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Encyclopedia > Vulgate Cycle

The Lancelot-Grail, also known as the prose Lancelot, the Vulgate Cycle, or the Pseudo-Map Cycle, is a major source of Arthurian legend. It is a series of eight medieval French prose volumes (in the edition of Alexandre Micha) that tell the story of the quest for the Holy Grail and the romance of Lancelot and Guinevere. The Matter of Britain is a name given collectively to the legends that concern the Celtic and legendary history of the British Isles, centering around King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... In Christian mythology, the Holy Grail was the dish, plate, cup or vessel that caught Jesus blood during his crucifixion. ... This entry was adapted from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica. ... Guinevere was the Queen consort of King Arthur. ...


Scholarship has few definitive answers to the authorship. The major parts are early thirteenth century. An attribution to Walter Map is discounted, since he died too early to be the author. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Walter Map (~1137-1209) was a medieval writer, probably either of Welsh origin or from Herefordshire (which at the time was almost the same thing). ...


This cycle of works was one of the most important sources of Thomas Malory's Le Morte Darthur. Sir Thomas Malory (c. ... Le Morte dArthur (The Death of Arthur)—the title is actually spelled as Le Morte Darthur in the first printing and also in many many modern editions—is Sir Thomas Malorys compilation of some French and English Arthurian romances. ...


Reference

  • The Lancelot-Grail Reader (2000) edited by Norris J. Lacy

  Results from FactBites:
 
Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Vulgate (749 words)
Vulgate Oldest surviving version of the complete Bible, compiled and translated, mostly from Greek, into Latin by Saint Jerome from 382.
Douai Bible English translation (from the Latin Vulgate) of the Bible, authorized by the Roman Catholic Church after the Reformation.
In the Vulgate, Lucifer served as a translation of the Hebrew epithet meaning Day Star, a name associated with the presumptuous King of Babylon in the Book of Isaiah.
Vulgate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2922 words)
This edition of the Vulgate is the one most familiar to Catholics who have lived prior to the reforms of Vatican II (in reaction to which the use of Latin in the liturgy became rare).
The Clementine Vulgate of 1592 became the standard Bible text of the Roman Rite of Catholic Church until 1979, when the Nova Vulgata was promulgated.
The main critical source for the Stuttgart Vulgate is Codex Amiatinus, the highly-esteemed 8th century, one-volume manuscript of the whole Latin Bible produced in England, regarded as the best medieval witness to Jerome's original text.
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