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Encyclopedia > Wales national rugby union team
Wales
Union Welsh Rugby Union
Emblem(s) the Prince of Wales's feathers
Ground Millennium Stadium, Cardiff
Coach Flag of New Zealand Warren Gatland
Captain Gethin Jenkins
Most caps Gareth Thomas (100)
Top scorer Neil Jenkins (1049)
Most tries Gareth Thomas (40)
Team colours Team colours Team colours
Team colours
Team colours
Team colours
Team colours Team colours Team colours
Team colours
Team colours
Change colours
First international
Flag of England England 30 – 0 Wales  Flag of Wales
(19 February 1881)
Largest win
Flag of Japan Japan 0 – 98 Wales  Flag of Wales
(26 November 2004)
Worst defeat
Flag of South Africa South Africa 96 – 13 Wales  Flag of Wales
(27 June 1998)
World Cup
Appearances 6/6 (First in 1987)
Best result Third 1987
Flag of Wales

The Wales national rugby union team represent Wales in international rugby union tournaments. They compete annually in the Six Nations Championship with England, France, Ireland, Italy and Scotland. Wales have won the Six Nations 23 times, second only to England, their last Championship came in 2005. They also compete in the Rugby World Cup every four years. The International Rugby Board (IRB) regards Wales as a Tier One rugby nation, and currently ranks them tenth in the world.[1] Image File history File links Wru_logo. ... The Welsh Rugby Union (WRU) (Welsh: ) is the governing body of rugby union in Wales, recognised by the International Rugby Board. ... The badge of the Prince of Wales The Prince of Waless feathers is the heraldic badge of the Prince of Wales. ... The Millennium Stadium (Welsh: Stadiwm y Mileniwm), is the national stadium of Wales, located in the capital Cardiff, and is used primarily for rugby union and football home internationals. ... This article is about the capital city of Wales. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Warren David Gatland (born 17 September 1963 in Hamilton, New Zealand and educated at Hamilton Boys High School and Waikato University) is a former All Black and the current Coach of the Waikato Air New Zealand Cup team. ... Gethin Jenkins is a Welsh rugby player. ... A cap is an appearance for a select team, such as a school, county or international team in sports. ... Gareth Alfie Thomas (born 25 July 1974 in Sarn nr. ... Neil Jenkins (born 8 July 1971) is a former rugby union footballer who played fly-half, centre, or full back for Pontypridd and Cardiff, Wales and the British and Irish Lions. ... Gareth Alfie Thomas (born 25 July 1974 in Sarn nr. ... Image File history File links left arm of kit template File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Kit_body_red_white_collar. ... rightarm of kit template File links The following pages link to this file: Arsenal F.C. Ajax Amsterdam AZ Alkmaar A.S. Roma Torino Calcio A.C. Milan ACF Fiorentina Bristol City F.C. Charlton Athletic F.C. Chievo Verona Chelsea F.C. England national football team Wikipedia:WikiProject Football... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... socks of kit template File links The following pages link to this file: Arsenal F.C. Ajax Amsterdam AZ Alkmaar A.S. Roma Torino Calcio A.C. Milan ACF Fiorentina Bristol City F.C. Charlton Athletic F.C. Chievo Verona Chelsea F.C. England national football team Wikipedia:WikiProject Football... Image File history File links left arm of kit template File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... body of kit template File links The following pages link to this file: Arsenal F.C. Ajax Amsterdam AZ Alkmaar A.S. Roma Torino Calcio A.C. Milan ACF Fiorentina Bristol City F.C. Charlton Athletic F.C. Chievo Verona Chelsea F.C. England national football team Wikipedia:WikiProject Football... rightarm of kit template File links The following pages link to this file: Arsenal F.C. Ajax Amsterdam AZ Alkmaar A.S. Roma Torino Calcio A.C. Milan ACF Fiorentina Bristol City F.C. Charlton Athletic F.C. Chievo Verona Chelsea F.C. England national football team Wikipedia:WikiProject Football... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... socks of kit template File links The following pages link to this file: Arsenal F.C. Ajax Amsterdam AZ Alkmaar A.S. Roma Torino Calcio A.C. Milan ACF Fiorentina Bristol City F.C. Charlton Athletic F.C. Chievo Verona Chelsea F.C. England national football team Wikipedia:WikiProject Football... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4–1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  England 134–0 Romania  (17 November 2001) Worst defeat  Australia 76–0 England  (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team represents... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... For the rugby league competition, see Rugby League World Cup. ... The first Rugby World Cup took place in New Zealand and Australia in 1987, and was won by New Zealand. ... The first Rugby World Cup took place in New Zealand and Australia in 1987, and was won by New Zealand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The RBS 6 Nations Championship, (referred to as RBS 6 Nations for sponsorship reasons) known before 2000 as the Five Nations Championship, is an annual international rugby union competition held between six European sides: France, England, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. ... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4–1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  England 134–0 Romania  (17 November 2001) Worst defeat  Australia 76–0 England  (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team represents... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4 - 1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  Scotland 100 - 8 Japan  (13 November 2004) Worst defeat  Scotland 10 - 68 South Africa  (6 December 1997) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Semi-finals, 1991 The Scotland national rugby union... The 2005 RBS 6 Nations Championship was the sixth series of the Six Nations Championship to be held since the competition expanded in 2000 to include Italy. ... For the rugby league competition, see Rugby League World Cup. ... The IRB logo. ...


The governing body, the Welsh Rugby Union (WRU), was established in 1881, the same year that Wales played their first international against England. Wales' performances in the Home Nations Championship (now the Six Nations) continued to improve, experiencing their first 'golden age' between 1900 and 1911. They first played New Zealand, known as the All Blacks, in 1905, when they defeated them 3–0 in a famous match at Cardiff Arms Park. Welsh rugby struggled between the first and second World Wars, but experienced a second 'golden age' between 1969 and 1982 when they won several Five Nations Grand Slams. They played in the inaugural Rugby World Cup in 1987 where they achieved their best ever result of third. Following the professionalisation of rugby in 1995, Wales hosted the 1999 World Cup and, in 2005, won their first-ever Six Nations Grand Slam. The Welsh Rugby Union (WRU) (Welsh: ) is the governing body of rugby union in Wales, recognised by the International Rugby Board. ... First international  Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand  (15 August 1903) Largest win  New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan  (4 June 1995) Worst defeat  Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand  (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 The All Blacks are New Zealands national rugby... A Grand Slam can be completed in two ways in rugby union. ... The first Rugby World Cup took place in New Zealand and Australia in 1987, and was won by New Zealand. ... The 1999 Rugby World Cup, the first to be held in rugby unions professional era,[2] was hosted by Wales, with some matches also played in England, France, Scotland and Ireland. ...


Wales play in red jerseys embroidered with the Prince of Wales's feathers. Their current home ground is the Millennium Stadium, completed in 1999 to replace the National Stadium at Cardiff Arms Park. Ten former Welsh players have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame, and one of the ten has been inducted into the IRB Hall of Fame. The badge of the Prince of Wales The Prince of Waless feathers is the heraldic badge of the Prince of Wales. ... The Millennium Stadium (Welsh: Stadiwm y Mileniwm), is the national stadium of Wales, located in the capital Cardiff, and is used primarily for rugby union and football home internationals. ... Cardiff Arms Park is a stadium complex situated in the centre of Cardiff, Wales. ... The International Rugby Hall of Fame was created in 1997 and accepts new inductees every two years. ... The IRB Hall of Fame is a hall of fame operated by the International Rugby Board (IRB) that recognises special achievement and contribution to the sport of rugby union. ...

Contents

History

Rugby union took root in Wales in 1850, when Reverend Rowland Williams became Vice-Principal at St David's College, Lampeter, where he introduced the sport. The first Welsh club, Neath was formed in 1871. In 1881, Wales played their first informal international against England on 19 February; England won by seven goals, one drop goal and six tries to nil. Reverend Professor Rowland Williams (1817-1870) was vice-principal and Professor of Hebrew at St David’s College, Lampeter from 1849 to 1862 and was one of the most influential theologians of the nineteenth century. ... University of Wales, Lampeter   University of Wales, Lampeter is a university in Lampeter, Wales, the oldest degree awarding institution in Wales, and the third oldest in England and Wales after Oxford and Cambridge. ... Lampeter (Welsh: Llanbedr Pont Steffan, or more informally, Llambed) is a town in Ceredigion, Wales, United Kingdom, lying at the confluence of the River Teifi and the River Dulas. ... Official website www. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Early years (1850–1919)

Wales' 1905 team that defeated New Zealand.
Wales' 1905 team that defeated New Zealand.

On 12 March 1881, the Welsh Rugby Union was formed at The Castle Hotel, Neath.[2] Two years later, the Home International Championship was first played and Wales did not register a win.[3] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Welsh Rugby Union (WRU) (Welsh: ) is the governing body of rugby union in Wales, recognised by the International Rugby Board. ... Image:Neatharms. ... The RBS 6 Nations Championship, (referred to as RBS 6 Nations for sponsorship reasons) known before 2000 as the Five Nations Championship, is an annual international rugby union competition held between six European sides: France, England, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. ...


However, rugby union in Wales quickly developed and, by the 1890s, the Welsh had developed the four three-quarters formation. This formation—with seven backs and eight forwards, instead of six backs and nine forwards—revolutionised the sport and was eventually adopted almost universally at international and club level. With the "four three-quarter" formation Wales became Home International Championships for the first time in 1893; in the process winning the Triple Crown.[4] Wales next won the Championship in 1900, heralding the first 'golden age' of Welsh rugby which was to last until 1911.[5] They won two more Triple Crowns in 1902 and 1905, and were runners up in 1901, 1903 and 1904.[3] In rugby union, the Triple Crown is an honour contested annually by the national teams of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales as part of the Six Nations Championship. ...

A line-out in the Wales victory over New Zealand's Original All Blacks in 1905.
A line-out in the Wales victory over New Zealand's Original All Blacks in 1905.

In late 1905, Wales played their first Test against opposition from outside the Home Nations when they faced New Zealand's All Blacks at Cardiff Arms Park. New Zealand, later known as the Original All Blacks, were undefeated on their tour of the British Isles, already defeating England, Ireland and Scotland in three Tests before facing Wales.[6] Before the match, the All Blacks' performed the haka (a Maori posture dance); the 47,000-strong crowd responded with the Welsh national anthem—Hen Wlad fy Nhadau ("Land of Our Fathers")—the first time a national anthem had been sung before a sporting fixture.[6] Wales' winger Teddy Morgan scored first to give Wales a 3–0 lead, but later in the match All Black Bob Deans claimed to have scored a try, only to be dragged behind the line before the referee could arrive. The referee ruled a scrum to Wales and the score did not change; Wales winning 3–0.[7] The loss was the All Blacks' only loss on their 35-match tour. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The 1905 Original All Blacks. ... The Home Nations is a name to collectively describe the four nations of the United Kingdom: the countries of England, Scotland and Wales, and the province of Northern Ireland. ... First international  Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand  (15 August 1903) Largest win  New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan  (4 June 1995) Worst defeat  Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand  (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 The All Blacks are New Zealands national rugby... Cardiff Arms Park is a stadium complex situated in the centre of Cardiff, Wales. ... The 1905 Original All Blacks. ... The All Blacks, the international rugby union team of New Zealand, perform a haka (Māori traditional dance) immediately prior to international matches. ... Te Puni, Māori Chief Māori is the name of the indigenous people of New Zealand, and their language. ... Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau (pronounced , usually translated as land of our fathers init, but literally old country of my fathers) is, by tradition, the national anthem of Wales. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Bob Deans, (born Robert George Deans on 19 February 1884 in Christchurch, New Zealand - 1908), was a former All Black and Canterbury rugby union player. ...


In 1906, Wales again won the Home Championship,[3], later that year playing the Souuth African national side, the Springboks for the first time. Wales were expected to defeat the South Africans but instead South Africa dominated in the forwards and eventually won 11–0.[8][9] Two years later, on 12 December 1908, Wales played her first match against Australia's national side, the Wallabies), defeating them 9–6.[10] First international South Africa 4 - 0 British Isles (30 July 1891) Largest win South Africa  134 - 3  Uruguay (11 June 2005) Worst defeat  England 53 - 3 South Africa  (23rd November, 2002) World Cup Appearances 4 (First in 1995) Best result Champions, 1995 and 2007 Springboks redirects here. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... First international Australia 13 - 3 British Isles (24 June 1899) Largest win Australia  142 - 0  Namibia (25 October 2003) Worst defeat South Africa  61 - 22  Australia (23 August 1997) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1991, 1999 The Australian national rugby union team is the representative...


In 1909, Wales won the Home Championship and then, in 1910, the first-ever Five Nations (which now included France as the fifth nation). In 1911, Wales took the first official Grand Slam by winning all their matches in the Five Nations; it would be nearly forty years before they took it again.[3] England's defeat of Wales at Cardiff in 1913 was Wales' first home loss to one of the Home Nations since 1899 (and the first loss at home to England since 1895).[11] The Great War came in 1914 and rugby was suspended for the duration. A Grand Slam can be completed in two ways in rugby union. ...


Post-war years (1920–1968)

Ireland versus Wales. (1920s illustration)
Ireland versus Wales. (1920s illustration)

The post-First World War years marked a decline in Welsh rugby. The worst period was during the 1920s when the team's lacklustre performance seemed to mirror the industrial recession, which hit South Wales particularly hard. Of the 42 matches played, only 17 were won and three drawn.[12] The depression resulted in around half-a-million people leaving Wales to find work elsewhere,[13], including many Welsh rugby union internationals who moved to rugby league.[14] Between 1923 and 1928, Wales managed only seven victories — five of them against France. However, even France managed to defeat Wales that decade; achieving their first victory over Wales in 1928.[15] Welsh selection policy reflected the upheavals of the mid-1920s. In 1924, 35 different players were selected for Wales' four matches, with a different captain for each; only one person, Charlie Pugh, played in all four matches.[12] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...

Starting An Attack: painting of the England versus Wales rugby match at Twickenham in 1931.
Starting An Attack: painting of the England versus Wales rugby match at Twickenham in 1931.

A resurgence of both economy and rugby union followed in the 1930s and, in 1931, Wales won their first championship for nine years. That year, for the first time since the First World War, Wales retained the same side for two consecutive Tests when they faced England and Scotland.[16] Then, in 1933, captained by Watcyn Thomas, Wales defeated England at Twickenham for the first time.[17] In 1935, Wales beat the touring All Blacks by 13–12, with Haydn Tanner making his first appearance. Although the Five Nations Championship was suspended during the Second World War,[18] Wales did play a Red Cross charity match against England at Cardiff in 1940, which Wales lost 18–9[19] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4–1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  England 134–0 Romania  (17 November 2001) Worst defeat  Australia 76–0 England  (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team represents... Twickenham Stadium (usually known as just Twickenham or Twickers[1]) is a stadium located in Twickenham, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. ... Watcyn Thomas (1906 - 1977) was a Welsh rugby union player who captained Wales in the early 1930s. ... Twickenham Stadium (usually known as just Twickenham or Twickers[1]) is a stadium located in Twickenham, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Haydn Tanner (born 9 January 1917 in Penclawdd) is a former Welsh rugby union player who also played for the British and Irish Lions. ... The Anarchist Black Cross was originally called the Anarchist Red Cross. The band Redd Kross was originally called Red Cross. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Following the Second World War, Wales played a New Zealand Army team (the Kiwis) in 1946, which Wales lost 11–3.[20] The Five Nations (suspended during the war) resumed in 1947 when Wales shared the title with England. Although Wales suffered their first home defeat to France in 1948,[21] they won their first Five Nations Grand Slam since 1911 in 1950. The next year, they lost to the touring South Africans 6–3 despite dominating in the line-outs.[22] They achieved another Grand Slam in 1952, followed by a 13–8 win over the All Blacks in 1953. In 1954, St Helens in Swansea (the Welsh international venue since 1885) hosted its last international and Cardiff Arms Park officially became the home of the Welsh team.[23] In 1956, Wales again won the Five Nations, but they would not regain the title until 1964 and would not win it outright until 1965. St Helens Rugby and Cricket Ground is a world famous spectator sports venue in Swansea, Wales. ...


Wales conducted their first overseas tour in 1964, playing several games and one Test in South Africa.[24] They lost the Test against South Africa in Durban 24–3, their biggest defeat in 40 years.[25] At the WRU annual general meeting that year, the outgoing WRU President D. Ewart Davies declared that "it was evident from the experience of the South African Tour that a much more positive attitude to the game was required in Wales... Players must be prepared to learn, and indeed re-learn, to the absolute point of mastery, the basic principles of Rugby Union football."[24] This started the coaching revolution. The WRU Coaching Committee—set up in the late 1950s—was given the task of improving the quality of coaching and, in January 1967, Ray Williams was appointed Coaching Organiser.[26] The first national coach, David Nash, was appointed in 1967 to coach Wales for the season, but resigned when the WRU refused to allow him to accompany Wales on their 1968 tour of Argentina.[27] Eventually, the WRU reversed their decision, appointing Clive Rowlands to tour as coach. Of the six matches, Wales won three, drew two and lost one.[28] For other uses, see Durban (disambiguation). ...


Second 'golden age' (1969–1982)

When Wales defeated England in the 1969 Five Nations to win the Triple Crown and the championship, it ushered in the second 'golden age'. Wales toured New Zealand for the first time that year, but were defeated in both Tests. As well as losing the first Test 19–0, and the second 33–12,[29] they also conceded 24 points to the All Blacks' fullback Fergie McCormick in the second Test; a record at the time.[30] A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Fergie McCormick (born William Fergus McCormick 24 April 1939 in Ashburton, New Zealand) is a former New Zealand rugby union footballer who played for the All Blacks and Canterbury. ...


In 1970, Wales shared the Five Nations with France, also recording their best result thus far against South Africa with a 6–6 draw in Cardiff.[31] In 1971, Wales recorded their first Five Nations Grand Slam since 1952. Using only 16 players in four games, the 1971 side is considered one of the greatest in Welsh rugby history.[32][33] Their most notable victory of the tournament was their victory over Scotland.[34] After a last minute try by Gerald Davies to reduce Scotland's lead to 18–17, flanker John Taylor kicked a conversion from the sideline described as "the greatest conversion since St John" to give Wales a 19–18 win.[33] Wales contributed more players than any other team to the British and Irish Lions that toured New Zealand that year. Those Lions became the first and only to win a series over the All Blacks.[35] Gerald Davies CBE (February 7, 1945–) is one of the acknowledged giants of Welsh rugby, playing for the side between 1966 and 1978. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... John Taylor (born July 21, 1946 in Watford, Hertfordshire) was a Welsh rugby union player. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... In 1971 the British Lions toured New Zealand, also playing two matches in Australia. ...


In the 1972 Five Nations Championship, Wales and Scotland refused to travel to Dublin at the height of the Troubles after receiving threats, purportedly from the IRA.[36] The Championship remained unresolved with Wales and Ireland unbeaten. Although the Five Nations was a five way tie in 1973, the Welsh did defeat Australia 24–0 in Cardiff.[37] The 1972 Five Nations Championship of rugby union was incomplete, for the first time since World War II. Scotland and Wales refused to travel to Dublin to play Ireland because members of their teams had received anonymous threatening letters, purportedly from the IRA. Anti-British sentiment was strong in Ireland... For other uses, see Troubles (disambiguation) and Trouble. ... The Provisional Irish Republican Army (Irish: Óglaigh na hÉireann) (IRA; also referred to as the PIRA, the Provos, or by some of its supporters as the Army or the RA.[2]) is an Irish Republican, left wing[3] paramilitary organisation that, until the Belfast Agreement, sought to end Northern...


Wales next won the Five Nations outright in 1975, after sharing it with the four other countries in 1973. In 1976, Wales won their second Grand slam of the decade. Just like the first in 1971, they only used 16 players over their four matches. They repeated the feat in 1978 and, in the process, became the first team to win three consecutive Triple Crowns. Following their final Five Nations match of 1978, both Phil Bennett and Gareth Edwards retired from rugby.[33] Later that year, Wales played the All Blacks at Cardiff Arms Park, losing 13–12 after a late penalty goal by the replacement All Black fullback, Brian McKechnie.[38] The penalty was controversial because All Black lock Andy Haden had dived out of a line-out in an attempt to earn a penalty. Haden admitted in November 1989—on the eve of that year's Wales match against New Zealand at Cardiff Arms Park—that he and Frank Oliver had pre-agreed this foul tactic should the All Blacks find themselves in difficulties. Although the incident looks obvious from the videotape (and referee Roger Quittenton was roasted by the press for failing to notice it), at the time the only journalist to comment was Clem Thomas. Visibility was not ideal but Quittenton later claimed (with mixed success) that he had actually given the penalty against Welsh lock Geoff Wheel for jumping off the shoulder of Frank Oliver. Whom one believes tends to reflect whom one supports though Welsh fans claim a moral victory that day. Haden later admitted that he was both surprised and delighted that his ploy worked. [39] The All Blacks went on to secure their first Home Nations Grand Slam.[40] Phil Bennett (born October 24, 1948) was a Welsh Rugby Union fly half from 1969 to 1978. ... Gareth Edwards, born 12 July 1947 in Pontardawe, Wales, is a former Welsh rugby union footballer who plays scrum-half, considered by many to be the greatest player in the history of the game. ... Brian John McKechnie (born November 6, 1953) was a double All Black, that is, he represented New Zealand in both rugby union and cricket. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Andrew Maxwell Haden (born September 26, 1950) was a rugby union lock-forward for the New Zealand All Blacks in the 1970s and 1980s. ... A rugby lineout. ... Clem Thomas is a former Wales internationa rugby union player. ... Francis James (Frank) Oliver was a New Zealand rugby union player. ...


Wales won the 1979 Five Nations with a Triple Crown and, in 1980, celebrated the WRU's centenary year by facing the All Blacks in Cardiff.[41] Wales lost the match by 23–3 after the All Blacks scored four tries to nil.[42]


Modern era (1983–present)

Wales won two matches in each of the 1983 and 1984 Five Nations,[3] and in 1983 were nearly upset by Japan; winning by 24–29 at Cardiff in 1983.[43] Australia defeated Wales 28–9 at Cardiff Arms Park. At the time, this was the most points scored against Wales at Cardiff, and the first time they conceded a push-over try there; Australia went on to win their first Grand Slam.[44]


Wales were still respected by the time of the first official Rugby World Cup in 1987. After defeating England in the quarter-finals, Wales faced hosts the All Blacks. Although the All Blacks won 49–6, Wales managed to beat Australia in the third place play-off game to claim third.[45] The next year Wales won the Triple Crown for the first time since 1979, but heavy defeats on tour to New Zealand later that year saw the end of a number of Welsh players' careers, as many converted to rugby league.[41] For the rugby league competition, see Rugby League World Cup. ... The first Rugby World Cup took place in New Zealand and Australia in 1987, and was won by New Zealand. ...


In 1990, Wales suffered their first Five Nations championship whitewash and, in 1991 narrowly avoided the same fate by earning one point for a draw with Ireland at Cardiff Arms Park. In the 1991 World Cup, Wales lost their first group phase game against Manu Samoa. They subsequently beat Argentina's Pumas but lost heavily to eventual champions Australia and were thus knocked out before reaching the quarter-finals.[46] After winning two Five Nations games in 1992, and one in 1993, Wales won the Championship in 1994.[3][47] After again not qualifying for the World Cup quarter-finals in 1995,[48] Kevin Bowring became Wales' first professional coach when he replaced Alex Evans that year. Whitewash, or calcimine, kalsomine, or calsomine is a type of inexpensive paint made from slaked lime (calcium hydroxide) and chalk (whiting). ... Results of The 1991 Rugby World Cup. ... First international  Western Samoa 0 - 6 Fiji  (18 August 1924) Largest win  Korea 3 - 74 Western Samoa  (1993) Worst defeat  Australia 73 -3 Western Samoa  (1994) World Cup Appearances 4 (First in 1991) Best result Quarter Finals, 1991, 1995 The national rugby union team of Samoa is called Manu Samoa... First international Argentina  3 - 28  British Isles (12 June 1910) Largest win Paraguay  0 - 152  Argentina (1 May 2002) Worst defeat New Zealand  93 - 8  Argentina (21 June 1997) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Bronze, 2007 The Argentina national rugby team, nicknamed Los Pumas, is currently...


Wales' performances improved with the appointment of coach Graham Henry in 1998, and the return of several internationals from rugby league. Henry coached Wales to a record run of ten consecutive victories,[49] and was nicknamed "the great redeemer" by the Welsh media.[50] Hosting the 1999 World Cup, Wales qualified for the quarter-finals for the first time since 1987, but lost 9–24 to eventual champions Australia.[51] Defeats to Argentina and Ireland in 2001 and 2002 led to Henry's resignation in February 2002; his assistant Steve Hansen took over.[49] Further defeats led to perhaps Wales' biggest ever shake-up in 2003. At the 2003 World Cup, Wales scored four tries in their 53–37 loss to New Zealand and also lost (28–17) to the eventual tournament winners, England, in their quarter-final.[52] Graham Henry (born 8 June 1946 in Christchurch) is a New Zealand rugby union coach, currently head coach of the countrys national team, the All Blacks. ... The 1999 Rugby World Cup, the first to be held in rugby unions professional era,[2] was hosted by Wales, with some matches also played in England, France, Scotland and Ireland. ... Steve Hansen is a former rugby union coach. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 2003 Rugby World Cup was the fifth rugby union world cup. ...

Michael Owen takes a line-out
Michael Owen takes a line-out

Coached by Mike Ruddock, Wales won their first Six Nations Grand Slam in 2005. They opened with an 11–9 win over England at the Millennium Stadium, thanks to a late long range penalty from Gavin Henson. After a win over Italy, Wales faced France, and were losing 15–6 at half-time. Wales fought back in the second half to win 24–18, and the game was named the best of the tournament. Wales beat Scotland away (46–22) and then, in front of a capacity crowd at the Millennium Stadium, played their final game against Ireland. Wales' 32–20 victory gave them their first championship title since 1994 and their first Grand Slam since 1978.[53] The 41–3 loss to the All Blacks at the Millennium Stadium later that year was their biggest loss on Welsh soil.[54] This was followed by a single-point win over Fiji, then a loss to South Africa, and lastly a win over Australia.[55] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Michael Owen (born 7 January 1980) is a Welsh rugby player. ... Mike Ruddock, OBE (born 5 September 1959 in Blaina) was the coach of the Welsh national rugby union team from 2004 until February 2006. ... The 2005 RBS 6 Nations Championship was the sixth series of the Six Nations Championship to be held since the competition expanded in 2000 to include Italy. ... Gavin Lloyd Henson (born February 1, 1982 in Bridgend) is a Welsh rugby union player who plays for the Ospreys regional side in the Celtic League and Heineken Cup, and the national team. ...


On 14 February 2006, midway through the Six Nations, Mike Ruddock resigned as the head coach of Wales, for family reasons.[56] Scott Johnson took over as caretaker coach for the remaining games, and Wales eventually finished fifth in the 2006 Championship before Gareth Jenkins was appointed as head coach on 27 April.[57] On 10 May 2007, Wales and Australia decided to celebrate 100 years of Test rugby between the two countries with the establishment of the James Bevan Trophy.[58] It is named after the Australian-born Welsh-raised man who was Welsh team's first captain; Australia won the series 2–0. is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 2006 Six Nations Championship was the seventh series of the rugby union Six Nations Championship to be held since the competition expanded in 2000 to include Italy. ... Scott Johnson is an Australian rugby union coach. ... Gareth Jenkins (born 11 September 1951) is a former Welsh rugby union footballer, and ex head coach of the Welsh national team. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


At the 2007 World Cup, Wales once again failed to reach the quarter-finals after being knocked out in the pool stages. This time, Fiji defeated Wales in their final pool match after they had already lost to Australia.[59] Subsequently, Gareth Jenkins lost his job.[60] On 8 October that year, the WRU and SAFRU established the Prince William Trophy to commemorate 100 years of rugby between Wales and South Africa. The 2007 Rugby World Cup is the sixth Rugby World Cup, a quadrennial international rugby union world championship inaugurated in 1987. ... A Group stage is the round robin stage of many sporting championships, particularly the World Cup of different sports. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The South African Rugby Union (SARU) is the governing body for rugby union in South Africa and is affiliated to the International Rugby Board. ...


Warren Gatland, a New Zealander and former All Black, was unveiled as the new Wales head coach on 9 November 2007. He had previously been the head coach of Waikato's Mooloo Men in the Air New Zealand Cup, and led them to the 2006 title. Gatland will take up the position on 1 December.[61] Warren David Gatland (born 17 September 1963 in Hamilton, New Zealand and educated at Hamilton Boys High School and Waikato University) is a former All Black and the current Coach of the Waikato Air New Zealand Cup team. ... First international  Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand  (15 August 1903) Largest win  New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan  (4 June 1995) Worst defeat  Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand  (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 The All Blacks are New Zealands national rugby... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Waikato Rugby Union is the official governing body of rugby union in the region of Waikato on the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Air New Zealand Cup (also referred to by its previous name of the National Provincial Championship, its abbreviation of NPC, or for sponsorship reasons as the Air New Zealand NPC) is New Zealands professional domestic rugby union competition. ... The 2006 Air New Zealand Cup is a provincial rugby union competition involving 14 teams from New Zealand. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Strip

Wales in their alternative strip.
Wales in their alternative strip.

Wales play in red jerseys (embroidered with the Prince of Wales's feathers), white shorts, and red socks. Their change strip (also known as alternative strip)[62] is steel-coloured. The strip is made by Reebok and sponsored by Cardiff brewery SA Brain.[63] Due to a ban on advertising alcohol, when the team plays in France, the "Brains" logo has been replaced by "Brawn" (in 2005) and "Brawn Again" (in 2007) in a type style essentially identical to the Brains logo.[64] For the Rugby World Cup, however, the jersey is only allowed the national union's emblem, the Rugby World Cup logo, and the logo of the jersey's manufacturer on it. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 684 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 684 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Red re-directs here; for alternate uses see Red (disambiguation) Red is a color at the lowest frequencies of light discernible by the human eye. ... The badge of the Prince of Wales The Prince of Waless feathers is the heraldic badge of the Prince of Wales. ... This article is about the color. ... For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). ... Look up Socks in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Reebok International Limited is a British producer of athletic footwear, apparel, and accessories and is currently a subsidiary of Adidas AG. The name comes from Afrikaans/Dutch spelling of rhebok, a type of African antelope or gazelle. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The entrance of a brewery. ... Founded in 1882, SA Brain & Company Ltd, popularly known as Brains, is a brewery in Wales that produces a number of traditional ales in the heart of Cardiff. ... For the rugby league competition, see Rugby League World Cup. ...


The Prince of Wales' feathers were chosen in the 19th century by the WRU over another Welsh symbol, the leek to demonstrate the principality's loyalty to Britain.[65] In 1991, to enable the device to be patented, the original generic motif was replaced with a more stylised version. The original motto beneath the feathers was Ich dien (German for "I serve") but was replaced with WRU in the new version.[66]


Wales wore black jerseys as part of celebrations for the WRU's 125th anniversary in 2005. The jersey was worn against Fiji and then Australia that year; the Australia match was the first time Wales had not played in their red jersey against one of their traditional rivals.[67]


Support

Main article: Rugby union in Wales

Rugby union and Wales' national team hold an important place in Welsh culture and society. Sport historian John Bale has stated that "rugby is characteristically Welsh", and David Andrew said that "To the popular consciousness, rugby is as Welsh as coal mining, male voice choirs, 'How Green Was My Valley,' Dylan Thomas, and Tom Jones".[68] Welsh rugby's first 'golden age' (1910–1911) coincided with the country's zenith during the 20th century,[69] and rugby was important in building Wales' modern identity.[70] Rugby union is the national sport of Wales and is considered a large part of national culture. ... How Green Was My Valley is a novel of 1939, by Richard Llewellyn. ... Dylan Marlais Thomas (27 October 1914 – 9 November 1953) was a Welsh poet. ... For other uses, see Tom Jones (disambiguation). ...


The 2004-2005 season saw record attendances for Welsh home internationals.[71] For Wales' 2005 Six Nations match against Scotland in Edinburgh, 40,000 Welsh fans travelled to see the game.[72] The home attendance record was bettered the next year when over 500,000 fans attended Wales' seven home matches.[73] The Millennium Stadium regularly sells out all of its 74,500 seats.


Grounds

Millennium Stadium, Cardiff, where Wales play all their home games.
Millennium Stadium, Cardiff, where Wales play all their home games.

Wales' first home international was played at St Helen's ground, Swansea.[74] The ground continued to be used as an international venue until 1954, when Cardiff Arms Park became Wales' primary home venue.[75][76] Cardiff Arms Park had first had a stand erected in 1881, and continued to expand its seating that decade.[77] Crowds continued to grow and in 1902 in Wales' match against Scotland a world record 40,000 spectators paid to see the match.[78] In 1911, the owners of the Arms Park, the Marquess of Bute's family,[79] confirmed Wales' tenure and the 1920s and 1930s, Wales gradually gained increasing control.[80] A new stand was built at the park in the 1933-34 season, which increased the grounds capacity to 56,000.[81] By 1958, the WRU had concluded that a new national ground was needed due to flooding that often plagued Arms Park.[82] After debate and disputes between the WRU and various other parties, including Cardiff RFC, in the 1960s, it was decided that a new national stadium would be built with a new ground for the Cardiff club backing onto it.[83] The new National Stadium, as it was known, was officially opened in 1970.[84] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x800, 226 KB) Summary North side of Millenium Stadium in Cardiff. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x800, 226 KB) Summary North side of Millenium Stadium in Cardiff. ... The Millennium Stadium (Welsh: Stadiwm y Mileniwm), is the national stadium of Wales, located in the capital Cardiff, and is used primarily for rugby union and football home internationals. ... St Helens Rugby and Cricket Ground is a world famous spectator sports venue in Swansea, Wales. ... For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ... Cardiff Arms Park is a stadium complex situated in the centre of Cardiff, Wales. ... The title of Marquess of Bute was created in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1796 for the 4th Earl of Bute (in the Peerage of Scotland). ... Cardiff Rugby Football Club was founded 1876. ...


Currently, Wales play all their home matches at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff, which is also Wales' national stadium. The Millennium Stadium has a capacity of 74,500 and is the largest stadium in Wales, as well as the fourth-most capacious in the entire United Kingdom, behind Wembley, Twickenham and Old Trafford. The Millennium Stadium was first conceived in 1994, when a group redevelopment committee was set up. It was decided to replace the National Stadium at Cardiff Arms Park after a review found it was out of date; new legislation also required stadia to be all seated.[85] Construction began in September 1997, and was completed by June 1999, in time for the Rugby World Cup. The construction cost the WRU £126 million, which was funded by private investment, £46 million of public funds from the National Lottery, the sale of debentures to supporters (which offered guaranteed tickets in exchange for an interest-free loan), and loans.[86] The Millennium Stadium (Welsh: Stadiwm y Mileniwm), is the national stadium of Wales, located in the capital Cardiff, and is used primarily for rugby union and football home internationals. ... This article is about the country. ... For the old stadium, see Wembley Stadium (1923). ... Twickenham Stadium (usually known as just Twickenham or Twickers[1]) is a stadium located in Twickenham, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. ... Old Trafford (given the nickname The Theatre of Dreams by Sir Bobby Charlton) is a football stadium in the Greater Manchester borough of Trafford, and is the home of Manchester United F.C.. The ground has been Uniteds permanent home since 1910, bar an eight year absence from 1941... A play here! sign outside a newsagent, incorporating the National Lotterys logo of a stylised hand with crossed fingers which emulates a smiling face. ... In finance, a debenture is a long-term debt instrument used by governments and large companies to obtain funds. ... For other uses, see Loan (disambiguation). ...


Record

Six Nations

Wales' only annual tournament is the Six Nations Championship, which is played against five other European nations: England, France, Ireland, Italy, and Scotland. The Six Nations started as the Home Nations Championship in 1883, as a contest between the four component nations of the United Kingdom. Wales first won it in 1893, when they achieved a Triple Crown.[4] Wales have won the tournament outright 23 times, and shared ten other victories. Their longest wait between championships was 11 years (1994–2005). Wales first won a Five Nations Grand Slam in 1911,[3] and their one and only Six Nations Grand Slam in 2005. The RBS 6 Nations Championship, (referred to as RBS 6 Nations for sponsorship reasons) known before 2000 as the Five Nations Championship, is an annual international rugby union competition held between six European sides: France, England, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. ... In rugby union, the Triple Crown is an honour contested annually by the national teams of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales as part of the Six Nations Championship. ... A Grand Slam can be completed in two ways in rugby union. ...

  Flag of England
England
Flag of France
France
Flag of Ireland
Ireland
Flag of Italy
Italy
Flag of Scotland
Scotland
Flag of Wales
Wales
Tournaments 106 76 106 8 106 106
Outright Wins (Shared Wins) 25 (10) 16 (7) 10 (8) 0 (0) 14 (8) 23 (10)
Grand Slams 12 8 1 0 3 9
Triple Crowns 23 N/A 9 N/A 10 18

Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4–1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  England 134–0 Romania  (17 November 2001) Worst defeat  Australia 76–0 England  (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team represents... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4 - 1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  Scotland 100 - 8 Japan  (13 November 2004) Worst defeat  Scotland 10 - 68 South Africa  (6 December 1997) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Semi-finals, 1991 The Scotland national rugby union... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ...

World Cup

Wales have contested every Rugby World Cup since the inaugural tournament in 1987. The 1987 tournament was Wales' most successful; they won all three pool matches and their quarter-final, before losing to the All Blacks in the semi-finals. They then faced Australia in the third place play-off match, which they won 22–21.[45] In the next two tournaments in 1991 and 1995, Wales failed to progress beyond the pool stage, winning just one match in each tournament.[87] Both the 1999 and 2003 tournaments were more successful, with Wales qualifying for the quarter-finals both times. Wales hosted the event in 1999 and topped their pool only to lose to eventual winners Australia in the quarter-finals.[51] In 2003, they finished second in their pool to the All Blacks and faced England in the quarter-finals, where they lost to the eventual champions, despite scoring more tries than their opponents.[52] In the 2007 World Cup, Wales again failed to progress from the pool stage. After a loss to Australia, and two wins against Japan and Canada, they lost by four points to Fiji, despite scoring more tries than their opponents.[59]


Overall

Wales have won 302 of their 586 Test matches, a win percentage of 51.54 (see table). When the world rankings were introduced in October 2003, Wales were ranked eighth. They rose to seventh in June 2004, before falling back to eighth in November that year. During the 2005 Six Nations Championship, they rose to their highest ranking position; fifth. They fell to ninth by June 2006, and, after rising back to eighth by September, fell to tenth after the 2007 World Cup.[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The IRB World Rankings is a ranking system for mens national teams in rugby union. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The IRB World Rankings is a ranking system for mens national teams in rugby union. ... The 2005 RBS 6 Nations Championship was the sixth series of the Six Nations Championship to be held since the competition expanded in 2000 to include Italy. ...


Their Test record against all nations:[88]

Against Played Won Lost Drawn Win %
Flag of Argentina Argentina 13 7 5 1 53.84
Flag of Australia Australia 26 9 16 1 34.52
 Barbarians 7 2 5 0 28.57
Flag of Canada Canada 10 9 1 0 90.00
 East Africa 1 1 0 0 100.00
Flag of England England 116 51 53 12 43.97
Flag of Fiji Fiji 7 6 1 0 85.71
Flag of France France 84 42 39 3 50.00
Flag of Ireland Ireland 112 61 45 6 54.46
Flag of Italy Italy 14 11 2 1 78.57
Flag of Japan Japan 10 10 0 0 100.00
Flag of Namibia Namibia 3 3 0 0 100.00
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 23 3 20 0 13.04
Tino rangatiratanga flag New Zealand Māori 1 1 0 0 100.00
 Pacific Islanders 1 1 0 0 100.00
Flag of Portugal Portugal 1 1 0 0 100.00
Flag of Romania Romania 9 7 2 0 72.72
Flag of Samoa Samoa 6 3 3 0 50.00
Flag of Scotland Scotland 112 61 48 3 54.46
Flag of South Africa South Africa 20 1 18 1 5.00
Flag of Spain Spain 1 1 0 0 100.00
Flag of Tonga Tonga 7 7 0 0 100.00
Flag of the United States United States 7 7 0 0 100.00
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 3 3 0 0 100.00
Total 586 302 257 27 51.54

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... First match Hartlepool Rovers 4 - 9 Barbarians (27 December 1890) Largest win Scotland 31 - 74 Barbarians (24 May 2001) Worst defeat Barbarians 0 - 42 Wales (26 May 2004) The original Barbarians The Barbarian Football Club, typically referred to as Barbarians and nicknamed the Baa-Baas, is an invitational rugby union... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4–1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  England 134–0 Romania  (17 November 2001) Worst defeat  Australia 76–0 England  (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team represents... Image File history File links Flag_of_Fiji. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_rugby. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Namibia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Maori. ... First international Ireland 4 - 13 New Zealand Māori (as the New Zealand Natives) (1888-12-01) Largest win United States 6 - 74 New Zealand Māori (2006-06-07) Worst defeat New Zealand Māori 6 - 31 Australia (1936-09-23) ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: image/png) for use in Pacific Islanders templates. ... First match Queensland Reds 29 - 48 Pacific Islanders (20 June 2004) Largest win NSW Waratahs 21 - 68 Pacific Islanders (25 June 2004) Worst defeat Ireland 61 - 17 Pacific Islanders (26 November 2006) The Pacific Islanders rugby union team (usually known as just Pacific Islanders) are an international rugby union team... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Samoa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4 - 1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  Scotland 100 - 8 Japan  (13 November 2004) Worst defeat  Scotland 10 - 68 South Africa  (6 December 1997) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Semi-finals, 1991 The Scotland national rugby union... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... South Africa and Wales have been playing each other in rugby union since 1906, and in total, have contested 19 Test matches. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tonga. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zimbabwe. ...

Players

Current squad

The provisional 31-man squad for the Prince William Cup match against South Africa:[89] The Prince William Cup was created in 2007 by the WRU and celebrates 100 years of rugby union history between Wales and South Africa. ...

Backs
Player
Position Club
Lee Byrne Fullback Ospreys
Gareth Cooper (c) Scrum-half Gloucester
Gavin Henson Centre Ospreys
James Hook Fly-half Ospreys
Tom James Wing Blues
Mark Jones Wing Scarlets
Stephen Jones Fly-half Scarlets
Sonny Parker Centre Ospreys
Dwayne Peel Scrum-half Scarlets
Mike Phillips Scrum-half Ospreys
Jamie Robinson Centre Blues
Tom Shanklin Centre Blues
Morgan Stoddart Fullback Scarlets
Ceri Sweeney Fly-half Dragons
Shane Williams Wing Ospreys
Forwards
Player
Position Club
Huw Bennett Hooker Ospreys
Luke Charteris Lock Dragons
Colin Charvis Flanker Dragons
Ian Evans Lock Ospreys
Ian Gough Lock Ospreys
Gethin Jenkins (c) Prop Blues
Adam Jones Prop Ospreys
Alun Wyn Jones Lock Ospreys
Duncan Jones Prop Ospreys
Michael Owen Lock Dragons
Alix Popham Number 8 Scarlets
Matthew Rees Hooker Scarlets
Robin Sowden-Taylor Flanker Blues
Jonathan Thomas Number 8 Ospreys
Rhys Thomas Prop Dragons
T. Rhys Thomas Hooker Blues

Lee Byrne (born 1 June 1980 in Bridgend, Wales) is a Welsh rugby union footballer, currently playing for the Ospreys in the Magners League and Heineken Cup. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Gareth Cooper (born 7 May 1979 in Bridgend) is a rugby union player who plays at scrum-half for Newport Gwent Dragons and has won 26 caps for Wales. ... In team sports, a captain is an honorary title given to the member of the team primarily responsible for strategy and teamwork while the game is in progress on the field. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Gavin Lloyd Henson (born February 1, 1982 in Bridgend) is a Welsh rugby union player who plays for the Ospreys regional side in the Celtic League and Heineken Cup, and the national team. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... James Hook or Hooky as he is nicknamed (born 27 June 1985) is a Welsh rugby union footballer, who plays for the Ospreys. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Tom James is a Welsh rugby union player. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Mark Anthony Jones (born 7 November 1979 in Builth Wells) is a Welsh rugby union footballer who plays on the wing for Llanelli Scarlets and Wales. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Stephen Michael Jones (born 8 December 1977 in Aberystwyth) is a Welsh rugby union footballer who plays at fly-half for Llanelli Scarlets and Wales. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Sonny Toi Parker (born 27 August 1977 in Thames, New Zealand) is a welsh rugby union footballer who plays for the Wales national rugby union team. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Dwayne John Peel (born 31 August 1981 in Carmarthen) is a Welsh rugby union player who plays at scrum-half for Llanelli Scarlets and Wales. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Mike Phillips may refer to Mike Phillips a baseball player Mike Phillips an illustrator Mike Phillips a musician Mike Phillips a politician Mike Phillips rugby union player. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Date of Birth: April 7, 1980 Place of Birth: Penarth, Wales Height: 1. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Tomos George L. Shanklin (born 24 November 1979 in Harrow) is a Welsh rugby union player who plays at Outside Centre for Cardiff Blues and Wales. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Morgan Stoddart (born 23 September 1984 in Pontypridd, Wales) is a Welsh rugby union footballer. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Ceri Sweeney (born 21 January 1980 in Glyncoch) is a rugby union footballer who plays at fly-half for Newport Gwent Dragons and Wales. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... The Newport Gwent Dragons (Welsh: Dreigiau Gwent Casnewydd) are a Rugby Union team from Wales. ... This article is about the Welsh rugby player. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Huw Bennett (born 11 June 1983 in Ebbw Vale) is a Welsh rugby union footballer, who currently plays for the Ospreys in the Celtic League and the Heineken Cup. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Luke Charteris is a Wales international rugby union player. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... The Newport Gwent Dragons (Welsh: Dreigiau Gwent Casnewydd) are a Rugby Union team from Wales. ... Colin Charvis (born December 27, 1972) is the Wales rugby union captain, and plays as a flanker. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... The Newport Gwent Dragons (Welsh: Dreigiau Gwent Casnewydd) are a Rugby Union team from Wales. ... Ian Evans (born 5 January 1983) is a sunday league footballer and researcher in the field of hydrogen storage at the UNiversity of Birmingham. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Ian Gough (born 10 November 1976) is a Welsh rugby union footballer, currently playing for the Newport Gwent Dragons in the Celtic League. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Gethin Jenkins is a Welsh rugby player. ... In team sports, a captain is an honorary title given to the member of the team primarily responsible for strategy and teamwork while the game is in progress on the field. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Adam Jones (born 8 March 1981) is a Welsh rugby union footballer, currently playing for the Ospreys in the Magners League. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Alun Wyn Jones (born 19 September 1985) is a Welsh rugby union footballer, currently playing for the Ospreys in the Celtic League. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Duncan Jones (born 18 September 1978 in Neath) is a Welsh rugby union player who plays for the Ospreys regional side and the national team. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Michael Owen (born 7 January 1980) is a Welsh rugby player. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... The Newport Gwent Dragons (Welsh: Dreigiau Gwent Casnewydd) are a Rugby Union team from Wales. ... Alix Popham (born 17 October 1977 in Newport) is a Welsh rugby union footballer, who plays for the Llanelli Scarlets in the Celtic League. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Matthew Rees (born 9 December 1980) is a Welsh rugby union footballer, currently playing foer the Llanelli Scarlets in the Celtic League. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Robin Sowden-Taylor (born 9 June 1982) is a Welsh International rugby player. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... Jonathan Thomas (born 27 December 1982 in Pembroke) is a Welsh rugby union player who plays at flanker for the Ospreys at club level and for Wales. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ... This article is about the Welsh international rugby union prop born in 1982. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... The Newport Gwent Dragons (Welsh: Dreigiau Gwent Casnewydd) are a Rugby Union team from Wales. ... For other people with this name see Rhys Thomas Thomas Rhys Thomas (born 23 April 1982, in Newport, Wales) is a Welsh International rugby player, currently with Cardiff Blues. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Official website www. ...

Notable players

See also Category:Welsh rugby union footballers
International Rugby Hall of Fame inductee Gwyn Nicholls who played 24 Tests for Wales between 1896 and 1906.

Ten former Welsh internationals have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The International Rugby Hall of Fame was created in 1997 and accepts new inductees every two years. ... Erith Gwyn Nicholls (1874 - March 1939) was a Welsh rugby union player who gained 24 caps for Wales as a centre. ... The International Rugby Hall of Fame was created in 1997 and accepts new inductees every two years. ...


Known as the Prince of three-quarters, Gwyn Nicholls played 24 Tests for Wales at centre between 1896 and 1906.[90] He was the only Welsh player in the British Isles team of 1899, and was the star for Wales during their first golden era. Not only did he captain Wales to three Triple Crowns, but also led them to their famous victory over the All Blacks in 1905.[91] On 26 December 1949, gates bearing his name at Cardiff Arms Park were officially opened.[92] Erith Gwyn Nicholls (1874 - March 1939) was a Welsh rugby union player who gained 24 caps for Wales as a centre. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Named the greatest Welsh player of the 1950s by the WRU, Cliff Morgan played 25 Tests for Wales, and four for the British Lions between 1951 and 1955.[93] Morgan played at fly-half and was one of the sport's biggest crowd-pullers during his career.[94] He played during Wales Five Nations Grand Slam of 1952, and Wales' victory over the All Blacks in 1953, but he is most famous for captaining the British Lions in South Africa in 1955.[95] One of Morgan's great friends was Carwyn James.[96] Although most notable for his coaching record, James appeared for Wales in two Tests in 1958. He coached the British Lions to their first and only series victory over New Zealand in 1971, with a team including many Welsh players.[97] He also coached Welsh club Llanelli, and the Barbarians side that defeated the All Blacks in 1973. Despite this, he never coached Wales.[98] Cliff Morgan (born 7 April 1930 at Trebanog, Rhondda) is a former Welsh rugby union player who played for Cardiff RFC and earned 29 caps for Wales between 1951 and 1958. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... First match Hartlepool Rovers 4 - 9 Barbarians (27 December 1890) Largest win Scotland 31 - 74 Barbarians (24 May 2001) Worst defeat Barbarians 0 - 42 Wales (26 May 2004) The original Barbarians The Barbarian Football Club, typically referred to as Barbarians and nicknamed the Baa-Baas, is an invitational rugby union...


When Wales faced Australia on 3 December 1966, two future Rugby Hall of Fame members made their Test debuts; Gerald Davies and Barry John. Davies played 46 Tests for Wales between 1966 and 1978. Although he started out playing in the centre, he was moved to the wing during Wales' 1969 tour of New Zealand and Australia,[99] and eventually scored 20 Test tries for Wales. Davies also played for the Lions during their 1968 tour of South Africa and 1971 tour of New Zealand.[100] Although Barry John first played for Wales in 1966, he did not secure his spot in the team until 1968.[101] Playing at fly-half, John helped Wales to a Five Nations Grand Slam in 1971, and then the Lions to their one and only series win over the All Blacks that same year. He picked up the nickname The King in New Zealand, and in 1972 quit the sport due to the pressure his fame was causing.[102] is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Gerald Davies CBE (February 7, 1945–) is one of the acknowledged giants of Welsh rugby, playing for the side between 1966 and 1978. ... Barry John (born 6 January 1945 in Cefneithin, Wales) is a Welsh rugby union footballer, considered by many to be the greatest fly-half in the sports history. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ...


Widely regarded as the greatest rugby union player of all time, Gareth Edwards played 53 Tests for Wales at scrum-half between 1967 and 1978.[103][104] Edwards was never dropped from the team and played all 53 of his Tests consecutively. He also played in three Lions tours; including the series victories in New Zealand in 1971, and the unbeaten tour of South Africa in 1974.[105] Edwards won five Triple Crowns with Wales and three Five Nations Grand Slams. He also scored a try for the Barbarians against the All Blacks in 1973, remembered as that try and considered the greatest ever try.[104] In 2003, Edwards was voted the greatest player of all time by Rugby World magazine.[106][107] In 2007, Edwards earned an additional honour with his induction into the IRB Hall of Fame.[108] Gareth Edwards, born 12 July 1947 in Pontardawe, Wales, is a former Welsh rugby union footballer who plays scrum-half, considered by many to be the greatest player in the history of the game. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Rugby World is a rugby union magazine, published monthly by IPC Media. ... The IRB Hall of Fame is a hall of fame operated by the International Rugby Board (IRB) that recognises special achievement and contribution to the sport of rugby union. ...


In 1969, three Hall of Fame members debuted for Wales; Phil Bennett, Mervyn Davies, and JPR Williams. Bennett played 29 Tests for Wales. He started out playing at fullback, but after Barry John retired, he was moved to fly-half. As well as representing Wales, he played eight Tests for the Lions and captained them on their 1977 tour of New Zealand.[109] Mervyn Davies was known as Merve the Swerve and played 38 consecutive Tests for Wales between 1969 and 1976, losing only eight of them.[110] After captaining Wales in his last nine appearances, Davies was forced to retire due to a brain haemorrhage.[111] JPR Williams played 55 Tests for Wales between 1969 and 1981. Whilst doing so, he won six Triple Crowns, three Five Nations Grand Slams, and captained Wales for five Tests in 1979.[112] Playing at full-back, he also toured with the Lions in 1971 and 1974, before retiring temporarily in 1980. He made a brief comeback, however, in 1981, when he played his final match, against Scotland.[113] Phil Bennett (born October 24, 1948) was a Welsh Rugby Union fly half from 1969 to 1978. ... Thomas Mervyn Davies (born 1946 in Swansea), is a former Welsh rugby union player who won 38 rugby union caps for Wales as a No. ... JPR John Peter Rhys Williams (born 2 March 1949 in Cardiff, Wales), known universally as JPR Williams, played rugby union for Wales between 1969 and 1981. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... A cerebral hemorrhage is a condition in the brain in which a blood vessel leaks. ...


Ieuan Evans played for Wales between 1987 and 1998, and in the process earned 72 Welsh caps whilst Wales was transcending the amateur and professional eras. Playing mainly on the wing, Evans scored 33 tries for Wales, a record until surpassed by Gareth Thomas in 2004.[114] As well as that, he was awarded seven Lions caps from the 1989, 1993 and 1997 tours.[115][116] A great winger for Wales in the 1990s, who marked his last days with a British Lions tour to South Africa in 1997. ...


Individual records

Welsh forward Colin Charvis who has scored more tries than any other forward for Wales.
Welsh forward Colin Charvis who has scored more tries than any other forward for Wales.

Former fly-half Neil Jenkins was the first rugby player to surpass 1000 Test points, and holds the world record of 1049 points. He also holds the world record for most penalties with 248, and Welsh record for most points in a single Test match with 30.[117][118] Wales' Test try record of 40 tries is held by Gareth Thomas, who is also the most capped player with 100 Test caps.[114][119] The record for Welsh tries by a forward is held by Colin Charvis with 20. Charvis is also Wales' most-capped forward, having played in 93 Tests, but the record for most consecutive appearances is held by Gareth Edwards who played all 53 of his Tests for Wales consecutively between 1967 and 1978.[117] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Colin Charvis (born December 27, 1972) is the Wales rugby union captain, and plays as a flanker. ... A normal Rugby union team formation illustrating each of the positions and their respective numbers. ... Neil Jenkins (born 8 July 1971) is a former rugby union footballer who played fly-half, centre, or full back for Pontypridd and Cardiff, Wales and the British and Irish Lions. ... This is a list of the leading scorers in Rugby union Test matches. ... Gareth Alfie Thomas (born 25 July 1974 in Sarn nr. ... Colin Charvis (born December 27, 1972) is the Wales rugby union captain, and plays as a flanker. ... Gareth Edwards, born 12 July 1947 in Pontardawe, Wales, is a former Welsh rugby union footballer who plays scrum-half, considered by many to be the greatest player in the history of the game. ...


Coaches

Following the unsuccessful tour to South Africa in 1964, the WRU set up a working party on coaching. The party recommended that Welsh clubs accept the principle of coaching. David Nash was appointed as the national team's first coach in 1967, but for the 1968 tour of Argentina, the WRU initially planned not to have a coach tour with the team. Following pressure from the Welsh clubs at the WRU's annual general meeting, the decision was reversed and Clive Rowlands was appointed as coach for the tour. The appointing of a coach for the team coincided with Wales' success in the Five Nations during the 1970s.[26] An Annual General Meeting, commonly abbreviated as AGM, also known as the annual meeting, is a meeting that official bodies and associations involving the public are often required by law (In what country?) to hold. ... Clive Rowlands (born 14 May 1938 in Upper Cwmtwrch) is a former Welsh rugby union footballer and later coach. ...


List of head coaches:[120]

Name Nationality Years Tests Won Drew Lost Win %
David Nash Flag of Wales 1967 5 1 1 3 20.0
Clive Rowlands Flag of Wales 1968–1974 29 18 4 7 62.1
John Dawes Flag of Wales 1974–1979 24 18 0 6 75.0
John Lloyd Flag of Wales 1980–1982 14 6 0 8 42.9
John Bevan Flag of Wales 1982–1985 15 7 1 7 46.7
Tony Gray Flag of Wales 1985–1988 18 9 0 9 50.0
John Ryan Flag of Wales 1988–1990 9 2 0 7 22.2
Ron Waldron Flag of Wales 1990–1991 10 2 1 7 20.0
Alan Davies Flag of Wales 1991–1995 35 18 0 17 51.4
Alex Evans Flag of Australia 1995 (caretaker coach) 4 1 0 3 25.0
Kevin Bowring Flag of Wales 1995–1997 29 15 0 14 51.7
Dennis John Flag of Wales 1998 (caretaker coach) 2 1 0 1 50.0
Graham Henry Flag of New Zealand 1998–2002 34 20 1 13 58.8
Lynn Howells Flag of Wales 2001 (caretaker coach) 2 2 0 0 100.0
Steve Hansen Flag of New Zealand 2002–2004 29 10 0 19 34.5
Mike Ruddock Flag of Wales 2004–2006 20 13 0 7 65.0
Scott Johnson Flag of Australia 2006 (caretaker coach) 3 0 1 2 0.0
Gareth Jenkins[121] Flag of Wales 2006–2007 20 6 1 13 30.0
Nigel Davies Flag of Wales 2007 (caretaker coach) 1 0 0 1 0.0
Warren Gatland Flag of New Zealand 2007-present 0 0 0 0 0.0

Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Clive Rowlands (born 14 May 1938 in Upper Cwmtwrch) is a former Welsh rugby union footballer and later coach. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Benjaman John Dawes (born 29 June 1940 in Chapel of Ease), was a Welsh rugby union player, playing at centre, and later coach. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... John Lloyd was the Welsh National Rugby Team Coach, in 1980-1982. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... John Bevan (died 1986) was a Welsh international Rugby Union player, one of two John Bevans who played for Wales during the 1970s. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Ron Waldron is a Welsh rugby union coach best known as the former head coach of Neath RFC during the late 1980s when Neath dominated Welsh rugby for a number of seasons. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Alan Davies is a rugby union coach. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Alex Evans is an Australian rugby union coach. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Kevin Bowring is a Welsh former rugby union player and coach. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Dennis John is a former rugby union coach, most notably with Pontypridd RFC. John was appointed caretaker coach to the Wales national rugby union team for 2 matches in 1998 following the departure of Kevin Bowring. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Graham Henry (born 8 June 1946 in Christchurch) is a New Zealand rugby union coach, currently head coach of the countrys national team, the All Blacks. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Lynn Howells is a former rugby union player most notably with Pontypridd RFC but better know as a rugby union coach Howells was assistant coach to the Wales national rugby union team under Graham Henry during the 1and was appointed caretaker Head Coach 1999 Rugby World Cup and took over... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Steve Hansen is a former rugby union coach. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Mike Ruddock, OBE (born 5 September 1959 in Blaina) was the coach of the Welsh national rugby union team from 2004 until February 2006. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Scott Johnson is an Australian rugby union coach. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Gareth Jenkins (born 11 September 1951) is a former Welsh rugby union footballer, and ex head coach of the Welsh national team. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Nigel Davies is a former Wales international rugby union player. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Warren David Gatland (born 17 September 1963 in Hamilton, New Zealand and educated at Hamilton Boys High School and Waikato University) is a former All Black and the current Coach of the Waikato Air New Zealand Cup team. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wales Portal
Rugby Union Portal

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... South Africa and Wales have been playing each other in rugby union since 1906, and in total, have contested 19 Test matches. ... The Welsh national rugby union sevens team compete in the World Sevens Series, Rugby World Cup Sevens and the Commonwealth Games. ...

Bibliography

  • Andrews, David (1991). "Welsh Indigenous! and British Imperial?—Welsh Rugby, Culture, and Society 1890–1914". Journal of Sport History 18 (3): 335-349. 
  • Dine, Philip (2001). French Rugby Football - Cultural History. Berg. ISBN 1859733271. 
  • Harris, John (2007). "Cool Cymru, rugby union and an imagined community". International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 27 (3/4): 151-162. doi:10.1108/01443330710741084. 
  • McLean, Terry (1969). Red Dragons of Welsh Rugby. Wellington: A. H. & A. W. REED. ISBN 0589-00395-x. 
  • Morgan, Gareth (May 2005). "Rugby and Revivalism: Sport and Religion in Edwardian Wales". The International Journal of the History of Sport 22 (3): 434-456. doi:10.1080/09523360500064057. 
  • Potter, Alex (1961). The Rise of French Rugby. Wellington: A. H. & A. W. REED. 
  • Palenski, Ron (2003). Century in Black - 100 Years of All Black Test Rugby. Hodder Moa Beckett Publishers Limited. ISBN 1-86958-937-8. 
  • Richards, Huw (2006). A Game for Hooligans. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 1-84596-016-5. 
  • Ryan, Greg (2005). The Contest for Rugby Supremacy - Accounting for the 1905 All Blacks. Canterbury University Press. ISBN 1-877257-36-2. 
  • Smith, David; Williams, Gareth (1980). Fields of Praise: The Official History of The Welsh Rugby Union. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-0766-3. 

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ...

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Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC Sport is the sports division of the BBC. It became a fully dedicated division of the BBC in 2000. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The IRB logo. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... First match Otago 3 - 8 Great Britain (28 April 1888) Largest win Manawatu 6 - 109 British & Irish Lions (28 June 2005) Worst defeat New Zealand 38 - 6 Lions (16 July 1983) The British and Irish Lions (until 2001 known as the British Isles Rugby Union Team or more colloquially the... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • The Welsh Rugby Union
  • Scrum V Welsh rugby discussion forum (BBC)
  • Welsh rugby news from icwales
  • Welsh rugby union news from Planet Rugby

Rugby union is the national sport of Wales and is considered a large part of national culture. ... The Welsh Rugby Union (WRU) (Welsh: ) is the governing body of rugby union in Wales, recognised by the International Rugby Board. ... The Welsh national rugby union sevens team compete in the World Sevens Series, Rugby World Cup Sevens and the Commonwealth Games. ... The Wales womens national rugby union team are a national sporting side of Wales, representing them at rugby union. ... First match Otago 3 - 8 Great Britain (28 April 1888) Largest win Manawatu 6 - 109 British & Irish Lions (28 June 2005) Worst defeat New Zealand 38 - 6 Lions (16 July 1983) The British and Irish Lions (until 2001 known as the British Isles Rugby Union Team or more colloquially the... The Celtic League, currently known as the Magners League for sponsorship reasons, is an annual rugby union competition involving regional sides from Ireland, Scotland and Wales. ... The EDF Energy Cup, also known as the Anglo-Welsh Cup an the English & Welsh rugby union knock-out cup competition featuring all 12 Guinness Premiership clubs and all 4 Welsh Regions. ... Welsh Premier Division Logo The Welsh Premier Division (also called the Principality Premiership for sponsorship reasons) is a rugby union league in Wales first implemented for the 1990/91 season. ... The WRU Challenge Cup (currently known as the Minolta Cup due to sponsorship) is Wales premier knockout rugby union competition. ... Rugby union in Wales is governed by the Welsh Rugby Union. ... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4–1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  England 134–0 Romania  (17 November 2001) Worst defeat  Australia 76–0 England  (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team represents... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4 - 1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  Scotland 100 - 8 Japan  (13 November 2004) Worst defeat  Scotland 10 - 68 South Africa  (6 December 1997) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Semi-finals, 1991 The Scotland national rugby union... First international Arabian Gulf 20 - 64 Namibia (1993-06-03) Largest win Arabian Gulf 97 - 3 India (2001-04-27) Worst defeat Japan 87 - 9 Arabian Gulf (2006-04-15) The Arabian Gulf rugby union team, are a combined team of players from Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and... The Korea national rugby union team represents Korea in international rugby union. ... The Serbia national rugby union team represents Serbia in international rugby union. ... The Tahiti national rugy union team is the third tier rugby playing nation of Tahiti. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The IRB logo. ... The FIRA - Association Européenne de Rugby (FIRA–AER) was formed in 1999 to promote, develop, organise and administer the game of rugby in Europe under the authority of the International Rugby Board (the governing body of rugby union). ... For the rugby league competition, see Rugby League World Cup. ... The Rugby World Cup Sevens is the worlds premier international contest in the Sevens version of rugby union, first held in Scotland in 1993 and held every four years. ... The IRB Under 19 Rugby World Cup was the premier tournament for male Rugby union players under the age of 19 organised by the sports governing body the International Rugby Board (IRB) annually from 2004 until 2007. ... The IRB Under 21 Rugby World Cup is the premier tournament for male Rugby union players under the age of 21 and is organised by the sports governing body the International Rugby Board (IRB). ... The Africa Cup is an annual rugby union tournament involving African nations, organised by the Confederation of African Rugby (CAR). ... Mens (right) and womens (left) Barclays Churchill Cup trophies The Churchill Cup (referred to as Barclays Churchill Cup for sponsorship reasons) is an annual rugby union tournament contested by representative mens and womens teams from Canada, England, and the United States, with three invited teams (originally... The European Nations Cup, also referred to as the Six Nations B or simply ENC, is a second-level competition for European rugby union nations, some of which where it is still an amateur sport. ... The Nations Cup is a rugby union competition that was first held in 2006 at Estadio Universitario de Lisboa, Lisbon. ... The Pacific Nations Cup is an international rugby union competition originally known as the IRB Pacific 5 Nations and held between five Pacific rim sides; Fiji, Japan, Samoa, Tonga and the Junior All Blacks (New Zealands second XV). ... The Asia Five Nations is an annual international rugby union competition held between five Asian sides: Japan, Korea, Hong Kong, Kazakhstan, Arabian Gulf. ... The four unions that form the PARA. The Pan American Championship (Pan Am or Panamericano) is the major international rugby tournament held in the Americas, held irregularly since 1995. ... The IRB Sevens World Series, known officially as the IRB Sevens before the 2006-07 season and also sometimes called the World Sevens Series, is a series of international rugby union sevens tournaments organised for the first time in the 1999-2000 season. ... The RBS 6 Nations Championship, (referred to as RBS 6 Nations for sponsorship reasons) known before 2000 as the Five Nations Championship, is an annual international rugby union competition held between six European sides: France, England, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. ... The Super Cup is an annual international rugby union competition contested by national teams from Canada, Japan, Romania and the United States. ... The Tri Nations Trophy The Tri Nations is an annual international rugby union series held between Australias Wallabies, New Zealands All Blacks and South Africas Springboks. ... The IRB World Rankings is a ranking system for mens national teams in rugby union. ... The RBS 6 Nations Championship, (referred to as RBS 6 Nations for sponsorship reasons) known before 2000 as the Five Nations Championship, is an annual international rugby union competition held between six European sides: France, England, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. ... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4–1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  England 134–0 Romania  (17 November 2001) Worst defeat  Australia 76–0 England  (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team represents... First international (also the worlds first)  Scotland 4 - 1 England  (27 March 1871) Largest win  Scotland 100 - 8 Japan  (13 November 2004) Worst defeat  Scotland 10 - 68 South Africa  (6 December 1997) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Semi-finals, 1991 The Scotland national rugby union... The 2000 rugby union Six Nations Championship was won by England. ... The 2001 Six Nations Championship was played in the usual time between February and March, though games were played in October and September as well due to the outbreak of foot and mouth. ... The 2002 Six Nations Championship was played between February and March. ... The 2003 Six Nations Championship was played between February and March. ... The 2004 Six Nations Championship was the fifth series of the rugby union Six Nations Championship to be held since the competition expanded in 2000 to include Italy. ... The 2005 RBS 6 Nations Championship was the sixth series of the Six Nations Championship to be held since the competition expanded in 2000 to include Italy. ... The 2006 Six Nations Championship was the seventh series of the rugby union Six Nations Championship to be held since the competition expanded in 2000 to include Italy. ... Rugby was played at Croke Park for the first time, seen here during the Irish-French match. ... Rugby was played at Croke Park for the first time, seen here during the Irish-French match. ... This is a list of individual and team records for the Six Nations Championship and its predecessors the Five Nations and Home Nations Championships. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales_2. ... Caerphilly Castle. ... Codified by Hywel Dda (Hywell the Good) in the early 10th century, the laws of the Welsh Princes were significantly more complex than would be found in other ares of Western Europe for centuries. ... Prehistoric Wales in terms of human settlements covers the period from about 225,000 years ago, the date attributed to the earliest human remains found in what is now Wales, to the year 48 when the Roman army began a campaign against one of the Welsh tribes. ... Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ... For the fictional Kingdom of Gwynedd in the Deryni series of novels, see Gwynedd (fictional). ... Medieval kingdoms of Wales. ... The Statute of Rhuddlan was enacted on 3 March 1284 after the conquest of Wales by the English king Edward I. The Statute of Rhuddlan was issued from Rhuddlan Castle in North Wales, which was built as one of the iron ring of fortresses by Edward I, in his late... The Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542 were a series of parliamentary measures by which the legal system of Wales was annexed to England and the norms of English administration introduced in order to create a single state and a single legal jurisdiction, which is frequently referred to as England... Castles in Wales is a link page for any castle in Wales. ... Politics in Wales forms a distinctive polity in the wider politics of the United Kingdom, with Wales as one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom. ... Wales has elections to four tiers of government: 22 unitary local authorities, the National Assembly for Wales, the United Kingdom Parliament and the European Parliament. ... The National Assembly for Wales (or NAW) (Welsh: Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) was established in 1998, following a 1997 referendum in which a small majority of voters (but not the electorate) voted in favour of the Labour Governments plans for devolution. ... The First Minister (Welsh: ) is the leader of the Welsh Assembly Government, Waless devolved administration. ... The Secretary of State for Wales is the head of the Wales Office within the United Kingdom cabinet. ... The Welsh Office building in Whitehall, London The Welsh Office was a department in the Government of the United Kingdom with responsibilities for Wales. ... Welsh self-government is the Welsh expression of nationalism, a movement that became popular in nineteenth-century and throughout the twentieth century. ... Geological map of Great Britain showing Wales in the South West. ... A list of the 156 Marilyns of Wales. ... This is a list of the lakes in Wales ordered by Unitary authority. ... This is an article about the demographic data of Wales from the 2001 UK census. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... Welsh English, Anglo-Welsh, or Wenglish (see below) refers to the dialects of English spoken in Wales by Welsh people. ... The Welsh are, according to Hastings (1997), an ethnic group and nation associated with Wales and the Welsh language, which is a Celtic language. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Wales is a part of the United Kingdom, but is a culturally and politically separate Celtic country. ... The term Welsh literature may be used to refer to any literature originating from Wales or by Welsh writers. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The media in Wales is quite varied with there being services for people in both English and Welsh. ... This is a list of flags used exclusively in Wales. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The Welsh Dragon on the tailfin of an Air Wales ATR 42 aircraft. ...


 
 

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