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Encyclopedia > Volyn Oblast
Volynska Oblast
Волинська область
Modern emblem of Volyns'ka Oblast
Location of Volyn oblast
Detailed map of Volyn Oblast
Population
Total (2004)
Density
 
1,047,169
52/km²
Area 20,200 km²
Raions 16
Cities 11
City districts -
Urban localities 22
Villages 1,053

Volyn Oblast (Волинська область, Volyns’ka oblast’ or Волинь/ Волынь, Volyn’ in Ukrainian and Russian respectevely). The capital of the oblast is Lutsk. Kovel is the westernmost town and the last station in Ukraine of the rail line running from Warsaw through to Kiev. Image File history File links Wolhynien-oblast-COA.PNG File links The following pages link to this file: Volyn Oblast ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1181x825, 16 KB) Map of Ukraine with highlighted Oblast made by Sven Teschke, Germany, 2004 --Steschke 09:36, 2004 Nov 8 (UTC) see also: english version: Image:Map_of_Ukraine_political_enwiki. ... Image File history File links Map of Volyn Oblast, Ukraine Adapted from http://www. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... Lutsk (Луцьк in Ukrainian, Луцк in Russian) is the capital of the Volyn Oblast, Ukraine. ... Coat of Arms, circa 1993 Kovel (In Ukrainian and in Russian: Ковель, in Polish: Kowel) is a town now situated in western Ukraine in the Volyn oblast. ... Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... A monument to St. ...


History of Volyn region

See also: Volhynia This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...


Volyn was once part of Kievan Rus before becoming an independent local principality and an integral part of the Halych-Volynia, one of Kievan Rus successor states. In the 1400s, the area came under the control of neighbouring Lithuania, in 1569 passing over to Poland and then in 1795, until World War I, to the Russian Empire where it was a part of the Volynskaya Guberniya. Kievan Rus′ (Ки́евская Ру́сь, Kievskaya Rus in Russian; Київська Русь, Kyivs’ka Rus’ in Ukrainian) was the early, mostly East Slavic¹ state dominated by the city of Kiev (ru: Ки́ев, Kiev; uk: Ки́їв, Kyiv), from about 880 to the middle of the 12th century. ... Halych-Volynia principality was the Ruthenian successor state of Kievan Rus on the territory of Rus menora (Rus propria) including the lands of Red Ruthenia, Black Ruthenia, and the remainder of southwestern Rus. This state also briefly controlled the region of Bessarabia and Moldavia. ... The succession of states theory asserts that all possessions and territory held by a state are automatically transferred to the successor state, the state which succeeds it. ... Events and Trends Categories: 1400s ... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Allies: • Serbia, • Russia, • France, • Romania, • Belgium, • British Empire and Dominions, • United States, • Italy, • ...and others Central Powers: • Germany, • Austria-Hungary, • Ottoman Empire, • Bulgaria Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 8 million Full list Military dead: 3 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 6 million Full... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... Guberniya (Russian: ) (also gubernia, guberniia, gubernya) was a major administrative subdivision of the Imperial Russia, usually translated as governorate or province. ...


In this province communities of Ukrainians (Orthodox, and up to 1830s Greek Catholic), Jews, Poles (Roman Catholics) as well as smaller groups of Czechs and Germans lived together in a peaceful manner. In Krzemieniec there was a Polish language post-secondary school named Liceum Krzemienieckie. It was closed by the Russian government in 1830. Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ... The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church is a successor church to the acceptance of Christianity by Prince Volodymyr (also Vladimir) in Kyiv (Kiev), in 988. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Kremenets (Ukrainian:Кременець, Polish: Krzemieniec) is a city in Ternopil Oblast, Galicia-Volhynia, Western Ukraine. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

Map of Volyn Region Districts
Enlarge
Map of Volyn Region Districts

After World War I, the area was assigned to Poland as the Wolhynian Voivodship. The Polish government did not keep its promises of local autonomy. In contract to the situation in the Eastern Galicia, the Polish authorities actively promoted Ukrainian organizations. However, in the course of converting the large latifundia estates owned by Polish nobles into farms, former soldiers, mostly ethnic Poles, had priority. This was the key factor in dissatisfaction of the Ukrainian population, despite the fact, that Poland allowed them to bypass Soviet collectivization and other repressions. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x646, 132 KB)detailed map of Volyn region 600px X 646px, by User:Alex756 © 2004, all non-GFDL rights reserved except as stated below: File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x646, 132 KB)detailed map of Volyn region 600px X 646px, by User:Alex756 © 2004, all non-GFDL rights reserved except as stated below: File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Combatants Allies: • Serbia, • Russia, • France, • Romania, • Belgium, • British Empire and Dominions, • United States, • Italy, • ...and others Central Powers: • Germany, • Austria-Hungary, • Ottoman Empire, • Bulgaria Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 8 million Full list Military dead: 3 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 6 million Full... Volhynian Voivodship (województwo wołyńskie) was one of the 16 voivodships of Poland prior to 1939 in Second Polish Republic and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Coat-of-arms of Galicia Galicia is a historical region currently split between Poland and Ukraine. ... The latifundia [Latin lātifundium: lātus, spacious + fundus, farm, estate] of Roman history were great landed estates, specialising in agriculture destined for export: grain, olive oil or wine. ... (help· info) is the form usually used in English for the Russian name ofIosif Vissarionovich Stalin (Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), born with the Georgian name Ioseb Dzhugashvili (Иосиф Джугашвили); (December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878 – March 5, 1953). ...


In the prelude to World War II, Volyn was annexed by the Soviet Union as part of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact. Although many Ukrainians rejoiced the "reunification", the Polish minority suffered, especially the retired Polish officers and intlligentsia which were deported to eastern Soviet Union; not all survived that ordeal. Combatants Allies: • Poland, • UK & Commonwealth, • France/Free France, • Soviet Union, • USA, • China, ...and others Axis: • Germany, • Italy, • Japan, ...and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total: 50 million Full list Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total: 12 million Full list World War II...


In 1941, the Volyn was invaded by the Nazi Germany's operation Barbarossa. Nazis completed their holocaust of the Jews of Volhynia in late 1942. The term National Socialism has been used in self-description by a number of different political groups and ideologies, some of which have no connection with the Nazis; see National socialism (disambiguation). ... Meanings of Barbarossa (Italian: Red Beard): Barbarossa was the nickname of two famous people in history: Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor Khair ad Din, Barbary pirate and Ottoman admiral. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Concentration camp inmates during the Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germanys systematic genocide (ethnic cleansing) of various ethnic, religious, national, and secular groups during World War II. Early elements include the Kristallnacht pogrom and the T-4 Euthanasia Program established by Hitler that killed some 200,000 people. ...


The majority of Ukrainians joined the partisan movement and for the next three years they bravely fought the Nazi occupiers. They were involved in the Rail War campaign against German supply lines and were known for their efficiency in gathering intelligence and for sabotage. The region formed the basis of several networks and many members of the local population served with the partisans. The Poles in the area became part of the Polish Home Army, which often undertook operations with the partisan movement.

Rivers in the district
Rivers in the district

In January 1944 the Red Army liberted Volhynia. Image File history File links Übersicht mit Beschriftung der Flüsse in der Oblast Wolhynien (hier mit verbesserter Transkription bei Prypiat -> Prypjat) - erarbeitet auf der Vorlage von Sven Steschke File links The following pages link to this file: Volyn Oblast ... Image File history File links Übersicht mit Beschriftung der Flüsse in der Oblast Wolhynien (hier mit verbesserter Transkription bei Prypiat -> Prypjat) - erarbeitet auf der Vorlage von Sven Steschke File links The following pages link to this file: Volyn Oblast ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Another militant group also began operating in the region in 1942 (see Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) which then spread to other regions of Ukraine. UPA units sporadically fought the Nazis, then the Soviets for many years (and undertaking massacres of locals). Some units of this army engaged in bloody widespread actions to kill the local population of the Polish settlements in Volyn, which resulted in the violent deaths estimated to be 30,000 to 60,000 (Polish sources gave even higher figures) Polish souls in the region (see Massacres of Poles in Volhynia). Local Polish military units retaliated, killing around 15,000 or more souls from among the native Ukrainian population. This article is about the year. ... UPA propaganda poster The Ukrainian Insurgent Army (Ukrainian: ) was a Ukrainian guerrilla army formed on October 14, 1942, in Volhynia. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Soviet redirects here. ... The Massacre of Poles in Volhyn was an ethnic cleansing conducted in Volhyn (Polish: Wołyń) during World War II. In the course of it, up to 80,000 Poles are thought to have been massacred by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (Ukrainska Povstanska Armiya, or UPA). ...


In the immediate aftermath of World War II the Polish-Soviet border was redrawn based on the Curzon line. Volyn, along with the neighbouring provinces became an integral part of the Ukrainian SSR. The Poles who remained in the eastern region were transferred to the Recovered Territories of western Poland (the former easternmost provinces of Germany) whose German population had been expelled. Some of the Ukrainians on the western side, notably around the city of Kholm (Chelm in Polish), were also allowed to move to Ukraine. Combatants Allies: • Poland, • UK & Commonwealth, • France/Free France, • Soviet Union, • USA, • China, ...and others Axis: • Germany, • Italy, • Japan, ...and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total: 50 million Full list Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total: 12 million Full list World War II... The Curzon Line was a demarcation line proposed in 1919 by the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Curzon of Kedleston, as a possible armistice line between Poland, to the west, and Soviet Russia to the east, during the Polish-Soviet War of 1919–20. ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... Note: although the term recovered territories has a clear meaning in Poland and Polish historiography, it is not a widely accepted term or concept in Germany or in English-speaking nations. ... Chełm is a town in eastern Poland with 68,595 inhabitants (2004). ...


The area underwent rapid industrialisation including the construction of the Lutskiy Avtomobilnyi Zavod. Nevertheless the area remains one of the most rural throughout the former Soviet Union. It currently ranks amongst Ukraine's poorest areas, likely due to a lack of investement and a declining infrastructure. Some of its lands are on the edge of the area effected by the Chernobyl disaster. The Chernobyl Nuclear power plant The Chernobyl accident which occurred on 26 April 1986 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine (then part of the Soviet Union) is widely regarded as the worst in the history of nuclear power generation. ...


External link

  • Official web site of Lutsk (in English)


Subdivisions of Ukraine Flag of Ukraine
Oblasts: Cherkasy | Chernihiv | Chernivtsi | Dnipropetrovsk | Donetsk | Ivano-Frankivsk | Kharkiv | Kherson | Khmelnytskyi | Kirovohrad | Kiev | Luhansk | Lviv | Mykolaiv | Odessa | Poltava | Rivne | Sumy | Ternopil | Vinnytsia | Volyn | Zakarpattia | Zaporizhia | Zhytomyr
Autonomous republic: Crimea
Cities with special status: Kiev | Sevastopol

  Results from FactBites:
 
Volyn Oblast - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (805 words)
Volyn was once part of Kievan Rus before becoming an independent local principality and an integral part of the Halych-Volynia, one of Kievan Rus successor states.
In 1941 the Volyn was invaded by the Nazi Germany's Barbarossa Offensive.
The Volyn Oblast is administratively subdivided into 16 raions (districts), as well as 4 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Kovel, Novovolynsk, Volodymyr-Volynskyi, and the administrative center of the oblast, Lutsk.
Volyn Oblast (543 words)
Volyn Oblast or Volhynia (Волинська область, Volyns’ka oblast’ or Волинь/ Волынь, Volyn’ in Ukrainian and Russian respectevely) is the most north-western oblast (province) of Ukraine, bordering Belarus to the north and Poland to the west.
The capital of the oblast is Luts'k (Lutsk, ЕЃuck).
Volyn, along with the neighbouring provinces became and integral part of the Ukrainian SSR The Poles who remained in the eastern region were transferred to the "Recovered Territories" of western Poland (the former easternmost provinces of Germany) whose German population had been expelled.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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