FACTOID # 23: Wisconsin has more metal fabricators per capita than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Vytautas Landsbergis
Vytautas Landsbergis
Vytautas Landsbergis

In office
March 11, 1990 – November 25, 1992
Preceded by Antanas Smetona
Succeeded by Algirdas Brazauskas

Born October 18, 1932 (1932-10-18) (age 74)
Kaunas, Lithuania
Political party Homeland Union
Spouse Gražina Ručytė-Landsbergienė

Professor Vytautas Landsbergis (pronunciation (help· info), born October 18, 1932) is a Lithuanian conservative politician and member of the European Parliament. He was the first head of state of Lithuania after its declaration of independence from the Soviet Union and served as the Head of the Lithuanian Parliament. Professor Landsbergis is an intellectual who has been active in Lithuania's political arena for almost two decades and is a world established politician who has gone down in history as a contributor to the demise of the Soviet Union. He has written twenty books on a variety of topics, including a biography of Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, politics, and music. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 98 KB) Vytautas Landsbergis - leader of Lithuanian independence movement Sajudis in 1987-1990 - for works released per the GNU Free Documentation License by their creators. ... Early Lithuania The Grand Duchy of Lithuania Title: Kunigaikštis or Didysis Kunigaikštis (The Great Duke in Lithuanian) Mindaugas, 1238-1263 also crowned as a King Treniota, 1263-1264 Vaišvilkas (Vaišelga, Vaishyalga, Vaišalgas), 1264-1267 Švarnas (Svarnas, Shvarno), 1267-1269... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (71st in leap years). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... November 25 is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Antanas Smetona Antanas Smetona (August 10, 1874 - January 9, 1944) was probably the most important Lithuanian political figure during the period between World War I and World War II. He was the first president of Lithuania from April 4, 1919 to June 19, 1920. ... Norbertas Sereika ( (help· info), born September 22, 1932) is a former President of Lithuania and a former Prime Minister. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Kaunas County Municipality Kaunas city municipality Coordinates Number of elderates 11 General Information Capital of Kaunas County Kaunas city municipality Kaunas district municipality Population 361,274 in 2005 (2nd) First mentioned 1361 Granted city rights 1408 Kaunas ( (help· info), approximate English transcription [ˈkəʊ.n... The Homeland Union (Lithuanian Conservatives) (Lithuanian: Tėvynės sąjunga (Lietuvos konservatoriai)), or TS-LK, is a political party in Lithuania. ... The meaning of the word professor (Latin: one who claims publicly to be an expert) varies. ... Image File history File links Vytautas_Landsbergis. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Political parties 8 Committees 22 Last election June 2004 (785 MEPs) Meeting place Brussels and Strasbourg Secretariat Luxembourg and Brussels Website europarl. ... Mikalojus Konstantinas ÄŒiurlionis Kings Fairy Tale (1908-1909) Stillness (1904-1905) Mikalojus Konstantinas ÄŒiurlionis (September 22 [O.S. September 10]]] 1875 in VarÄ—na —April 10 [O.S. March 28] 1911 in Pustelnik near Warsaw) was a Lithuanian painter and composer. ...

Contents

Biography

Vytautas Landsbergis was born in Kaunas, Lithuania. His father was the famous architect Vytautas Landsbergis-Žemkalnis and his mother was ophthalmologist Ona Jablonskytė-Landsbergienė. Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Kaunas County Municipality Kaunas city municipality Coordinates Number of elderates 11 General Information Capital of Kaunas County Kaunas city municipality Kaunas district municipality Population 361,274 in 2005 (2nd) First mentioned 1361 Granted city rights 1408 Kaunas ( (help· info), approximate English transcription [ˈkəʊ.n... An architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person who is involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In 1955, he graduated from the Lithuanian Conservatory of Music (now Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theatre). 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The main palace in the Gediminas Avenue The Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theatre in Vilnius, Lithuania, is a state-supported conservatory that trains students in music, theatre, and multimedia arts. ...


In 1969, he wrote his thesis for his doctorate degree. For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ...


In 1978, he became a Professor at the Lithuanian Conservatory of Music. Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...


From 1978 to 1990, he was a professor at both the Lithuanian Conservatory of Music and the Vilnius Pedagogical University. Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Vilnius Pedagogical University (or Vilniaus pedagoginis universitetas in Lithuanian, VPU for short) is a university in Vilnius, Lithuania. ...


In 1994, he wrote a thesis for his doctor habilitus degree. 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ...


Awards

Vytautas Landsbergis has been honoured with the following awards:

  • The Norwegian People's Peace Prize for his role in the restoration of Lithuanian independence; Norway, 1991
  • The Award of Foundation du Future; France, 1991
  • The International Freedom Foundation's Freedom Award; UK, 1991
  • Herman Ehlers Prize;
  • Order of Merit of the Republic of Estonia; 1992
  • 9th International Ramon Llull Prize of the Catalonian Culture Congress Foundation, 1994
  • Companion of the German St. Sebastian's Rifle Order, Germany, 1995
  • Legion of Honour, France, 1997
  • Grand Cross of the Norwegian Order of Merit, Norway, 1998
  • Great Cross Order, Poland, 1999
  • Great Cross of Medal of Honor, Greece, 1999
  • UNESCO Medal for developing democracy and fighting for human rights.
  • honour member of Lithuanian Gay Community , 2003

The International Freedom Foundation (IFF), founded in 1986, was described as a Washington conservative think-tank with branches in Johannesburg and London, but was actually a front organization for apartheid South Africas Directorate of Military Intelligence. ... For other Orders see Order of Merit (disambiguation). ... French Legion of Honor The Légion dhonneur (in Legion of Honor (AmE) or Legion of Honour (ComE)) is an Order of Chivalry awarded by the President of France. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...

Honorary Doctor

Vytautas Landsbergis is an Honorary Doctor at universities in Lithuania and other countries:

A garden sign welcomes residents and visitors to Rogers Park as home of Loyola University Chicago. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Vytautas Magnus University (VMU) (Lithuanian Vytauto Didžiojo Universitetas (VDU)) is one of the biggest universities in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Weber State University is a public university located in the city of Ogden in Weber County, Utah, USA. There is also a Davis County satellite campus located in Layton. ... Ogden sign over Washington Boulevard at the Ogden River; toward downtown Overlooking Ogdens George S. Eccles Dinosaur Park Ogden is the county seat of Weber County,GR6 Utah, United States. ... Lady Justice or Justitia is a personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system (particularly in Western art). ... “Yale” redirects here. ... Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (Lithuanian: Vilniaus Gedimino Technikos Universitetas) or VGTU is one of the two technical universities in Lithuania. ... University of Helsinki is not to be confused with Helsinki University of Technology. ... The main building of Cardiff University Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Cardiff University Cardiff University (Welsh: Prifysgol Caerdydd) is a leading university located in the civic centre of Cardiff, Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: ) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganised as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ...

Family

Landsbergis is married to Gražina Ručytė-Landsbergienė, a well-known Lithuanian pianist and associate Professor of the Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theater. His daughters Jūratė and Birutė are also musicians. His son, Vytautas, is a well-known Lithuanian writer and film director. This article deals with those who play the piano. ... Note: Daughters is also a band. ... A musician is a person who plays or composes music. ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ...


Political career

Landsbergis entered politics, in 1988, as one of the founders of Sąjūdis, the Lithuanian pro-independence political movement. After Sąjūdis' victory in the 1990 elections, he became the Chairman of the Supreme Council of Lithuania. The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Politics is defined as a group of people who are influenced to change laws and other such things to make the world a better place the process by which groups of people make decisions. ... S is the nineteenth letter in the modern Latin alphabet. ...


On March 11, 1990, he headed the Parliamentary session during which the restoration of Lithuanian independence from the Soviet Union was declared. Lithuania became the first Soviet Republic to do so. According to the temporary Constitution of Lithuania, Vytautas Landsbergis had constitutional authority over both the Leader of the State and the Speaker of the Parliament. He held this post from March 1990 until the next elections in November 1992. March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (71st in leap years). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Soviet Union administrative divisions, 1989 In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ... It has been suggested that Speakers of the House be merged into this article or section. ... An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ...


The Soviet Union attempted to stifle this activity by economic blockade in 1990, but it failed, and other Soviet Republics soon followed suit and declared their independence from Moscow, as well. Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ...


Iceland was the first state that officially recognized the restoration of Lithuanian Independence and Professor Landsbergis was somewhat critical of certain Western powers (like the United States and United Kingdom), for not showing enough support in Lithuania's bid to restore its independence after more than 40 years of Soviet occupation. He was also extremely dubious of the claim that Mikhail Gorbachev was trying to liberalize the Soviet Union, and that Lithuania should not prevent him from doing so. Belligerent military occupation occurs when one nations military occupies all or part of the territory of another nation or recognized belligerent. ... Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Russian: ), surname more accurately romanized as Gorbachyov; born March 2, 1931) is a Russian politician. ...


In 1993, Vytautas Landsbergis founded a new political party, the Homeland Union (Tėvynes Sąjunga). It gained a landslide victory in the 1996 parliamentary elections and Professor Landsbergis served as the Speaker of the Lithuanian Parliament called Seimas from 1996 until 2000. He ran, although unsuccessfully, for President in 1997 (coming up the third after receiving 15.9% of the votes). During the runoff, he supported Valdas Adamkus, who had finished second in the first round. V. Adamkus eventually became President. The Homeland Union (Lithuanian Conservatives) (Lithuanian: Tėvynės sąjunga (Lietuvos konservatoriai)), or TS-LK, is a political party in Lithuania. ... Seimas is the Lithuanian parliament. ... President Valdas Adamkus Valdas Adamkus (born Valdemaras Adamkevičius on November 3, 1926) is the current President of the Republic of Lithuania. ...


In 2004 Professor Landsbergis was elected by Lithuanian voters to the European Parliament and has an office in Brussels (the total number of EPMs from Lithuania in Brussels is 13). Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Political parties 8 Committees 22 Last election June 2004 (785 MEPs) Meeting place Brussels and Strasbourg Secretariat Luxembourg and Brussels Website europarl. ... Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ...


Attempt to ban Communist and Nazi insignia

In January 2005, Professor Landsbergis, backed by another Member of the European Parliament from Hungary, urged a ban on the Soviet and Nazi symbols. He also sent a letter to Mr. Franco Frattini, the European Commissioner of Justice and Internal Affairs, where he suggested that in case the EU decides to ban Nazi symbols, Communist symbols should be banned too. The Commissioner became interested in this proposal and said: "I am ready to join this discussion. The Communist dictatorships no less than the Nazi ones are responsible for the deaths of tens of millions of people". A bit later, however, the Commissioner under pressure from Italian communists backed off his initial statement. Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Political parties 8 Committees 22 Last election June 2004 (785 MEPs) Meeting place Brussels and Strasbourg Secretariat Luxembourg and Brussels Website europarl. ... Franco Frattini. ... The twentieth century German Nazi Party was notable for their extensive use of graphic symbolism, most notably the Hakenkreuz (swastika) which it used as its principal symbol, and, in the form of the swastika flag, became the state flag of Nazi Germany. ...


Professor Landsbergis' proposal caused quite a stir in Italy where Italian leftists, in the beginning of February 2005, strongly protested against such a move. The reformed Communist Party and Italian Communists were outraged at Landsbergis' proposal. The Professor's proposal became the center of the Italian media's attention. One of the most influential Italian dailies, La Repubblica, even published an interview with Professor Vytautas Landsbergis outlining his proposal. It was the first time when the daily allocated a full page for a politician from Lithuania. In modern usage, the term communist party is generally used to identify any political party which has adopted communist ideology. ... This article is about communism as a form of society, as an ideology advocating that form of society, and as a popular movement. ...


Nevertheless, Landsbergis' proposal found few supporters among Italian politicians. However one who did, Alessandra Mussolini, a grand-daughter of former Italian fascist dictator Benito Mussolini commented: "To implement the proposal of the Members of the European Parliament regarding Communist symbols is our moral duty". Alessandra Mussolini (born December 30, 1962) is an Italian fascist politician and Member of the European Parliament. ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Dictator is originally the title of a magistrate in ancient Rome appointed by the Senate to rule the state in times of emergency. ... Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, 1883 – April 28, 1945) was the prime minister and dictator of Italy from 1922 until 1943, when he was overthrown. ...


The proposal of Professor Landsbergis did not go by without a response from the Russian Parliament as well. The First Vicespeaker of the Russian State Duma called Professor's proposal "abnormal". Another Russian MP, a communist, commented by saying that "somebody in Europe became insolent and forgot who saved them from the fascists". For other uses, see State Duma (disambiguation). ...


However, the debate came to an end when, in the beginning of February 2005, the European Commission rejected calls for a proposed Europe-wide ban on Nazi symbols to be extended to cover Communist Party symbols as well. EU Justice Commissioner Franco Frattini said it would not be appropriate to include the red star and the hammer and sickle in a draft EU law on racism. The Commission seat in Brussels The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... Red star on the Soviet flag The five-pointed red star (a pentagram without the inner pentagon) is a symbol of Communism and Socialism and represents the five fingers of the workers hand, as well as five of six inhabited continents. ... For other uses, see Hammer and sickle (disambiguation). ... Because racism carries connotations of race-based bigotry, prejudice, violence, oppression, stereotyping or discrimination, the term has varying and often hotly contested definitions. ...


Finally, at the end of February 2005, the European Union dropped proposals to ban Nazi symbols across its 25 member states. Luxembourg withdrew the plan when it became clear that members could not reach a consensus on which symbols to ban. There were also concerns that the proposed ban was a threat to freedom of expression.


Landsbergis vs. Russia

Professor Landsbergis is a fierce critic of Russia's intentions to impose any kind of influence on the Baltic States and publicly questions Russia's actions vis a vis the Baltic States on both local and international media, as well as in the European Parliament. He warns that Russia might have intentions to control Lithuania and the other Baltic States economically and politically through a wide network of former KGB agents and other clandestine activities. Vytautas Landsbergis is one of the most active politicians, who urge Russia to compensate Lithuania and other post-Soviet republics for damage done to them during their occupations. The three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania The Baltic states refer to Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. ... Look up vis-à-vis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Note: This article is about the KGB of the Soviet Union. ... Look up clandestine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Landsbergis and Fluxus

Professor Landsbergis is also known as one of the most important Fluxus artists. George Maciunas (actually, Jurgis Mačiūnas), one of the leaders of the movement, and Landsbergis were best friends at school. Fluxus (from to flow) is an art movement noted for the blending of different artistic disciplines, primarily visual art but also music and literature. ... Fluxus (from to flow) is an art movement noted for the blending of different artistic disciplines, primarily visual art but also music and literature. ... George Maciunas (November 8, 1931-May 9, 1978) was a Lithuanian-American artist. ...


See also

Early Lithuania The Grand Duchy of Lithuania Title: Kunigaikštis or Didysis Kunigaikštis (The Great Duke in Lithuanian) Mindaugas, 1238-1263 also crowned as a King Treniota, 1263-1264 Vaišvilkas (Vaišelga, Vaishyalga, Vaišalgas), 1264-1267 Švarnas (Svarnas, Shvarno), 1267-1269...

External links

  • Europarliament member's info page (Prof. Vytautas Landsbergis)
  • Vytautas Landsbergis biography


Leaders of Lithuania since 1919
Flaga Presidents

Antanas Smetona | Aleksandras Stulginskis | Kazys Grinius | Jonas Staugaitis* | Aleksandras Stulginskis* | Antanas Smetona | Antanas Merkys* | Justas Paleckis The following is a list of Lithuanian rulers — grand dukes, kings, and presidents — when Lithuania was a sovereign state or was regarded as a separate entity (i. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Antanas Smetona Antanas Smetona (August 10, 1874 - January 9, 1944) was probably the most important Lithuanian political figure during the period between World War I and World War II. He was the first president of Lithuania from April 4, 1919 to June 19, 1920. ... Aleksandras Stulginskis (February 26, 1885 in Kutaliai, Lithuania-September 22, 1969) was the second President of Lithuania (1920-1926). ... Kazys V. Grinius (December 17, 1866 June 4, 1950) was the third President of Lithuania (from June 17, 1926 to December 17, 1926). ... Jonas Staugaitis was the fourth President of Lithuania (1926). ... Aleksandras Stulginskis (February 26, 1885 in Kutaliai, Lithuania-September 22, 1969) was the second President of Lithuania (1920-1926). ... Antanas Smetona Antanas Smetona (August 10, 1874 - January 9, 1944) was probably the most important Lithuanian political figure during the period between World War I and World War II. He was the first president of Lithuania from April 4, 1919 to June 19, 1920. ... Antanas Merkys was President of Lithuania (1940). ... Justas Paleckis (1899 - 1980) was a Lithuanian journalist and politician. ...

LKP First Secretaries

Antanas Sniečkus | Petras Griškevičius | Ringaudas Songaila | Algirdas Brazauskas Communist Party of Lithuania (Lithuanian: ) - communist party in Lithuania, established in early October 1918. ... Antanas Sniečkus (07 January 1903 (O.S. 25 December 1902)) in Bublelai village - 22 January 1974 in Druskininkai) was First Secretary of the Lithuanian Communist Party [LKP] between 08. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Norbertas Sereika ( (help· info), born September 22, 1932) is a former President of Lithuania and a former Prime Minister. ...

Presidents

Vytautas Landsbergis | Algirdas Brazauskas | Valdas Adamkus | Rolandas Paksas | Artūras Paulauskas* | Valdas Adamkus
* denotes acting Norbertas Sereika ( (help· info), born September 22, 1932) is a former President of Lithuania and a former Prime Minister. ... President Valdas Adamkus Valdas Adamkus (born Valdemaras Adamkevičius on November 3, 1926) is the current President of the Republic of Lithuania. ... Rolandas Paksas ( (help· info)) (born 10 June 1956 in Telšiai, Lithuania) is a well known politician in Lithuania and currently heads the Liberal Democrats Party in Lithuania. ... Artūras Paulauskas (born August 23, 1953) is a Lithuanian politician. ... President Valdas Adamkus Valdas Adamkus (born Valdemaras Adamkevičius on November 3, 1926) is the current President of the Republic of Lithuania. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Vytautas Landsbergis - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (1336 words)
Landsbergis is married to Gražina Ručytė-Landsbergienė, a well-known Lithuanian pianist and associate Professor of the Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theater.
Professor Landsbergis is a fierce critic of Russia's intentions to impose any kind of influence on the Baltic States and publicly questions Russia's actions vis a vis the Baltic States on both local and international media, as well as in the European Parliament.
Vytautas Landsbergis is one of the most active politicians, who urge Russia to compensate Lithuania and other post-Soviet republics for damage done to them during their occupations.
Vytautas Landsbergis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1352 words)
Professor Vytautas Landsbergis (born October 18, 1932) is a Lithuanian conservative politician and member of the European Parliament.
Vytautas Landsbergis was born in Kaunas, Lithuania in a family of famous architect Vytautas Landsbergis-Žemkalnis and ophthalmologist Ona Jablonskytė-Landsbergienė.
Vytautas Landsbergis entered politics in 1988 as one of the founders of Sąjūdis, the Lithuanian pro-independence political movement.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m