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Encyclopedia > Vocational training

Vocational education (or Vocational Education and Training (VET)) prepares learners for careers or professions that are traditionally non-academic and directly related to a trade, occupation or 'vocation' in which the learner participates. A profession is a specialized work function within society, generally performed by a professional. ...


Vocational education is in most cases a form of secondary or post-secondary education. In some cases, vocational education can contribute towards a tertiary education at a university as academic credit however, it is rarely considered in its own form to fall under the traditional defintion of a higher education. Japanese high school students in uniform Secondary education is a period of education which follows directly after primary education (such as intermediate school or elementary school), and which may be followed by tertiary or post-secondary education. ... Post-secondary education is a form of secondary education that is taken after first attending a secondary school, such as a high school. ... Tertiary education, also referred to as third-stage or third level education, is the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education such as a high school, secondary school, or gymnasium. ... A professor teaching in a university A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... Higher education is education provided by universities and other institutions that award academic degrees, such as university colleges, and liberal arts colleges. ...


Up until the end of the twentieth century, vocational education focused on trades, for example building, agriculture and crafts, and was therefore associated with the activities of lower social classes. As a consequence, it has attracted a level of stigma. Social class describes the relationships between people in hierarchical societies or cultures. ...


However, as the labour market becomes more specialised and economies are demanding more skills, governments and business are increasingly investing in the future of vocational education through publicy funded training organisations and subsidised apprenticeship or traineeship initiatives for businesses. Apprenticeships form a traditional method of training a new generation of skilled crafts practitioners. ...


Vocational education has diversified over the last century and now exists in industries such as retail, tourism, IT, funeral services and cosmetics.


Vocational education is related to the age-old apprenticeship system of learning. Apprenticeships form a traditional method of training a new generation of skilled crafts practitioners. ...

Contents


VET internationally

The largest and the most unified system of vocational education was created in Soviet Union (see PTU, Tehnikum). But it became less effective with the transition of post-Soviet countries to market economy. PTU (ПТУ, пэ-тэ-у́) is acronym for Russian professional`no-tehnicheskoye uchilische (профессиона́льно-техни́ческое учи́лище) – a Soviet vocational education facility aimed to train qualified industrial workers and servicemen. ... Tekhnikum (Russian: те́хникум) was a Soviet mass-education facility of medium special education category similar to PTU, but aimed to train low-level industrial managers (foremen, technical supervisors etc. ...


In Australia vocational education and training is post-secondary and provided through the Technical and Further Education system. In Australia, Technical and Further Education or TAFE institutions are those which offer a wide range of post-secondary education and training, generally in vocational fields (such as hospitality, tourism, construction, woodwork, secretarial skills, community work, etc), often at a level of difficulty below that of a corresponding or related...


Readings

  • Achilles, C. M.; Lintz, M.N.; and Wayson, W.W. "Observations on Building Public Confidence in Education." EDUCATIONAL EVALUATION AND POLICY ANALYSIS 11 no. 3 (1989): 275-284.
  • Banach, Banach, and Cassidy. THE ABC COMPLETE BOOK OF SCHOOL MARKETING. Ray Township, MI: Author, 1996.
  • Brodhead, C. W. "Image 2000: A Vision for Vocational Education." VOCATIONAL EDUCATION JOURNAL 66, no. 1 (January 1991): 22-25.
  • Buzzell, C.H. "Let Our Image Reflect Our Pride." VOCATIONAL EDUCATION JOURNAL 62, no. 8 (November-December 1987): 10.
  • O'Connor, P.J., and Trussell, S.T. "The Marketing of Vocational Education." VOCATIONAL EDUCATION JOURNAL 62, no. 8 (November-December 1987): 31-32.
  • Ries, E. "To 'V' or Not to 'V': for Many the Word 'Vocational' Doesn't Work." TECHNIQUES 72, no. 8 (November-December 1997): 32-36.
  • Ries, A., and Trout, J. THE 22 IMMUTABLE LAWS OF MARKETING. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1993.
  • Sharpe, D. "Image Control: Teachers and Staff Have the Power to Shape Positive Thinking." VOCATIONAL EDUCATION JOURNAL 68, no. 1 (January 1993): 26-27.
  • Shields, C.J. "How to Market Vocational Education." CURRICULUM REVIEW (November 1989): 3-5
  • Silberman, H.F. "Improving the Status of High School Vocational Education." EDUCATIONAL HORIZONS 65, no. 1 (Fall 1986): 5-9.
  • Tuttle, F.T. "Let's Get Serious about Image-Building." VOCATIONAL EDUCATION JOURNAL 62, no. 8 (November-December 1987): 11.
  • "What Do People Think of Us?" TECHNIQUES 72, no. 6 (September 1997): 14-15.

See also

Family and consumer sciences, or home economics, is an academic discipline concerning consumer science, nutrition, cooking, parenting, interior decoration, textiles, gardening, and other subjects related to home management. ... A finishing school is a private school for girls that emphasizes cultural studies and prepares students especially for social activities. ... The term polytechnic, from the Greek πολύ polú meaning many and τεχνικός tekhnikós meaning arts, is commonly used in many countries to describe an institution that delivers vocational or technical education and training, other countries do not use the term and use alternative terminology. ... In Australia, Technical and Further Education or TAFE institutions are those which offer a wide range of post-secondary education and training, generally in vocational fields (such as hospitality, tourism, construction, woodwork, secretarial skills, community work, etc), often at a level of difficulty below that of a corresponding or related... Training is the teaching of vocational or practical and relates to specific useful skills. ... IEK (Greek: Institouto Epagelmatikis Katartisis; Vocational Educational Institute) is a type of vocational education school in Greece. ...

External Links

Vocational guidance

ERIC Articles

National and International organisations and agencies

  • Related information Useful web sites for VET information in Australia and overseas.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vocational Training Schools - Find Career Training, Trade Schools & Vocational Education (943 words)
Vocational schools, technical training and trade schools all offer most of the benefits of a four-year college education, but they offer fast-paced, hands-on training designed to quickly get you in a better career.
Vocational Training, trade schools, technical colleges, vocational schools have many careeer advantages:
Vocational schools and trade schools teach real-world job skills through hands-on, real-world training.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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