WM-D6C Walkman Professional,made the photo myself I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... High Fidelity is also the title of a book by Nick Hornby and a film directed by Stephen Frears, based upon Hornbys book. ... Henry Rollins (born February 13, 1961 as Henry Lawrence Garfield) is an American singer and songwriter, spoken word artist, author, and actor. ... Spoken word is a form of music or artistic performance in which lyrics, poetry, or stories are spoken rather than sung. ... CD may stand for: Compact Disc Canadian Forces Decoration Cash Dispenser (at least used in Japan) CD LPMud Driver Centrum-Demokraterne (Centre Democrats of Denmark) Certificate of Deposit České Dráhy (Czech Railways) Chad (NATO country code) Chalmers Datorförening (computer club of the Chalmers University of Technology) a 1960s...


Amid fierce competition, primarily from Toshiba (the Walky), Aiwa (the CassetteBoy) and Panasonic, by the late 80s, Sony upped the ante once again by creating the playback-only WM-DD9, launched in 1989 during the 10th anniversary of the Walkman (five years after the WM-D6C) and became the holy grail for a niche group of cassette Walkman collectors. It is the only auto-reverse Walkman in history to use a two motor, quartz locked, disc drive system similar to high-end home cassette decks to ensure accurate tape speed for both sides of playback (only one motor operates at a time depending on the side of the tape being played). Power consumption was improved by requiring only either one AA battery or one gumstick-type rechargeable, with optional AC adaptor input. It is also equipped with a tight gap amorphous tape head capable of reproducing the full 20–20,000 Hz frequency range, a gold plated headphone jack, and a 2 mm thick aluminum body. Sony made this model with only sound quality in mind, therefore it contains no gimmick features such as in-line remote control, music search, or LCD readout. Its only features are Dolby B/C noise reduction decoding, Mega Bass/DBB bass boost, tape type select, and two auto reverse modes.

Walkman WM-EX170 (1998)
Walkman WM-EX170 (1998)

By the late 1990s, the cassette-based Walkman was generally passed over in favor of the emerging digital technologies of CD, DAT and MiniDisc. After 2000, cassette-based Walkman products (and their clones) were approaching technological obsolescence as the cassette format was gradually phased out. However, Sony still continues to make cassette-based Walkman personal stereos today. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (696x734, 231 KB) Summary A Sony WM-EX170 Walkman from 1998. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (696x734, 231 KB) Summary A Sony WM-EX170 Walkman from 1998. ... CD redirects here. ... Digital audio tape can also refer to a compact cassette with digital storage. ... See also IBMs VM operating system family, where minidisk refers to a logical unit of storage. ...


Every five years since the Walkman personal stereo was born in 1979 until 1999, Sony would celebrate by coming out with an anniversary cassette model on July 1st with unprecedented breakthroughs in technology and features. Each anniversary model carries a different theme while retaining some characteristics of previous anniversary models: WM-701S (user friendliness theme with remote control and slim sterling silver plated body — 1989), WM-EX1HG (efficiency theme with long battery life and pop-up eject — 1994), WM-WE01 (wireless theme with cordless remote control and cordless earphones — 1999). However, cassette Walkman innovation would come to an end as during its 25th Anniversary, Sony chose to not introduce another limited run cassette model but instead, brought out the hard disk based NW-HD1 in 2004 to officially augur the death of the compact cassette. (Sony did release two anniversary models in 2003, but they were MiniDisc players — see below.) The last play-only cassette Walkman to be introduced (in North America, at least) was the WM-FX290, first sold in 2002, which also featured digital tuning, AM, FM, TV and weather band radio, operating on a single AA battery. In Canada, at least (where, like all portable radios distributed in that country, the WM-FX290 lacked access to TV and weather bands) this device appears to have ceased production as of May, 2006. In August 2006, Sony Canada began selling cassette Walkmans again, but this time they were only offering a basic model, the WM-FX197.


In spite of the decline of the cassette-based Walkmans, logically-operated deluxe models (WM-GX788, WM-FX700, etc.) are still sold in some countries, especially in South Korea and Japan. These models still support a so-called gumstick-type rechargeable battery, offer relatively better sound quality than cheaper models do, and have an automatic tape position selector and auto-reverse function.


Stereobelt

A portable personal stereo audio cassette player, called Stereobelt, was first invented by the German-Brazilian Andreas Pavel in 1972. Pavel filed a patent for his Stereobelt in Italy in 1977, followed by patent applications in the U.S., Germany, the United Kingdom and Japan by the end of 1978.[2] An ancestor of modern-day personal audio devices such as the iPod, the Stereobelt was a portable stereo audiocassette player invented in the year 1972 by the German Andreas Pavel. ... Andreas Pavel (born in 1945) is a German inventor who is the father of the portable personal stereo cassette player, better known as the Walkman [1]. Pavel invented his device, the stereobelt, in 1972, and over the next few years, tried to interest companies like Grundig, Philips, and Yamaha in... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ...


In 1979, Sony began selling the popular Walkman, and in 1980 started legal talks with Pavel regarding a royalty fee. In 1986 Sony finally agreed to pay royalties to Pavel, but only for sales in Germany, and only for a few models, and refused to acknowledge him as the inventor of the device.[2]


In 2001, Pavel threatened Sony with legal suits in every country in which he had patented his invention. The corporation agreed to resume talks with Pavel and a settlement was finally reached in 2003. The exact settlement fee is a closely guarded secret but European press accounts said that Pavel received a cash settlement for damages in excess of $10,000,000 and is now also receiving royalties on some Walkman sales. The settlement also includes a clause which will prevent Pavel from bringing future law suits.[2]


The settlement grants Pavel the recognition from Sony that he was the original inventor of the Walkman[2]; this apparently could only be achieved after the death of Akio Morita, the founder of Sony and previously-recognised creator of the personal stereo. Akio Morita on the cover of his autobiography Made in Japan Akio Morita (盛田昭夫 Morita Akio, January 26, 1921 in Nagoya, Japan – October 3, 1999 in Tokyo) was a co-founder of Sony Corporation. ... The personal stereo is the term given to a portable audio player using an audiocassette player. ...


Anyway, thanks to strong Sony's publicity, the word Walkman is now part of pop culture, and its more used than the generic Personal stereo or the relative unknown Stereobelt. The personal stereo is the term given to a portable audio player using an audiocassette player. ... An ancestor of modern-day personal audio devices such as the iPod, the Stereobelt was a portable stereo audiocassette player invented in the year 1972 by the German Andreas Pavel. ...


CD Walkman (Discman)

The first CD based Walkman was initially launched in 1984 — the D-50 (D-5 in some markets). It was officially called the 'Discman', and this name has since been used informally to refer to such players. In recent years, Sony has dropped the Discman name and markets all its personal stereos under the Walkman brand. É Discman was the nickname given to Sonys first portable CD player, the D-50, which was the first on the market, and adopted for Sonys entire portable CD player line. ...


Later Discman models featured ESP (Electronic Skip Protection), which pre-read the music from the CD into on-board memory and formed a type of buffer to prevent the CD skipping when the player was moved. The technology was since renamed 'G-Protection' and features a larger memory area, providing additional protection against skipping.


For years, the Discman and MD Walkman were successes in the marketplace. However, newer technologies, such as flash memory and hard drive-based digital audio players have caused the CD- and MD-based Walkman to lose popularity. A USB flash drive. ... Typical hard drives of the mid-1990s. ...


Sony still makes CD Walkmans — the newer models are capable of playing ATRAC3, ATRAC3plus, and MP3 CDs, and have become progressively thinner and more compact with each revision. ATRAC (Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding) is an audio compression algorithm used to store information on Minidiscs and other Sony_branded audio players. ... ATRAC (Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding) is an audio compression algorithm used to store information on Minidiscs and other Sony-branded audio players. ...


MiniDisc Walkman

MD Walkman
MD Walkman

Initially the MiniDisc was comparable to a miniaturised CD, capable of storing up to 74 minutes of near CD-quality audio on a disc roughly two-thirds the size of a CD. Today MiniDiscs can hold music as well as data files, with the ability to record and reproduce audio in CD-quality (without ATRAC lossy compression). SONY MD Walkman The source Japanese edition Photography person Lusheeta Photography day November, 2004 File links The following pages link to this file: Walkman MiniDisc Categories: GFDL images ... SONY MD Walkman The source Japanese edition Photography person Lusheeta Photography day November, 2004 File links The following pages link to this file: Walkman MiniDisc Categories: GFDL images ... See also IBMs VM operating system family, where minidisk refers to a logical unit of storage. ... ATRAC (Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding) is a family of proprietary audio compression algorithms used to store information on MiniDiscs and other Sony-branded audio players. ...


MiniDiscs come in a plastic caddy protecting the disc's surface from dust and scratches. MiniDisc Walkmans are able to play and record MiniDiscs from digital and analogue sources, such as live audio from their microphone inputs. The first unit on the market, the MZ-1 was relatively large and unpocketable, but following model, MZ-R2, and subsequent MD Walkmans are quite compact, with today's MiniDisc Walkmans not much larger than the discs themselves.


Gradual improvements were made to MiniDisc Walkmans through the years. The addition of MDLP (MiniDisc LongPlay) codec allowed up to 4 times the amount of music to be stored on one MiniDisc, at the sacrifice of some sound quality. NetMD followed. In 2004, Hi-MD was introduced, enabling computer files as well as CD-quality audio to be recorded on the discs for the first time. By 2005, Sony had relaxed the restrictions in its SonicStage software to allow unrestricted digital transfers to and from Hi-MD and the computer. SonicStage is the name for Sony software that is used for managing portable devices when they are plugged into a computer running Windows. ...


NetMD

Sony expanded MiniDisc's possibilities with the introduction of NetMD (NetworkMD). These allowed the use of a PC to convert music from CDs or MP3s into ATRAC3 format, and use a USB cable to transfer the music to the MiniDisc at a much faster rate than was possible when using a line-in cable. ATRAC (Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding) is an audio compression algorithm used to store information on Minidiscs and other Sony_branded audio players. ...


The MZ-N10 was released in 2002. It was Sony's '10th Anniversary' product, released 10 years after the introduction of the MiniDisc format in 1992. The case was made from a magnesium alloy, and the unit featured a built-in lithium-ion battery which provided 24 hours of battery life. The MZ-N10 allowed music to be transferred from a PC at up to 64 times actual playback speed, not including the time required for audio re-encoding. It was also the first MD Walkman to incorporate the ATRAC DSP TYPE S codec, and is today (2006) the lightest recording MD Walkman ever produced. The accompanying 10th anniversary playback-only MiniDisc Walkman, the MZ-E10, was released. It is the lightest MD Walkman ever produced, weighing 55 g (including built-in rechargeable battery) with a thickness of 9.9 mm. Lithium-ion batteries (sometimes abbreviated Li-ion batteries) are a type of rechargeable battery commonly used in consumer electronics. ... ATRAC (Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding) is a family of proprietary audio compression algorithms used to store information on MiniDiscs and other Sony-branded audio players. ...


Hi-MD

In 2004, Sony introduced the Hi-MD format. Hi-MD Walkmans use 1 GB Hi-MD discs in the same form-factor as regular MiniDiscs, and allow 1 GB of files and/or audio to be stored per disc. They also accept regular MiniDiscs, which can be initialized in Hi-MD mode for 305 MB capacity per disc (with the added ability to store audio and data, like Hi-MD discs). See also IBMs VM operating system family, where minidisk refers to a logical unit of storage. ...


Unlike NetMD, Hi-MD Walkmans allow two-way digital transfers to and from PCs virtually unrestricted. Hi-MD also allows the option to record and transfer audio in lossless linear PCM on standard MiniDiscs and Hi-MD discs. This offers sound quality equal to CD (as opposed to lossy ATRAC codecs used on standard MiniDisc/ NetMD).


Hi-MD Walkmans introduced from 2005 onwards allow direct playback of MP3s without the need to transcode the MP3s to ATRAC format. However, SonicStage is required for transfer and encryption onto the disc itself. Playable audio cannot be transferred to the devices without SonicStage. SonicStage is the name for Sony software that is used for managing portable devices when they are plugged into a computer running Windows. ...


Network Walkman

Sony NW-HD5
Sony NW-HD5

Initially the 'Network' Walkman was a series of digital music players that used flash memory to hold their data. The players used Sony's proprietary ATRAC format, and were available in a number of capacities, up to 1 GB. The first of these walkmans was the NW MS70D which had a capacity of 256 MB. At the time of its release (2003) it was boasted as the smallest MP3 player on the market. After the runaway success of Apple Computer's hard-drive based iPod, Sony lost much of the portable digital audio market to the iPod and similar devices from other companies. A database query syntax error has occurred. ... A database query syntax error has occurred. ... Apple Inc. ... iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple and launched in October 2001. ...


Sony's first attempt at equalling the iPod's success was the NW-HD1, which was smaller and was advertised as having better sound quality than the iPod at the time. However, the unit would only play Sony's proprietary format, ATRAC3 — whereas other players on the market would play the much more widely used MP3 format without having to be converted to ATRAC3. The PC conversion software, SonicStage, was also buggy, and the player's control system was not as user-friendly as it could have been. The NW-HD1 did not sell as well as Sony had hoped. Its successors, the NW-HD3 and NW-HD5 have also failed to make a major dent in the iPod's sales. ATRAC (Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding) is an audio compression algorithm used to store information on Minidiscs and other Sony_branded audio players. ... SonicStage is the name for Sony software that is used for managing portable devices when they are plugged into a computer running Windows. ...


NW-MS70D

The NW-MS70D was released towards the end of 2003 as Sony's first hit at the MP3 player industry. They had unfortunately released this at the same time as Apple released the iPod. NW-MS70D had 256 MB of built-in flash memory. It could also be expanded by its Memory Stick Duo port. But at the time, the Memory Stick Pro Duo had not been released yet. So therefore the NW-MS70D could only yield 384 MB at any one time. The other downside to it was that it was incredibly expensive, costing as much as a 15 GB iPod. It also used a very buggy software, Sonicstage, and only played Atrac3, Atrac3plus and WAV files. However, it was the smallest digital audio player at that time. It was also solidly built with a magnesium alloy shell. It boasted a 44 hour battery life. Despite a heavy marketing campaign, its sales were limited.


NW-MS90D

The replacement model, the NW-MS90D was another alternative to its older brother. But still used the same software, yielded a maximum of 640 MB at any one time, and was extremely expensive. The most eminent change was the 512 MB inbuilt memory and its new black shell. But due to its price and limited capacity, it was still rejected by the general public.


NW-HD3

The successor to the hard disk-based NW-HD1, the NW-HD3 was a very similar design — however, despite the fact that the unit would play MP3s natively, the PC software was still buggy, and the unit was therefore equally poorly received.


NW-HD5

Sony's next model, the NW-HD5, was an updated design from the HD1 / HD3, and boasted a simpler control system, a user-removable lithium-ion battery, better file format compatibility, a unique "Follow Turn Display" that would automatically align itself based on how the player was held on startup, and updated software. A main feature was its advertised running time of 40 hours, when using low-quality format settings, i.e., 48 kbit/s ATRAC3 files, and no player-based audio enhancements (although the player does include these). Playback of 128 kbit/s mp3s was rated at 30 hours. The player was available in black, silver and red and was not sold in the Canadian market.


Unfortunately, the NW-HD5 was shipped with a cosmetic design flaw which meant that the buttons developed small visible cracks under their plastic coating. Although this did not affect functionality, many customers complained. Sony United Kingdom Limited allowed owners to send the units back to be re-fitted with slightly more raised, un-cracking buttons. Perhaps because of this problem, the NW-HD5 was on the market for a very short time before being pulled in preparation for the next model.


In January of 2006, the NW-HD5 became unavailable as a normal purchase from retail electronics stores and was relegated to online auction sites and used-electronics warehouses as a consumer item. Eventually the whole of the Network Walkman line would be discontinued for Sony's new solution.


A number of new flash memory based players were recently made available, including the Walkman Core, The Walkman Circa, and the Walkman Bean. All of these lines have OLED screens as well as long battery lives (70 hours on a standard AAA battery for the Circa). A 3. ...


HDD NW-A Series Walkman

Sony NW-A1000 6GB MP3 Player
Sony NW-A1000 6GB MP3 Player

The NW-A series Walkman is a digital music player available in 6 (NW-A1000), 8 (NW-A1200) and 20 gigabyte (NW-A3000) versions and features an EL-technology screen. Battery life can reach 20 and 35 hours respectively. The player supports ATRAC3, MP3, WMA and from firmware version 3.00 it also supports AAC.[6] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 611 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (868 × 852 pixels, file size: 41 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 611 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (868 × 852 pixels, file size: 41 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... Animation of LCD, both unlit and with electroluminiscent backlight switched on Electroluminescence (EL) is an optical phenomenon and electrical phenomenon where a material emits light in response to an electric current passed through it, or to a strong electric field. ... ATRAC (Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding) is an audio compression algorithm used to store information on Minidiscs and other Sony_branded audio players. ... MPEG-4 AAC DRM encoding as used in the iTunes Store Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a standardized, lossy compression and encoding scheme for digital audio. ...


The primary way of putting music on this device is to use Sony software: SonicStage and Connect Player (now withdrawn due to too many problems). The software only works on Microsoft Windows. Other common platforms such as Mac OS and Linux are not supported. SonicStage has received a lot of criticism. It is only possible to move tracks from the music player to the PC hard drive, and thereby from one music player to another, if each device/computer is "authorized" to the user's account with the Connect Store for their country. Users from countries that do not have the Connect Store service are currently limited to one device/computer. SonicStage is the name for Sony software that is used for managing portable devices when they are plugged into a computer running Windows. ... CONNECT Player is a media player application, developed by Sony Connect, a division of Sony Corporation of America in 2005. ... This article relates to both the original Classic Mac OS as well as Mac OS X, Apples more recent operating system. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ...


There are a number of features to select music according to a variety of criteria. The "Artist link" function prompts the Walkman to search, find and display similar artists in that genre. There are two new shuffle modes. By selecting "My Favourite Shuffle", the device automatically selects the 100 most listened to songs and plays them at random. The "Time Machine Shuffle" function randomly selects a year and plays all of the songs from that particular year currently held on the device. A recent firmware update (V3.00) added the "Artist Link Shuffle" function to the list of Intelligent Shuffle modes, along with a clock and calendar.


The offical site for Sony Walkmans


Latest Walkman

NW S700 series with Noise Cancellation technology

The Sony "NW-S700" series is flash-based Network Walkman with built-in Active noise control technology. It blocks surrounding noise with integrating mic in its EX-earphone. This player is one of only a few other DAPs that have a noise cancellation feature at this size. The earphone has a proprietary design specifically made for this player, thus making it impossible to plug-in to other DAPs, even the ones that come from Sony. This Walkman has a small OLED screen capable displaying album art and some text information about the song and the player features. The S700 comes in 1 GB(NW-S703), 2 GB(NW-S705), and 4 GB(NW-S706) capacities; some countries sell the 2 GB and 1 GB models only. Selected models are also equipped with a Stereo FM Tuner. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 33 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sony Newtwork Walkman S700 Series (Showing NW-S705F); the first DAP with Noise Cancellation Technology. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 33 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sony Newtwork Walkman S700 Series (Showing NW-S705F); the first DAP with Noise Cancellation Technology. ... Active noise control (ANC) (also known as noise cancellation, active noise reduction (ANR) or antinoise) is a method for reducing unwanted sound. ...


The Sony NW-A800 series is a video-enabled Network Walkman player [1]. It is available in 2 GB, 4 GB, and 8 GB capacities. The interface is similar to that of a mobile phone. The screen is a 2.0 inch QVGA (240x320) colour LCD and can be used either horizontally or vertically. The Lithium-ion rechargeable battery can last up to 30 hours for music and 8 hours for video.


The NW-A800 has been released in the EU, Asia, New Zealand, and North America. As of 19 May, 2007, Sony Canada [2] has released the 8GB and 4GB models. The 2GB model was released on 13 June, 2007. The pricing of these mp3 players are as follows: 299.99, 229.99, and 169.99 CAD for the 8GB, 4GB, and 2GB respectively. In the United States, Sony released the portable device on August 31, 2007. The company is selling the 8GB model for $229.95, the 4GB model for $179.95, and the 2GB model for $139.95.


Asia, New Zealand, and Canada also have the Walkman NW-E010: a small USB flash player. Weighing only 23 g, the NW-E010 is available in capacities from 1 to 4 GB and comes in five colors: pink, violet, teal, black, and gold. Its features include a rechargeable lithium-ion battery, built-in FM tuner, a three-line color OLED display, calender and time function, and Clear Stereo and Clear Bass technologies to enhance the audio quality. It also supports all major non-DRM codecs such as WMA, AAC, ATRAC, and MP3. Sony advertises that the NW-E010 can be charged for three minutes and will operate for three hours [3]. Available accessories include lanyards, armbands, an A/C adapter, metallic cases and silicone cases. A release date and pricing for the NW-E010 in Europe and the United States are also unknown. An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is a light-emitting diode (LED) made of semiconducting organic polymers. ...


In late August of 2007, Sony released an email to customers of its Online Music Store (Connect) that stated that Sony will shut down the service and begin to phase out the ATRAC codec on any future rendition of the Walkman portable device [4]. The email stated that Sony will now adopt a Windows Media format; this plan has been estimated to be completed by March of 2008. This move will effect customers and their Walkmans in the North American and European regions. This transition away from the ATRAC codec is to allow the Walkman line to be adopted by more potential customers and their specific and unique preferences on online music services. ATRAC (Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding) is a family of proprietary audio compression algorithms used to store information on MiniDiscs and other Sony-branded audio players. ...


In October 2007 Sony Japan announced the NW-A919 a 16gb video walkman with a digital '1seg' TV tuner. The player has a touch screen, measures 47.2mm×86.0mm×12.3mm and will be available in black or silver. It will be released in Japan in November 2007.[5] Official 1seg logo 1seg (Katakana: ワンセグ) is a mobile terrestrial digital audio/video and data broadcasting service in Japan. ...


Walkman Phones from Sony Ericsson

After losing a large portion of the market to other companies, Sony's latest attempt to revive the Walkman brand involves a series of music-centred mobile phones marketed under the Sony Ericsson brand. For an arrangement of Sony Ericsson products, see list of Sony Ericsson products Sony Ericsson is a joint venture established in 2001 by the Japanese consumer electronics company Sony Corporation and the Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson to make mobile phones. ...


Contrary to most Walkman line, Sony Ericsson Walkman Phones do not support, and hence cannot play, Sony's proprietary audio format, ATRAC (with all of its variants). Walkman phones do support AAC as well as MP3. ATRAC (Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding) is a family of proprietary audio compression algorithms used to store information on MiniDiscs and other Sony-branded audio players. ... MPEG-4 AAC DRM encoding as used in the iTunes Store Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a standardized, lossy compression and encoding scheme for digital audio. ... For other uses, see MP3 (disambiguation). ...


The W800 and W550/W600 have numerous audio capabilities including playlists, audio equalisation, support for the M4A audio file format, and the ability to operate only as music player, with the telephony electronics switched off. It also includes standard mobile phone features, such as a 2 megapixel auto-focus camera. The W550/W600 will have 256 MB of internal memory, while the W800 includes a 512 MB Memory Stick. The W800 Walkman, released in 2005, was the first Sony Ericsson phone to use the Walkman brand. ... The w600i/w550 is Sony Ericssons second phone with a swivel design, and the first of its kind to have Walkman features. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... A 2GB Sony High Speed Memory Stick PRO Duo with MagicGate support. ...


The W810 is an EDGE-enabled Quad band telephone launched in response to demand for a black coloured Walkman Phone. Other than minor changes in the software and hardware, most of the features are similar to those of the W800. The W810 (available as the W810i and W810c) is a camera phone produced by Sony Ericsson and the successor of the W800. ... Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) or Enhanced GPRS (EGPRS), is a digital mobile phone technology that allows increased data transmission rates and improved data transmission reliability. ...


Sony Ericsson also launched the W900 (considered the successor of S700) which in addition to the audio and camera capabilities of W800, also features 3G video calling and streaming, better video recording (30 frames a second), a larger display, and 470 MB of internal memory which can be expanded up to 2 GB. Music can be imported from a variety of sources, either via the wireless service provider or from a personal computer. The Sony Ericsson W900 is a 3G/audio player manufactured by Sony Ericsson. ... 3G is the third generation of mobile phone standards and technology, after 2G. It is based on the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) family of standards under the International Mobile Telecommunications programme, IMT-2000. 3G technologies enable network operators to offer users a wider range of more advanced services while achieving...


Sony Ericsson president Miles Flint, claiming to have sold over three million Walkman phones, introduced their sixth Walkman branded phone, the W950, at the 3GSM Congress in 2006. The W950i is a slim device with 4 GB internal flash memory, including a touch screen for navigation through music genres, playlists, individual songs or music albums. It is also the first Symbian OS-based Walkman phone to be introduced. The Sony Ericsson W950 is the third UIQ 3 smartphone based on Symbian OS v9. ... Symbian OS is a proprietary operating system, designed for mobile devices, with associated libraries, user interface frameworks and reference implementations of common tools, produced by Symbian Ltd. ...


In 2006, Sony Ericsson announced yet another Walkman phone, the W300. It is the first Walkman phone in the series in a "flip phone" form factor. The W300 is also the first Walkman Phone to support Memory Stick Micro and features a VGA camera. They also launched their 8th Walkman telephone, the W700. It is essentially a stripped-down version of the W800 with a different case colour, and includes a 256 MB Memory Stick. The other major change is the absence of Auto-focus in the onboard camera. The Sony Ericsson W300, launched Q2 2006, is a clamshell phone from the W-series of Sony Ericsson. ...


May 18, 2006, saw the introduction of two more Walkman phones, a second clamshell model, W710, and the first slider, W850i. is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... W710 is a mobile phone produced by Sony Ericsson The W710 was announced on May 18th, 2006. ... The Sony Ericsson W850i is the first 3G sliding form-factor phone for Sony Ericsson, introduced in 2006, and is a member of their successful Walkman line. ...


In February the W880 was announced and released. It features a design which is only 9.4 mm thick and a full metal face plate. Being one of the smallest phones on the market, it has proved very popular with the market. The Sony Ericsson W880 is a mobile phone which will be released in Q1 2007, at a price of around £370. ...


The popularity of Walkman-branded telephones may be an indication that the portable audio and mobile telephone markets are beginning to converge. Walkman phones are equipped with applications such as Track ID™, PlayNow™ and M-BUZZ™ and as of June 2007 Sony Ericsson claims to have sold over 26.5 million Walkman phones since the launch in September 2005. Sony Ericsson is seen to have had the most success with converging music and mobile phones, largely attributed to the Walkman heritage and expertise from Sony.


Patent controversy

Until recently, Nobutoshi Kihara was also credited with the invention of the personal stereo. However, Sony has recently acknowledged the claims of Andreas Pavel, who created and patented a similar device, the stereobelt, in 1977. After 30 years of highly financed court battles against Pavel, Sony came to an out-of-court settlement in 2003[7][8]. Andreas Pavel (born in 1945) is a German inventor who is the father of the portable personal stereo cassette player, better known as the Walkman [1]. Pavel invented his device, the stereobelt, in 1972, and over the next few years, tried to interest companies like Grundig, Philips, and Yamaha in... An ancestor of modern-day personal audio devices such as the iPod, the Stereobelt was a portable stereo audiocassette player invented in the year 1972 by the German Andreas Pavel. ...


See also

Sony Walkman SRF-S84 transistor radio (released 2001), without earbuds
Sony Walkman SRF-S84 transistor radio (released 2001), without earbuds

Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1384 KB)Sony Walkman SRFS84S/SRF-S84 Silver pocket radio/miniature radio. Taken 31 May 2005. ... Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1384 KB)Sony Walkman SRFS84S/SRF-S84 Silver pocket radio/miniature radio. Taken 31 May 2005. ... For other uses, see Headphones (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... An ancestor of modern-day personal audio devices such as the iPod, the Stereobelt was a portable stereo audiocassette player invented in the year 1972 by the German Andreas Pavel. ... The iAUDIO Logo iAUDIO is a brand of portable digital audio player produced by Cowon. ... iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple and launched in October 2001. ... Current iriver logo iriver (formerly iRiver) is a brand and division of ReignCom, manufacturer of digital audio players and other portable products. ... The Creative NOMAD was a range of digital audio players designed and sold by Creative Technology, and later discontinued in 2004. ... The Creative ZEN (formerly known as Creative NOMAD Jukebox Zen) is a range of digital audio players (DAPs) and portable media players (PMPs) made by Creative Technology. ... For an arrangement of Sony Ericsson products, see list of Sony Ericsson products Sony Ericsson is a joint venture established in 2001 by the Japanese consumer electronics company Sony Corporation and the Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson to make mobile phones. ... É Discman was the nickname given to Sonys first portable CD player, the D-50, which was the first on the market, and adopted for Sonys entire portable CD player line. ... The Talkboy was a variable speed portable cassette/microphone handheld combo manufactured by Tiger Electronics (now owned by Hasbro) in the early 1990s. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Hormby, Thomas (2006-09-15). The Story Behind the Sony Walkman. Low End Mac. Retrieved on 2007-03-04.
  2. ^ a b c d e f International Herald Tribune: Portable stereo's creator got his due, eventually]
  3. ^ U.S. Patent 4,412,106 : "High fidelity stereophonic reproduction system"
  4. ^ Sony Web site – Google search results for "Walkman Personal Stereos"
  5. ^ Miller, Paul (2007-02-16). Sony's NW-A800 Series Outed. Engadget. Retrieved on 2007-03-04.
  6. ^ Firmware upgrade program for NW-A3000 – Sony Europe Customer Support Portal
  7. ^ http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/12/16/news/profile.php
  8. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/17/international/americas/17pavel.html

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Engadget is a popular technology weblog and podcast (on hold as of 31/08/2007) about consumer electronics. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Walkman

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Reviews

  • Sony NW-A800
  • Sony NW-A1000
  • Sony Walkman Bean
  • Sony NW-HD5
  • Sony Walkman Collectibles

Other links

  • The story behind the Sony Walkman – History of the Original Walkman
  • Super walkland – An online game promoting the new line of walkmans
  • The latest Walkman
  • Sony Ericsson Walkman phones website
  • Sony Walkman Personal Stereo Turns 20 Years Old
  • Sony History
  • Sony's Walkman site
  • Disassembled Sony NW-E403 Network Walkman
  • Network Walkman Display Screen Online Editor – Create custom screen savers for NW-E400/E500/A600 series Walkmans.
  • Walkman Central – Reference site containing details and pictures of various Walkman models.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sony Walkman - Music to whose ears? (1079 words)
By winter, the rebranded Walkman was pushing a million sales and spawning all manner of extras – AM/FM radio, Dolby B and C. Soon to follow were recordable machines, shirt-pocket models and a yellow Sports Walkman, supposedly water-resistant but so heavy that it was bound to drownanyone short of Olympic pool practice.
Even a Walkman Pro with noise reduction in a soundproofed room failed to reproduce anything like the dynamic range of a symphony orchestra, the high Cs of a Pavarotti, the low rumblings of a Glenn Gould.
The decline in classical concertgoing may be partly ascribed to the Walkman, which devalued magnificence and rendered its utilitarian.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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