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Encyclopedia > Volk

Volk is a German (and Dutch) word meaning "people" or "folk". It is commonly used as prefix in words such as Volksentscheid (plebiscite) or Völkerbund (League of Nations), or the car manufacturer Volkswagen (literally, "people's car"). Look up prefix on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded after the First World War at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. ... Volkswagen [literally: peoples car] (also known as VW) is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. ...


A number of völkisch movements were set up in Germany after World War I. Combining interest in folklore, ecology, occultism and romanticism with ethnic nationalism, their ideologies were a strong influence on the Nazi party, which itself was inspired by Adolf Hitler's membership of the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei. The hard-to-translate word völkisch has connotations of folksy, folkloric, and populist. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations and... Folklore is the ethnographic concept of the tales, legends, or superstitions current among a particular population, a part of the Oral tradition or oral history of a particular culture. ... (Ecology is sometimes used incorrectly as a synonym for the natural environment. ... For other uses of this term, see occult (disambiguation). ... Romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement in the history of ideas that originated in late 18th century Western Europe. ... Ethnic nationalism is the form of nationalism in which the state derives political legitimacy from historical cultural or hereditary groupings (ethnicities); the underlying assumption is that ethnicities should be politically distinct. ... The Nazi swastika symbol The National Socialist German Workers Party ( German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... Adolf Hitler â–¶(?) (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945) was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 and Führer und Reichskanzler (Leader and Chancellor) of Germany from 1934 to his death. ...


During the years of the Third Reich, this term and its adjective völkisch became heavily politicised, particulary in slogans such as Volk ohne Raum — "(a) people without space" or Völkischer Beobachter ("popular observer"), an NSDAP party newspaper. Also the political slogan Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer ("One people, one country, one leader"). Today, the term völkisch is largely restricted to historical contexts describing that era. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... A political slogan is a slogan used in a political context. ...   Reich? (), is the German word for realm or empire, cognate with Scandinavian rike, Scots rik, and Dutch rijk. ... Führer (often written Fuehrer or Fuhrer in English when umlauts are not used) is a proper noun meaning leader or guide in the German language. ...


Volk also occurs in German socialist usage, as in the Volkspolizei (People's Police) or "Volkseigene Betriebe" (People's-Owned Business) of the former German Democratic Republic. The color red and particularly the red flag are traditional symbols of Socialism. ... East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a socialist country that existed from 1949 to 1990. ...


As is the often the case with literal translations, the English word folk does not do justice to the specific definition of the word Volk. It is meant to sustain an ideal or image that a single word cannot encapsulate (at least in the World War II-era meaning of the word). Many countries hold an ideal of their national image, even in a very trivial sense. "British humour," for example is used to describe very strong irony or understated mockery. The Nazi-era use of Volk could, depending on context, be interpreted as "race," "Germanic," or "European." World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb. ... British humour has a reputation for being puzzling to non-British speakers of English. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Volk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (296 words)
Volk is a German (and Dutch) word meaning "people" or "folk".
Combining interest in folklore, ecology, occultism and romanticism with ethnic nationalism, their ideologies were a strong influence on the Nazi party, which itself was inspired by Adolf Hitler's membership of the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei.
Volk also occurs in German socialist usage, as in the Volkspolizei (People's Police) or "Volkseigene Betriebe" (People's-Owned Business) of the former German Democratic Republic.
Volk Reviews (255 words)
Volk is not only a highly skilled but an extremely passionate player, with the heart and smarts to produce terrific performances.
In Jim Volk there is the rare ability to select discerningly from a wide, multi-hued musical palette and the talent to mate those elements with bold design and solid musicianship.
Volk takes an instrument that has been played for hundreds of years and twists and turns it into an exciting, pulsating form of music.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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