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Encyclopedia > Voiceless uvular fricative
IPA – number 142
IPA – text χ
IPA – image Image:Xsampa-x2.png
entity χ
X-SAMPA X
Kirshenbaum X
Sound  Sound sample?

The voiceless uvular fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is χ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is X. The International Phonetic Alphabet. ... IPA symbols, detail from Image:Ipa-chart-consonants-pulmonic. ... HTML has been in use since 1991 (note that the W3C international standard is now XHTML), but the first standardized version with a reasonably complete treatment of international characters was version 4. ... The Extended SAM Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) is a variant of SAMPA developed in 1995 by John C. Wells, professor of phonetics at the University of London. ... Kirshenbaum, sometimes called ASCII-IPA, is a system used to represent the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) in ASCII. It was developed for Usenet, notably the newsgroups sci. ... To play the audio file do not click on the -image. ... Image File history File links Voiceless_uvular_fricative. ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-07-20, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... One might be looking for the academic discipline of communications. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet. ... The Extended SAM Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) is a variant of SAMPA developed in 1995 by John C. Wells, professor of phonetics at the University of London. ...

Contents


Features

Features of the voiceless uvular fricative:

In speech there are different ways of producing a consonant. ... Fricative consonants are produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together. ... Turbulent flow around an obstacle; the flow further away is laminar Laminar and turbulent water flow over the hull of a submarine Turbulence in the tip vortex from an airplane wing In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is a flow regime characterized by low momentum diffusion, high momentum convection... In speech, consonants may have different places of articulation, generally with full or partial stoppage of the airstream. ... Uvulars are consonants articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula, that is, further back in the mouth than velar consonants. ... Many animals have longer and more flexible tongues than humans. ... The uvula is a small cone-shaped mass of tissue hanging down from the soft palate, near the back of the throat. ... Phoneticians define phonation as use of the laryngeal system to generate an audible source of acoustic energy, i. ... Phoneticians define phonation as use of the laryngeal system to generate an audible source of acoustic energy, i. ... An oral consonant is a consonant sound in speech that is made by allowing air to escape from the mouth. ... A central or medial consonant is a consonant sound that is produced when air flows across the center of the mouth over the tongue. ... In phonetics, initiation is the action by which an air-flow is created through the vocal tract. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... The heart with relation to the lungs (from an older edition of Grays Anatomy) This x-ray of the human chest shows the lungs as dark regions The lung is an organ belonging to the respiratory system and interfacing to the circulatory system of air-breathing vertebrates. ... The space between the vocal cords is called the glottis. ...

In other languages

Several languages spoken on the northwest coast of North America have both labialized and non-labialized fricatives, including the Alsean, Salishan (Bella Coola, Klallam), Athabaskan (Chilcotin), and Wakashan languages (Nootka). Oowekyala, a Wakashan language, has labial and non-labial voiceless uvular fricatives in addition to having a voiceless pharyngeal fricative, and labial and non-labial velar fricatives. The Alsean (also Yakonan) language family consists of two closely related languages that were spoken along the central Oregon coast. ... The Salishan (also Salish) languages are a group of languages of western Canada and the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... Nuxalk is a Salishan language spoken in the Canadian town Bella Coola, British Columbia. ... Klallam (also Clallam) is a Straits Salishan language natively called Nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əmúcən, spoken by Klallam peoples. ... Athabaskan or Athabascan (also Athapascan or Athapaskan) is the name of a large group of distantly related Native American peoples, also known as the Athabasca Indians or Athapaskes, located in two main Southern and Northern groups in western North America, and of their language family. ... The Chilcotin (also Tsilhqot’in) are a Northern Athabaskan people that live in British Columbia and Washington. ... Wakashan is a family of languages spoken around Vancouver Island. ... The Nuu-chah-nulth (pronounced New-cha-nulth)(also Nootka, Nutka, Aht, West Coast, T’aat’aaqsapa, Nuuchahnulth) people are indigenous peoples of Canada. ... Oowekyala (also Rivers Inlet, Oweekeno, Wikeno, Owikeno, Oowekeeno, Oweekano, Awikenox, Oowekyala, Oweekala) is a dialect (or a sublanguage) of Heiltsuk-Oowekyala, a North Wakashan (Kwakiutlan) language spoken around Rivers Inlet in British Columbia. ...


Most variants of German realize the phoneme /x/ using this sound. It is commonly refered to as an Ach-laut after the German interjection ach An interjection, sometimes called a filled pause, is a part of speech that usually has no grammatical connection to the rest of the sentence and simply expresses emotion on the part of the speaker, although most interjections have clear definitions. ...


References

  • Hess, Wolfgang (2001). "Funktionale Phonetik und Phonologie." In "Grundlagen der Phonetik." Bonn: Institut für Kommunikationsforschung und Phonetik, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität. [1]

See also


A acoustic phonetics affricate airstream mechanism Alfred C. Gimson allophone alveolar approximant alveolar consonant alveolar ejective fricative alveolar ejective alveolar flap alveolar nasal alveolar ridge alveolar trill alveolo-palatal consonant apical consonant approximant consonant articulatory phonetics aspiration auditory phonetics B back vowel bilabial click bilabial consonant bilabial ejective bilabial nasal...

  Consonants (List, table) See also: IPA, Vowels  
Pulmonics Bilabial Lab'den. Dental Alveolar Postalv. Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyn. Epiglottal Glottal   Non-pulmonics and other symbols
Plosives p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k g q ɢ ʡ ʔ  Clicks  ʘ ǀ ǃ ǂ ǁ
Nasals m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ  Implosives  ɓ ɗ ʄ ɠ ʛ
Trills ʙ r ʀ  Ejectives 
Flaps & Taps ɾ ɽ Other laterals  ɺ ɫ
Fricatives ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ ʜ ʢ h ɦ Co-articulated approximants  ʍ w ɥ
Lat. Fricatives ɬ ɮ Co-articulated fricatives  ɕ ʑ ɧ
   Approximants    β̞ ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ Affricates  ʦ ʣ ʧ ʤ
Lat. Appr'mants l ɭ ʎ ʟ Co-articulated stops  kp gb ŋm
This page contains phonetic information in IPA, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]
Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote pulmonic articulations judged impossible.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Voiceless uvular fricative - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (449 words)
The voiceless uvular fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Its manner of articulation is fricative, which means it is produced by constricting air flow through a narrow channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
Its place of articulation is uvular which means it is articulated with the back of the tongue (the dorsum) against or near the uvula.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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