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Encyclopedia > Voiceless pharyngeal fricative
IPA – number 144
IPA – text ħ
IPA – image Image:Xsampa-Xslash.png
entity ħ
X-SAMPA X
Kirshenbaum H
Sound  Sound sample?

The voiceless pharyngeal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is h-bar(ħ), and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is X. The International Phonetic Alphabet. ... IPA symbols, detail from Image:Ipa-chart-consonants-pulmonic. ... HTML has been in use since 1991 (note that the W3C international standard is now XHTML), but the first standardized version with a reasonably complete treatment of international characters was version 4. ... The Extended SAM Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) is a variant of SAMPA developed in 1995 by John C. Wells, professor of phonetics at the University of London. ... Kirshenbaum, sometimes called ASCII-IPA, is a system used to represent the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) in ASCII. It was developed for Usenet, notably the newsgroups sci. ... To play the audio file do not click on the -image. ... Image File history File links Voiceless_pharyngeal_fricative. ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-07-20, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... One might be looking for the academic discipline of communications. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet. ... H with stroke (uppercase Ħ lowercase ħ) is a letter used in maltese. ... The Extended SAM Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) is a variant of SAMPA developed in 1995 by John C. Wells, professor of phonetics at the University of London. ...


Features

Features of the voiceless pharyngeal fricative:

In speech there are different ways of producing a consonant. ... Fricative consonants are produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together. ... Turbulent flow around an obstacle; the flow further away is laminar Laminar and turbulent water flow over the hull of a submarine Turbulence in the tip vortex from an airplane wing In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is a flow regime characterized by low momentum diffusion, high momentum convection... In speech, consonants may have different places of articulation, generally with full or partial stoppage of the airstream. ... A pharyngeal consonant is a type of consonant which is articulated with the root of the tongue against the pharynx. ... Many animals have longer and more flexible tongues than humans. ... The pharynx is the part of the digestive system of many animals immediately behind the mouth and in front of the esophagus. ... Phoneticians define phonation as use of the laryngeal system to generate an audible source of acoustic energy, i. ... An oral consonant is a consonant sound in speech that is made by allowing air to escape from the mouth. ... A central or medial consonant is a consonant sound that is produced when air flows across the center of the mouth over the tongue. ... Laterals are L-like consonants pronounced with an occlusion made somewhere along the axis of the tongue, while air from the lungs escapes at one side or both sides of the tongue. ... In phonetics, initiation is the action by which an air-flow is created through the vocal tract. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... The lungs flank the heart and great vessels in the chest cavity. ... The space between the vocal cords is called the glottis. ...

See also


A acoustic phonetics affricate airstream mechanism Alfred C. Gimson allophone alveolar approximant alveolar consonant alveolar ejective fricative alveolar ejective alveolar flap alveolar nasal alveolar ridge alveolar trill alveolo-palatal consonant apical consonant approximant consonant articulatory phonetics aspiration auditory phonetics B back vowel bilabial click bilabial consonant bilabial ejective bilabial nasal...

  Consonants (List, table) See also: IPA, Vowels  
Pulmonics Bilabial Lab'den. Dental Alveolar Postalv. Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyn. Epiglottal Glottal   Non-pulmonics and other symbols
Plosives p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k g q ɢ ʡ ʔ  Clicks  ʘ ǀ ǃ ǂ ǁ
Nasals m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ  Implo­sives  ɓ ɗ ʄ ɠ ʛ
Trills ʙ r ʀ  Ejec­tives 
Flaps & Taps ɾ ɽ Other laterals  ɺ ɫ
Fricatives ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ ʜ ʢ h ɦ Co-articulated approximants  ʍ w ɥ
Lat. Fricatives ɬ ɮ Co-articulated fricatives  ɕ ʑ ɧ
   Approximants    β̞ ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ Affricates  ʦ ʣ ʧ ʤ
Lat. Appr'mants l ɭ ʎ ʟ Co-articulated stops  kp gb ŋm
This page contains phonetic information in IPA, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]
Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote pulmonic articulations judged impossible.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fricative consonant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (432 words)
Fricatives (or spirants) are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
A particular subset of fricatives are the sibilants (sometimes referred to as stridents).
The glottal "fricatives" are actually unaccompanied phonation states of the glottis, without any accompanying manner, fricative or otherwise.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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