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For other uses of the initials WTO, see The three letter acronym WTO has several meanings. Most commonly, it refers to the World Trade Organization. the World Tourism Organization the World Toilet Organization write-to-operator, a macro used in computer programming. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... WTO (disambiguation).
This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. It is believed that logos may be exhibited on Wikipedia under the fair use provision of United States copyright law. Use of the logo here does not imply endorsement of the organization by Wikipedia or the Wikimedia Foundation, nor does it imply...

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an For the political science journal, see: International Organization An international organization (also called intergovernmental organization) is an organization of international scope or character. There are two main types of international organizations: international intergovernmental organizations, whose members are sovereign states; and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), which are private organizations. Generally the... international organization which oversees a large number of agreements defining the "rules of trade" between its member states (WTO, 2004a). The WTO is the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (usually abbreviated GATT) functions as the foundation of the WTO trading system, and remains in force, although the 1995 Agreement contains an updated version of it to replace the original 1947 one. The GATT, as an international agreement, is very similar to a treaty... General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and operates with the broad goal of reducing or abolishing international Barriers to international trade can take many forms, including: import duties import licenses export licenses import taxes tariffs agricultural subsidies non-tariff barriers However, most trade barriers all work on the same principle: the imposition of some sort of cost on trade that raises the price of the traded products... trade barriers.


WTO headquarters are located in For other uses, see Geneva (disambiguation). Coat of arms of the Canton of Geneva Coat of arms of the City of Geneva Geneva (French: Genève, German: Genf, Italian: Ginevra, Romansh Genevra, Spanish: Ginebra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zurich), located where Lake Geneva (French: Lac... Geneva, The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογο... Switzerland. Its current The Director-General of the World Trade Organization holds the highest permanent office of the World Trade Organization, and is responsible for supervising the administrative functions of the organization. Because World Trade Organizations are made by member states (through either a Ministerial Conference or through the General Council), the Director... Director-General is Supachai Panitchpakdi (born 1946 in Bangkok, Thailand) is director-general of the World Trade Organization since September 1, 2002. In 1986 Supachai Panitchpakdi was appointed as Thailands Deputy Minister of Finance, but when the parliament was dissolved in 1988 he left politics and became president of the Thai Military... Supachai Panitchpakdi. 2004 is a This is a calendar for any leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC), e.g. 2004. January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 1 2 3... As of 12 December 2004, there are 148 members in the organization (WTO, 2004a). All WTO members are required to grant one another Most favoured nation (or most favored nation, MFN) is a term used in international trade. It refers to a relationship between nations as trading partners, with respect to exports by one nation that are imported by the other. A most favoured nation clause is a clause in a trade agreement... most favoured nation status, such that (with some exceptions) trade concessions granted by a WTO member to another country must be granted to all WTO members (WTO, 2004c).


In the late These pages contain the trends of millennia and centuries. The individual century pages contain lists of decades and years. See history for different organizations of historical events. See Calendar and List of calendars for other groupings of years. For earlier time periods see cosmological timeline, geologic timescale, evolutionary timeline, pleistocene... 1990s, the WTO became a major target of protests by the The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Anti-globalization (anti-globalisation) is a political stance of opposition to the perceived negative aspects of globalization. The corresponding movement is widely known as the anti-globalization movement, and is a largely grassroots effort... anti-globalization movement. See critique.

Contents

Origins

The WTO was created on 1 January 1995 to replace the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (usually abbreviated GATT) functions as the foundation of the WTO trading system, and remains in force, although the 1995 Agreement contains an updated version of it to replace the original 1947 one. The GATT, as an international agreement, is very similar to a treaty... General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), a series of post- German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. The German invasion... war trade treaties intended facilitate Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. Free trade is the absence of artificial (government-imposed) barriers to trade among individuals and firms in different nations. International trade is often constricted by different national taxes, other fees... free trade. The GATT principles and agreements were adopted by the WTO, which was charged with administering and extending them. Unlike the GATT, the WTO has a substantial institutional structure.


The WTO is effectively the long-delayed successor to the anticipated International Trade Organization, which was originally intended to follow the GATT. The International Trade Organization charter was agreed at the This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN may stand for: the United Nations the IATA code for Transaero Airlines This page expands a two-letter combination or a three-letter abbreviation/acronym (TLA). It aims to include all uses. This is a disambiguation... UN Conference on Trade and Employment in Havana in March 1948, but was blocked by the The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. Together, they compose the legislative branch of the United States government. Seal of the Senate Each state elects two senators through statewide elections. The Constitution of the United States... U.S. Senate (WTO, 2004b). Some historians have argued that that failure may have resulted from fears within the American business community that the ITO could be used to regulate, rather than liberate, big business (Wilkins, 1997).


Functions

The WTO has two basic functions: as a negotiating forum for discussions of new and existing trade rules, and as a trade dispute settlement body.


Negotiations

Where most international organizations operate on a one country, one vote or even a weighted voting basis, many WTO decisions, such as adopting agreements (and revisions to them) are determined by Consensus has two common meanings. One is a general agreement among the members of a given group or community. The other is as a theory and practice of getting such agreements. The process of achieving consensus involves serious treatment of every group members considered opinion, and a collective trust... consensus. This does not necessarily mean that unanimity is found: only that no Member finds a decision so unacceptable that they must insist on their objection. Voting is only employed as a fall-back mechanism or in special cases.


The advantage of consensus is that it encourages efforts to find the most widely acceptable decision. Main disadvantages include large time requirements and many rounds of negotiation to develop a consensus decision, and the tendency for final agreements to use ambiguous language on contentious points that makes future interpretation of treaties difficult. Richard Steinberg (2002) argues that although the WTO's consensus governance model provides law-based initial bargaining, trading rounds close through power-based bargaining favouring Europe and the United States, and may not lead to Vilfredo Pareto (July 15, 1848 - August 19, 1923) made several important contributions to economics, sociology and moral philosophy, especially in the study of income distribution and in the analysis of individuals choices. He introduced the concept of Pareto efficiency and helped develop the field of microeconomics with ideas such as... Pareto improvement. The most notable recent failures of consensus, at the Ministerial meetings at Seattle (1999) and Cancún (2003), were due to the refusal of some developing countries to accept proposed decisions.


The WTO agreed to begin the current round of negotiations, the "Doha Development Agenda", at the Fourth Ministerial Conference in Doha, Qatar in November 2001 (WTO, 2004d).


Dispute resolution

Unlike many other international organizations, the WTO has significant power to enforce its decisions, through the operation of its The Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) makes decisions on trade disputes between governments that are adjudicated by the Organization. Institutional Structure The DSB is, in effect, a session of the General Council of the WTO: that is, all of the representatives of the WTO member... Dispute Settlement Body, an international trade court with the power to authorize sanctions against states which do not comply with its rulings.


Membership

Enlarge
dark green - members
bright green-yellow-orange-red - negotiations activity in decreasing order
pink - no official relations with the WTO

The WTO had 76 members at its creation. A further 72 members joined over the following ten years, the latest (as of 12 December 2004) being Cambodia on 13 October 2004. A current list of members can be found here (http://www.wto.int/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/org6_e.htm).


A number of non-members have observers at the WTO: Algeria is a country in northern Africa with a coast on the Mediterranean Sea along the north and bordered by Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Niger in the southeast, Mali and Mauritania in the southwest, and Morocco and Western Sahara in the west (the Moroccan border is... Algeria, Principat dAndorra ( Flag Ratio: 7:10 The national flag of Andorra was adopted in 1866. The flag design consists of a tricolor of blue, yellow and red with the coat of arms in the center. National flags List of national flags | Gallery of national flags List of national coats... Andorra, For other uses, see Azerbaijan can refer to either: Republic of Azerbaijan - a sovereign country in South West Asia South Azerbaijan - a region approximately consisting of the Iranian provinces of East Azarbaijan, West Azarbaijan, and Ardabil Azerbaijanis - a Turkic people Azerbaijani language - a Turkic language This is a disambiguation page... Azerbaijan, Commonwealth of The Bahamas Flag of Bahamas ( Flag Ratio: 1:2 The national flag of Bahamas was adopted on July 10, 1973. The flag consists of three horizontal stripes, of aqua blue, yellow and aqua blue; these stand for the sands of the nation and the waters that surround it... Bahamas, Belarus (Belarusian: Белару́сь, Russian: Белару́сь (formerly: Белору́ссия)) is a landlocked nation of Eastern Europe with the capital Minsk. Belarus borders Poland on the west... Belarus, The Kingdom of Bhutan is a small, mountainous nation of south Asia, located in the Himalaya Mountains between China. The local name for the country, Druk Yul (pronounced dru ü), means land of the dragon; it is also called Druk Tsendhen, land of the thunder dragon, as the thunder there is... Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina (also variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. Its capital is Sarajevo and it was formerly one of the six federal units constituting Yugoslavia. The republic gained its independence in the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s and... Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cape Verde (Portuguese: Cabo Verde) is a republic located on an Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa. The previously-uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; they subsequently became a trading center for African slaves. Most Cape Verdeans descend from both groups... Cape Verde, The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a nation of Central Africa. It borders on Cameroon, Gabon, and the Gulf of Guinea. The capital is Malabo. República de Guinea Ecuatorial République de la Guinée Équatoriale (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Unidad, Paz, Justicia (Spanish: (Unity, Peace, Justice... Equatorial Guinea, This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Ityopiya, Amharic ኢትዮጵያ) is a country situated in an area known as the Horn of Africa. It has one of the most... Ethiopia, The term Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes, lit. holy seat) refers in a geographic sense to the episcopal see of Rome, of which the Pope is the ordinary (i.e., the diocesan bishop); in canon law, the terms Holy See and Apostolic See refer to the Pope (Roman Pontiff) and... Holy See (Vatican), The Republic of Iraq is a Middle Eastern country in southwestern Asia encompassing the ancient region of Mesopotamia. It shares borders with Kuwait and Saudi-Arabia to the south, Jordan to the west, Syria to the north-west, Turkey to the north, and Iran to the east. Its current leadership... Iraq, Kazakhstan ( Categories: Language stubs | Turkic languages | Languages of Asia | Languages of China | Languages of Kazakhstan ... Kazakh: Қазақстан, Qazaqstan, This article is about the alphabet officially used in linguistics. The NATO phonetic alphabet (alpha bravo) had informally been called the International Phonetic Alphabet... Kazakhstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, For other uses, see Lebanon (disambiguation). The Lebanese Republic or Lebanon is a country in Southwest Asia, bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It is considered to be one of the fifteen present-day countries that comprise the Cradle of Humanity. Lebanon is bordered by Syria and Israel. الجم... Lebanese Republic, This article is about Libya, the country in North Africa. For the mythical character of the same name see: Libya (mythology). The Great Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya or Libya (Arabic: ليبيا) is a country in North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, located between Egypt... Libya, The Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches... Russian Federation, The Independent State of Samoa (conventional long form) or Samoa (conventional short form) is a country comprising a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean. Previous names are Western Samoa from 1914 to 1997 and German Samoa from 1900 to 1914. Malo Saoloto Tutoatasi o Samoa Independent... Samoa, The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, situated in the equatorial Atlantic about 300 and 250 kilometers (200 and 150 miles), respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon, constitute one of Africas smallest countries. Both are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range. República Democrática... Sao Tome and Principe, The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a country on the Arabian Peninsula. It borders Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen, with the Persian Gulf to its... Saudi Arabia, Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Србија и Црна Гора / Srbija i Crna Gora, often abbreviated as SCG) is the name of the union of Serbia and Montenegro, two former Yugoslav republics united since 2003 in a loose confederation. It is... Serbia and Montenegro (each republic is applying for separate membership), The Republic of Seychelles (Creole: Repiblik Sesel) is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, some 1,600 km east of mainland Africa, northeast of the island of Madagascar. Other nearby island countries and territories include Mauritius and Réunion to the south, Comoros to the southwest, and the Maldives... Seychelles, Foreign relations Main article: Foreign relations of Sudan Sudan has a territorial dispute with Egypt over the Halaib Triangle. States Main article: States of Sudan Sudan has 26 states or wilayat: Al Jazirah, Al Qadarif, Bahr al Jabal, Blue Nile, East Equatoria, Junqali, Kassala, Khartoum, Lakes, North Bahr al... Sudan, The Republic of Tajikistan (Тоҷикистон), formerly known as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic, is a country in Central Asia. It has borders with Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. Jumhurii Tojikiston (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: none Official language Tajiki-Persian... Tajikistan, The Kingdom of Tonga is an archipelago in the southern Pacific Ocean, about a third of the way between New Zealand and Hawaii. It lies south of Samoa and east of Fiji. Puleanga Fakatui o Tonga Kingdom of Tonga (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Ko e Otua... Tonga, -1... Ukraine, The Republic of Uzbekistan is a doubly landlocked country in Central Asia (it is surrounded only by landlocked countries and, along with Liechtenstein, is one of only two such countries in the world). It shares borders with Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. O‘zbekiston Respublikasi (In detail) (Full... Uzbekistan, The Republic of Vanuatu is a country located in the South Pacific Ocean. The archipelago is located some 1,750 km east of Australia, 500 km north-east of New Caledonia, west of Fiji and south of the Solomon Islands. Its colonial name, New Hebrides, is no longer used except... Vanuatu, The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia. It borders China, Laos, Cambodia, and the Gulf of Tonkin. Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Ðộc lập... Vietnam and This article needs to be wikified. Please format this article according to the guidelines laid out at Wikipedia:How to edit a page, then remove this notice. The Republic of Yemen is a country in the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, and is a part of the Middle East, bordering... Yemen. Many of these countries are seeking membership.


Iran ( Persian ( Parsi پارسی ) Spoken in: Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and parts of Uzbekistan Region: Middle east Total speakers: 61.7 million Ranking: 29 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Indo-Iranian   Iranian    Western     Southwestern   ... Iran, which first asked to join the WTO in 1996 is a This is a calendar for a leap year starting on Monday (dominical letter GF). January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3... 1996, has seen its request repeatedly blocked by the This article is on the country in North America. For other uses, see United States may refer to: The United States of America, a country in North America. The SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. The USS United States, a never-built aircraft carrier. The United Mexican... United States, which lists Iran as a state sponsor of The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Terrorism General Definition Conventions Counterterrorism Criticisms Lists Groups Incidents Types Nationalist Religious Left-wing Right-wing State Islamist Ethnic Narcoterrorism Domestic Anarchist Political Eco-terrorism Christian Tactics Hijacking Assassination Car bombing Suicide bombing Kidnapping... terrorism. The Russian Federation ( Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: The Russian Federation ( Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: Russia and many other countries Region: Eastern Europe and Asia Total speakers: 280 million Ranking: 4... Russia is also not yet a member, having first applied to join GATT in 1993 is a This is the calendar for any common year starting on Friday (dominical letter C). (A common year is a year with 365 days -- in other words, not a leap year.) January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa... 1993.


Chronology

  • 1986-1994 - The Uruguay Round was a trade negotiation lasting from September 1986 to April 1994 which transformed the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade into the World Trade Organization. It was launched in Punta del Este in Uruguay (hence the name), followed by negotiations in Montreal, Geneva, Brussels, Washington D.C... Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations culminating in the The Marrakesh Agreement, signed in Marrakech, Morocco, on April 15, 1994, established the World Trade Organization, which came into being upon its entry into force on January 1, 1995. The Marrakesh Agreement developed out of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, which it includes; but it supplemented it with... Marrakech Agreement that established the WTO.
  • January 1 is the One redirects here. For alternate uses, see One (disambiguation). 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >> List of numbers -- Integers 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 >> Cardinal 1 one Ordinal 1st first Numeral system unary... January 1, 1995 was a This is the calendar for any common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A). (A common year is a year with 365 days -- in other words, not a leap year.) January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa... 1995 - The WTO came into existence.
  • May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). There are 244 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... May 1, 1995 - Renato Ruggiero, former director general of the World Trade Organisation and briefly Italian secretary of State (2001). He has held posts as Commerce secretary and in many private firms such as Fiat and the energy firm ENI. Ruggiero entered the foreign service following a degree in law from the University... Renato Ruggiero became director-general for a 4-year term.
  • December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 22 days remaining. December Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... December 9 - December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 18 days remaining. December Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... December 13, 1996 - The inaugural ministerial conference in Republic of Singapore 新加坡共和国 Republik Singapura சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Flag) (Coat of Arms) National motto: Majulah Singapura (English: Onward, Singapore) Official languages English, Mandarin Chinese, Malay, Tamil Capital... Singapore. Disagreements between largely developed and developing economies emerged during this conference over four issues initiated by this conference, which led to them being collectively referred to as the "Singapore issues".
  • May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). There are 227 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... May 18 - May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). There are 225 days remaining. May Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... May 20, 1998 - 2nd ministerial conference in For other uses, see Geneva (disambiguation). Coat of arms of the Canton of Geneva Coat of arms of the City of Geneva Geneva (French: Genève, German: Genf, Italian: Ginevra, Romansh Genevra, Spanish: Ginebra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zurich), located where Lake Geneva (French: Lac... Geneva, The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογο... Switzerland.
  • September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). There are 121 days remaining. September Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23... September 1, For the album by Prince changed his stage name into an unpronounceable symbol in 1993, but took up the name Prince again in 1999. Prince (born Prince Rogers Nelson June 7, 1958) is a popular musician. His music has spanned myriad styles including funk, rhythm and blues, psychedelia and rock... 1999 - This article is about the author and filmmaker. For other people of the same name, see Michael Moore (disambiguation). Michael Moore with his Oscar award after Bowling for Columbine won the 2003 Academy Award for Documentary Feature. Michael Moore (born April 23, 1954 in Davison, Michigan) is a liberal American... Mike Moore became director-general. The post had been fiercely contested; eventually a compromise was reached with Mike Moore and Supachai Panitchpakdi (born 1946 in Bangkok, Thailand) is director-general of the World Trade Organization since September 1, 2002. In 1986 Supachai Panitchpakdi was appointed as Thailands Deputy Minister of Finance, but when the parliament was dissolved in 1988 he left politics and became president of the Thai Military... Supachai Panitchpakdi taking half each of a six-year term.
  • November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 31 days remaining. November Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... November 30 - December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 28 days remaining. December Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18... December 3, 1999 - On November 30, 1999, the World Trade Organization convened in Seattle, Washington, USA, for what was to be the launch of a new millennial round of trade negotiations. The negotiations, which were unsuccessful, were quickly overshadowed by massive and controversial street protests outside the hotels and convention center, in what... 3rd ministerial conference in Seattle skyline Seattle, Washington (Flag of Seattle) (Seal of Seattle) City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land  ... Seattle, Washington, This article is on the country in North America. For other uses, see United States may refer to: The United States of America, a country in North America. The SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. The USS United States, a never-built aircraft carrier. The United Mexican... USA. The conference itself ended in failure, with massive demonstrations and riots drawing worldwide attention.
  • November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. November Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... November 9 - November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. November Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20... November 13, This article is about the year 2001. For information on the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey, see A movie poster from the original release of 2001 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) is an immensely popular and influential science fiction film and book; the film directed by Stanley Kubrick and the... 2001 - 4th ministerial conference in Doha (Arabic: الدوحة;, Ad-Dawhah) (population 370,000) is the capital of Qatar, located on the Persian Gulf. Major industries are oil and fishing. Located near Doha is Education City, an area devoted to research and education. The airport of the city is Doha International... Doha, The State of Qatar (قطر) is an emirate in the Middle East. Situated on a small peninsula off the larger Arabian Peninsula, it borders Saudi Arabia to the south and is otherwise surrounded by the Persian Gulf. The pronunciation of Qatar in English varies; see List of words... Qatar. Issuance of The November 2001 Doha Declaration could be considered one that had an effect on international intellectual property laws and helped stay some of the effects international patent protection policy. In Paragraph 4 of the Doha Declaration on TRIPS (Trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights) and Public Health, governments agreed... the Doha Declaration.
  • December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 20 days remaining. December Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... December 11, 2001 - The The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) comprises most of the cultural, historic, and geographic area known as This article is on the geographic and cultural entity. For other meanings, see ... China (disambiguation). ... ... The The Great Wall of China (TC: 長城; SC: 长城, Pinyin: Chángchéng), also... People's Republic of China joined the WTO after 15 years of negotiations (the longest in GATT history).
  • September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). There are 121 days remaining. September Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23... September 1, 2002 is a This is the calendar for a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F), e.g. 2002, 1991, 1985, 1974, 1963... (A common year is a year with 365 days -- in other words, not a leap year.) January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1... 2002 - Supachai Panitchpakdi became director-general.
  • September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). There are 112 days following it. September Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22... September 10 - September 14 is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years). There are 108 days remaining. September Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23... September 14, 2003 is a This is the calendar for a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E), e.g. 2003. (A common year is a year with 365 days — in other words, not a leap year.) January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4... 2003 - 5th ministerial conference in Cancún is a coastal CITY (Citytv) Slogan: Everywhere! Toronto, Ontario Channel 57 / Cable 7 Owner CHUM Limited Founded 1972 Signal Radius 1740 kW (total) Citytv System CKVU (Vancouver) CITY (Toronto) CITY (often referred to as Citytv Toronto or just City) is a television station based in Toronto, Ontario... Cancún, For other uses, see Mexico (disambiguation). The United Mexican States or Mexico (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México; regarding the use of the variant spelling Méjico, see section The name below) is a country located in North America, bordered to the north by the United States, to the... Mexico. An alliance of 22 The term The South is often used to refer to the poorer, less technologically advanced nations of the world as opposed to The North, which is richer and more developed. In some cases the compass direction south is not accurate; Australia is in this sense a Northern country, even though... southern states, the The G20 (Group of 20, also variously G21, G22 and G20+) is a bloc of developing nations which emerged at the 5th Ministerial WTO conference, held in Cancún, Mexico from 10 September to 14 September 2003. In trade negotiations, the group has pressed for rich countries to end subsidies... G20 (led by India, China and Brazil), resisted demands from The term the North is often used to refer to the wealthy and technologically advanced nations of the world, as opposed to the South, which is poorer and less developed. In some cases the compass direction north is not accurate; Australia is in this sense a Northern country, even though... the North for agreements on the so-called "Singapore issues" and called for an end to Contents // 1 Subsidies status 2 Arguments for subsidies 3 Opposition to subsidies 4 Other opinions 5 U.S. initiatives 6 International initiatives 7 See also 8 External links 8.1 Articles and papers Subsidies status Currently, economic studies place the average farmer subsidy at US$17,000/year for European... agricultural subsidies within the EU and the US. The talks broke down without progress.

Critique

The WTO promotes The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Anti-globalization (anti-globalisation) is a political stance of opposition to the perceived negative aspects of globalization. The corresponding movement is widely known as the anti-globalization movement, and is a largely grassroots effort... economic globalization and Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. Free trade is the absence of artificial (government-imposed) barriers to trade among individuals and firms in different nations. International trade is often constricted by different national taxes, other fees... free trade, which some consider problematic. WTO treaties have been accused of a partial and unfair bias toward A multinational corporation (MNC) or transnational corporation (TNC) is one that spans multiple nations; these corporations are often very large. Such companies have offices and/or factories in different countries. They usually have a centralised head office where they coordinate global management. Very large multinationals have budgets that exceed those... multinational corporations and wealthy nations. While membership is voluntary, not joining practically places the recalcitrant nation under In international commerce and politics, an embargo is the prohibition of commerce and trade with a certain country. It is usually declared by a group of nations against another one, in order to isolate it and to put its government into a difficult internal situation, given that the effects of... embargo. The WTO therefore creates an international system of forced economic rules which discourage change and experimentation.


Decision making in and related to the organization has faced much criticism as well. The "big three" members - the United States, the European Union, and Japan - have been accused of using the WTO to exert undue influence over less powerful member states. In addition, some believe that member states have adopted WTO treaties undemocratically or to the detriment of their citizens.


See also

  • Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. Free trade is the absence of artificial (government-imposed) barriers to trade among individuals and firms in different nations. International trade is often constricted by different national taxes, other fees... Free trade
    • Antidumping is a means to restrict international trade without tariffs. It is supposed to protect significantly endangered domestic industries in cases where foreign firms prices are below the cost of production. Since countries can rule domestically whether native industries are in danger and whether foreign firms prices are below the... Antidumping
    • The Stanley R. Mickelson Safeguard complex in Nekoma, North Dakota, with the separate long-range detection radar located further north at Concrete, North Dakota, was the only operational anti-ballistic missile system ever deployed by the United States. It defended Minuteman ICBM silos near Grand Forks, North Dakota. It had... Safeguard
    • A subsidy is generally a monetary grant given by A government is an organization that has the power to make and enforce laws for a certain territory. There are several definitions on what exactly constitutes a government. Contents // 1 Definitions 2 Operations 2.1 Territory 2.2 Law enforcement 2... Subsidy
  • The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) is a treaty of the World Trade Organization (WTO) that entered into force in January 1995 as a result of the Uruguay Round negotiations to provide for the extension of the multilateral trading system to services. All Members of the WTO are... GATS Agreement
  • International trade is defined as trade between two or more partners from different countries (an exporter and an importer). Early international trade consisted mostly of barter transactions. International trade is also a branch of economics. Traditionally, international trade is justified in economics by comparative advantage theory. New developments include in... International trade
  • The WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) is an international agreement on the subject of intellectual property. It covers copyright, patents, trademarks, trade secrets, industrial designs, geographical indicia and integrated circuit layouts. The enactment of TRIPs in 1994 was an unprecedented and effectively mandatory globalisation... TRIPS Agreement
  • A trade bloc is a large free trade zone or near-free trade zone formed by one or more tax, tariff and trade agreements. Typically trade pacts that define such a bloc specify formal adjudication bodies, e.g. NAFTA trade panels. This may include even a more democratic and participative... Trade bloc

External links

Wikiquote:Main Page File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 02:28, 5 Sep 2004 . . Guanaco (4245 bytes) (clean, optimized...
Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. It is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation. Based on an idea by Daniel Alston and implemented by Brion Vibber, the goal of the project is to produce collaboratively a vast... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
  • Official WTO homepage (http://www.wto.int/)
  • Agreements administered by the WTO (http://www.wto.int/english/docs_e/legal_e/final_e.htm)
  • International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (http://www.ictsd.org/)
  • Recent (9/3/2003) Guardian article on WTO (http://www.guardian.co.uk/fairtrade/story/0,12458,1034971,00.html) - by George Monbiot
  • BBC News - Profile: WTO (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/country_profiles/2429503.stm)
  • BBC News - Timeline: WTO - A chronology of key events (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/country_profiles/2430089.stm)
  • [1] (http://www.3dthree.org/en/pages.php?IDcat=12) Jargon Explained, Glossaries of Trade terms compiled by 3D -> Trade - Human Rights - Equitable Economy.
  • The Nations’ Struggle for the Wealth of the World and its Latest Battlefields (http://www.gegenstandpunkt.com/english/wto.html)

Anti-WTO links

References & Further Reading

  • Braithwaite, John & Peter Drahos (2000), Global Business Regulation, Cambridge University Press.
  • Dunkley, Graham (2000)The Free Trade Adventure, Zed Books.
  • Steinberg, Richard H. (2002). In the shadow of law or power? Consensus-based bargaining and outcomes in the GATT/WTO. International Organization 56 (2), 339–374.
  • World Trade Organization. (2004b). Understanding the WTO - The GATT years: From Havana to Marrakesh (http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/fact4_e.htm). Retrieved Dec. 11, 2004
  • World Trade Organization. (2004c). Understanding the WTO - Principles of the trading system (http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/fact2_e.htm). Retrieved Dec. 11, 2004.
  • World Trade Organization. (2004d). Understanding the WTO - The Doha agenda (http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/doha1_e.htm). Retrieved Dec 11, 2004.
  • World Trade Organization. (2004e). Understanding the WTO - members (http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/org6_e.htm). Retrieved Dec 12, 2004.
  • Wilkins, Mira (1997, Nov. 20) Review of Susan Ariel Aaronson, "Trade and the American Dream: A Social History of Postwar Trade Policy" (http://www.eh.net/bookreviews/library/0046.shtml) Economic History Services.


This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. It is believed that logos may be exhibited on Wikipedia under the fair use provision of United States copyright law. Use of the logo here does not imply endorsement of the organization by Wikipedia or the Wikimedia Foundation, nor does it imply... World Trade Organization (WTO)
An extremely poor country by European standards, Albania is making the difficult transition to a more open-market economy. The collapse of communism in Albania came later and was more chaotic than in other east European countries and was marked by a mass exodus of refugees to Italy and Greece... Albania | Angolas is the fastest-growing economy in Africa, largely due to a major oil boom, but it also ranks in the bottom 10 of socioeconomic conditions in the world. Aside from the oil sector and diamonds, it is in economic disarray because of 26 years of nearly continuous warfare... Angola | Economy - overview: Antigua and Barbudas economy is service-based, with tourism and government services representing the key sources of employment and income. Tourism accounts directly or indirectly for more than half of GDP and is also the principal earner of foreign exchange in Antigua and Barbuda. However, a series... Antigua and Barbuda | This article is in need of attention. Please see its listing on Pages needing attention and improve it (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_Argentina&action=edit) in any way you see fit. When the issues regarding this page have been resolved, remove this notice and... Argentina | Armenia is the second most densely populated of the former Soviet republics. It is a landlocked country between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, bordered on the north and east by Georgia and Azerbaijan and on the south and west by Iran and Turkey. Up until independence, Armenias... Armenia | Australia has a prosperous Western-style capitalist economy, with a per capita GDP at the level of the four dominant West European economies; its developed market economy is dominated by its services sector (65% of GDP), yet it is the agricultural and mining sectors (7% of GDP combined) that account... Australia | Bahrain has a mixed economy, with government control of many basic industries, including the important oil and aluminum industries. Between 1981 and 1993, Bahrain Government expenditures increased by 64%. During that same time, government revenues continued to be largely dependent on the oil industry and increased by only 4%. Bahrain... Bahrain | Fishing is an important source of income in Bangladesh Bangladesh has made significant strides in its economic sector since its civil war with Pakistan in 1971. Bangladesh has become a pioneer in the international garments industry as she is a major exporter of garments in the world. Bangladesh has also... Bangladesh | Since achieving independence in 1966, the island nation of Barbados has transformed itself from a low-income economy dependent upon sugar production to a middle-income economy based on tourism. The economy went into a deep recession in 1990 after 3 years of steady decline brought on by fundamental macroeconomic... Barbados | Economy of Belgium Currency 1 Euro = 100 eurocent Fiscal year Calendar year Trade organisations EU, WTO and OECD Statistics [1] (http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/be.html#top) GDP ranking 28th (2003) [2] (http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/rankorder/2001rank.html) GDP $299... Belgium | The Economy of Belize Forestry was the only economic activity of any consequence in Belize until well into the 20th century when the supply of accessible timber began to dwindle. Cane sugar then became the principal export and recently has been augmented by expanded production of citrus, bananas, seafood, and... Belize | Overview: The economy of Benin remains underdeveloped and dependent on subsistence agriculture, cotton Cotton accounts for 40% of GDP and roughly 80% of official export receipts. There is also production of textiles, palm products, and cocoa. Maize (corn), beans, rice, peanuts, cashews, pineapples, cassava, yams, and other various tubers are... Benin | Economy - overview: Bolivia, long one of the poorest and least developed Latin American countries, has made considerable progress toward the development of a market-oriented economy. Successes under President Sanchez de Lozada (1993-1997) included the signing of a free trade agreement with Mexico and the Southern Cone Common Market... Bolivia | Since independence, Botswana has had the highest average economic growth rate in the world at about 9% per year from 1966 through 1999. Growth in formal sector employment has averaged about 10% per annum over Botswanas first 30 years of independence. The government has consistently maintained budget surpluses and... Botswana | Brazil is the tenth-largest economy in the world, with 2000 GDP of $588 billion. It is a highly diversified economy with wide variations in levels of development. Most large industry is concentrated in the south and southeast. The northeast is traditionally the poorest part of Brazil, but it is... Brazil | The Asian financial crisis in 1997 and 1998, coupled with fluctuations in the price of oil have created uncertainty and instability in Bruneis economy. In addition, the 1998 collapse of the AMEDEO Corporation, Bruneis largest construction firm whose projects helped fuel the domestic economy, caused the country to... Brunei | Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world with an average income per capita of US$300. More than 80% of the population relies on subsistence agriculture, with only a small fraction directly involved in industry and services. Low rainfall, poor soils, lack of adequate communications and... Burkina Faso | As an affluent, high-tech industrial society, Canada today closely resembles the US in its market-oriented economic system, pattern of production, and high living standards. Since World War II, the impressive growth of the manufacturing, mining, and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy into... Canada | Contents // 1 Overview 2 Foreign Trade 3 Finance 4 Figures 5 See also Overview Chile has a market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade. During the early 1990s, Chiles reputation as a role model for economic reform was strengthened when the democratic government of Patricio... Chile | People's Republic of China | The European Union or EU is an Intergovernmentalism is a method of decision-making in international organizations, where power is possessed by the member-states and decisions are made by unanimity. Independent appointees of the governments or elected representatives have solely advisory or implementational functions. Intergovernmentalism is used by most... European Communities | Gabon enjoys a per capita income four times that of most nations of sub-Saharan Africa. This has supported a sharp decline in extreme poverty; yet because of high income inequality a large proportion of the population remains poor. Gabon depended on timber and manganese until oil was discovered offshore... Gabon | Economy - overview: The Gambia has no important mineral or other natural resources and has a limited agricultural base. About 75% of the population depends on crops and livestock for its livelihood. Small-scale manufacturing activity features the processing of peanuts, fish, and hides. Re-export trade normally constitutes a major... Gambia | Hong Kong has often been cited by people such as Milton Friedman and the Cato Institute as an example of the benefits of laissez-faire capitalism. However, many analysts believe that this characterization of the Hong Kong economy is not entirely accurate, as the Hong Kong government, both under British... Hong Kong, China | Icelands small economy is heavily dependent on fishing and related industries, which account for more than 60% of export earnings. The state of the economy is heavily dependent on conditions in markets for marine products. Contents // 1 Imports and exports 2 Inflation 3 Resources and energy 4 Transportation 5... Iceland | Work on improving this article is currently in progress. See: Economy of India/temp. Economy of India 1 Currency 1 Indian Rupee (Re) = 100 paise Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March Trade Organisations SAFTA, ASEAN and WTO Statistics GDP Ranking 4th GDP $3.033 trillion GDP real growth rate 8... India | Indonesia has a market-based economy in which the government plays a significant role. It owns more than 164 state-owned enterprises and administers prices on several basic goods, including fuel, rice, and electricity. In the aftermath of the financial and economic crisis that began in mid-1997, the government... Indonesia | Japans industrialized, free-market economy is the second-largest in the world after the United States in terms of international purchasing power. Its economy is highly efficient and competitive in areas linked to international trade, but productivity is far lower in areas such as agriculture, distribution, and services. After... Japan | Economy - overview: Despite its small size and limited natural resources, Liechtenstein has developed into a prosperous, highly industrialized, free-enterprise economy with a vital financial service sector and living standards on a par with the urban areas of its large European neighbors. Low business taxes - the maximum tax rate is... Liechtenstein | After nearly a decade of strong economic growth averaging 8.7% annually, Malaysia was hard hit by the regional financial crisis of 1997-99. The GDP suffered a sharp 7.5% contraction in 1998 but rebounded in 1999 to grow by 5.6% for the year. The Government of Malaysia... Malaysia | Contents // 1 Overview 1.1 Trade 1.2 Agriculture 1.3 Manufacturing and foreign investment 1.4 Oil and gas 2 National accounts 2.1 GDP 2.2 Poverty and wealth 2.3 Inflation 2.4 Labor 2.5 Budget 2.6 Industries 2.7 Energy 2.8 Agriculture 2... Mexico | Economy - overview: Burma has a mixed economy with private activity dominant in agriculture, light industry, and transport, and with substantial state-controlled activity, mainly in energy, heavy industry, and the rice trade. Government policy in the last 11 years, 1989-99, has aimed at revitalizing the economy after three decades... Myanmar | Economy - overview: Since 1984 the government of New Zealand has accomplished major economic restructuring, moving an agrarian economy dependent on concessionary British market access toward a more industrialized, free market economy that can compete globally. This dynamic growth has boosted real incomes, broadened and deepened the technological capabilities of the... New Zealand | Contents // 1 Overview 2 Energy Resources 3 Statistics 4 See Also 5 External links Overview The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of social capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector (through large-scale state... Norway | Economy - overview: Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by the rugged terrain and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood for the bulk of the population. Mineral deposits, including oil, copper, and gold, account for 72% of export... Papua New Guinea | Economy - overview: Pakistan is a developing country with the worlds sixth-largest population, and an economic-growth rate that has been consistently positive since a 1951 recession. At Purchasing Power Parity, Pakistans GDP in 2003 was estimated at approximately $293 billion, slightly larger than that of Saudi Arabia... Pakistan | This article is about the economy of Peru, located in South America. Contents // 1 Overview 2 Greater Depth 3 Foreign Trade and Balance of Payments 4 Foreign Investment 5 Economic Outlook 6 Narcotics 7 Statistics 8 See also Overview The Peruvian economy has become increasingly market oriented, with major privatizations... Peru | This article is in need of attention. Please see its listing on Pages needing attention and improve it (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Economy_of_the_Philippines&action=edit) in any way you see fit. When the issues regarding this page have been resolved, remove this notice and... Philippines | Economy - overview This map shows the mineral resources of Qatar. Petroleum is the cornerstone of Qatars economy and accounts for more than 60% of total government revenue, more than 30% of gross domestic product, and roughly 80% of export earnings. Proved oil reserves of 3.7 billion barrels (588... Qatar | Contents // 1 Overview 2 Statistical indicators 3 See also 3.1 Stock exchanges 3.2 Stock indicies 3.3 Europe Overview After the collapse of the Soviet Bloc in 1989-91, Romania was left with an obsolete industrial base and a pattern of industrial capacity wholly unsuited to its needs... Romania | The economy of Russia experienced a dramatic transformation in the Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s Years: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Contents // 1 Events and trends 1.1 Computers, technology 1... Russia | Contents // 1 Economy of Singapore 2 Trade, investment, and aid 3 Labour 4 Facts & figures 5 See also Economy of Singapore Singapore enjoys a highly developed and successful free-market economy, a remarkably open and corruption-free business environment, stable prices, and the fifth highest per capita GDP in... Singapore | South Koreas economic growth over the past 30 years has been spectacular. Per capita GNP, only $100 in 1963, exceeded $9,800 in 2002. South Korea is now the worlds ninth largest economy. In the early 1960s, the Park government instituted sweeping economic reforms emphasizing exports and labor... South Korea | Contents // 1 Overview 2 Trade and Foreign Assistance 3 Labor 4 Miscellaneous data 5 External links Overview With an economy of $16.6 billion, and a per capita GDP of about $872, Sri Lanka has mostly enjoyed strong growth rates in recent years. Sri Lanka began to shift away from... Sri Lanka | Despite a dearth of natural resources, the Swiss economy is among the worlds most advanced and prosperous. Per capita income is virtually the highest in the world, but standards of living are not as high as one would expect because protectionism has risen wages and prices alike. During most... Switzerland | Dr. Sun Yat-Sen decorates a 100NT bill. The Republic of China on the island of Taiwan has a dynamic capitalist economy with gradually decreasing guidance of investment and foreign trade by the government. In keeping with this trend, some large government-owned banks and industrial firms are being privatized... Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu | The economy of Thailand is export-dependent, with exports accounting for 60% of GDP. Thailands recovery from the 1997-98 Asian financial crisis relied largely on external demand from the United States and other foreign markets. The Thaksin government took office in February 2001 with the intention of stimulating... Thailand | Turkey began a series of reforms in the 1980s designed to shift the economy from a statist, insulated system to a more private-sector, market-based model. The reforms spurred growth, but growth was punctuated by sharp recessions and financial crises in 1994, 1999, and 2001. Turkeys failure to... Turkey | Prior to the first exports of oil in 1962, the United Arab Emirates economy was dominated by pearl production, fishing, agriculture, and herding. Since the rise of oil prices in 1973, however, petroleum has dominated the economy, accounting for most of its export earnings and providing significant opportunities for investment... United Arab Emirates | Pooker is the best Currency 1 poop on me my butt is worth more Fiscal year i am so rich ok ok what do ypou call a dumb canadian a american Trade Organisations i trade poop for pee and you moma for paper Statistics GDP Ranking (2003) [1] (http... United States | Although a manufacturing sector producing consumer goods exists, the economy is still based on oil. Since 1950s to the beginning of 1980s the Venezuelan economy was the strongest in South America. This continuous growth during that period attracted many immigrants. Since the collapse of the oil price in mid 1980s... Venezuela
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  Results from FactBites:
 
World Trade Organization - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1668 words)
The WTO is the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and operates with the broad goal of reducing or abolishing international trade barriers.
The WTO was created on January 1, 1995 to replace the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), a series of post-war trade treaties intended to facilitate free trade.
The WTO began the current round of negotiations, the Doha round, at the Fourth Ministerial Conference in Doha, Qatar in November 2001 (WTO, 2004d).
World Trade or World Domination? (2257 words)
Borne along on one side by Armani-clad horsemen of the global economy, the WTO will be weighed down on the other by throngs of disenchanted, dispossessed and altogether displeased dissenters who insist that the pro-corporate, undemocratic nature of the institution portends nothing but misery for the majority of the world's inhabitants.
WTO agreements, says Debi Barker, deputy director of the International Forum on Globalization, while eventually ratified by all member countries, are often decided upon by a small group.
In one highly publicized case, the WTO ruled in January 1999 that the EU could no longer give preferential treatment to banana imports from former colonies in the Caribbean, a decision which is likely to hurt the region's already-impoverished, primarily small-scale banana farmers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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