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Encyclopedia > Wali

Wali (Arabic ولي, plural Awliya' أولياء, Persian/Turkish pronunciation Vali), is an Arabic word, meaning protector or guardian (most literally etymologically "near one"), also adopted in various other Islamic cultures. Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Several newspapers go by the name of Guardian: The Guardian, a British newspaper founded in 1821 as the Manchester Guardian, which took its current title in 1959. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ...

Contents


Religion

In the spiritual tradition of Islam, a Wali, or Waliullah/WaliAllah is a friend of God. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Allāh is the Arabic language word referring to God, the Lord and, literally according to the Quran, to the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the Abrahamic religions. ...


Usually these people are members of Sufi (mystic) communities who are considered to have a special relationship with Allah. Famous Walis include Ali, son-in-law of Muhammed; Fatima, daughter of the Prophet. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Ali ibn Abi Talib (علي بن أبي طالب) (c. ... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... Fātima was originally an Arabic name, meaning She who weans, being the name of the only proved surviving daughter of Prophet Muhammad; after the advent of Islam it became a common Muslim name for women. ...


About Wali (i.e. Wilayat), the Qur'an has said: إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ [Qur'an 5:55] A wilaya is an administrative subdivision of several countries, including Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, and Oman. ... The Quran [1] (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also called The Noble Quran; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran, Turkish Kuran), is the central religious text of Islam. ... The Quran [1] (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also called The Noble Quran; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran, Turkish Kuran), is the central religious text of Islam. ...


Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow. (Shakir) Mohammad Habib Shakir, born Cairo 1866, died Cairo 1939, translated the Quran into English. ...


It is a well known hadith among Muslims that Ali (Muhammed's cousin and son-in-law) paid the poor rate while bowing (in prayers) by offering his ring to the beggar and only then were these verses revealed unto Muhammed. Hadith (Arabic: ‎ translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...


Administration & Law

"Wali" was also the title in Ottoman Empire of the most common type of Turkish governor, in charge of a common type of province called vilayet after him, often a military officer such as a pasha; see Subdivisions of the Ottoman Empire. Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Constantinople (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanl... A governor is a governing official, usually the executive (at least nominally, to different degrees also politically and administratively) of a non-sovereign level of government, ranking under the Head of state; furthermore the title applies to officials with a similar mandate as representatives of a chartered company which has... Vilâyet (also eyalet or pashaluk) was the Turkish name for the provinces of the Ottoman Empire. ... Pasha (or pascha, bashaw; Turkish: paÅŸa; originally from Persian padshah or padeshah meaning king) was a high rank in the Ottoman Empire political system, typically granted to governors and generals. ... Ottoman Empire, 1481-1683 The Ottoman Empire existed from 1299 to 1922 and, at the height of its power in the 16th century, it included nearly 20 million km² in Anatolia (Asia Minor), the Middle East, parts of North Africa, and much of south-eastern Europe, and the Caucasus. ...


It has been adopted in various oriental Muslim countries.


Thus the Omani sultanate, or after the split Zanzibar sultanate, appointed a Wali in the East African coastal entity Mombasa (now in Kenya; at other times Portuguese or British colony or native sultanate), but there the title was transformed in Kiswahili to Liwali. Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya. ...


Wali also means a juridical guardian.


In the Islamic law of marriage, the wali is a woman's closest adult male relative, who has authority and responsibility with respect to her marrying; in this context, wali can be translated "marriage guardian".


Morocco

Since 1997 regionalisation reform, a wali is the governor of one of the sixteen regions of Morocco. Regions of Morocco Regions of Morocco - As part of a 1997 decentralization/regionalization law passed by the legislature 16 new regions (provided below) were created (capitals in parentheses). ...


See also

Mawla word has two meanings. ... In Indonesian, and particularly Javanese beliefs, Wali Sanga are the founding saints of Islam in Java, Indonesia. ...

Sources and External Links

  • WorldStatesmen- see each present country

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Wali - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (272 words)
Wali (plural Auliya'a) is an Arabic word, literally meaning protector or guardian, also adopted in various other Islamic cultures.
Famous Walis include Ali, son-in-law of Muhammed; Fatima, daughter of the prophet.
"Wali" was also the title in Ottoman Empire of the most common type of Turkish governor, in charge of a common type of province called vilayet after him, often a military officer such as a pasha; see Subdivisions of the Ottoman Empire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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