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Encyclopedia > Voir dire

The phrase "voir dire" derives from Middle French; in modern English it is interpreted to mean "speak the truth" and generally refers to the process by which prospective jurors are questioned about their backgrounds and potential biases before being invited to sit on a jury. Middle French (le moyen français) is a historical division of the French language which covers the period from (roughly) 1340 to 1610. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A jury is a sworn body of persons convened to render a rational, impartial verdict and a finding of fact on a legal question officially submitted to them, or to set a penalty or judgment in a jury trial of a court of law. ... For with(out) prejudice in law, see Prejudice (law). ... A jury is a sworn body of persons convened to render a rational, impartial verdict and a finding of fact on a legal question officially submitted to them, or to set a penalty or judgment in a jury trial of a court of law. ...


Voir dire can include both general questions asked of an entire pool of prospective jurors, answered by means such as a show of hands, and questions asked of individual prospective jurors and calling for a verbal answer.


In England and Wales, the process of voir dire consists of the single question: "Can you give a fair hearing to both the crown and the defence?" Any prospective juror who affirmatively answers the question is impanelled on the jury. A jury is a sworn body of persons convened to render a rational, impartial verdict and a finding of fact on a legal question officially submitted to them, or to set a penalty or judgment in a jury trial of a court of law. ...


Voir dire may also be a special hearing where a judge decides whether evidence can be presented at trial. It is a trial within a trial, where the victim may be called to testify.


In common trial, however, "Voir Dire" is a motion to cross-examine an expert witness during opposing counsel's direct examination to establish the credibility of said witness before damaging evidence is brought to court through this witness who may not be credible. This saves possibly not only days of testimony and wasted time for a court, but also insures any prejudical evidence is brought through by a credible, expert witness.


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  Results from FactBites:
 
Voir dire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (280 words)
The phrase "voir dire" derives from Middle French; in modern English it is interpreted to mean "speak the truth" and generally refers to the process by which prospective jurors are questioned about their backgrounds and potential biases before being invited to sit on a jury.
Voir dire can include both general questions asked of an entire pool of prospective jurors, answered by means such as a show of hands, and questions asked of individual prospective jurors and calling for a verbal answer.
In common trial, however, "Voir Dire" is a motion to cross-examine an expert witness during opposing counsel's direct examination to establish the credibility of said witness before damaging evidence is brought to court through this witness who may not be credible.
Publications: The Real Purpose Of Voir Dire - Becker & Poliakoff (6112 words)
The literal translation of voir dire is “to see and speak the truth.” Technically, voir dire is the preliminary stages of a trial where prospective jurors are examined to determine their suitability to serve as jurors on the particular case.
Voir dire is the remedy that the defendant must rely upon to protect him from the adverse effects of pretrial publicity.
There is conflict between the inherent purpose of voir dire, which is to find impartial jurors from a pool representative of the community, and the true yet unstated purpose of every attorney, which is to find jurors predisposed to their position.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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