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Encyclopedia > Wagrowiec

Wągrowiec is a town in north-western Poland, 50 km from both Poznań and Bydgoszcz. Since 18th century it has been the a seat of a powiat. It is currently attached to the Greater Polish Voivodship. The town is located in the middle of the historical region of Pałuki and the Chodzież lake area (Pojezierze chodzieskie), on the river Wełna and its tributaries Nielba and Struga, as well as on the shores of Durów Lake. The Poznan is also a breed of horse, There is also American Poznan, OH. The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ... Bydgoszcz (in Polish pronounce: [:bidgɔʃʧ], Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Powiat is the Polish name for county, a second-level unit of the administrative division and local government in Poland. ... Greater Poland Voivodship (in Polish województwo wielkopolskie) is an administrative region or voivodship of western-central Poland It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Poznan, Kalisz, Konin, Pila and Leszno voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998. ... Chodzież is a town in north-western Poland with 20,400 inhabitants (1995). ...

Wągrowiec
Coat of Arms of Wągrowiec
(Flag) (Coat of Arms)
Motto: none
Voivodship Greater Poland
Municipal government Rada Gminy Wągrowiec
Mayor Stanisław Wilczyński
Area 17.9 km²
Population
 - city
 - urban
 - density

24,481 (1997)
24,481
1,367.5/km²
Founded
City rights
1319
1427 from Władysław II Jagiełło
Latitude
Longitude
52°48'26'' N
17°11'42'' E
Area code +48 67
Car plates PO
Twin towns Schönwalde, Adendorf, Gyula, Krasnogorsk
Municipal Website (http://www.wagrowiec.um.gov.pl)
Contents

5.1 Notable people from Wągrowiec
5.2 Notable Architecture & Other Attractions
5.3 Sport
Dummy flag for use with various infoboxes (most notably the Template:Infobox_Poland). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A motto is a phrase or collection of words intended to describe the motivation or intention of a sociological grouping or organization. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A Voivodship ( Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod. ... Greater Poland Voivodship (in Polish województwo wielkopolskie) is an administrative region or voivodship of western-central Poland It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Poznan, Kalisz, Konin, Pila and Leszno voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... Events Magnus VII ascends the throne of Norway and unites the country with Sweden. ... Wladislaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus II Jagiello (Polish Władysław II Jagiełło, Lithuanian Jogaila, Belarusian Jahajla (Ягайла)) (c. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Adendorf is a municipality in Lüneburg (district) in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Disambiguation: for the town in Hungary see Gyula (town) Gyula was originally a Turkic word which entered the Hungarian language at some point before 950 CE. Under the system of dual kingship which the Magyars used in the 9th century, the two kings of the tribal confederation were the kende...

Geography

The region around the town is rich in lakes. The town itself sits in the middle of Lake Durów. The Wagrowiec municipal area boasts a rare attraction: two rivers, the Nielba and Wełna cross there, without conmingling.


Administration

Wagrowiec is constituted as a gmina miejska, or municipal commune. The city is also the seat of the rural commune of Wągrowiec, and is the seat of powiat of Wągrowiec. Gmina is the principal unit (lowest level) of the territorial division in Poland, and is equivalent to a commune or municipality. ... A commune is an administrative subdivision of various European and African countries, including Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Poland, Senegal, and the Scandinavian countries. ... Powiat is the Polish name for county, a second-level unit of the administrative division and local government in Poland. ... Powiat of Wągrowiec (Polish Powiat Wągrowiecki) is a unit of territorial division in the Greater Poland Voivodship. ...


Situated in the Greater Poland Voivodship since 1999, Wagrowiec was previously a part of the Pila Voivodship (1975-1998). Greater Poland Voivodship (in Polish województwo wielkopolskie) is an administrative region or voivodship of western-central Poland It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Poznan, Kalisz, Konin, Pila and Leszno voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Pila Voivodship ( Polish: Województwo pilske) was a voivodships (unit of administrative division and local government) in Poland from 1975 to 1998. ...


Industry and commerce

Wągrowiec is an important rail and road junction. There are several notable factories located in the town, including the machinery factories (a branch of the Hipolit Cegielski factory in Poznań and a branch of the Zremb machinery factory), a major food processing plants (a mill, meat canning factory and a milk yard) and a furniture factory. The town is also a centre of tourism, with several hotels located along the shores of the lake. Hipolit Cegielski (1815-1868) was a Polish businessman and social and cultural activist. ... The Poznan is also a breed of horse, There is also American Poznan, OH. The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ...


History

The town was founded as a small village called Prostynie by the Cistercian monks from the monastery in Łekno in 1319. In 1381 the name of Wągrowiec is mentioned for the first time in connection with the place. By that time the town received city laws, most likely modelled after the Magdeburg Law. At the end of XVI century king Wladyslaw Jagiello gave the city the privileges of market and fair and in 1396 the Cistercian monastery was moved to the town. Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black Catholic order of monks. ... Events Magnus VII ascends the throne of Norway and unites the country with Sweden. ... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were the laws of the Imperial Free City of Magdeburg during many centuries of the Holy Roman Empire, and possibly the most important set of Germanic medieval city laws. ... A market is a mechanism which allows people to trade, normally governed by the theory of supply and demand. ... For other uses of the word fair see Fair (disambiguation) Fair is the name for the gathering together of people to display or trade produce or other goods, to parade or display animals and often to enjoy associated carnival or fairground entertainment. ... Events September 25 - Bayezid I defeats Sigismund of Hungary and John of Nevers at the Battle of Nicopolis. ...


The town soon started to prosper. In 15th and 16th centuries it was an important centre of trade and commerce, and manufacture (mostly textiles). The period of prosperity came to a halt during the Deluge, when in 1656 the town was captured, pillaged and burnt by the forces of Charles X of Sweden. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... This article is about the history of Poland. ... Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... Charles X or Karl X Gustav (1622 – 1660), king of Sweden, son of John Casimir, Margrave of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, and Catherine, sister of Gustavus Adolphus, was born at the Castle of Nyköping on November 8, 1622. ...


Following the Partitions of Poland, the town in 1793 was annexed by Kingdom of Prussia, and was confiscated from the Cistercians in 1797. Initially a part of the newly-created province of South Prussia, it was in 1807 transferred to the Duchy of Warsaw, a state allied to the Napoleonic France. However, after Napoleon's defeat and the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Wągrowiec was yet again annexed by Prussia—this time to the autonomous Grand Duchy of Poznań. In 1835 the Cistercian monastic order was dissolved, and its property was confiscated by the Prussian authorities. On February 9, 1849, the autonomy of the Duchy was cancelled, and Wągrowiec - under a germanized name of Wongrowitz - became part of the province of Posen. In 1888 a railroad line linking Wągrowiec with Poznań was opened. The Partitions of Poland ( Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... 1797 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... South Prussia ( 1793- 1806) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia, created in Greater Poland after the second partition of Poland ( 1793). ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 158,000 km² Population about 3 million Existed 1807 - 1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: Księstwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae, French: Duche de Varsovie) was a Polish state established... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des Français... The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from October 1, 1814, to June 9, 1815. ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie, German: Grossherzogtum Posen) was province of Prussia in the Polish lands commonly known as Great Poland between the years 1815-1918. ... 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Province of Posen (German: Provinz Posen, Polish: Prowincja Poznańska) was a province of Prussia ( 1846- 1918). ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... The Poznan is also a breed of horse, There is also American Poznan, OH. The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ...


After World War I, Wągrowiec was once again within the borders of a Polish state, the Republic of Poland. This was not automatic, however: in the years 1918-19 Polish inhabitants of Wagrowiec fought in the Greater Poland Uprising. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Soldiers of Greatpolish Army Greater Poland Uprising of 1918-1919 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1918-19 roku) was a military insurrection of the Polish people in the Greater Poland region (also called the Grand Duchy of Poznań) against the German/Prussian forces. ...


Following the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and the conclusion of the Polish Defence War of 1939, the town was annexed to the German Reich. During World War II, Wapno was part of the German Reichsgau Wartheland and its name was changed by the Nazis to Eichenbrück. Many of its Polish inhabitants were expelled to the more easterly areas of the General Government as part of the implementation of lebensraum policies. Wagrowiec was liberated in January of 1945. Molotov (lower left), Ribbentrop (in black) and Stalin (far right) The Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, also known as the Hitler-Stalin pact or Nazi-Soviet pact and formally known as the Treaty of Nonaggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was a non-aggression treaty between Germany and... Polish September Campaign Conflict World War II Date 1 September - 6 October 1939 Place Poland Result Decisive German and Soviet victory The Polish September Campaign — also known as Polish-German War of 1939, in Poland often as Wojna obronna 1939 roku (Defensive War of 1939), in Germany as Polish Campaign... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The history of Germany is, in places, extremely complicated and depends much on how one defines Germany. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Reichsgau Wartheland (initially Reichsgau Posen) was the name given by Nazis to the territory of Greater Poland which was occupied, annexed and directly incorporated into the German Reich after defeating the Polish army in 1939 (as opposed to the General Government, GG). ... The Nazi Party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... The General Government (in full General government for the occupied Polish areas, in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) was the name given by Germany to the governing authority in Poland after its occupation by the Wehrmacht in September and October 1939. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Miscellanea

Notable people from Wągrowiec

  • Jakub Wujek was born here (1541), author of a translation of Holy Scripture into the Polish language.

Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ...

Notable Architecture & Other Attractions

  • the Gothic parish church with a belfry containingRenaissance polichromies dating to (1587)
  • A Baroque Cistertian monastery (late 18th century)
  • Late[Baroque Cistercian church (late 18th century, burnt in 1945, rebuilt 1946-1962)
  • Opatówka abbey - the former seat of the Cistercian Abbots, now a Regional Museum
  • Pyramid of Lakiński - the pyramid-shaped tomb of a Polish captain who served in Napoleon's army.
  • The Dębina oak tree reserve with trees more than 200 years old and 40 metres tall, located just outside the city limits

By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance -French Renaissance -German Renaissance -English Renaissance The Renaissance was an influential cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ... Events February 8 - Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle in England after she is implicated in a plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I. July 22 - Colony of Roanoke: A group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off of North Carolina to re-establish the... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens: dynamic figures spiral down around a void: draperies blow: a whirl of movement lit in a shaft of light, rendered in a free bravura handling of paint The Baroque was a style in art that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Oakland International Airport is located in Oakland, California and serves the San Francisco Bay Area metro region. ...

Sport

The famous Nielba Sports Club is headquartered here. The mens handball team plays in the Polish Second Division, mens soccer team plays in the Fourth Division. Team handball (also known as field handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport where two teams of seven players each (six players and a goalkeeper) pass and bounce a ball trying to throw it in the goal of the opposing team. ... The striker (wearing red jersey) has run past the defender (in white jersey) and is about to take a shot at the goal, while the goalkeeper positions himself to stop the ball. ...


See also

Standesamt Wongrowitz was a civil registration district (Standesamt) located in Kreis Wongrowitz, province of Posen of the German Empire (1871-1918) and administered the communities of: The Wongrowitz Standesamt district abounded with lakes and forest. ... One of several Kreise (English: counties) in the northern administrative district of Bromberg, in the Prussian province of Posen. ...

External links

  • Municipal site (http://www.wagrowiec.pl/index.php?menu=1&id=8)

  Results from FactBites:
 
WÄ…growiec - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (765 words)
Wagrowiec is constituted as a gmina miejska, or municipal commune.
Situated in the Greater Poland Voivodship since 1999, Wagrowiec was previously a part of the Pila Voivodship (1975-1998).
Following the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and the end of the Polish Defence War of 1939, the town was annexed to the German Reich.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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