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Encyclopedia > WTA Tour

WTA stands for Women's Tennis Association, and is also known as the WTA Tour, and is to women's tennis what the ATP is to men's tennis. In 2005 the WTA changed its name into The Sony Ericsson WTA Tour. The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in 1972 to protect the interests of male professional Tennis players. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Women's Tennis Association was begun in Houston, Texas when the inaugural Virginia Slims event was won on 23 September 1970. Billie Jean King was a major figure in the early days of the WTA. Skyline of Downtown Houston from Eleanor Tinsley Park Located in southeast Texas, Houston is the fourth largest city in the United States and one of the two largest economic areas in Texas. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Billie Jean King, professional tennis player. ...

Contents

Tournament categories

  1. Grand Slam Events
  2. Season-ending championships (WTA Tour Championships): with Three Million Dollars ($3,000,000) prize money.
  3. Tier tournaments:
    1. Tier I (minimum prize money of $1,300,000): There are ten (10) Tier I Tournaments.
    2. Tier II (minimum prize money of $585,000): There are sixteen (16) Tier II Tournaments
    3. Tier III (minimum prize money of $170,000): There are seventeen (17) Tournaments in this Tier.
    4. Tier IV (minimum prize money of $140,000): There are twelve (12) in this Tier.
    5. Tier V (minimum prize money of $110,000): There are two (2) in this Tier.

A Grand Slam is a term in tennis used to denote winning all four of the following championship titles in the same year: Australian Open French Open Wimbledon U.S. Open These tournaments are therefore also known as the Grand Slam tournaments, and rank as the most important tennis tournaments...

Ranking

The organization releases a weekly ranking of the players's performance in the tour. Players' ranking points are counted how they fare on individual rounds of a tournament (round points) as well as the rank of the players they defeat (quality points). The following table gives the distribution of "round points":

Description W F SF QF R16 R32 R64 R128 QLFR Q3 Q2 Q1
Grand Slam (Singles) 650 456 292 162 90 56 32 2 26 21 12.5 2
Grand Slam (Doubles) 650 456 292 162 90 56 2 22 - - -
Tour Championships 485 340 218 121 67 - - - - - - -
Tier I (128) $2,000,000 325 228 146 81 45 28 16 1 11 - 6.25 1
Tier I (32) $2,000,000 325 228 146 81 45 1 - - 20 - - -
Tier I (16) $1,300,000 300 210 135 75 1 - - - 19 - - -
Tier I (32) $1,300,000 300 210 135 75 42 1 - - 18.5 10.5 5.75 1
Tier I (64) $1,300,000 300 210 135 75 42 25 1 - 10.5 - 5.75 1
Tier II (16) $650,000 220 154 99 55 1 - - - 13 - - -
Tier II (32) $650,000 220 154 99 55 29 1 - - 13.25 7.75 4.5 1
Tier II (64) $650,000 220 154 99 55 29 15 1 - 7.75 - 4.5 1
Tier II (16) $585,000 195 137 88 49 1 - - - 11.75 - - -
Tier II (32) $585,000 195 137 88 49 25 1 - - 11.75 6.75 4 1
Tier II (64) $585,000 195 137 88 49 25 14 1 - 11.75 6.75 4 1
Tier II (64) $585,000 195 137 88 49 25 14 1 - 6.75 - 4 1
Tier III (16) $225,000 145 103 66 37 1 - - - 9.5 - - -
Tier III (32) $225,000 145 103 66 37 19 1 - - 8.5 4.5 2.75 1
Tier III (64) $225,000 145 103 66 37 19 10 1 - 4.5 - 2.75 1
Tier III (16) $170,000 120 85 55 30 1 - - - 7.5 - - -
Tier III (32) $170,000 120 85 55 30 16 1 - - 7.25 3.75 2.25 1
Tier III (64) $170,000 120 85 55 30 16 9 1 - 3.75 - 2.25 1
Tier IV (16) $140,000 95 67 43 24 1 - - - 6.25 - - -
Tier IV (32) $140,000 95 67 43 24 12 1 - - 5.5 3.5 2 1
Tier IV (32) $140,000 95 67 43 24 12 1 - - 3.5 - 2 1
Tier V (16) $110,000 80 56 36 20 1 - - - 5 - - -
Tier V (32) $110,000 80 56 36 20 10 1 - - 4.5 3 2 1
ITF $75,000 + H* (16) 65 46 29 16 1 - - - - - - -
ITF $75,000 + H* (32) 65 46 29 16 8 1 - - 2.5 2 1.5 1
ITF $75,000 (16) 55 38.5 24.5 14.5 1 - - - - - - -
ITF $75,000 (32) 55 38.5 24.5 14.5 7 1 - - 2.5 2 1.5 1
ITF $50,000 + H* (16) 45 31.5 20 11.5 1 - - - - - - -
ITF $50,000 + H* (32) 45 31.5 20 11.5 5.5 1 - - 2.5 2 1.5 1
ITF $50,000 (16) 35 24.5 15.5 8.5 1 - - - - - - -
ITF $50,000 (32) 35 24.5 15.5 8.5 5 1 - - 2.5 2 1.5 1
ITF $25,000 (16) 25 17 11.5 7 1 - - - - - - -
ITF $25,000 (32) 25 17 11.5 7 3.5 1 - - 1.5 - .5 .25
ITF $10,000 M** (8) 12 8 5 1 - - - - - - - -
ITF $10,000 M**(16) 12 8 5 3 1 - - - - - - -
ITF $10,000 (16) 6 4 2 1.5 - - - - - - - -
ITF $10,000 (32) 6 4 2 1.5 1 - - - .75 - - -
ITF $ 5,000 M** (8) 5 4 2 1 - - - - - - - -
ITF $ 5,000 M**(16) 5 4 2 1.5 1 - - - - - - -

(*) “+H” indicates that Hospitality is provided (**) “M” indicates a Masters event


The "quality points" are calculated according to the table below:

Loser’s Rank Points Grand Slam Points
1 100 200
2* 75 150
3 66 132
4 55 110
5 50 100
6-10 43 86
11-16 35 70
17-25 23 46
26-35 15 30
36-50 10 20
51-75 8 16
76 –120 4 8
121–250 2 4
251–500 1 2
501-> 0 0

This is a list of players who have achieved the number one position in singles since the rankings' inception in 1975: 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ...

# Player Country Date Reached Weeks
1 Chris Evert United States 3 November 1975 262
2 Martina Navratilova Czechoslovakia/United States 10 July 1978 331
3 Tracy Austin United States 7 April 1980 22
4 Steffi Graf Germany 17 August 1987 377
5 Monica Seles Yugoslavia/United States 11 March 1991 178
6 Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Spain 6 February 1995 12
7 Martina Hingis Switzerland 31 March 1997 209
8 Lindsay Davenport United States 12 October 1998 70, until May 23 2005
9 Jennifer Capriati United States 15 October 2001 17
10 Venus Williams United States 25 February 2002 11
11 Serena Williams United States 8 July 2002 57
12 Kim Clijsters Belgium 11 August 2003 12
13 Justine Henin Hardenne Belgium 20 October 2003 44
14 Amelie Mauresmo France 13 September 2004 5

Christine Marie Evert (born December 21, 1954) is a professional tennis player. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Navratilova at the 2000 US Open Martina Navrátilová  listen (born October 18, 1956) is a Czech-born American tennis player. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Tracy Austin (born December 12, 1962 in Rolling Hills, California) was a tennis player. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Steffi Graf honored at the WTA. Stefanie Maria Graf (born June 14, 1969 in Mannheim, Germany) is a former tennis player, considered to be the greatest female player in history. ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Monica Seles (born December 2, 1973), originally Monika Seleš, is an accomplished female tennis player and the winner of many tournaments including nine Grand Slam titles. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arantxa Sánchez Vicario1 (b. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hingis at the 1995 US Open Martina Hingis, originally Martina Hingisová Molitorová (September 30, 1980–), is an accomplished professional tennis player from Switzerland. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining, as the final day of March. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Reef. ... Davenport at the 1998 US Open Lindsay Davenport (born June 8, 1976 in Palos Verdes, California) is an American professional tennis player. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Jennifer Capriati Jennifer Marie Capriati (born March 29, 1976) is an American professional tennis player, currently living in Saddlebrook, Florida. ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in Leap years). ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Venus Williams. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Serena Williams in the Round of 16 of the 2005 Australian Open. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Clijsters at the 2002 US Open Kim Clijsters [Klay-sterce]  listen , (born on June 8, 1983) is a Belgian tennis player. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Justine Henin-Hardenne Justine Henin-Hardenne (born June 1, 1982, Liege, Belgium) is a successful tennis player from the Wallonia (francophone) region of Belgium. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Am lie Mauresmo (born 5 July 1979) is a French professional tennis player. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Records

Title Leaders in the Open Era

  1. Martina Navratilova: 167
  2. Chris Evert: 154
  3. Steffi Graf: 107
  4. Margaret Court: 92
  5. Evonne Goolagong Cawley: 68
  6. Billy Jean King: 67
  7. Virginia Wade: 55
  8. Monica Seles: 53
  9. Lindsay Davenport: 46
  10. Martina Hingis: 40
  11. Conchita Martinez: 33
  12. Venus Williams: 31
  13. Tracy Austin: 30

Most Titles in a Season

  1. Margaret Court: 21 (1970)
  2. Margaret Court: 18 (1969, 1973)
  3. Bily Jean King: 17 1971
  4. Chris Evert: 16 (1974, 1975)
  5. Martina Navratilova: 16 (1983)
  6. Evonne Goolagong Cawley: 15 (1970)
  7. Martina Navratilova: 15 (1982)

Oldest Winners of a Title

  1. Billie Jean King: 39 yrs, 7 mos, 23 days (1983 Birmingham)
  2. Martina Navratilova: 37 yrs, 4 mos, 2 days (1994 Paris Indoors)
  3. Margaret Court: 34 yrs, 4 mos, 26 days (1976 Melbourne)

Youngest Winners of a Title

  1. Tracy Austin: 14 yrs, 28 days (1977 Portand)
  2. Andrea Jaeger: 14 yrs, 7 mos, 14 days (1980 Las Vegas)
  3. Kathy Rinaldi: 14 yrs, 6 mos, 24 days (1981 Kyoto)

Match Win Leaders in Open Era

  1. Martina Navratilova: 1442
  2. Chris Evert: 1304
  3. Steffi Graf: 900
  4. Virginia Wade: 839
  5. Arantxa Sanchez-Vicario: 759
  6. Conchita Martinez: 711
  7. Evonne Goolagong Cawley: 704
  8. Billy Jean King: 695
  9. Lindsay Davenport: 635
  10. Gabriela Sabatini: 632
  11. Pam Shriver: 625
  12. Helena Sukova: 614
  13. Nathalie Tauziat: 606

Evonne Fay Goolagong Cawley, born July 31, 1951 at Griffith, New South Wales, Australia, was a professional tennis player. ...

Longest Winning Streaks

  1. 74 - Martina Navratilova (1984)
  2. 66 - Steffi Graf (1989-90)
  3. 58 - Martina Navratilova (1986-87)
  4. 57 - Margaret Court (1972-73)
  5. 55 - Chris Evert (1974)
  6. 54 - Martina Navratilova (1983-84)

Calendar-year Grand Slams

  • Maureen Connolly (United States) in 1953
  • Margaret Court (Australia) in 1970
  • Steffi Graf (Germany) in 1988

Tennis returned to the Olympic Games in the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, having been left out since the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. ...

Non calendar-year Grand Slams

  • Martina Navratilova (United States): 1983 Wimbledon, US Open, Australian Open & 1984 French Open
  • Steffi Graf (Germany): 1993 French Open, Wimbledon, US Open, 1994 Australian Open
  • Serena Williams (United States): 2002 French Open, Wimbledon, US Open, 2003 Australian Open

Career Grand Slams

(year indicates first victory in a particular Slam)

  • Doris Hart (United States) - 1949 Australian Open, 1950 French Open, 1951 Wimbledon, 1954 US Open
  • Shirley Fry (United States) - 1957 Australian Open, 1951 French Open, 1956 Wimbledon, 1956 US
  • Billie Jean King (United States) - 1968 Australian Open, 1972 French Open, 1966 Wimbledon, 1967 US Open
  • Chris Evert (United States) - 1982 Australian Open, 1974 French Open, 1974 Wimbledon, 1975 US
  • Martina Navratilova (United States) - 1981 Australian Open, 1982 French Open, 1978 Wimbledon, 1983 US Open
  • Serena Williams (United States) - 2003 Australian Open, 2002 French Open, 2002 Wimbledon, 1999 US Open

Grand Slam Title Leaders

Player Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open Overall Total
S D MD S D MD S D MD S D MD S D MD
Margaret Smith Court 11 8 2 5 4 4 3 2 5 5 5 8 24 19 19 62
Martina Navratilova 3 8 1 2 7 2 9 7 4 4 9 2 18 31 9 58
Billie Jean King 1 0 1 1 1 2 6 10 4 4 5 4 12 16 11 39
M. Osbourne Dupont DNP 2 3 0 1 5 1 3 13 9 6 21 10 37
Doris Hart 1 1 2 2 5 3 1 4 5 2 4 5 6 14 15 35

[S=Singles; D=Doubles; MD= Mixed Doubles]


Internal Links

The WTA Tour Championships was held for the first time in 1972 in Boca Raton, Florida (USA). ... List of female tennis players: A-B - C-E - F-J - K-L - M-N - O-R - S - T-Z A-B Sabine Appelmans (Belgium) Shinobu Asagoe (Japan) Tracy Austin (USA) Meike Babel (Germany) Elena Baltacha (England) Sue Barker (England) Anca Barna (Germany) Peaches Bartlowicz (USA) Marion Bartoli (France) Carling... This is a list of the tournaments played on the WTA Tour in 2005. ...

External Links

  • The official Sony Ericsson WTA Tour web site (http://www.wtatour.com/)
  • History of the Women’s Tennis Association (http://www.wtatour.com/thewtatour/stories/tourstory.asp)
  • Singles Entry Ranking (http://www.wtatour.com/rankings/singles_numeric.asp/)
  • Singles Race Ranking (http://www.wtatour.com/rankings/porsche/singles.asp/)
  • Doubles Entry Ranking (http://www.wtatour.com/rankings/doubles_numeric.asp/)
  • Doubles Race Raking (http://www.wtatour.com/rankings/porsche/team.asp/)

  Results from FactBites:
 
GameSpy.com - Review (855 words)
The company's latest release, WTA Tour Tennis, does nothing for the company's sports credentials, as it is just as mediocre as the other sports games in Konami's lineup.
Playing WTA Tour Tennis is enjoyable for the first few minutes, until the realization hits that there is absolutely zero skill involved.
WTA Tour Tennis tries to be a "hip" tennis game, unfortunately it falls flat on its face.
Newsvine - WTA Tour Hopes to Shorten Season in 2009 (418 words)
LONDON — The WTA Tour wants to shorten its season, reduce the number of mandatory tournaments and give the top women more of a break after Grand Slam events.
Steve Simon, a WTA Tour board member and the tournament council chairman, said the plans were developed with input from tournaments, players, sponsors and media.
According to the tour, withdrawals from Tier I events — the 10 most important WTA tournaments — by players ranked in the top 10 more than doubled from 13 in 2005 to a record 31 in 2006.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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