The Waccamaw River is a river, approximately 140 mi (225 km) long, in southeastern North Carolina and eastern South Carolina in the United States. It drains an area of approximately 1110 sq mi (2886 kmē) in the coastal plain along the eastern border between the two states into the Atlantic Ocean. Along its upper course it is a slow-moving blackwater river surrounded by vast wetlands, passable only by watercraft such as canoe. Along its lower course it is surrounded by sandy banks and old plantation homes, providing an important navigation channel with a unique geography, flowing roughly parallel to the ocean.
It is rises in southern Bladen County in southeastern North Carolina. It flows south through Lake Waccamaw in the Green Swamp southeast of Whiteville, then generally southwest, parallel to the coastline and separated from the ocean by approximately 15 mi (24 km). It enters South Carolina and flows southwest across Horry County, past Conway. Near Burgess it is joined from the northwest by the Great Pee Dee River which rises in north central North Carolina. It continues southwest, separated from the ocean by only 5 mi (8 km) in a long tidal estuary. The long narrow point of land along the ocean formed by the lower river is called Waccamaw Neck.
At Georgetown it receives the Black River from the north, then turns sharply to the southeast and enters the ocean at Winyah Bay, approximately 5 mi (8 km) north along the coast from the mouth of the Santee River.
The lower river is navigable as far as Conway and has formed an important commercial route in the region since the 18th century. Its lower course in South Carolina forms part of the Intercoastal Waterway, which joins the river from the northeast.
The Waccamaw grew cotton, corn, and later tobacco, much the same as their neighbors, and participated in community activities such as hog killings, barn raisings, and wood sawings where community members combined their efforts to help individual members of the settlement.
The tribe is headquartered and bounded by the WaccamawRiver and the Little Pee Dee River in Dimery, Horry County, South Carolina.
The Waccamaw Indians of South Carolina were chartered as a non-profit organization in October of 1992, with the initial organizational meeting held on October 17, 1992.
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