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Encyclopedia > Vocalise
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A vocalise is a vocal exercise (often one suitable for performance) without words, which is sung on one or more vowel sounds. The singing of vocalise is called vocalization. Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-07-18, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... In animals, vocalization is a means of communication generated in many cases by their primitive versions of vocal chords. ...

Vocalise dates back to the mid-18th century. Jean-Antoine Bérard's 1755 compilation L’art du chant includes a selection of songs (sans words) by composers such as Lully and Rameau, chosen for their value as exercises in vocal technique. Accompanying the exercises were instructions on mastering the technical challenges they posed. By the 19th century vocalises were commonly composed specifically for pedagogical purposes rather than being adapted from existing songs. Lully can refer to: Jean-Baptiste Lully Lully, in the Haute-Savoie département, France Lully, a municipality in the canton of Fribourg, Switzerland Lully, a municipality in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... Jean-Philippe Rameau (September 25, 1683 - September 12, 1764) was one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the Baroque era. ...

A related tradition of vocalise sprang up in the 19th century, with wordless technical etudes set to piano accompaniment, following the fashion of the time of setting even the most mechanical of études to piano accompaniment with the thought that this would inspire the performer to execute the music more artistically. An etude (from the French word étude meaning study) is a short musical composition designed to provide practice in a particular technical skill in the performance of a solo instrument. ...

One of the most well-known examples of vocalise is Rachmaninov's Vocalise op. 34 no. 14, written in 1912 for soprano Antonina Nezhdanova. It has been recorded numerous times and adapted for other voice types as well as orchestral and solo instrumental performance. Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff, also Sergey Rachmaninov or Serge Rakhmaninov (Серге́й Васи́льевич Рахма́нинов), (April 1, 1873 – March 28, 1943) was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor. ... Jump to: navigation, search Melbourne Symphony Orchestra Melbourne Symphony Orchestra Orchestra at City Hall (Edmonton). ...

"Vocalese", whose name is a play on "vocalise", is a type of jazz singing in which new words are created and sung to existing instrumental improvisations. Jump to: navigation, search Vocalese is a style or genre of jazz singing wherein lyrics are written for melodies that were originally part of an all-instrumental composition or improvisation. ... Jump to: navigation, search Jazz master Louis Armstrong remains one of the most loved and best known of all jazz musicians. ...


  • Owen Jander: "Vocalise". Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy. Accessed 25 Jun 05 (subscription access).

  Results from FactBites:
Singer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (389 words)
In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who uses his or her voice as an instrument to make music.
A lead singer (in barbershop music simply called a lead) is one who sings the primary vocals of a song, as opposed to a backup singer who sings backup vocal(s) to a song or harmonies to the lead singer.
An exception is in five-part gospel a cappella music, where the lead is the highest of the five voices and sings a descant, never the melody which may be in any of the other four parts.
  More results at FactBites »



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