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Encyclopedia > Voice acting

Voice acting is the art of providing voices for animated characters (including those in feature films, television series, animated shorts, and video games), doing voice-overs in radio and television commercials, audio dramas, dubbed foreign language films, video games, puppet shows, and amusement rides. An individual who performs such voice-only roles is known as a voice actor or actress or as a voice artist. Voice acting may also involve singing, although a second voice actor is sometimes cast as the character's singing voice. Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... This article is about computer and video games. ... A voice-over is a narration that is played on top of a video segment, usually with the audio for that segment muted or lowered. ... Commercialism redirects here. ... Radio drama is a form of audio storytelling broadcast on radio. ... In filmmaking, dubbing or looping is the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a universal phenomenon. ... A puppet is a representational object, usually but not always depicting a human character, used in play or a presentation. ... 4 second exposure night photography . ... Harry Belafonte singing, photograph by C. van Vechten Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice, which is often contrasted with speech. ...

Contents

In the United States

Broadcast media

For live-action production, voice acting often involves reading the parts of computer programs (Douglas Rain; Majel Barrett), radio dispatchers (Shaaron Claridge), or characters who never actually appear on screen but who give instructions by telephone (John Forsythe in Charlie's Angels), or mailed recording (Bob Johnson in Mission: Impossible). "Stunt double" voice actors are sometimes employed; if a voice actor or actress loses his or her voice, someone who sounds similar can step in. For example, when Jeremy Irons's vocal chords became strained during the recording of the Lion King, Jim Cummings was called in to finish the recording. Douglas Rain is a Canadian actor and narrator born in 1928 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. ... Majel Barrett as Lwaxana Troi on Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... Shaaron Claridge, now retired, was a second-shift radiotelephone operator or police radio dispatcher at the Van Nuys Division of the Los Angeles Police Department. ... John Forsythe (born January 29, 1918 in Penns Grove, New Jersey), is an American stage, television and character actor who starred in three television series that spanned three decades such as single playboy father Bentley Gregg in the 1950s sitcom, Bachelor Father (1957 – 1962), as the unseen millionaire Charles Townsend... This article is about the television series. ... Bob Johnson (born Robert Cleveland Johnson in 1921 in Portland, Oregon - died 1994) was an American actor and voice actor who played supporting roles on series television and in films from the late 1950s til a few years before he died. ... Mission: Impossible is the name of an American television series which aired on the CBS network from September 1966 to September 1973. ... James Jonah Jim Cummings (born November 3, 1952[1] in Youngstown, Ohio) is an American voice actor. ...


It is not unusual to find amongst the ranks of voice actors people who also act in live-action film or television, or on the stage (see e.g., J. Scott Smart, an "old time radio" actor). For those actors, voice acting has the advantage of offering acting work without having to bother with makeup, costuming, lighting, and so on. J. Scott Smart, aka Jack Smart (1902-1960), was a famous radio, film, and stage actor during the 1930s, 1940s and early 1950s. ... Old-Time Radio (OTR) or The Golden Age of Radio is a term used to refer to radio programs that were broadcast during the 1920s through the late 1950s (with some outlying programs produced earlier and later) in the United States, as well as the United Kingdom and Canada and...


A common practice in animation is to cast a woman to play the role of a young boy. On The Simpsons, for example, Nancy Cartwright plays Bart Simpson and several other juvenile males. Another voice actress who would fit this criteria is Veronica Taylor, who for several seasons voiced Ash Ketchum in the North American version of the Pokémon anime. This casting practice goes back to at least 1939, with Bernice Hansen as Sniffles the Mouse, and continues with Elizabeth "E. G." Daily as Tommy Pickles on Rugrats and All Grown Up! today. June Foray, even as a senior citizen, can still faithfully voice Rocket J. Squirrel. Casting adult women for these parts can be especially useful if an ad campaign or a developed series is expected to run for several years, for while the vocal characteristics of an adolescent male actor would change over time, the voice of an adult female will not. In the performing arts, casting is a vital pre-production process for selecting a cast (a meaning of the word recorded since 1631) of actors, dancers, singers, models and other talent for a live or recorded performance. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Nancy Campbell Cartwright (born October 25, 1957 in Dayton, Ohio) is an American voice actress. ... Bart and his sister Lisa as news anchors. ... Veronica Taylor (born April 9, 1978) is an American voice actress. ... Ash Ketchum, known as Satoshi ) in Japan, is the protagonist of the anime Pokémon. ... The official Pokémon logo. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bernice Hansen was a voice artist who did a number of female character voices for Warner Bros. ... Sniffles is an animated cartoon and comic book character in the Warner Bros. ... Elizabeth Ann Guttman (born September 11, 1961),[1] better known by her stage names of Elizabeth Daily and E.G. Daily, is an American voice actress, actress, and singer. ... Information Nickname(s) Tommy Species Human Gender Male Age 1 (10 in All Grown Up!) Date of birth August 11, 1990 Occupation Film Maker Family Stu Pickles (Father) Didi Pickles (Mother) Dil Pickles (Younger Brother) Relatives Grandpa Lou Pickles (grandfather) Angelica Pickles (cousin) Drew Pickles (uncle) Charlotte Pickles (aunt) Portrayed... For the 1980s Canadian childrens band, see The Rugrats. ... All Grown Up! (also known as AGU) is an animated television series based on characters from Rugrats, as older characters facing pre-teen and teen issues (dating, jobs, school, etc. ... June Foray (born September 18, 1917) is an extremely versatile voice actor who has worked for most of the studios which produced animated films since the 1940s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


A notable exception to using women to voice young boys' roles is the Peanuts animated features, in which boys were actually cast to read the boys' lines (e.g., Charlie Brown, Linus, Schroeder). [1] In South Park the authors Trey Parker and Matt Stone are also voice actors of the most male roles, especially the boys: Parker voices Stan, Cartman and others while Stone is the voice of Kyle, Kenny, Butters and others. South Park kids voices are pitched up a little in order to seem more "childish" For other uses, see South Park (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Matthew Richard Stone (born May 26, 1971) is an Emmy-winning American animator, film director, screenwriter, actor and voice actor. ...


Famous voice actors

Charles Adler (born February 20, American voice actor. ... Joe Alaskey (born May 26, 1949 in Watervliet, New York) is credited as one of the successors (including Billy West) of the great Mel Blanc in impersonating the voices of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck and other characters from Warner Bros. ... Carlos Alazraqui is a comedian and voice actor. ... Wayne Anthony Allwine (born February 7, 1947 in Los Angeles, California) is an American voice actor, a sound effects editor and foley artist for Walt Disney Studios and the current voice behind Mickey Mouse, a role he assumed from Jimmy MacDonald. ... Dee Bradley Baker was born August 31, 1962 [1] in Indiana. ... Jeffrey Glenn Bennett (born October 2, 1962) is a well-known voice actor in cartoons, movies and games. ... Michael Bell (left, with Richard Beymer) in the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode The Homecoming. Michael Patrick Bell is an actor and voice over artist, born April 10, 1938 in Brooklyn, New York. ... Steve Blum (also credited as Steven Jay Blum) is a voice actor known primarily for his work in anime dubs and video games. ... Clarence J. Brown III (born January 5, 1959) is an American actor. ... Nancy Cartwright (actress) is an American actress, best noted for providing the voice of Bart Simpson. ... Daniel Louis Castellaneta (born September 10, 1958 in Chicago, Illinois) is an Emmy award winning American voice actor, actor and comedian best known for providing the voice of Homer Simpson and other characters on the animated series The Simpsons. ... Kevin Conroy Kevin Conroy (born November 30, 1955) is an American actor of stage, screen, and voice, best known for his portrayal of DC Comics superhero Batman in numerous animated series and features. ... Peter Cullen, born in Montreal, Canada in 1940, is a voice actor who is best known for providing the voices for Optimus Prime, Ironhide, and Slugslinger in the various Transformers television series and the narrator in both United States Voltron series, as well as playing Coran and King Alfor in... James Jonah Jim Cummings (born November 3, 1952[1] in Youngstown, Ohio) is an American voice actor. ... Grey DeLisle (born August 24, 1973 in Fort Ord, California) is an American singer, songwriter, and voice actress of Irish, Dutch and Hispanic descent. ... John DiMaggio (born September 4, 1968) is an American voice actor, and a native of North Plainfield, New Jersey, known primarily for playing the robot Bender in the 20th Century Fox animated series Futurama. ... Richard Michael Epcar (born April 29, 1955 in Denver, Colorado) is an American voice actor for many dubbed anime series, including Robotech, Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex and Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. 2nd GIG, as well as the Viewtiful Joe anime, and most recently Bobobo... June Foray (born September 18, 1917) is an extremely versatile voice actor who has worked for most of the studios which produced animated films since the 1940s. ... Jennifer Hale Jennifer Hale (born January 1965) is an American actress who has been doing voices for video games, animation, commercials, radio promotions, and movies since 1993. ... Mark Richard Hamill (born September 25, 1951) is an American actor and voice actor. ... Richard Steven Horvitz, sometimes credited as Richard S. Horvitz, Richard Horvitz or Richard Wood (born on July 29, 1966 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actor and voice actor. ... Thomas James Kenny (born July 13, 1962 in East Syracuse, New York) is an American voice actor who is perhaps best known for his work in the animated series SpongeBob SquarePants, in which he is the voice of Spongebob, the narrator, Patchy the Pirate, and a number of other characters. ... Maurice LaMarche (born March 30, 1958 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada) is a Canadian voice actor and former stand up comedian. ... Phillip Phil LaMarr (born January 24, 1967) is an American actor, comedian and prolific voice actor as well as one of the original cast members on the sketch comedy series MADtv. ... Seth Woodbury MacFarlane (born October 26, 1973) is a two-time Emmy-winning American animator, screenwriter, producer, director, and voice actor. ... Tress MacNeille (born June 20, 1951) is an American voice actress best known for providing various voices on the animated television shows The Simpsons and Futurama, and Animaniacs. ... Jason Christopher Marsden (born January 3, 1975 in Providence, Rhode Island, USA) is an American screen and voice actor largely known for numerous voice roles in animated films, as well as various television series. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Robert Fredrick Paulsen, III (born March 11, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) (sometimes credited as Rob Paulson or Vocal Magic) is an American voice actor best known as the voice behind Raphael from Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Yakko Warner from Animaniacs and Pinky from Pinky and the Brain. ... Ronald Francis Perlman (born April 13, 1950, in Washington Heights, New York), billed as Ron Perlman, is an American television, film and voice over actor. ... Derek Stephen Prince (born February 5, 1969 in Inglewood, California) is an English language voice actor who is most famous for his various roles in Digimon, as well as his live-action voice roles of Elgar in Power Rangers Turbo and Power Rangers in Space, Noxic in Big Bad Beetleborgs... Kevin Michael Richardson (born October 25, 1964 in The Bronx, New York) is an American voice actor and actor, one of the most prominent voice actors in the field. ... Although her name is not well known, Pamela Segall (born in 1968 in New York City, New York, USA) provides voices of many famous characters of memorable kids shows, such as Bobby Hill on the show King of the Hill and Spinelli in Recess. ... Kath Soucie (born February 20, 1967 in New York City) (sometimes credited as Souci or Kath E. Soucie) is an American voice actress, perhaps best known for her work as the voice of the Princess Sally of (SatAM) or the Saturday morning cartoon of Sonic The Hedgehog. ... Matthew Richard Stone (born May 26, 1971) is an Emmy-winning American animator, film director, screenwriter, actor and voice actor. ... Tara Strong (born Tara Lyn Charendoff, February 12, 1973) is a voice actress originally from Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Cree Summer Francks (born July 7, 1969), best known as Cree Summer, is a American-born Canadian actress, musician, and Emmy Award nominated voice actress. ... Kirk Thornton (Born Sean Thornton on May 13, 1956 in Portland, Oregon) is a prolific American voice actor. ... Franklin W. Welker (born March 12, 1946) is an American voice actor. ... Billy West Billy West (born William R. West on April 16, 1952 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American voice actor, known for such roles as The Ren and Stimpy Show and Futurama. ...

Rise in use of film actors for voice roles

For much of the history of North American animation, voice actors had a predominantly low profile as performers, with Mel Blanc the major exception. Over time, many movie stars began voice acting in movies, with one of the earliest examples being The Jungle Book, which counted among its cast contemporary stars such as Phil Harris, Sebastian Cabot, and Louis Prima. The film which truly brought about this modern perception, however was Aladdin which was marketed with a noted emphasis on Robin Williams's role. The success of this film eventually spurred the idea of highlighting the voice actors as stars of a film, this becoming the norm in movie marketing, with a greater focus on hiring Hollywood celebrities for name power, rather than performers with more experience in voice acting. By contrast, using anime voice actors as a box office draw was developed far earlier in Japan. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Melvin Jerome Blanc (May 30, 1908 – July 10, 1989) was a prolific American voice actor, performing on radio, in television commercials, and most famously, in hundreds of cartoon shorts for Warner Bros. ... A movie star or film star is a celebrity who is a person known for his or her roles in motion pictures. ... The Jungle Book is the nineteenth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Phil Harris and Alice Faye Phil Harris (born Wonga Philip Harris) (June 24, 1904 – August 11, 1995) was an American singer, songwriter, jazz musician and comedian. ... Sebastian Cabot (July 6, 1918 â€“ August 22, 1977) was a film and television actor, best remembered as a gently composed gentlemans gentleman in the 1960s situation comedy Family Affair, but his sonorous voice and understated style belied his frequent typecasting as an Englishman trying to make sense of America. ... Louis Prima (December 7, 1910 – August 24, 1978) was an American entertainer, singer, actor, and trumpeter. ... This article is about the Disney film. ... Robin McLaurin Williams (born July 21, 1951)[1] is an Academy Award-winning American actor and comedian who has done television, stage, and film work. ... Movie marketing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ...


Some voice actors, such as Billy West, are highly critical of using movie stars for voices in animated features.[2] A particular point of contention is the practice of bringing in veteran voice actors (who are capable of greatly altering their voices and inflections in order to create personalities for characters) to read for a part, and then use the recording of the professional voice actor as a guide for the movie star, even though the actual character creation work is being done by the unpaid voice actor. West struck back at this practice in Comic Book: The Movie, in which the entire main cast is comprised of voice actors, including Jess Harnell, Lori Alan, Mark Hamill and Tom Kenny. Billy West Billy West (born William R. West on April 16, 1952 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American voice actor, known for such roles as The Ren and Stimpy Show and Futurama. ... Jess Q. Harnell (born December 23, 1963 in Teaneck, New Jersey, USA), is an American voice actor, best known for portraying Wakko Warner and Walter Wolf on Animaniacs. ... Lori Alan Is most recently know to do the voice work as The Boss in Metal Gear Solid 3:Snake Eater that was released for the Sony Playstation 2, but she has done other voice work and her resume includes Family Guy as the voice of Diane Simmons, various voices... Mark Richard Hamill (born September 25, 1951) is an American actor and voice actor. ... Thomas James Kenny (born July 13, 1962 in East Syracuse, New York) is an American voice actor who is perhaps best known for his work in the animated series SpongeBob SquarePants, in which he is the voice of Spongebob, the narrator, Patchy the Pirate, and a number of other characters. ...


Voice actors have a small but dedicated fan base, with appearances at large events like Comic-Con International, various anime conventions, and websites dedicated to profiling their work. Comic-Con International, commonly known as Comic-Con or the San Diego Comic-Con, is an annual multigenre fan convention founded as the Golden State Comic Book Convention and later the San Diego Comic Book Convention in 1970 by Shel Dorf and a group of San Diegans. ...


Commercials for television and radio are also cast using voice acting agencies. Ernie Anderson was one of radio's most prominent voices throughout the 70's and 80's and was heard on radio stations across the United States. Today Don LaFontaine fills the category of "The Voice of God," primarily providing the narration for movie trailers. Beginning in the early 2000s, many organizations have moved toward a younger, more natural sound; two notable voice actors in this category are Brian Lee (NBC) and Billy Surf (various commercials). Ernie Anderson as Ghoulardi Ernie Anderson (November 12, 1923 – February 6, 1997) was an American television and radio personality, voice announcer, actor and the father of film director Paul Thomas Anderson. ... Don LaFontaine (born August 26, 1940 in Duluth, Minnesota), also known as That Announcer Guy, is a voice actor famous for recording over 5,000 movie trailers, television commercials, network promotions, and video game trailers. ...


SAG and aliases

A voice actor may be occasionally credited under an alias. Sometimes producers aren't willing to spend the higher cost of hiring members of the Screen Actors Guild, which prohibits its members from taking non-union jobs; but a voice actor needs income, so he or she may take a job under a false name in an attempt to avoid the SAG's notice. If caught, the SAG may respond with fines and suspended health coverage, so the actor has a motivation to do all he can to discourage people from linking his or her name with the alias. A pseudonym (Greek pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons true name. ... The Screen Actors Guild (S.A.G.) is the labor union representing over 120,000 film actors in the United States. ...


Training and How-To Classes

Instruction in how to enter the voiceovers marketplace and how to market one's services is offered at various acting schools and also at adult learning facilities such as Chicago's Discovery Center. Steady work as a voiceover talent in the US is normally possible only in major metro areas such as New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles.


In Japan

Main article: Seiyū

Japanese voice actors (seiyū) work in radio, television and movies. Their work largely mirrors that of their Western counterparts: performing roles in animated cartoons and video games, performing voice-overs for dubs of non-Japanese movies, and providing narration to documentaries and similar programs. As Japan produces over 60% of the animated series in the world [1] and a similarly large percentage of the world's computer and video games, the largest market by far for voice actors in Japan is providing voice-overs for anime and computer and video games. Voice Animage, a magazine about all things about seiyÅ«. For the retail company named Seiyu, see Seiyu Group. ... Voice Animage, a magazine about all things about seiyÅ«. For the retail company named Seiyu, see Seiyu Group. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... In filmmaking, dubbing or looping is the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a universal phenomenon. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ...


Because the animation industry in Japan is so prolific, seiyū are able to achieve fame on a national level and are able to have full-time careers as voice-over artists. Japanese voice actors are able to take greater charge of their careers than in other countries. Japan also has the institutions to support the career path, with around 130 seiyū schools [2] and troupes of voice actors that work for a specific broadcast company or talent agency. They often attract their own appreciators and fans who watch shows specifically to hear their favorite actor or actress.


Seiyū frequently branch into music, often singing the opening or closing themes of shows in which their character stars, or become involved in non-animated side projects such as audio dramas (involving the same characters in new storylines) or image songs (songs sung in character that are not included in the anime but further develop the character). Radio drama, which had its greatest popularity in the U. S. and in most other countries before the widespread access to television programming, depends on dialogue, music and sound effects to help the listener imagine the story in her or his minds eye--in this sense, it resembles reading... An image song or character song is a song on a tie-in album for an anime, game or dorama that is usually sung by the seiyuu or actor of a character, in-character. ...


References

  1. ^ Mendelson, L: "A Charlie Brown Christmas: The Making of a Tradition" Collins, 2000
  2. ^ Kyle Ryan (2005-06-14). The A.V. Club interview with Billy West. The A.V. Club. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.

Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
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