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Encyclopedia > Volhynia

Volhynia (Ukrainian: Волинь, Volyn’, Polish: Wołyń, Russian: Волынь, Volyn’; also called Volynia) comprises the historic region in western Ukraine located between the rivers Prypiat and Western Bug -- to the north of Galicia and of Podolia. The area has one of the oldest Slavic settlements in Europe. Part of historical Volhynia now forms the Volyn, Rivne, and parts of Zhytomyr and Ternopil Oblast of Ukraine, as well as parts of Poland (see Chełm). Other major cities include Lutsk, Kovel, Kremenets, and Novohrad-Volynskyi. Many Jewish shtetel like Trochenbrod and Lozisht were once an integral part of the region. The Pripyat River (Ukrainian: Припять, Prýpyat; Belarusian: Прыпяць, Prýpyats, Polish Prypeć) is a river in Eastern Europe, of approximately 440 miles (710 km). ... Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західн&#1080... Coat-of-arms of Galicia or Galicja Galicia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , German: , Hungarian: , Czech: , Turkish: ) is an historical region in East Central Europe, currently divided between Poland and Ukraine. ... Historical arms of Podilia The region of Podolia (also spelt Podilia or Podillya) is a historical region in the west-central and south-west portions of present-day Ukraine, corresponding to Khmelnytskyi Oblast and Vinnytsia Oblast. ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples (Greek: , Latin: , Arabic: ‎, Old Church Slavonic: , Russian: , Polish: , Serbian: ), Croatian: , Bulgarian: ) are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... Volyn Oblast (Волинська область, Volyns’ka oblast’ or Волинь/ Волынь, Volyn’ in Ukrainian and Russian respectevely). ... Rivne (Ukrainian: , Russian: , translit. ... Zhytomyr (Ukrainian, Russian Житомир, Polish: Å»ytomierz) is the capital of the Zhytomyrska oblast in Ukraine. ... Ternopil Oblast (Тернопільська область, Ternopil’s’ka oblast’ or Тернопільщина, Ternopil’shchyna in Ukrainian) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... CheÅ‚m ( ; Ukrainian: , Kholm) is a town in eastern Poland with 72,595 inhabitants (2005). ... Lutsk (Ukrainian: Луцьк) is the capital of the Volyn Oblast, Ukraine. ... Coat of Arms, circa 1993 Kovel (In Ukrainian and in Russian: Ковель, in Polish: Kowel) is a town now situated in western Ukraine in the Volyn oblast. ... Kremenets (Ukrainian: Кременець, Polish: Krzemieniec) is a city in northern Ternopil Oblast, Volhynia, Western Ukraine. ... Novohrad-Volynskyi (aka Novohrad-Volynskyy; Ukrainian:Новоград-Волинський) is a city in Zhytomyr Oblast of Ukraine. ... A shtetl (Yiddish: , diminutive form of Yiddish shtot שטאָט, town) was typically a small town with a large Jewish population forced to live there by Germans in pre-Holocaust Central and Eastern Europe. ... Trochenbrod or Trochinbrod in Russian (Ukrainian: ) was a Jewish shtetl (village) with an area 1,728 acres once located in what is now western Ukraine but which used to be a part of Poland, about 30 kilometers northeast of Lutsk. ... Lozisht was a Jewish shtetl (village) located in what is now western Ukraine but which used to be a part of Poland and was called then Ignatowka. ...


History

The ancient city of Halych first appears in history in 981 when taken over by Vladimir the Great of Kievan Rus. Volhynia's early history coincides with that of the duchies or principalities of Halych and Volodymyr-Volynsky. These two successor states of Kievan Rus formed Halych-Volhynia between the 12th and the 14th centuries. Jackdaw on the coat-of-arms of Galicia alludes to the name of Halych Halych (Russian and Ukrainian: ) is a historic town in Western Ukraine on the Dniester River. ... Events Births Princess Theodora, later Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire. ... Detail of the Millenium of Russia monument in Novgorod (1862) representing St Vladimir and his family. ... Volodymyr-Volynsky (Володимир-Волинський; Polish: Włodzimierz Wołyński, Russian: Vladimir Volynski) is a city in Volyn region, northwestern Ukraine, with a population of 38,000 (2004). ... Kievan Rus′ (Ки́евская Ру́сь, Kievskaya Rus in Russian; Київська Русь, Kyivs’ka Rus’ in Ukrainian) was the early, mostly East Slavic¹ state dominated by the... Halych-Volhynia, or Halych-Volodymyr, was a large state in Ruthenia (Rus ) which existed in the 13th and 14th centuries. ...

Pochayiv Lavra, the spiritual heart of the Orthodox in Volhynia
Pochayiv Lavra, the spiritual heart of the Orthodox in Volhynia

After the disintegration of the Grand Duchy of Halych-Volhynia (also called Galich-Vladimir Rus) circa 1340, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania divided up the region between them, Poland taking Western Volhynia and Lithuania Eastern Volhynia (1352-1366). After 1569 Volhynia formed a province of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. During this period Poles and Jews settled in the area. The Roman and Greek Catholic churches became established in the province, and many Orthodox churches were forcibly annexed by the latter. Records of the first agricultural colonies of Mennonites date from 1783. Image File history File linksMetadata Pochaev. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Pochaev. ... Pochayiv Lavra of the Assumption of the Theotokos (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) has for centuries been the foremost spiritual and ideological centre of various Orthodox denominations in Western Ukraine. ... A grand duchy is a territory whose head of state is a Grand Duke or Grand Duchess. ... Events Europe has about 74 million inhabitants. ... The Kingdom of Poland of the later Piasts was the Polish state in the years between the coronation of Władysław I the Elbow-high in 1320 and the death of Kazimierz III the Great in 1370. ... The presumable banner of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the coat of arms, called Пагоня in Belarusian, Vytis in Lithuanian and Pogoń in Polish Another version of the Lithuanian banner The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė, Belarusian: Вялі́кае Кня́ства Літо́ўскае (ВКЛ), Ukrainian: Велике Князівство Литовське (ВКЛ), Polish: Wielkie Księstwo Litewskie) was an... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The term Eastern Rites may refer to the liturgical rites used by many ancient Christian Churches of Eastern Europe and the Middle East that, while being part of the Roman Catholic Church, are distinct from the Latin Rite or Western Church. ... The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations named after and influenced by the teachings and tradition of Menno Simons (1496-1561). ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


After the third Partition of Poland in 1795 Volhynia became a province (gubernia) of Russian Empire. By the end of the 19th century Volhynia had over 200,000 German settlers (colonists), most of whom immigrated from Congress Poland. A small number of Czech settlers also arrived. Although economically the area was developing rather quickly, upon the eve of the First World War, it was still the most rural province in Western Russia. The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Anthem: God Save the Tsar! Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721-1725 Peter the Great  - 1894-1917 Nicholas II History  - Established 22 October, 1721  - February Revolution 2 March, 1917 Area  - 1897 22,400,000 km2 8,648,688 sq mi Population  - 1897... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Early American settlers often built crude houses in the form of log cabins. ... Map of Congress Poland. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...

Mezhyrich Abbey in Ostroh was endowed by Princes Ostrogski in the 15th century
Mezhyrich Abbey in Ostroh was endowed by Princes Ostrogski in the 15th century

In 1921 after the end of the Polish-Soviet war, the treaty known as the Peace of Riga divided Volhynia between Poland and the USSR. Poland took the larger part and established a Volhynian Voivodeship. (See the map at Voivodeships of Poland). Most of eastern Volhynia became part of the Zhitomir Oblast. Image File history File links Mezhirich. ... Image File history File links Mezhirich. ... Ostroh Castle in the 1960s Mezhyrich Monastery in the 2000s Ostroh (Ukrainian and Russian Острог, also often spelled Ostrog as it is called in Polish and transliterated from Russian) is a historical town in Ukraine with a population of 14,801 (2001). ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... Combatants Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Second Polish Republic Commanders Mikhail Tukhachevsky Semyon Budyonny Joseph Stalin Józef Piłsudski Edward Rydz-Śmigły Strength 950,000 including reserves 5 million 360,000 including reserves 738,000 Casualties Unknown, dead estimated at 100,000 - 150,000 Unknown, dead estimated at... Central and Eastern Europe after the Treaty of Riga See also Riga Peace Treaty for other treaties concluded in Riga. ... Volhynian Voivodeship (Polish: Wojewodztwo Wolynskie) was an administrative unit of interwar Poland (1918-1939) as well as of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... The voivodeship or province (Polish: województwo) has been a second-level administrative unit in Poland since the 14th century. ... Flag of Zhytomyr Oblast Coat of Arms of Zhyomyr Oblast Zhytomyr Oblast (Житомирська область, Zhytomyrs’ka oblast’ or Житомирщина, Zhytomyrshchyna in Ukrainian) is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. ...


In 1935-1938 Stalin had the Poles of Eastern Volhynia deported — the first ethnic deportation in the history of the Soviet Union — see Polish minority in Soviet Union. 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Polish minority in the Soviet Union refers to former Polish citizens or Polish-speaking people who resided in the Soviet Union. ...


In 1939 the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact transferred all of Volhynia territory to the Soviet Union. In the course of the Nazi-Soviet population transfers which followed this German-Soviet reconciliation, the German minority population of Volhynia migrated to Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany. The Nazi authorities later evacuated them. Most of the Jewish and Polish minorities became victims of the ethnic cleansing by Nazis and the UPA. Between 1942 and 1944, there were many massacres of Poles, committed by the Ukrainians. Volhynia remained a part of Soviet Union after the end of World War II. Most of the remaining Poles were expatriated to Poland in 1945. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Volhynia is part of independent Ukraine. 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... Molotov signs the German-Soviet non-aggression pact. ... The Nazi-Soviet population transfers were a series of population transfers between 1939 and 1941 of Germans from territories occupied by Soviet Union due to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, notably Bessarabia and the Baltic states of Estonia and Latvia, all of which traditionally had large German minorities. ... Reichsgau and General Governement in 1941 At the beginning of World War II, significant Polish areas were annexed by Nazi Germany. ... World War II evacuation and expulsion refers to forced deportation, mass evacuation and displacement of peoples spurred on by the hostilities between Axis and Allied powers, and the border changes enacted in the post-war settlement. ... UPA propaganda poster The Ukrainian Insurgent Army (Ukrainian: ) was a Ukrainian guerrilla army formed on October 14, 1942, in Volhynia. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... During World War II, approximately 100. ... The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ...


See also

Coat-of-arms of Galicia or Galicja Galicia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , German: , Hungarian: , Czech: , Turkish: ) is an historical region in East Central Europe, currently divided between Poland and Ukraine. ... Polish Autonomous Districts were created in the Soviet Union republics of Belarus and Ukraine in an attempt to live up to the postulate of the Leninism about the rights of nations for self-definition. ... During World War II, approximately 100. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Volhynia. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (255 words)
Volhynia’s early history from c.981 coincides with that of the duchies of Volodymyr (see Volodymyr-Volynskyy) and Halych.
With the Polish-Lithuanian union of 1569, Volhynia became a quasi-autonomous province of Poland.
Poland ceded its section of Volhynia to the USSR in 1939, and the Soviet-Polish border agreement of 1945 confirmed it as a Soviet possession.
Volhynia (347 words)
Brief History - Volhynia was ruled by Poland until the late 18th century, when Poland was partitioned by the Prussian, Austrian, and Russian empires.
After the partition of Poland, Volhynia was a gubernia, or province, of the Russian Empire until 1919, when the western part of Volhynia once again became part of Poland.
In 1945 the entire area of the Volhynia Gubernia was absorbed into the Soviet Union, but the gubernia system was no longer used and the Volhynia name was used to identify a smaller region, called an oblast, in the western part of the old gubernia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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