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Encyclopedia > Von Graefe's sign

Albrecht von Gräfe (May 22, 1828 - July 20, 1870), German oculist, son of Karl Ferdinand von Gräfe, was born at Berlin. May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine which deals with the diseases of the eye and their treatment. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

At an early age he manifested a preference for the study of mathematics, but this was gradually superseded by an interest in natural science, which led him ultimately to the study of medicine. After prosecuting his studies at Berlin, Vienna, Prague, Paris, London, Dublin and Edinburgh, and devoting special attention to ophthalmology he, in 1850, began practice as an oculist in Berlin, where he founded a private institution for the treatment of the eyes, which became the model of many similar ones in Germany and Switzerland. Mathematics is often defined as the study of topics such as quantity, structure, space, and change. ... The lunar farside as seen from Apollo 11 Natural science is the study of the physical, nonhuman aspects of the Earth and the universe around us. ... See also Medical doctor (BE), Physician (AE), and Medical school. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Slovenian: Dunaj, Hungarian: Bécs, Czech: Vídeň, Slovak: Viedeň, Romany Vidnya; Croatian and Serbian: Beč) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine states (Land Wien). ... The area on which Prague was founded was settled in ancient times since the Paleolithic Age. ... The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. ... London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... Dublin (Irish: Baile Átha Cliath), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Ireland, located near the midpoint of Irelands east coast, at the mouth of the River Liffey and at the centre of the Dublin Region. ... Edinburgh (pronounced ), Dùn Èideann () in Scottish Gaelic, is the second-largest city in Scotland and its capital city. ... An optical refractor in use. ...

In 1853 he was appointed teacher of ophthalmology at the University of Berlin; in 1858 he became extraordinary professor, and in 1866 ordinary professor. Gräfe contributed largely to the progress of the science of ophthalmology, especially by the establishment in 1855 of his Archiv für Ophthalmologie, in which he had Ferdinand Arit (1812-1887) and FC Donders (1818-1889) as collaborators Perhaps his two most important discoveries were his method of treating glaucoma and his new operation for cataract. He was also regarded as an authority in diseases of the nerve and brain. He died at Berlin on the 20th of July 1870. 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin The Humboldt University of Berlin (German Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) is Berlins oldest university, founded in 1810 as the University of Berlin (Universität zu Berlin) by the liberal Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt whose university model has strongly influenced... For the band with this name, see Cataract (band). ...

The eponymous sign "Graefe's sign" is associated with Graves-Basedow disease. Eponymous medical signs are medical signs that are named after a person or persons, usually the physicians who first described them, but occasionally named after a famous patient with the signs. ... Graves-Basedow disease is a form of thyroiditis, an autoimmune disorder that stimulates the thyroid gland, being the most common cause of hyperthyroidism (overactivity of the thyroid). ...


  • See Ein Wort der Erinnerung an Albrecht von Gräfe (Halle, 1870) by his cousin, Alfred Gräfe (1830-1899), also a distinguished ophthalmologist, and the author of Das Sehen der Schielenden (Wiesbaden 1897); and E Michaelis, Albrecht von Gräfe. Sein Leben und Wirken (Berlin,1877).
  • This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, a publication in the public domain.

Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

  • Graefe's sign at WhoNamedIt

  Results from FactBites:
Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Albrecht von Graefe (www.whonamedit.com) (1540 words)
Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Albrecht von Graefe is recognised as the founder of scientific ophthalmology.
He was the son of Carl Ferdinand von Graefe (1787-1840), the Prussian Surgeon-general and director of the university surgical clinic in Berlin.
von Graefe was the first to demonstrate that blinding and impairment of vision in cerebral diseases was caused by a neuritis optica, not by a paralysis of the optical nerve.
Graves-Basedow disease - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1262 words)
Graves-Basedow disease is a disorder characterized by a triad of hyperthyroidism, goitre, and exophthalmos (bulging eyeballs).
On the basis of the signs and symptoms, thyroid hormone (thyroxine or T4, triiodothyronine or T3) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) are determined in the medical laboratory.
Robert James Graves (1797-1853) of Ireland in 1835, and Karl Adolph von Basedow of Germany in 1840, independently reported the constellation of symptoms.
  More results at FactBites »



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