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Encyclopedia > Vosges
Vosges
Coat of Arms of Vosges
Coat of arms of the Vosges department
Location
Administration
Department number: 88
Region: Lorraine
Prefecture: Épinal
Subprefectures: Neufchâteau
Saint-Dié-des-Vosges
Arrondissements: 3
Cantons: 31
Communes: 515
President of the General Council: Christian Poncelet
Statistics
Population Ranked 60th
 -1999 380,952
Population density: 65/km²
Land area¹: 5874 km²
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².
France

Vosges is a French department, named after the Vosges mountain range. Image File history File links Blason88. ... Image File history File links Carte_France_Département_88. ... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... France is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... Location Administration Capital Metz Regional President Jean-Pierre Masseret (PS) (since 2004) Départements Meurthe-et-Moselle Meuse Moselle Vosges Arrondissements 19 Cantons 157 Communes 2,337 Statistics Land area1 23,547 km² Population (Ranked 11th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... Épinal is a commune of northeastern France, préfecture (capital) of the Vosges département. ... A subprefecture in Verdun, France Subprefectures (French: sous-préfectures) are the administrative towns of arrondissements in France that do not contain the prefecture for its department. ... Neufchâteau is a commune of the Vosges département, in France. ... Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, commonly referred to as Saint-Dié, is a commune of northeastern France. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The 3 arrondissements of the Vosges department are: Arrondissement of Épinal, (prefecture of the Vosges department: Épinal) with 15 cantons and 251 communes. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividingarrondissements and départementscommunes Cantons number 3,879 among the 329 arondissements and 96 departments of France. ... The following is a list of the 31 cantons of the Vosges department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Bains-les-Bains Bruyères Charmes Châtel-sur-Moselle Darney Dompaire Épinal-Est Épinal-Ouest Monthureux-sur-Saône Plombières-les-Bains Rambervillers Remiremont Saulxures-sur-Moselotte Le Thillot Xertigny... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... The following is a list of the 515 communes of the Vosges département in France. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Christian Poncelet (b. ... Categories: | ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... The Vosges mountains are range of mountains in central-western Europe, stretching along the west side of the Rhine valley in a NNE direction, from Basel to Mainz, for a distance of 250 km (150 miles). ...

Contents

History

The Vosges department is one of the original 83 departments of France, created on March 4, 1790 during the French Revolution. It was made of territories formerly part of the province of Lorraine. March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The French Revolution was a period of major political and social change in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based around Enlightenment... The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... Lorraine coat of arms location of the Lorraine province Lorraine (French: Lorraine; German: Lothringen) is a historical area in present-day northeast France. ...


In 1793 the independent principality of Salm (town of Senones and its surroundings), enclosed inside the Vosges department, was annexed to France and incorporated into Vosges. In 1795 the area of Schirmeck was detached from the Bas-Rhin department and incorporated into the Vosges department. The Vosges department had now an area of 6,127 km² (2,366 sq. miles) which it kept until 1871. 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Schirmeck is a commune of the Bas-Rhin département, in France. ... History The département was created on March 4, 1790, during the French Revolution. ...


In 1794 the Vosges was the site of a sizeable battle between the forces of Revolutionary France and the Allied Coalition. See Battle of the Vosges. The Battle of the Vosges also known as the Battle of Tripstadt was fought on 13 July 1794 in western France in the Vosges Mountains from which it derives its name. ...


The Place des Vosges in Paris was so renamed in 1799 when the department became the first to pay the new Revolutionary taxes. Fountain in the Place des Vosges The Place des Vosges is Paris oldest (and some say most beautiful) square. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... The French Revolution was a period of major political and social change in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based around Enlightenment...


After the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, 4% of the Vosges department in the extreme northeast of the department were annexed to the German Empire by the Treaty of Frankfurt on the ground that the people there spoke Germanic dialects. The area annexed on May 18, 1871 corresponded to the canton of Schirmeck and the northern half of the canton of Saales. Schirmeck and Saales had been historically part of Alsace. These territories, along with the rest of Alsace and the annexed territories of Lorraine, became part of the Reichsland of Elsaß-Lothringen. The area of the Vosges department was thus reduced to its current 5,874 km² (2,268 sq. miles). Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with south German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III # Otto Von Bismarck Strength 500,000[] 550,000[] Casualties 150,000 dead or wounded 284,000 captured 350,000 civilian [] 100,000 dead or wounded 200,000 civilian [] The Franco-Prussian War... Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Polish (Posen, Lower Silesia,Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871... The Treaty of Frankfurt was signed May 10, 1871, at theend of the Franco-Prussian War. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... Saales is a commune of the Bas-Rhin département, in France. ... Location Administration Capital Strasbourg Regional President Adrien Zeller (UMP) (since 1996) Départements Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Location Administration Capital Strasbourg Regional President Adrien Zeller (UMP) (since 1996) Départements Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Imperial Province of Elsaß-Lothringen Alsace-Lorraine (French: Alsace-Lorraine; German: Elsaß-Lothringen) was a territory that used to be disputed between France and Germany, but is currently a part of France and has been since World War II. The territory, composed of Alsace and parts of Lorraine, belonged to...


In 1919, with the French victory in the First World War, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France by Germany at the Treaty of Versailles. However, Schirmeck and Saales were not returned to the Vosges department, but instead were incorporated into the recreated Bas-Rhin department. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was the peace treaty which officially ended World War I between the Allied and Central Powers and the German Empire. ...


Geography

The Saône river rises at Vioménil, in the Vosges. The Saône is a river of eastern France. ... River Gambia flowing through Niokolokoba National Park A river is a large natural waterway. ... Vioménil is a commune of the Vosges département, in France. ...


The largest cities are Épinal, Neufchâteau and Saint-Dié-des-Vosges. Épinal is a commune of northeastern France, préfecture (capital) of the Vosges département. ... Neufchâteau is a commune of the Vosges département, in France. ... Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, commonly referred to as Saint-Dié, is a commune of northeastern France. ...


Economy

Demographics

Culture

The Roman fortified town of Grand, located 30km from Toul, has an amphitheatre and a temple to the Cult of Apollo. Suckish The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ... Grand is a village in the French département of Vosges, famous for its Roman amphitheatre, mosaics and aqueduct. ... Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Toul Toul is a historic fortified town of France, a sous-préfecture of the Meurthe-et-Moselle département. ... The Colosseum in Rome, Italy. ... Apollo (Greek: Απόλλων, Apóllōn) is a god in Greek and Roman mythology, the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin of Artemis (goddess of the hunt). ...


Miscellaneous topics

See also

Wine barrels, especially those made of oak, have long been used as containers in which wine is typically aged. ... The following is a list of the 31 cantons of the Vosges department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Bains-les-Bains Bruyères Charmes Châtel-sur-Moselle Darney Dompaire Épinal-Est Épinal-Ouest Monthureux-sur-Saône Plombières-les-Bains Rambervillers Remiremont Saulxures-sur-Moselotte Le Thillot Xertigny... The following is a list of the 515 communes of the Vosges département in France. ... The 3 arrondissements of the Vosges department are: Arrondissement of Épinal, (prefecture of the Vosges department: Épinal) with 15 cantons and 251 communes. ...

External links

  • Climbbybike.com: All information on and profiles of the climbs and cols of the Vosges
  • (French) General Council website
  • (French) Prefecture website
  • (French) Vosges
  • (English) Information - Vosges.us

  Results from FactBites:
 
protection ressource naturelle, parc naturel regional vosges du nord, écosystème biotope (138 words)
Les richesses patrimoniales, naturelles et culturelles des vosges du nord sont nombreuses et variées.
Elles constituent le fondement du classement des vosges du nord en parc naturel régional, d'autre part, la reconnaissance du parc en réserve de biosphère par l' unesco témoigne de leur grande valeur.
Musées d' histoire, d' arts et traditions populaires et techniques, châteaux et forteresses, et ouvrages de la ligne maginot, vous permettent une découverte approfondie des richesses culturelles et historiques des vosges du nord.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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