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Encyclopedia > WLAC
WLAC
Image:WLAC.gif
City of license Nashville, Tennessee
Branding NewsRadio 1510 WLAC
Slogan Tennessee's News, Traffic, and Weather Station
First air date November 24, 1926
Frequency 1510 (kHz)
Format News/Talk
Power 50,000 watts
Class A
Callsign meaning Life And Casualty (reference to former owner)
Owner Clear Channel Communications
Website www.wlac.com

WLAC is a clear channel radio station based in Nashville, Tennessee, operating at 1510 kHz on the AM dial. Its first broadcast took place on November 24, 1926. The call letters were chosen to contain an acronym for the first owner of the station, the Life and Casualty Insurance Company of Tennessee. Image File history File links WLAC.gif Logo for WLAC Radio, Nashville, Tennessee This is a logo of a radio station, network, corporation, or other organization, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... In the United States (and potentially elswhere), each radio station or TV station is assigned a city of license by the Federal Communications Commission that they must serve. While this has become far less meaningful over the decades, stations are still required to post their public file somewhere within the... Nickname: Music City Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area    - City 526. ... Look up Slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sine waves of various frequencies; the bottom waves have higher frequencies than those above. ... A kilohertz (kHz) is a unit of frequency equal to 1,000 hertz (1,000 cycles per second). ... A radio format or programming format describes the overall content broadcast on a radio station. ... NEWS is the abbreviation of North,East,West,South. ... Talk radio is a radio format which features discussion of topical issues. ... Nominal power is a measurement of a mediumwave radio stations output used in the United States. ... The watt (symbol: W) is the SI derived unit of power, equal to one joule per second. ... This is the list of broadcast station classes. ... Call sign can refer to different types of call signs: Airline call sign Aviator call sign Cosmonaut call sign Radio and television call signs Tactical call sign, also known as a tactical designator See also: International Callsign Allocations, Maritime Mobile Service Identity This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... This article is about the company. ... This page as shown in the AOL 9. ... Clear channel stations are AM radio stations that are designated as such so that only one or two 50,000 watt powerhouses operate at night on each designated frequency, covering a wide area via sky wave propagation. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and appeal to a wider international audience, this article may require cleanup. ... Nickname: Music City Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area    - City 526. ... A kilohertz (kHz) is a unit of frequency equal to 1,000 hertz (1,000 cycles per second). ... AM broadcasting is radio broadcasting using Amplitude Modulation. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... In radio (including television), a callsign or call sign (also call letters) is a unique designation for amateur, broadcast, and sometimes military radio use, as well as for broadcast television. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Backronym and Apronym (Discuss) Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations, such as NATO, laser, and ABC, written as the initial letter or letters of words, and pronounced on the basis of this abbreviated written form. ... The Life and Casualty Insurance Company of Tennessee was a life insurance company based in Nashville, Tennessee, founded in 1903 by A. M. Burton, great-grandfather of singer Amy Grant. ...

Contents

Early history

The early years of the station featured, as most big-city stations of that time, network programming (WLAC was a CBS affiliate), local news, studio-orchestra musical features (accompanied by an in-studio pipe organ), farm reports, and some educational programming. Its main competitor in that era was WSM, which became known as the radio station where country music essentially developed and became a national phenomenon. When country music became a big business in the late 1940s, WLAC added early-morning and Saturday-afternoon shows in an attempt to steal some of WSM's thunder. Otherwise, the station prided itself as a pillar of the community and placed emphasis on general full-service programs. CBS (an abbreviation for Columbia Broadcasting System, its former legal name) is one of the largest television networks, and formerly one of the largest radio networks, in the United States. ... WSM may refer to one of the following: AM radio station WSM in Nashville, Tennessee, USA FM radio station WSM-FM, also in Nashville Web-based System Manager, an IBM management software for administering AIX 5L host on RS/6000 systems. ... country music, see Country music (disambiguation) Country music, also known as country and western music or country-western, is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States. ...


The nighttime R & B years

By the 1950s, however, WLAC would achieve a distinctive notoriety of its own. The station became legendary from a quartet of nighttime rhythm and blues shows hosted by Gene Nobles, "John R." (John Richbourg), Herman Grizzard, and Bill "Hossman" (or simply "Hoss") Allen in the 1950s and 1960s. Thanks to the station's clear channel designation, the signal reached most of the Eastern and Midwestern United States, although African-American listeners in the Deep South were the intended audience of the programs. Further, several foreign countries, particularly islands in the Caribbean, were within range of the station's nighttime signal; it was said to have played a considerable role in the development of reggae music as a result. WLAC was particularly popular with some young Euro-American teenagers; some believe that the nightly shows laid the foundational audience for the rock and roll phenomenon of the late 1950s. Rhythm and blues (aka R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences — first performed by African American artists. ... Gene Nobles (born August 3, 1913, Hot Springs, Arkansas; died September 21, 1989, Nashville, Tennessee) was an American radio disc jockey who attained fame and notoriety from the 1940s through the 1970s for playing rhythm and blues and music on Nashville radio station WLAC. Nobles, a former carnival barker, bingo... John R. (born John Richbourg, Manning, South Carolina, circa 1910; died February 15, 1986, Nashville, Tennessee) was an American radio disc jockey who attained fame and notoriety in the 1950s and 1960s for playing rhythm and blues music on Nashville radio station WLAC. Richbourg was arguably the most popular and... Herman Grizzard (died 1971, Nashville, Tennessee) was an American radio disc jockey who attained fame and notoriety from the 1940s through the 1970s for playing rhythm and blues and music on Nashville radio station WLAC. Grizzard was one host of a nightly series of four programs on the station; he... Bill Allen (aka Hossman or Hoss; born William Trousdale Allen III, Gallatin, Tennessee; died February 25, 1997, Nashville, Tennessee) was an American radio disc jockey who attained fame and notoriety from the 1950s through the 1990s for playing rhythm and blues and black gospel music on Nashville radio station WLAC... The U.S. Northeast is a region of the United States of America defined by the US Census Bureau. ... Midwest States (United States of America, ND to OH) The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Southern United States The states shown in dark red are usually included in the South, while all or portions of the striped states may or may not be considered part of the Southern United States. ... World map depicting Caribbean : West Indies redirects here. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... 2000 density of European Americans A European American, or more commonly a Euro-American, is an American of European descent, usually referring to white people or Caucasians. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ...


Nobles began the move, in 1946, toward what were considered at the time "race" records, a euphemism intended to deter supposedly respectable audiences. But he and the others discovered the large numbers of African-Americans in places like the Mississippi Delta, the Carolina Lowcountry, Louisiana, Chicago, and Detroit, people who practically no other radio stations were serving. Gradually phasing in artists like Amos Milburn, Chuck Berry, and Fats Domino in the early 1950s to supplement the big-band artists of the era such as Tommy Dorsey and Glenn Miller, the WLAC announcers presided over the development of what became "rhythm-and-blues" music. They did this mainly to attract advertisers who serviced the African-American community, such as hair-care products. The jockeys developed a reputation for colorfully pitching those products on-air; some product slogans lent themselves to sexually suggestive double entendres, which only increased the announcers' popularity among teen listeners. The jockeys conducted the advertising sales on a "per inquiry", or commission, basis, meaning that ratings per se did not play a major role in the programs' successes. The shared flood plain of the Yazoo and Mississippi Rivers The Mississippi Delta is the distinct northwest section of the state of Mississippi that lies between the Mississippi and Yazoo Rivers. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town, The City of Big Shoulders The 312 Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook Incorporated March 4, 1837 Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Amos Milburn (born April 1, 1927 in Houston, Texas, died January 3, 1980 in Houston, Texas ), was an American rhythm and blues singer, and pianist, popular in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Charles Edward Anderson Chuck Berry (born October 18, 1926) is an American guitarist, singer, and song writer. ... Fats Domino Antoine Dominique Fats Domino (born February 26, 1928 or possibly May 10, 1929 in New Orleans, Louisiana), is a classic R&B and rock and roll singer, songwriter and pianist. ... Tommy Dorsey (November 19, 1905 – November 26, 1956) was a jazz trombonist and bandleader in the Big Band era. ... Alton Glenn Miller (March 1, 1904–circa December 15, 1944), born in Clarinda, Iowa, was an American jazz musician and bandleader in the swing era. ... Rhythm and blues (aka R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences — first performed by African American artists. ... A double entendre or innuendo is a figure of speech similar to the pun, in which a spoken phrase can be understood in either of two ways. ...


Performers of later years, such as Johnny Winter, credit the station as being a valuable source of inspiration for their artistic development. A strange irony about the phenomenon was unknown to most listeners of that time: all four disc jockeys were in fact middle-aged Caucasians, not African-Americans, as their Southern, gravelly, drawling voices suggested. Richbourg and Allen in particular made frequent use of colloquialisms most familiar to their audience, thereby convincing many that they were "soul brothers," as a common expression of that day would have it. Johnny Winter (born John Dawson Winter III on 23 February 1944 in Beaumont, Texas) is an American blues guitarist and singer, well known for his albinism, as well as his musical skills. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... The Southern United States Red states show the core of the American South. ...


Other regular sponsors of the four shows included Randy's Record Shop of Gallatin, Tennessee, Ernie's Record Mart, and Buckley's Record Shop, the latter two of Nashville, all of which conducted mail order business selling the recordings featured on the shows, and had affiliations with record companies in Middle Tennessee. Buckley's Record Shop folded in the early 1970s; Randy's Record Shop ceased operating in the late 1990s. Allen and Richbourg also had financial interests in recording companies, artist management, and recording studios at varying points in their careers. Gallatin is a city in Sumner County, Tennessee, United States. ... Middle Tennessee is a distinct portion of the state of Tennessee, delineated according to law as well as custom. ...


Each jockey's program lasted from one to two hours per evening Mondays through Saturdays, occupying roughly (with adjustments over the years) the period between 8 p.m. and 2 a.m. Central Time; on Sunday nights, Richbourg or Allen hosted programs featuring the similar black gospel genre. Richbourg and Allen took credit for helping boost (or start) the careers of artists like James Brown, Ray Charles, B. B. King, Otis Redding, Jackie Wilson, Aretha Franklin; Nobles helped the likes of Little Richard. hi ... James Brown (born James Joseph Brown, Jr. ... Ray Charles was the stage name of Ray Charles Robinson (September 23, 1930 – June 10, 2004). ... Riley B. King aka B. B. King (born September 16, 1925) is an American blues guitarist and singer-songwriter. ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ... Jackie Wilson Jack Leroy Jackie Wilson (June 9, 1934–January 21, 1984) was an American soul and R&B singer born in Detroit, Michigan, where he became active in the music business. ... Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American gospel, soul and R&B singer born in Memphis, Tennessee, but raised in Detroit, Michigan. ... Little Richard (born Richard Wayne Penniman, December 5, 1932 in Macon, Georgia) is an American singer, songwriter, and pianist. ...


The 1970s and the Top 40

Other than the famous late-night shows, WLAC followed a fairly conventional news/features course in the daytime until the early 1970s, when new management attempted to program a standard-issue consulted Top 40 format, competing against ratings leader WMAK (now defunct) for the Nashville-area teenage audience. This move in particular is believed to have prompted Richbourg and Nobles to retire, as they had no interest in conforming to a predetermined, pop-oriented playlist. Top 40 is a radio format based on frequent repetition of songs from a constantly-updated list of the forty best-selling singles. ...


In addition to this, most markets in WLAC's night-time coverage area now had African-American-oriented stations of their own, most of which attracted the demographic groups that formerly listened to Allen, Richbourg, and Nobles' shows as their only source for R&B and soul music. Furthermore, musical tastes among younger listeners in particular changed in divergent directions as the 1970s approached, as Euro-American youth began to prefer the hard rock that initially modeled itself on the blues (especially on the upstart FM stations that began playing it), while African-American kids gravitated toward the grittier edges of funk or early disco and, eventually, rap. This made the Motown, Muscle Shoals, and Memphis sounds favored by the DJ trio seem passe, and the hosts' audience, unsurprisingly, began to age, something almost always unattractive to radio station managers. Soul music is a music genre that combines rhythm and blues and gospel music originating in the late 1950s in the United States. ... 2000 density of European Americans A European American, or more commonly a Euro-American, is an American of European descent, usually referring to white people or Caucasians. ... Hard rock is a form of rock and roll music which finds its closest roots in early-1960s garage rock and psychedelic rock. ... Funk music was originated by African Americans, e. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... Muscle Shoals is a city located in Colbert County, Alabama, USA. As of the 2000 census, the population of the city is 11,924. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The River City, The Bluff City, M-Town Location Location in Shelby County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Tennessee Shelby County Mayor W. W. Herenton (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 294. ...


The retirements, however, alienated many former listeners outside Nashville who no longer heard distinctive programming, and WLAC appeared to gain little Arbitron improvements from the remaining local audience, this despite nonstop promotional events staged throughout the Nashville area. Only Hoss Allen kept his program, which he converted sometime in the late 1970s or early 1980s to a black gospel format, by moving it to the overnight slot before morning drive-time; despite complying with management wishes (unlike Richbourg and Nobles), WLAC never promoted Allen's shows actively again. Arbitron is a radio audience research company in the United States. ...


News and talk since 1980

The station finally pulled the plug on its unsuccessful run as a Top 40 outlet and changed formats to news and talk in 1980, making it one of the first stations in the Southern U.S. to adopt that format exclusively. It continues to fill that niche of programming, and in the mid-1980s, WLAC pioneered the now-burgeoning format of sports talk in middle Tennessee, when it began a two-hour-long afternoon drive-time sports talk show hosted by record company executive and sports fan Rick Baumgartner, along with former WSMV sportscaster Charlie McAlexander. Also, former WSM-AM and WSMV personality Teddy Bart launched his critically-acclaimed "Roundtable" interview program on WLAC's morning schedule in 1985. The show, which featured newsmakers in Tennessee politics, later moved to several other Nashville stations before discontinuing production in 2005. WSMV-TV is the NBC affiliate serving the Nashville, Tennessee area. ... WSM is the call letters of a 50,000 watt AM radio station (and its associated FM station) located in Nashville, Tennessee. ... WSMV-TV is the NBC affiliate serving the Nashville, Tennessee area. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Much in the same manner as in years past when network programming gave way at sunset to R&B music for a different audience, for many years after WLAC changed to news and talk, the station abruptly switched, at 8 p.m. Central Time (when the clear-channel signal settled into place) to an all-religion format. The nighttime line-up included mostly paid broadcasts of many evangelical, fundamentalist, and Pentecostal preachers, with the news/talk format resuming at daybreak (after the Hoss Allen show). This practice was discontinued shortly after the station's purchase by Clear Channel Communications. The word evangelicalism usually refers to religious practices and traditions which are found in conservative, almost always Protestant, Christianity. ... Fundamentalist Christianity is a fundamentalist movement, especially within American Protestantism. ... The Pentecostal movement within Evangelical Christianity places special emphasis on the direct personal experience of God through the baptism of the Holy Spirit, as shown in the Biblical account of the Day of Pentecost. ... Preacher is a colloquial term for a clergyman, in particular a local priest, pastor or Minister; one who preaches. ...


Currently

WLAC is now the Nashville home for popular conservative talkers such as Glenn Beck, Rush Limbaugh, and Sean Hannity. Also heard are Coast to Coast AM and University of Tennessee athletics. WLAC's main competitor is WWTN, an FM talk radio station. Conservatism is a political philosophy that generally favors free markets, traditional values and strong foreign defense. ... Glenn Beck appears on the cover of his 2003 book, The Real America: Messages from the Heart and Heartland Glenn Beck (born February 10, 1964) is a conservative American talk-radio and television host. ... Rush Hudson Limbaugh III (born January 12, 1951) is an American radio talk show host. ... Sean Patrick Hannity (born December 30, 1961, in New York City, New York) is an American conservative talk radio host, an executive producer of Fox News Channels program Hannity & Colmes, and the author of two books. ... Coast to Coast AM is a late-night syndicated radio talk show which deals with a variety of topics, but usually ones that relate to the paranormal. ... The University of Tennessee (UT), sometimes called the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UT Knoxville or UTK), is the primary institution of the statewide land-grant University of Tennessee system, Tennessees flagship public university. ... WWTN is a 100 kW FM radio station serving the Nashville, Tennessee media market. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ...


Miscellanea

The WLAC callsign once also applied to a Nashville FM station (105.9, now WNRQ) and TV station (Channel 5, now WTVF). They, along with the AM station, were once owned by the Life and Casualty Insurance Company of Tennessee (hence the callsign, also sometimes said to stand for We Love All Christians). The FM station is now owned by Clear Channel, and remains a sister station to WLAC. The TV station left the family in 1975, when it was sold to the Hobby family of Houston (it is now owned by Landmark Communications). In broadcasting and radio communication, a callsign or call sign (also call letters) is a unique designation for a transmitting station. ... WNRQ is an FM radio station in Nashville, Tennessee broadcasting on a frequency of 105. ... WTVF, also known as NewsChannel5, is the CBS affiliate in Nashville, Tennessee. ... The Life and Casualty Insurance Company of Tennessee was a life insurance company based in Nashville, Tennessee, founded in 1903 by A. M. Burton, great-grandfather of singer Amy Grant. ... Nickname: Space City Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Mayor Bill White Area    - City 1,558 km²  (601. ... Landmark Communications is a privately-held media company specializing in cable television, broadcast television, print publishing, and internet publishing. ...


Carries Fox News Radio updates. Fox News Channels slogan is We Report, You Decide The Fox News Channel is a U.S. cable and satellite news channel. ...


At night, signal can be heard as far away as Detroit, MI.


See also

This is a list of print, television, and radio media in Nashville, Tennessee. ...

External links

Nashville AM radio stations (Arbitron #44)

 WNSR 560 | WSM 650 | WENO 760 | WNSG 880 | WKDA 900 | WYFN 980 | WCRT 1160 | WAMB 1200 | WNQM 1300 | WPLN 1430 | WVOL 1470 | WCOR 1490 | WLAC 1510  Nickname: Music City Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area    - City 526. ... AM broadcasting is radio broadcasting using Amplitude Modulation. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and appeal to a wider international audience, this article may require cleanup. ... WNSR is a Nashville-area radio station operating on the AM frequency of 560 kHz. ... WSM is the callsign of a 50,000 watt AM radio station located in Nashville, Tennessee. ... Weno is the largest city in the Federated States of Micronesia. ... WNSG is a gospel music-format AM radio station broadcasting on a frequency of 1240 kHz in Nashville, Tennessee. ... WKDA is an AM radio station currently broadcasting on a frequency of 880 kHz in Nashville, Tennessee. ... WCRT is a Class B AM radio station in Nashville, Tennessee. ... WAMB was an AM radio station in Nashville, Tennessee which broadcasted on a frequency of 1160 kHz from 1971 until 2006. ... WNQM, or Nashville Quality Ministries, is a Christian radio station located in Nashville, Tennessee and owned by F.W. Robbert Broadcasting. ... WPLN-AM is a National Public Radio AM station operating in Nashville, Tennessee, broadcasting on a frequency of 1430 kHz. ... WVOL is an traditionally-black AM radio station which broadcasts on a frequency of 1470 kHz in Nashville, Tennessee. ... WCOR is an AM radio station broadcasting in the eastern portion of the Nashville, Tennessee market with a power of 1,000 watts. ...


Tennessee Radio Markets

Chattanooga | Clarksville | Cookeville | Knoxville | Memphis (AM) (FM) | Nashville (AM) | (FM) | Jackson/Union City/Paris/Northwest Tennessee | Tri-Cities

See also: List of radio stations in Tennessee and List of United States radio markets

  Results from FactBites:
 
WLAC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1404 words)
WLAC is a clear channel radio station based in Nashville, Tennessee, operating at 1510 kHz on the AM dial.
WLAC was particularly popular with some young Euro-American teenagers; some believe that the nightly shows laid the foundational audience for the rock and roll phenomenon of the late 1950s.
WLAC is now the Nashville home for popular conservative talkers such as Glenn Beck, Rush Limbaugh, and Sean Hannity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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