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Encyclopedia > Vyazma

Vyazma (Russian: Вя́зьма) is a town in Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyazma River, about halfway between Smolensk and Mozhaysk, at 55°11′00″N, 34°18′00″E. Throughout its turbulent history, the city defended western approaches to the city of Moscow. Population: 57,545 (2002 Census); 44,000 (1970). Categories: Stub | Oblasts of Russia | Smolensk Oblast ... Vyazma River (Вязьма in Russian) is a river in the Smolensk Oblast in Russia. ... A view of Smolensk in 1912 Smolensk (Russian: ) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dnieper River at 54. ... Mozhaysk (Можа́йск) is a town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, 110 km to the west from the Russian capital, on the historic road leading to Smolensk and then to Belarus. ... Government Russia District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuri Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2005)    - Density 10,415,400   8537. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ...


Medieval history and monuments

Hodegetria church is one of three major three-tented churches in the world, the other two being preserved in Uglich and Moscow.

Vyazma was first mentioned in a chronicle under the year of 1239, although it is believed that it is a much older settlement. At that time, the town belonged to a lateral branch of the Rurikid House of Smolensk. In 1403, the local princes were expelled by Lithuanians to Moscow, where they took the name of Princes Vyazemsky. The most notable among them were Pyotr Vyazemsky, an intimate friend of the poet Alexander Pushkin and a poet himself, and Sophie Viazemski, a French writer, for a time married to Jean-Luc Godard. ImageMetadata File history File links Âÿçüìà.jpg Hodegetria church of John the Baptists monastery in Vyazma. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Âÿçüìà.jpg Hodegetria church of John the Baptists monastery in Vyazma. ... Transfiguration cathedral in the kremlin Uglich (Russian: У́глич, pronounced ooglitch) is a historic town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, on the Volga River. ... Government Russia District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuri Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2005)    - Density 10,415,400   8537. ... Generally a chronicle (Latin chronica) is historical account of facts and events in chronological order. ... // Events Births June 17 - King Edward I of England (died 1307) December 17 - Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (died 1256) Peter III of Aragon (died 1285) John II, Duke of Brittany (died 1305) Ippen, Japanese monk (died 1289) Deaths March 3 - Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (born 1187) March... Rurik Dynasty ... Events July 21 - Battle of Shrewsbury. ... Petr Vyazemsky Prince Pyotr Vyazemsky (1792-1878)(Вяземский, Пётр Андреевич) was a Russian poet. ... Aleksandr Pushkin was a Russian poet and a founder of modern Russian literature Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Пу́шкин) (June 6 (May 26, O.S.), 1799 - February 10 (January 29, O.S.), 1837), Russian author, whom many consider the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. ... Jean-Luc Godard. ...


In 1494, Vyazma was captured by Muscovy and turned into a fortress, of which but a single tower remains. Two important abbeys were embellished with stone churches, including a rare three-tented church dedicated to Our Lady of Smolensk (Hodegetria) and consecrated in 1638. A barbican church of the same abbey dates back to 1656, and the city's cathedral was completed by 1676. Other churches are designed mostly in baroque style. 1494 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Muscovy (Moscow principality (княжество Московское) to Grand Duchy of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское) to Russian Tsardom (Царство Русское)) is a traditional Western name for the Russian state that existed from the 14th century to the late 17th century. ... The rocket-like church at Ostrov near Moscow is considered typical for Boris Godunovs reign. ... // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ...


Battles of Vyazma

During the Patriotic War of 1812, there was a battle between the retreating French army (up to 37,000 troops) and the Russian army (25,000 men) near Vyazma on October 22, 1812. The vanguard of the Russian army under the command of Lieutenant General Mikhail Miloradovich and a Cossack unit of General Matvey Platov attacked the rearguard corps of Marshal Louis Nicolas Davout east of Vyazma and cut off his retreat route. Owing to the armies of Eugène de Beauharnais and Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Davout managed to break the ranks of the Russian army. The French army's attempts, however, to hold the heights near Vyazma and the city itself were unsuccessful. By the evening of October 22, the Russians seized Vyazma, which had been set on fire by the French. The French lost 6,000 men during the battle; 2,500 soldiers were taken prisoners. The Russians lost around 2,000 men. The invasion of the Russian Empire led by Napoleon in 1812 was a critical turning point in the Napoleonic wars. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1812 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Count Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich (October 1 (O.S.), 1771 - December 14 (O.S.), 1825) was a Russian general prominent during the Napoleonic wars. ... Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Turkey. ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ... Platovs portrait from Military Gallery of the Winter Palace (1825) Count Matvei Ivanovich Platov (August 6, 1757 - January 3, 1818) was a Russian general who commanded the Don Cossacks in the Napoleonic wars. ... Marshal (also sometimes spelled marshall in American English, but not in British English) is a word used in several official titles of various branches of society. ... Davout, Marshal of France Louis Nicolas dAvout (May 10, 1770 – June 1, 1823), better known as Davout, duc dAuerstädt, prince dEckmühl, and a marshal of France. ... Eugène Rose de Beauharnais (September 3, 1781 - February 21, 1824) was the first child and only son of Joséphine de Tascher de la Pagerie and Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais. ... Noble Family Poniatowski Coat of Arms CioÅ‚ek Parents Andrzej Poniatowski Maria Teresa Kinsky Consorts Zelia SitaÅ„ska Zofia Potocka Children with Zelia SitaÅ„ska: Józef SzczÄ™sny Poniatowski; with Zofia Potocka: Karol Józef Poniatowski. ...


During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, Vyazma once again became the battlefield between the Red Army and the Wehrmacht during the Battle of Moscow. Vyazma was occupied by the German army between October 7, 1941 and March 12, 1943. The city was mostly destroyed and then rebuilt after the war. Nowadays it is a major railroad junction, connecting trains from Moscow, St.Petersburg, Kaluga and Bryansk. The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... German cavalry and motorized units entering Poland from East Prussia during the Polish Defensive War of 1939 Wehrmacht (help· info) (Defence force) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Fedor von Bock Georgi Zhukov Strength ~ 1,500,000 ~ 1,500,000 Casualties 250,000 700,000 The Battle of Moscow refers to the defense of the Soviet capital of Moscow and the subsequent counter-offensive against the German army, between October 1941 and January... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... A junction may variously refer to: In road transport, a road junction. ... Government Russia District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuri Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2005)    - Density 10,415,400   8537. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Konstantin Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics in Kaluga, built in 1967 Kaluga (Калу́га in Russian) is a city in central Russia on the Oka River 188 km southwest of Moscow, administrative center of Kaluga Oblast. ... Historic coat of arms of Bryansk introduced in 1781 Bryansk fortress Bryansk (Russian: ) is a city in Russia, located 379 km south-west from Moscow. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Vyazma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (482 words)
Vyazma (Russian: Вя́зьма) is a town in Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyazma River, about halfway between Smolensk and Mozhaysk, at 55°11′00″N, 34°18′00″E.
Vyazma was first mentioned in a chronicle under the year of 1239, although it is believed that it is a much older settlement.
Vyazma was occupied by the German army between October 7, 1941 and March 12, 1943.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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